Michael Francis Moore (born April 23, 1954) is an American filmmaker, author, social critic and activist. He is the director and producer of Fahrenheit 9/11, which is the highest-grossing documentary of all time. His films Bowling for Columbine and Sicko also place in the top ten highest-grossing documentaries. In September 2008, he released his first free movie on the Internet, Slacker Uprising, which documented his personal quest to encourage more Americans to vote in presidential elections. He has also written and starred in the TV shows TV Nation and The Awful Truth.
Moore criticizes globalization, large corporations, assault weapon ownership, U.S. Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, the Iraq War, the American health care system, and capitalism in his written and cinematic works.
Moore was born in Flint, Michigan, and raised in Davison, a suburb of Flint, by parents Veronica (née Wall), a secretary, and Frank Moore, an automotive assembly-line worker. At that time, the city of Flint was home to many General Motors factories, where his parents and grandfather worked. His uncle LaVerne was one of the founders of the United Automobile Workers labor union and participated in the Flint Sit-Down Strike.
Moore was brought up Catholic, attended parochial St. John's Elementary School for primary school and later attended St. Paul's Seminary in Saginaw, Michigan, for a year. He then attended Davison High School, where he was active in both drama and debate, graduating in 1972. As a member of the Boy Scouts of America, he achieved the rank of Eagle Scout. At the age of 18, he was elected to the Davison school board.
Since 1990, Moore has been married to producer Kathleen Glynn, with whom he has a stepdaughter named Natalie. Moore is a Catholic, but has said he disagrees with church teaching on subjects such as abortion and same-sex marriage.
Following the Columbine High School massacre, Moore acquired a life membership to the National Rifle Association (NRA). Moore said that he initially intended to become the NRA's president and dismantle it, but he soon dismissed the plan as too difficult. Observers such as Dave Kopel noted that there was no chance of that happening; authors David T. Hardy and Jason Clarke wrote about how Moore failed to discover that the NRA selects a president not by membership vote but by a vote of the board of directors.
In 2005 Time magazine named Moore one of the world's 100 most influential people. Also in 2005, Moore started the annual Traverse City Film Festival in Traverse City, Michigan.
After dropping out of the University of Michigan–Flint following his freshman year (where he wrote for the student newspaper The Michigan Times), Moore worked at the local Buick plant. At 22 he founded the alternative weekly magazine The Flint Voice, which soon changed its name to The Michigan Voice as it expanded to cover the entire state. In 1986, when Moore became the editor of Mother Jones, a liberal political magazine, he moved to California and The Michigan Voice was shut down.
After four months at Mother Jones, Moore was fired. Matt Labash of The Weekly Standard reported this was for refusing to print an article by Paul Berman that was critical of the Sandinista human rights record in Nicaragua. Moore refused to run the article, believing it to be inaccurate. "The article was flatly wrong and the worst kind of patronizing bullshit. You would scarcely know from it that the United States had been at war with Nicaragua for the last five years." Moore believes that Mother Jones fired him because of the publisher's refusal to allow him to cover a story on the GM plant closings in his hometown of Flint, Michigan. He responded by putting laid-off GM worker Ben Hamper (who was also writing for the same magazine at the time) on the magazine's cover, leading to his termination. Moore sued for wrongful dismissal, and settled out of court for $58,000, providing him with seed money for his first film, Roger & Me.
- Roger & Me
- Moore first became famous for his 1989 film, Roger & Me, a documentary about what happened to Flint, Michigan, after General Motors closed its factories and opened new ones in Mexico, where the workers were paid much less. Since then Moore has been known as a critic of the neoliberal view of globalization. "Roger" is Roger B. Smith, former CEO and president of General Motors. Harlan Jacobson, editor of Film Comment magazine, said that Moore muddled the chronology in Roger & Me to make it seem that events that took place before G.M.’s layoffs were a consequence of them. Critic Roger Ebert defended Moore's handling of the timeline as an artistic and stylistic choice that had less to do with his credibility as a filmmaker and more to do with the flexibility of film as a medium to express a satiric viewpoint.
- Pets or Meat: The Return to Flint
- (1992) is a short (23-minute) documentary film that was aired on PBS. It is based on the feature-length film Roger & Me (1989) by Michael Moore. The film's title refers to Rhonda Britton, a Flint, Michigan, resident featured in both the 1989 and 1992 films who sells rabbits as either pets or meat.
