The National University of Rwanda (NUR; French: Université nationale du Rwanda) is the largest university in Rwanda. It is located at 2°36′58″S 29°44′34″E / 2.61611°S 29.74278°ECoordinates: 2°36′58″S 29°44′34″E / 2.61611°S 29.74278°E in the city of Butare and was established in 1963 by the government in cooperation with the Congregation of the Dominicans from the Province of Quebec.
When it was established, the NUR had three divisions (Faculties of Medicine and Social Sciences, and a Teacher Training College), 51 students and 16 lecturers. The university suffered badly during the genocide and had to close in 1994, reopening in April 1995. At that time English was introduced as a medium of instruction alongside French.
As of 2005 it focuses on Science and Technology and Humanities, with French and English as the medium of instruction.
When it started in 1963 NUR was composed of three academic units: the Faculty of Medicine, the Faculty of Social Sciences and the Teacher Training College (ENS). At that time, it had 51 students and 16 lecturers. By 2005, the university had 8221 students and 425 lecturers. Important dates and facts are:
- November 3, 1963: Official opening of NUR
- May 12, 1964: Law establishing the NUR
- 1966: The National Institute of Education was created thanks to the UNDP and UNESCO: The Institute aimed at training and improving elementary secondary school teachers’ skills. It also aimed at implementing multidisciplinary pedagogical research.
- 1967: Creation of the University Extension as a unit with the mission to reflect NUR by its services to the people
- 1972: Creation of a research centre on pharmacopoeia and traditional medicine (CUPHARMETRA) in the Faculty of medicine. This became an autonomous body since 1980.
- May 1973: NUR, in conjunction with the Ghent Faculty of Applied Sciences put up a progressive training program for civil engineers specialized in building and set up a fore-project program in electro mechanic engineering.
- October 1973: The University of Instelling Antwerpen contributed in the opening of the Faculty of Law.
- 1974: A centre for study and experimentation of energy in Rwanda was created within the Faculty of Sciences. It became autonomous since 1977.
- June 13, 1979: The Faculty of Agronomy, which was a department in the Faculty of Science, was created.
- October 1, 1981: NUR and the NIE (National Institute of Education) were merged. Since then, the National University of Rwanda had two campuses: one at Ruhengeri and another at Butare. A few years later, the Faculty of Law shifted to Mburabuturo (Kigali).
- November 1988: Celebration of the 25th anniversary of NUR. Official opening of the Institute of Public Administration (ISAP), born of NUR and Konrad Adanauer Foundation (FKA) cooperation
- April-July 1994: The University community lost a good number of its staff and students who were killed during the war and genocide. They were victims of their ideology or ethnic identity. The University suffered a great loss: laboratory equipment, the computer equipment and academic infrastructure were destroyed or taken away. NUR was closed because of the prevailing war in the country, those who were not killed had to hide themselves, and others fled in exile.
- January 1995: The campus of Ruhengeri and the Kigali Faculty of Law shifted and become part of the campus of Butare.
- April 1995: Reopening of NUR. The main change was that all the faculties and schools were regrouped in Butare Campus for security reasons first and then for administrative reasons. The beginnings are not easy but the government decided the smooth running of NUR at all costs. The Campus that was supposed to cater for 1,600 students now lodged more than 4,500. NUR took off smoothly but surely despite the wounds to dress, the buildings to repair and English became a new language of teaching.
- April 2, 1996: Creation of the School of Information Sciences and Techniques (ESTI)
- 1997: A preliminary year of language learning (French and English) is established for all UNR beginners.
- 1998: Creation of a doctorate level at the Faculty of Medicine
- June 15, 1998: Creation of the Research Commission
- End of 1998: The merging of the Faculty of Sciences and that of Applied Sciences to form the Faculty of Sciences and Technology.
- 1999: Creation of the Centre for Conflict Management
- November 27, 1999: The University League against Aids (LUCS) was created
- December 1999: Creation of the University Centre for Arts. Its mission was to dynamise arts and culture, in order to bring its contribution to the strategies of reconciliation, peace and national unity. Moreover, it would promote the international extension of Rwandan culture.
- April 2000: The School of Public Health was created
- August 2000: The School of Information Sciences and Techniques (ESTI) became the School of Journalism and Communication. The programme changed to answer more efficiently to the needs of the country.
- November 3, 2002: The NUR Alumni was created
- October 10, 2005: The official re-launching of post-graduate studies in the Faculty of Medicine
- November 18, 2005: “Radio Salus”, the NUR Radio was officially launched
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The university has 9 faculties, comprises:
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Arts, Media and Social Sciences
- Faculty of Applied Sciences
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Economics and Management
- School of Public Health
- School for Foundation Language Skills
- Koulsy Lamko, Chadian-born playwright, poet and novelist
- Amon Munyaneza, Ugandan-born Rwandan American, philanthropist, musician and business executive
- Emmanuel Hakizimana, economist, professor of economy at university of Québec (Montréal)
- Jean Damascene Ntawukuriryayo, Rwandan politician, current vice president of Low chamber of parliament in Rwanda and former 2010 presidential candidate in Rwanda
- Bernard Makuza, Rwandan Politician, current Prime Minister of the Rwandan Government.