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definition - North_London_Line

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North London Line

                   
North London Line

A Class 378 "Capitalstar" at Canonbury in June 2010
Overview
Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail, Freight rail, Heavy rail, Rapid transit
System National Rail
London Underground
Status Operational
Locale Greater London
Termini Richmond
Stratford
Stations 23
Services 1
Operation
Opened 1869 (fully)
Closed 2006 (Stratford - North Woolwich)
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) London Overground
London Underground (District line)
Depot(s) Willesden TMD
Rolling stock Class 378 Capitalstar
London Underground D78 Stock
Technical
No. of tracks 2-4
Track gauge Standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 25kV AC OHLE
750 V DC third rail

The North London Line is a railway line which passes through the inner suburbs of north London, England. Its route is a rough semicircle from the south west to the north east, avoiding central London. The line is owned and maintained by Network Rail. Although much of it originated as part of the North London Railway, the current route is the result of a series of amalgamations, closures and re-openings; and has a mixed third-rail and overhead electrical power supply. It is an important freight route and is used by the Richmond to Stratford service of the London Overground, as part of the National Rail network.[1] Also between Richmond and Gunnersbury, London Underground's District line shares tracks with London Overground services, although this part is also owned and maintained by Network Rail.

The line closed in February 2010 between Gospel Oak and Stratford for installing a new signalling system and for extending 30 platforms, ultimately to allow four-car trains to run on the London Overground network. The line reopened on 1 June 2010 with a reduced service and none on Sundays,[2] and with the upgrade work completed the full seven-day service resumed with effect from 22 May 2011.