- Canadian Bacon
- In 1995, Moore released a satirical film, Canadian Bacon, which features a fictional US president (played by Alan Alda) engineering a fake war with Canada in order to boost his popularity. It is noted for containing a number of Canadian and American stereotypes, and for being Moore's only non-documentary film. The film is also one of the last featuring Canadian-born actor John Candy, and also features a number of cameos by other Canadian actors. In the film, several potential enemies for America's next great campaign are discussed by the president and his cabinet. (The scene was strongly influenced by the Stanley Kubrick film Dr. Strangelove.) The President comments that declaring war on Canada was as ridiculous as declaring war on international terrorism. His military adviser, played by Rip Torn, quickly rebuffs this idea, saying that no one would care about "... a bunch of guys driving around blowing up rent-a-cars."
- The Big One
- In 1997, Moore directed The Big One, which documents the tour publicizing his book Downsize This! Random Threats from an Unarmed American, in which he criticizes mass layoffs despite record corporate profits. Among others, he targets Nike for outsourcing shoe production to Indonesia.
- Bowling for Columbine
- Moore's 2002 film, Bowling for Columbine, probes the culture of guns and violence in the United States, taking as a starting point the Columbine High School massacre of 1999. Bowling for Columbine won the Anniversary Prize at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival and France's César Award as the Best Foreign Film. In the United States, it won the 2002 Academy Award for Documentary Feature. It also enjoyed great commercial and critical success for a film of its type and became, at the time, the highest-grossing mainstream-released documentary (a record now held by Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11). It was praised by some for illuminating a subject avoided by the mainstream media.
- Fahrenheit 9/11
- Fahrenheit 9/11 examines America in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks, particularly the record of the Bush administration and alleged links between the families of George W. Bush and Osama bin Laden. Fahrenheit was awarded the Palme d'Or, the top honor at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival; it was the first documentary film to win the prize since 1956. Moore later announced that Fahrenheit 9/11 would not be in consideration for the 2005 Academy Award for Documentary Feature, but instead for the Academy Award for Best Picture. He stated he wanted the movie to be seen by a few million more people via a television broadcast prior to election day. According to Moore, "Academy rules forbid the airing of a documentary on television within nine months of its theatrical release", and since the November 2 election was fewer than nine months after the film's release, it would have been disqualified for the Documentary Oscar. However, Fahrenheit received no Oscar nomination for Best Picture. The title of the film alludes to the classic book Fahrenheit 451 about a future totalitarian state in which books are banned; according to the book, paper begins to burn at 451 degrees Fahrenheit. The pre-release subtitle of the film confirms the allusion: "The temperature at which freedom burns." At the box office, as of 2010 Fahrenheit 9/11 is the highest-grossing documentary of all time, taking in over US$200 million worldwide, including United States box office revenue of almost US$120 million. In February 2011, Moore sued producers Bob and Harvey Weinstein for US$2.7 million in unpaid profits from the film, claiming they used "Hollywood accounting tricks" to avoid paying him the money.
- Moore directed this film about the American health care system, focusing particularly on the managed-care and pharmaceutical industries. At least four major pharmaceutical companies — Pfizer, Eli Lilly, AstraZeneca, and GlaxoSmithKline — ordered their employees not to grant any interviews to Moore. According to Moore on a letter at his website, "roads that often surprise us and lead us to new ideas—and challenge us to reconsider the ones we began with have caused some minor delays." The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival on May 19, 2007, receiving a lengthy standing ovation, and was released in the U.S. and Canada on June 29, 2007. The film was the subject of some controversy when it became known that Moore went to Cuba with chronically ill September 11th rescue workers to shoot parts of the film. The United States is looking into whether this violates the trade embargo. The film is currently ranked the fourth highest grossing documentary of all time and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Documentary Feature.
- Captain Mike Across America
- Moore takes a look at the politics of college students in what he calls "Bush Administration America" with this film shot during Moore's 60-city college campus tour in the months leading up to the 2004 election. The film was later re-edited by Moore into Slacker Uprising.
- Capitalism: A Love Story
- On September 23, 2009, Moore released a new movie titled Capitalism: A Love Story, which looks at the late-2000s financial crisis and the U.S. economy during the transition between the incoming Obama Administration and the outgoing Bush Administration. Addressing a press conference at its release, Moore said, "Democracy is not a spectator sport, it's a participatory event. If we don't participate in it, it ceases to be a democracy. So Obama will rise or fall based not so much on what he does but on what we do to support him."
