definition of Wikipedia
|Born||Carlotta Mercedes McCambridge
March 16, 1916
Joliet, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||March 2, 2004
La Jolla, California, U.S.
William Fifield (m. 1941–1946)
McCambridge was born in Joliet, Illinois, the daughter of Irish American Catholic parents Marie (née Mahaffry) and John Patrick McCambridge. She graduated from Mundelein College in Chicago before embarking on a career.
She began her career as a radio actor during the 1940s while also performing on Broadway. Her radio work in this period included her portrayal of Rosemary Levy on Abie's Irish Rose and various characters on the radio series I Love A Mystery in both its West Coast and East Coast incarnations (most notably as "Charity Martin" in The Thing That Cries in the Night, "Nasha" and "Laura" in Bury Your Dead, Arizona, "Sunny Richards" in both The Million Dollar Curse and The Temple of Vampires and "Jack 'Jacqueline' Dempsey Ross" in The Battle of the Century). She frequently did feature roles on the CBS Radio Mystery Theater, and was an original cast member on The Guiding Light, before the Bauers took over as the central characters. She also starred in her own show, The Defense Attorney as Martha Ellis Bryant.
Her Hollywood break came when she was cast opposite Broderick Crawford in All the King's Men (1949). McCambridge won the 1949 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role, while the film won Best Picture for that year. McCambridge also won the Golden Globe Awards for Best Supporting Actress and New Star of the Year - Actress for her performance.
In 1954, the actress co-starred with Joan Crawford and Sterling Hayden in the offbeat western drama, Johnny Guitar, now regarded as a cult classic. McCambridge and Hayden publicly declared their dislike of Crawford, with McCambridge labeling the film's star "a mean, tipsy, powerful, rotten-egg lady."
McCambridge played the supporting role of 'Luz' in the George Stevens classic Giant (1956), which starred Elizabeth Taylor, Rock Hudson and James Dean. She was nominated for another Academy Award as Best Supporting Actress but lost to Dorothy Malone in Written on the Wind. In 1959, McCambridge appeared opposite Katharine Hepburn, Montgomery Clift and Elizabeth Taylor in Joseph L. Mankiewicz' film adaptation of Tennessee Williams' Suddenly, Last Summer.
McCambridge provided the dubbed voice of the demonically possessed child in The Exorcist, acted by Linda Blair. McCambridge was promised a screen credit for the film's initial release, but she discovered at the premiere that her name was absent. Her dispute with director William Friedkin and the Warner Bros. brass over her exclusion ended when, with the help of the Screen Actors Guild, she was properly credited for her vocal work in the film.
In the 1970s, she toured in a road company production of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof as Big Mama, opposite John Carradine as Big Daddy. She appeared as a guest artist in college productions such as El Centro College's 1979 The Mousetrap, in which she received top billing despite her character being murdered (by actor Jim Beaver) less than 15 minutes into the play. El Centro brought her back the following year in the title role of The Madwoman of Chaillot. In the mid-1970s, McCambridge briefly took a position as director of Livingrin, a Pennsylvania rehabilitation center for alcoholics. She was at the same time putting the finishing touches on her soon-to-be released autobiography, The Quality of Mercy: An Autobiography (Times Books, 1981), ISBN 0-8129-0945-3.
McCambridge married her first husband, William Fifield, in 1939 when she was 23 years old. The couple had a son, John Lawrence Fifield. The couple divorced in 1946, after seven years of marriage.
In 1950, when she was 34 years old, McCambridge married Canadian Fletcher Markle, a radio director. Her son, John, later took Markle's name, thereafter being known as John Markle. During the marriage and afterward, McCambridge battled alcoholism, often being hospitalized after episodes of heavy drinking. She and Markle divorced in 1962, after twelve years of marriage. In 1969, after years with Alcoholics Anonymous, she achieved sobriety.
McCambridge's son, John Markle, a UCLA graduate, had a PhD in Economics. After he was fired from his position as a futures trader at Stephens and Company for mishandling funds, a $5 million lawsuit was filed against him and McCambridge. Although some of the mishandled funds had been handled under McCambridge's name through Markle's power of attorney, she was subsequently cleared of any wrongdoing. Markle killed his family, wife Christine and daughters Amy (age 13) and Suzanne (age 9), and then himself in a murder/suicide in 1987. He left a note taking responsibility for his crimes as well as a long, bitter letter to his mother.
For her contribution to television and motion picture industry, Mercedes McCambridge has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: one for motion pictures, located at 1722 Vine Street, and one for television located at 6243 Hollywood Boulevard.
|1949||All the King's Men||Sadie Burke||Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress
|1951||Inside Straight||Ada Stritch|
|1951||The Scarf||Connie Carter|
|1951||Lightning Strikes Twice||Liza McStringer|
|1951||Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Awards||Herself||short subject|
|1954||Johnny Guitar||Emma Small|
|1956||Giant||Luz Benedict||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|1957||A Farewell to Arms||Miss Van Campen|
|1958||Touch of Evil||Gang leader||Uncredited|
|1959||Suddenly, Last Summer||Mrs. Grace Holly|
|1959||Rawhide||Mrs Miller||Episode: "Incident of the Curious Street"|
|1960||Cimarron||Mrs. Sarah Wyatt|
|1961||Angel Baby||Sarah Strand|
|1962||Bonanza||Deborah Banning||Episode: "Lady From Baltimore"|
|1965||Run Home Slow||Nell Hagen|
|1966||Lost in Space||Cybilla||Episode: "The Space Croppers"|
|1968||The Counterfeit Killer||Frances|
|1969||99 Women||Thelma D|
|1971||The Last Generation||Archive footage|
|1972||The Other Side of the Wind||Maggie||Unreleased|
|1973||The Exorcist||Pazuzu||Voice only|
|1978||Charlie's Angels||Norma||Episode: "Angels in Springtime"|
|1979||The Concorde ... Airport '79||Nelli|
|1986||Amazing Stories||Miss Lestrange (Voice)||Episode: "Family Dog"|
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