Contents

  History

  Formation

North London Line
If display breaks up, try Hide/Show. Aligned dotted routes connect off this map
Continuation backward
Waterloo to Reading Line (▲ Reading )
Unknown BSicon "CPICAl" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "CPICAma" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "uCPICAra" + Hub
Richmond London UndergroundDistrict line
Unknown BSicon "KRWg+l"
Unknown BSicon "KRWgr" + Unknown BSicon "uKRW+l"
Unknown BSicon "uKRWr"
Single track link from platform 3
Unknown BSicon "eKRWgl"
Unknown BSicon "eKRWg+r" + Abbreviated in this map
Link lifted.
LO and LU share tracks Richmond to Gunnersbury
Continuation to right Track turning right
Straight track + Abbreviated in this map
Waterloo to Reading Line (◄ Waterloo )
Stop on track + Abbreviated in this map
Kew Gardens London Underground
Transverse water
Bridge over water + Abbreviated in this map
Transverse water
Kew Railway Bridge across River Thames
Continuation to right Stop on transverse track
Unknown BSicon "kKRZo+xl" + Abbreviated in this map
Unknown BSicon "ekABZq+l"
Unknown BSicon "vABZq+rl" + Stop
Continuation to left
(Chiswick - Kew Bridge) Hounslow Loop
Unknown BSicon "ekABZg+l" + Abbreviated in this map
Unknown BSicon "vSTR-eDST"
Link lifted Kew (L&SWJR) 1853-1866
Interchange on track + Abbreviated in this map + Interchange
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "vSTR3-" + Unknown BSicon "v-STR3"
Gunnersbury London Underground
Urban continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "exvSTR+r-" + Unknown BSicon "vBS2r" + Waterway turning to right + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2"
Unknown BSicon "STR3+1" Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4"
District (◄ Turnham Green)
Freight/Super Outer Circle link lifted
Unknown BSicon "vSTR-" + Unknown BSicon "v-STR+1"
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4"
Unknown BSicon "uvCONTr" Unknown BSicon "mvKRZvu" Unknown BSicon "uvSTRq" Unknown BSicon "uvCONTl"
District and Piccadilly lines (◄ Up - Down ►)
Unknown BSicon "vBUE"
Bollo Lane
Unknown BSicon "vSTRe"
+ Unused waterway turning from left
Unused urban continuation to left
South Acton Junction
District and freight link lifted
Stop on track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Unknown BSicon "uexCPICre"
South Acton (LU service to Acton Town 1905-1959)
Unknown BSicon "eKRWg+l" Unknown BSicon "exKRWr"
Freight link lifted
Unused continuation to right Unknown BSicon "eABZrf"
Hammersmith & Chiswick branch (1857 - 1965)
Unknown BSicon "ACC"
Acton Central
Level crossing
Churchfield Road
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "kKRZo+l" Unknown BSicon "kABZq+l" Continuation to left
Great Western Main Line
South Wales Main Line
(◄ Paddington - Bristol ►)
Unknown BSicon "kABZg+l" + Hub
+ Unknown BSicon "HUB79"
HUB = Acton Wells Junction
Unknown BSicon "uvCONTr" + Unknown BSicon "v-CONTr"
Unknown BSicon "mKRZ-KRZo"
Unknown BSicon "uSTR-STR" + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Unknown BSicon "uvCONTl-" + Unknown BSicon "v-CONTl"
Central line
New North Main Line
Junction to left + Hub
Transverse track + Unknown BSicon "HUB76"
Continuation to left
To WCML and Dudding Hill Line
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "ABZ3lg" Transverse track Unknown BSicon "ABZgl+r" Track turning from right
West London Line to Clapham Junction
Straight track Unknown BSicon "BRÜCKEa" Non-passenger station/depot on track
Old Oak (or South West/ern) sidings
Straight track Track turning from left Unknown BSicon "hKRZ" Track turning right
Track turning from left Unknown BSicon "ABZ3lf" Unknown BSicon "ABZ3rf" Unknown BSicon "hKRZ" Transverse track Continuation to left
WCML (◄ Up - Down ►) The junction is Willesden Junction
Abbreviated in this map Elevated Track turning from left Continuation to left
Watford DC Line (LO) and Bakerloo (LU) share tracks. (Down ►)
Unknown BSicon "HUB39"
Unknown BSicon "hBHF" + Hub
Station on track + Hub
Willesden Junction HL/LL London Underground
Track turning from left Unknown BSicon "ABZ3rg" Unknown BSicon "hKRZ" Track turning right
(◄ Up)
Watford DC Line to Euston
Bakerloo to Elephant & Castle
Abbreviated in this map Straight track
Junction from left + Unknown BSicon "ELEVg"
Transverse track Continuation to left
From West Coast Main Line
Track turning left Junction from right
Junction to left Track end left
Kensal Green Turnback Siding
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Kensal Green & Harlesden (1861-1873)
Stop on track
Kensal Rise
Stop on track
Brondesbury Park
Stop on track
Brondesbury
Unknown BSicon "uvCONTfgr" + Unknown BSicon "vCONTr-"
Unknown BSicon "STR-uSTR" + Unknown BSicon "HUB36"
Unknown BSicon "KRZu-mKRZu"
Unknown BSicon "vCONTl-" + Unknown BSicon "uv-CONTl"
Chiltern Main Line (Marylebone - Birmingham)
Metropolitan tracks wrap Jubilee tracks
Unknown BSicon "uvCONTr"