Moore has written or co-written eight non-fiction books, mostly on similar subject matter to his documentaries. Stupid White Men (2001) is ostensibly a critique of American domestic and foreign policy but, by Moore's own admission, is also "a book of political humor." Dude, Where's My Country? (2003), is an examination of the Bush family's relationships with Saudi royalty, the Bin Laden family, and the energy industry, and a call-to-action for liberals in the 2004 election. Several of his works have made bestseller lists.
Moore has dabbled in acting, following a 2000 supporting role in Lucky Numbers as the cousin of Lisa Kudrow's character, who agrees to be part of the scheme concocted by John Travolta's character. He also had a cameo in his Canadian Bacon as an anti-Canada activist. In 2004, he did a cameo, as a news journalist, in The Fever, starring Vanessa Redgrave in the lead.
Between 1994 and 1995, he directed and hosted the BBC television series TV Nation, which followed the format of news magazine shows but covered topics they avoid. The series aired on BBC2 in the UK. The series was also aired in the US on NBC in 1994 for 9 episodes and again for 8 episodes on Fox in 1995.
His other major series was The Awful Truth, which satirized actions by big corporations and politicians. It aired on Channel 4 in the UK, and the Bravo network in the US, in 1999 and 2000. Moore won the Hugh M. Hefner First Amendment Award in Arts and Entertainment for being the executive producer and host of The Awful Truth, where he was also described as "muckraker, author and documentary filmmaker".
Another 1999 series, Michael Moore Live, was aired in the UK only on Channel 4, though it was broadcast from New York. This show had a similar format to The Awful Truth, but also incorporated phone-ins and a live stunt each week.
Moore has directed several music videos, including two for Rage Against the Machine for songs from The Battle of Los Angeles: "Sleep Now in the Fire" and "Testify". He was threatened with arrest during the shooting of "Sleep Now in the Fire", which was filmed on Wall Street; the city of New York had denied the band permission to play there, although the band and Moore had secured a federal permit to perform.
He also directed the videos for R.E.M. single "All the Way to Reno (You're Gonna Be a Star)" in 2001 and the System of a Down song "Boom!".
Appearances in other documentaries
- Moore appeared in The Drugging of Our Children, a 2005 documentary about over-prescription of psychiatric medication to children and teenagers, directed by Gary Null a proponent of Alternative Medicine. In the film Moore agrees with Gary Null that Ritalin and other similar drugs are over-prescribed, saying that they are seen as a "pacifier".
- Moore appeared on fellow Flint natives Grand Funk Railroad's edition of Behind The Music.
- Moore appeared as an off-camera interviewer in Blood in the Face, a 1991 documentary about white supremacy groups. At the center of the film is a neo-Nazi gathering in Michigan.
- Moore appeared in The Yes Men, a 2003 documentary about two men who pose as the World Trade Organization. He appears during a segment concerning working conditions in Mexico and Latin America.
- Moore briefly appears in Alex Jones's documentary Martial Law 9/11: Rise of the Police State. Jones criticises Moore for not going into more depth about the World Trade Center attacks in Fahrenheit 9/11, particularly about NORAD standing down, and for portraying George W. Bush as an unassuming frontman instead of an active conspirator in 9/11. Jones manages to ask Moore why he didn't mention NORAD standing down, and Moore swiftly answers that "it would be un-American".
- Moore was interviewed for the 2004 documentary, The Corporation. One of his highlighted quotes was: "The problem is the profit motive: for corporations, there's no such thing as 'enough'".
- Moore appeared in the 2006 documentary I'm Going to Tell You a Secret, which chronicles Madonna's 2004 Re-Invention World Tour. Moore attended her show in New York City at Madison Square Garden.
Although Moore has been noted for his liberal political activism, he rejects the label "political activist" saying such a description is redundant as a citizen of a democracy: "I and you and everyone else has to be a political activist. If we're not politically active, it ceases to be a democracy." According to John Flesher of the Associated Press, Moore is known for his "fiery left-wing populism," and publications such as the Socialist Worker Online have hailed him as the "new Tom Paine."
Moore was a high-profile guest at both the 2004 Democratic National Convention and the 2004 Republican National Convention, chronicling his impressions in USA Today. He was criticized in a speech by Republican Senator John McCain as "a disingenuous film-maker." Moore laughed and waved as Republican attendees jeered, later chanting "four more years." Moore gestured his thumb and finger at the crowd, which translates into "loser."
