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definition - Muxia

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Nickname(s): Muxía
File:Situacion Muxía.PNG
Location of Muxía within Galicia
 - Alcalde (Mayor)
Population (2004)
 - Total5,899
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST)CET (UTC+2)

Muxia (in Galician: Muxía; in Spanish: Mugía ) is a coastal town in the province of A Coruña, in Galicia, Spain. It is one of the final destinations for pilgrims on the Way of St. James after visiting the shrine of the apostle Saint James the Great in Santiago de Compostela.[1]

Muxia coastline

Muxia is known for its spectacular beaches. It has an active fishing industry.

Muxia is part of the 'Costa da Morte' or 'Costa de la Muerte' (i.e., the "Coast of Death"). The Costa Da Morte was given this name because of the large number of shipwrecks along its rocky shore. The Costa Da Morte is one of the three regions of the Costa del Marisco, or "The Seafood Coast."

Muxia is 3 kilometers from a famous Benedictine monastery that is now used as a church, the Church of San Julián de Moraime. The name of the town, "Muxia", refers to the monks who established this monastery. Another famous church in the area is the "Santuario da Virxe da Barca" which stands on a rocky ridge above the surf.

Pedra d'Abalar in front of Nosa Señora da Barca church in Muxia

There are several locations along the Costa da Morte that have a "pedra de abalar", (i.e., an "oscillating stone"), or rocking stone. One of these is in Muxia, the "Pedra da Barca". These are large stones that are balanced on a point, so that they can be moved back and forth easily, or even wiggle in response to the wind. These were used at one time to determine the guilt or innocence of those accused of serious crimes.

There was a serious oil spill along the Muxia part of the coast in 2002, but it has recovered substantially. The oil tanker "Prestige" leaked about 70,000 gallons of oil into the Atlantic in November 2002.



In the 400s and 500s, Galicia was part of the German Suevi kingdom. The Moors replaced the Germans, who were displaced in the 8th or 9th century by the king of Asturias.

The monastery near Muxia was named "Mosteiro de Moraime" to honor the saint, San Xiao de Moraime, and was established in the early 1100s. Not long after, in 1105, it was attacked and destroyed by Norman pirates, and later by Saxons. Alfonso Raimúndez (King Afonso V of Galicia and the future King Alfonso VII of León and eventually of Castile, and emperor of Spain), had lived in the area when he was younger and was educated by Pedro Froilaz de Traba.[2] Although he was only 14 at the time, Alfonso restored the monastery with a donation in 1119.

The nearby church dedicated to "Nosa Senora da Barca", the "Santuario da Virxe da Barca" was originally a pre-Christian Celtic church and sacred spot. This part of Spain was resistant to conversion to Christianity, and was only converted in the 1100s. The Christians built a hermitage on this location at first, and later the present church in the 1600s.

Legend has it that one of the apostles was trying to Christianize the local inhabitants and was having no luck and was discouraged. The Virgin Mary appeared to the apostle to comfort him. The Celtic stones near the church are now said to be remains of the Virgin Mary's stone boat.

Throughout the Middle Ages this region rebelled against the crown.

Muxia was purchased by King Carlos of Castile (the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V) in the 1500s so he could have a more convenient port, and thus improve his kingdom's commerce and connections with England, where his cousin was Mary I.

Muxia was destroyed in the 1800s by Napoleon´s forces.



External links

Coordinates: 43°6′17″N 9°13′5″W / 43.10472°N 9.21806°W / 43.10472; -9.21806

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