Unknown BSicon "uvSTRq" + Unknown BSicon "uvBHFg legende" + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Unknown BSicon "mvKRZqu" Unknown BSicon "uvCONTgfl"
Jubilee line West Hampstead LU
Unknown BSicon "HUB77"
Interchange on track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "HUB79"
West Hampstead NLL London Underground
Track turning from left Unknown BSicon "KRZo"
Transverse track + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Continuation to left
MML 3rd crossing (◄ St Pancras - The North ►)
Continuation to right
Transverse track + Abbreviated in this map
Unknown BSicon "KRZo"
Station on transverse track + Hub
Continuation to left
Thameslink  West Hampstead TLK
Stop on track
Finchley Road & Frognal
Urban tunnel continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" + Enter and exit tunnel
Urban tunnel continuation to left
Hampstead Heath Tunnel above Northern line to Edgware
Stop on track
Hampstead Heath
Junction to left Unknown BSicon "STR2+r" Unknown BSicon "ÜWc3"
Freight link
Abbreviated in this map Right side of cross-platform interchange
Unknown BSicon "CPICll" + Transverse terminus from left + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc1"
Unknown BSicon "ÜABZ3lf" Continuation to left
Gospel Oak  Gospel Oak to Barking Line
Unknown BSicon "STR2"
Unknown BSicon "eABZrg" + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc3"
Unknown BSicon "exSTRq" Unknown BSicon "exSTRq" Unused continuation to left
Lifted link to Gospel Oak to Barking Line
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc1" Unknown BSicon "KRZ2+4o" Unknown BSicon "ÜWc3"
MML 2nd crossing (▲ The North - St Pancras ▼)
Abbreviated in this map
Straight track + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc1"
Unknown BSicon "STR+4"
▲ Down Watford DC Line
Abbreviated in this map Unknown BSicon "KRWgl" Unknown BSicon "KRW+r" Straight track Abbreviated in this map
▲ Down West Coast Main Line
Junction to left Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Junction from right Stop on track
Kentish Town West(1867-1971, re-opened 1981)
Continuation forward Straight track Straight track Straight track
▼ Up West Coast Main Line to Euston
Continuation forward Unknown BSicon "eHST" Straight track
▼ Up Watford DC Line to Euston,  Primrose Hill (1855-1992)
Urban tunnel continuation to right Unknown BSicon "utSTRq"
Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" + Track turning left
Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" + Junction from right
Urban tunnel continuation to left
Northern line (◄ Camden Town - High Barnet ►)
Stop on track
Camden Road 4-track after here to §§ except 2/3 at ##
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "ABZ3rg" Unknown BSicon "ABZ3rg" Junction to right Abbreviated in this map
St Pancras
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Track turning right
MML 1st crossing (◄ St Pancras - The North ▲)
Continuation to right Junction from right Straight track Straight track
High Speed 1 (◄ St Pancras - Channel Tunnel ▼)
Unknown BSicon "BRÜCKEa" Straight track Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Maiden Lane (NLR) (1887-1917)
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "hKRZ" Unknown BSicon "ABZ3lf" Unknown BSicon "KRZo" Continuation to left
East Coast Main Line (◄ King's Cross - Edinburgh ►)
Unknown BSicon "hTUNNELa" Straight track
 Noise abating covered bridge leads into tunnel
Urban tunnel continuation to right Unknown BSicon "mtKRZt" Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" Unknown BSicon "mKRZt" Urban tunnel continuation to left
Piccadilly line
Unknown BSicon "tSTR2" Unknown BSicon "tÜWc3" Straight track
From here to near Homerton HS1 tunnel runs beneath NLL
Unknown BSicon "tÜWc1" Unknown BSicon "tSTR+4" Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Caledonian Road & Barnsbury first site (1852-1870)
Unknown BSicon "tLUECKE" Unknown BSicon "HSTACC"
Caledonian Road & Barnsbury
Unknown BSicon "d" Unknown BSicon "v-STRa" Unknown BSicon "ELC legende"
Dual voltage transfer link. ## = 2/3 track. LH track is ELL
Unknown BSicon "d" Unknown BSicon "HUB39"
Unknown BSicon "vACC" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "HUB79"
Highbury & Islington London Underground
Unknown BSicon "udCONTr" Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" Unknown BSicon "mvKRZt"
Unknown BSicon "utBHFq" + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Urban tunnel continuation to left
Victoria line (◄ Brixton - Walthamstow Central ►)
Unknown BSicon "dCONTr" Enter transverse tunnel to left Unknown BSicon "vKRZt"
Unknown BSicon "tBHFq" + Hub
Continuation to left + Unknown BSicon "PORTALr"
Northern City Line (◄ Moorgate - Finsbury Park ►)
Unknown BSicon "d" Unknown BSicon "vSTR-ABZg+l" Transverse track Continuation to left
NLL-ECML chord
Unknown BSicon "d" Unknown BSicon "vACC"
Canonbury
Unknown BSicon "v-STR" Unknown BSicon "edHST"
Canonbury first site (1858-1870)
Unknown BSicon "v-STR" Unknown BSicon "edHST"
Mildmay Park (1880-1934)