During September and October 2004, Moore spoke at universities and colleges in swing states during his "Slacker Uprising Tour". The tour gave away ramen and underwear to students who promised to vote. One stop during the tour was Utah Valley State College. A fight for his right to speak resulted in massive public debates and a media blitz. The Utah event was chronicled in the documentary film This Divided State.
Despite having supported Ralph Nader in the 2000 presidential election, Moore urged Nader not to run in 2004 so as not to split the left vote. On Real Time with Bill Maher, Moore and Maher knelt before Nader to plead with him to stay out of the race.
Moore drew attention in 2004 when he used the term "deserter" when he introduced Retired Army Gen. Wesley K. Clark at a Democratic Presidential debate in New Hampshire. Noting that Clark had been a champion debater at West Point, Moore told a laughing crowd, "I know what you're thinking. I want to see that debate" between Clark and [George W.] Bush -- "the general versus the deserter." Moore said he was referring to published reports in several media outlets including The Boston Globe which had reported that "there is strong evidence that Bush performed no military service as required when he moved from Houston to Alabama to work on a U.S. Senate campaign from May to November 1972." 
On April 21, 2008, Moore endorsed Barack Obama for President, stating that Hillary Clinton's recent actions had been "disgusting." Moore is an active supporter of the Occupy Wall Street protest in New York City and spoke with the OWS protesters on September 26, 2011. On October 29, 2011, he spoke at the Occupy Oakland protest site to express his support. 
- Moore, Michael (1996). Downsize This! Random Threats from an Unarmed American. New York: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0-06-097733-7.
- Moore, Michael; Glynn, Kathleen (1998). Adventures In A TV Nation. New York: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0-06-098809-6.
- Moore, Michael (2002). Stupid White Men ...and Other Sorry Excuses for the State of the Nation!. New York: Regan Books. ISBN 0-06-039245-2.
- Moore, Michael (2003). Dude, Where's My Country?. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-53223-1.
- Moore, Michael (2004). Will They Ever Trust Us Again?. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-7152-1.
- Moore, Michael (2004). The Official Fahrenheit 9/11 Reader. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-7292-7.
- Moore, Michael (2008). Mike's Election Guide 2008. New York: Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-54627-5.
- Moore, Michael (2011). Here Comes Trouble: Stories from My Life. New York: Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-53224-X.
- ^ a b Michael Moore (1992). "Pets or Meat:The Return To Flint". IMDB. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0105134/. Retrieved 2009-03-31. Moore states in the film he was born at St. Joseph Hospital in Flint.
- ^ Moore, having been elected to the Davison School Board in 1972 at age 18, was amongst the first persons in the country to hold elected office at this age. He also ran on a platform of firing the existing High School Principal.
- ^ a b Rahner, Mark (2007-06-26). ""Sicko", new Michael Moore film, takes on the health-care system". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/artsentertainment/2003762133_michaelmoore26.html. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- ^ a b Michael Moore fights to save State Theatre in Traverse City
- ^ a b c d e "Documentary Movies". Box Office Mojo. 2007. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/genres/chart/?id=documentary.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- ^ "Michael Moore releases Slacker Uprising for free on Net". www.meeja.com.au. 2008-09-24. http://www.meeja.com.au/index.php?display_article_id=258. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
- ^ "And Now, for the OTHER Republican Convention" August 13, 2000, Michael Moore.com
- ^ a b c "Michael Moore. Full biography". New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/person/103383/Michael-Moore/biography. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- ^ "Michael Moore Biography (1954-)". Film Reference. http://www.filmreference.com/film/47/Michael-Moore.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- ^ Rapoport, Roger (2007). Citizen Moore: the life and times of an American iconoclast. RDR Books. p. 19. ISBN 1-57143-163-2.
- ^ Stated in Moore's film, Roger & Me, 1989, and Capitalism: A Love Story, 2009.
- ^ Williamson, Marianne (September 18, 2007). "Filmmaker Michael Moore's Spirituality". O: The Oprah Magazine. http://www.oprah.com/oprahradio/Filmmaker-Michael-Moores-Spirituality. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
- ^ Schultz, Emily (2005). Michael Moore: a biorgraphy. ECW Press. pp. 7–8. ISBN 1-55022-699-1.
- ^ Richard Knight, Jr. (2007-06-27). "To Your Health: A Talk with Sicko's Michael Moore". Windy City Media Group. http://www.windycitymediagroup.com/gay/lesbian/news/ARTICLE.php?AID=15370. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
- ^ Primeau, François. American Dissident, Lulu Press, 2007.
- ^ Headlam, Bruce (2009-09-16). "Capitalism's little tramp". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/20/movies/20head.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2&ref=movies. Retrieved 2009-09-17.
- ^ Gary Strauss (June 20, 2004). "The truth about Michael Moore". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/news/2004-06-20-moore_x.htm. Retrieved 2006–07–09.
- ^ MichaelMoore.com: The Day I Was To be Tarred and Feathered.
- ^ Kathleen Glynn at the Internet Movie Database
- ^ Elliott, David (2007-06-29). "Moral outrage, humor make up Michael Moore's one-two punch". SignOnSanDiego. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/features/20070629-9999-1c29moore.html. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- ^ Moore, Michael (2003-09-12). "Michael Moore to Wesley Clark: Run!". MichaelMoore.com. http://www.michaelmoore.com/words/message/index.php?messageDate=2003-09-12. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- ^ News Service, Canwest (2007-06-11). "Moore may tackle gay rights". Canada.com. http://www.canada.com/topics/entertainment/story.html?id=645ea831-d37c-41f5-ada5-301a47101e8b&k=9796. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- ^ Collins, Andrew (November 11, 2002). "Guardian/NFT interview: Michael Moore". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2002/nov/11/usforeignpolicy.guardianinterviewsatbfisouthbank. Retrieved August 22, 2011. "...I became a lifetime member after the Columbine massacre because my first thought after Columbine was to run against Charlton Heston for the presidency of the NRA. You have to be a lifetime member to be able to do that, so I had to pay $750 to join. My plan was to get 5m Americans to join for the lowest basic membership and vote for me so that I'd win and dismantle the organization. Unfortunately, I figured that's just too much work for me so instead I made this movie."
- ^ Lawrence, Ken (2004). The World According to Michael Moore: A Portrait in His Own Words. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 81. ISBN 1-4494-1332-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=eweqnTuO-z8C&pg=PT81. Moore is quoted from Entertainment Weekly, October 25, 2002.
- ^ Kopel, Dave (April 4, 2003). "Bowling Truths". National Review Online. http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/206461/i-bowling-i-truths/dave-kopel. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
- ^ Hardy, David T.; Clarke, Jason (2005). Michael Moore Is a Big Fat Stupid White Man. HarperCollins. p. 114. ISBN 0-06-077960-8.
- ^ Joel Stein (2005-04-18). "Michael Moore: The Angry Filmmaker". Time. http://www.time.com/time/subscriber/2005/time100/artists/100moore.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- ^ Ron Sheldon (September 23, 1995). "Exclusive Interview with Michael Moore of TV Nation". People's Weekly World. http://www.pww.org/archives95/95-09-23-3.html.
- ^ Schultz, Emily (2005). Michael Moore: a biorgraphy. 47-54: ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-699-1.
- ^ Cockburn, Alexander. "Beat The Devil: Michael meets Mr. Jones", The Nation, 1986-09-13.
- ^ Matt Labash. "Michael Moore, One-Trick Phony". The Weekly Standard. 1998-06-08.
- ^ Ebert, Roger (2/11/1990). "Attacks on 'Roger & Me' completely miss the point of the film". Sun Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19900211/COMMENTARY/22010306. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- ^ Diane Katz (September 20, 1992). "'Roger and Me' Revisited". The Detroit News.
- ^ "Festival de Cannes: Bowling for Columbine". festival-cannes.com. http://www.festival-cannes.com/en/archives/ficheFilm/id/3137379/year/2002.html. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- ^ "Festival de Cannes: Fahrenheit 9/11". festival-cannes.com. http://www.festival-cannes.com/en/archives/ficheFilm/id/4201423/year/2004.html. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- ^ Michael Moore (September 6, 2004). "Why I Will Not Seek a Best Documentary Oscar (I'm giving it up in the hopes more voters can see "Fahrenheit 9/11")". http://www.michaelmoore.com/words/mikes-letter/why-i-will-not-seek-a-best-documentary-oscar-im-giving-it-up-in-the-hopes-more-voters-can-see-fahrenheit-911. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- ^ "Film-maker Michael Moore sues Weinstein brothers". BBC. February 9, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-12402807. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- ^ The Philadelphia Inquirer: Inqlings | Michael Moore takes on Glaxo. Michael Klein, 30 September 2005. Archive accessed 2006-07-09.
- ^ Common Dreams News Center: Drug Firms are on the Defense as Filmmaker Michael Moore Plans to Dissect Their Industry. Original Article — Elaine Dutka, L.A. Times, December 22, 2004. Archive accessed 2006-08-09.
- ^ Chicago Tribune: Michael Moore turns camera onto health care industry. Bruce Japsen, 3 October 2004. Archive accessed 2006-07-09.
- ^ CBC Sicko to have unofficial premiere at Democratic fundraiser May 26, 2007. URL accessed 2007-10-14.
- ^ "Shortlist for docu Oscar unveiled". The Hollywood Reporter. 2007-11-20. Archived from the original on 2008-05-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20080502163927/http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/news/e3i587be3b0ca27043557eff60b69803664. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Toronto International Film Festival". http://www.tiff07.ca/filmsandschedules/schedules/calendarlist.aspx?date=07. Retrieved 2007–09–07.
- ^ Captain Mike at the Internet Movie Database
- ^ "Capitalism is evil", says new Michael Moore film Reuters, September 6, 2009.
- ^ Opinion Journal from the Wall Street Journal: Unmoored from Reality. John Fund's Political Diary, 21 March 2003. URL accessed 2006-08-29.
- ^ Green Left Weekly: Rage against Wall Street. Michael Moore, via MichaelMoore.com, date unspecified. URL accessed 2006-07-09.
- ^ "The Drugging of Our Children". http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0850665/. at the Internet Movie Database.
- ^ Blood in the Face at the Internet Movie Database Moore details his involvement in the audio commentary on the Roger & Me DVD.
- ^ "Who's Who". The Corporation Film. http://www.thecorporation.com/index.cfm?page_id=3.
- ^ "'I am the balance', says Moore". Minneapolis Star Tribune. South Florida Sun-Sentinel. 4 July 2007. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2007-07-04/features/0706290259_1_sicko-health-care-health-care. Retrieved 2007–07–06. "Moore rejects the label "political activist"; as a citizen of a democracy, Moore insists, such a description is redundant."
- ^ Flesher, John (16 June 2007). "Hollywood meets Bellaire as Moore gives sneak peek of "Sicko"". Associated Press. "But the filmmaker, known for his fiery left-wing populism and polemical films such as "Fahrenheit 9/11" and Oscar-winning "Bowling for Columbine", told the audience "Sicko" would appeal across the political spectrum."
- ^ Porton, Richard. "Weapon of mass instruction Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11." Cineaste (22 September 2004). Retrieved 15 May 2009; see also Davy, Michael. Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11. Socialist Worker. 10 July 2004. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
- ^ Delegates relish McCain jab at filmmaker Moore CNN.com. 2006-08-31.
- ^ "Moore Offers 'Hellraiser' Scholarship During Speech". 10News.com. October 14, 2004. http://www.10news.com/politics/3802561/detail.html. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- ^ "Michael Moore Offers Slacker Uprising Free Online". Scoop Independent News. September 23, 2008. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO0809/S00509.htm. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- ^ Hancock, Laura (February 6, 2005). "Film dissects pros, cons of Moore visit". Deseret Morning News. http://www.deseretnews.com/article/600110152/Film-dissects-pros-cons-of-Moore-visit.html. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- ^ This Divided State official website. Accessed 2006-07-09.
- ^ "Bill Maher: Back for More". Washingtonpost.com. 2004-08-02. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A33257-2004Aug1.html. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- ^ "George W. Bush, A.W.O.L". MichaelMoore.com. http://www.michaelmoore.com/words/mikes-letter/george-w-bush-awol#article2. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- ^ George W. Bush, A.W.O.L, January 23, 2004.
- ^ Bell, Dawson (October 5, 2004). "Michigan GOP says Michael Moore tried to buy votes with underwear". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on 2004-10-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20041013182837/http://www.freep.com/news/latestnews/pm628_20041005.htm.
- ^ My Vote's for Obama (if I could vote) ...by Michael Moore, April 21, 2008.
- ^ "Something Has Started: Michael Moore on the Occupy Wall St. Protests that Could Spark a Movement". Democracy Now. 28 September 2011. http://www.democracynow.org/2011/9/28/something_has_started_michael_moore_on. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- ^ "Michael Moore: Occupy movement killed apathy". CBS News. 29 October 2011. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-201_162-20127435/michael-moore-occupy-movement-killed-apathy/. Retrieved 29 October 2011.