Unknown BSicon "d" Unknown BSicon "vÜSTxr"
to ELL from 2010.  §§ End of 4-track
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2" Unknown BSicon "v-STR3" Unknown BSicon "dHST"
Dalston Kingsland(1850-1865, re-opened 1983)
Continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "xABZr+12" + Unknown BSicon "vBHFc1 legende" + Unknown BSicon "exvBHFc2 legende"
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4" + Unknown BSicon "exÜWc3"
Unknown BSicon "dTUNNEL1"
Dalston Jn
(1865-1986) on NLR City Extn to Broad Street
(re-opened 2010) on LO ELL
Unknown BSicon "exÜWc1" Unknown BSicon "exv-STR+4" Unknown BSicon "dSTR"
Unknown BSicon "d" Unknown BSicon "ev-STRe"
Link lifted
Unknown BSicon "kABZgr"
Graham Road curve
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "kABZqr" Unknown BSicon "kKRZur" Transverse track Continuation to left
Liverpool Street WAML and Lea Valley Lines
Stop on track
Hackney Central  (1850-1944, re-opened 1980)
Unknown BSicon "ACC"
Homerton  (1868-1944, re-opened 1985)
Straight track Unknown BSicon "tSTRl+4" Tunnel continuation to left
HS1 (▲ St Pancras International - Channel Tunnel ►)
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Victoria Park (1856-1943). Track rebuilt in 1960s
Unused continuation to right Unknown BSicon "eABZrf"
Lifted link to Old Ford on former L&BR
Unknown BSicon "ACC"
Hackney Wick
Transverse water Bridge over water Transverse water
River Lea (or Lee)
Junction both to and from left Transverse track Continuation to left
Link to Lea Valley Lines
Unknown BSicon "ÜWc2" Unknown BSicon "STR3+l" Junction to right
Unknown BSicon "STR+1"
Track turning from left + Unknown BSicon "ÜWc4"
Unknown BSicon "xABZrf" + Waterway turning from left
Urban continuation to left
DLR to Stratford International
Straight track
Straight track + Hub
Enter urban tunnel + Hub
HUB = Stratfordalso suffixed "Regional" or "(London)"
Straight track
Unknown BSicon "KACCe" + Hub
Urban tunnel straight track + Hub
 (HL) LO from Richmond
Continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlg" + Unknown BSicon "ABZqlr" + Unknown BSicon "HUB33"
Unknown BSicon "ACCq" + Unknown BSicon "HUB08"
Unknown BSicon "umtKRZ" + Unknown BSicon "HUB09"
Unknown BSicon "eABZ3rg" + Hub
Transverse track Continuation to left
 (HL) Great Eastern Main Line
Urban tunnel continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "xmKRZt" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "uACCq" + Unknown BSicon "PORTALr"
Unknown BSicon "utKRZ" + Unknown BSicon "PORTALl"
Unknown BSicon "xmKRZt" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "utSTRq" Urban tunnel continuation to left
 (HL) Central line
Urban continuation to right
Unknown BSicon "xmKRZ" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "uKACCr" + Unknown BSicon "HUB07"
Exit urban tunnel + Unknown BSicon "HUB06"
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Hub
 (HL) DLR from Poplar
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Hub
Unknown BSicon "uACC" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
 (LL) 
DLR to Canning Town and beyond
(NLL service 1855-2008)
Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Unknown BSicon "uKACCa" + Hub
Urban straight track + Hub
Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
 (LL) Jubilee Line
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlf" Unknown BSicon "uemKRZ"
Unknown BSicon "exABZdg" + Urban straight track
Unknown BSicon "exSTRrf"
Links to GEML lifted
Urban straight track Urban straight track
Former EC&TJR route to Woolwich
taken over by DLR & Crossrail
Abbreviated in this map Abbreviated in this map
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "uACC"
Stratford High Street (Stratford Market (1847-1957))
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "uACC"
Abbey Road
Urban continuation to right Urban transverse track Unknown BSicon "uKRZu" Unknown BSicon "uKRZu"
Unknown BSicon "uACCq" + Hub
Urban continuation to left
District and H&C lines, shared tracks
Continuation to right Unknown BSicon "eABZ3lg" Waterway under railway bridge Waterway under railway bridge
Unknown BSicon "ACCq" + Unknown BSicon "HUB26"
Continuation to left
London, Tilbury and Southend Line
Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Unknown BSicon "uCPICAl" + Hub
Unknown BSicon "uCPICAr" + Hub
Hub
West Ham, (NLL service 1979-2006)
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlf" Unknown BSicon "uemKRZ"
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlg" + Urban straight track
Link lifted
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "uACC"
Star Lane
Urban continuation to right Urban track turning from right Urban straight track Urban straight track
DLR from East India
Unknown BSicon "uCPICAl" Unknown BSicon "uCPICAm" Unknown BSicon "uCPICAr"
Canning Town (NLL service 1855- 2006)
Urban continuation to right Unknown BSicon "uKRZo" Waterway turning to right Urban junction to left Urban track turning from right
Jubilee line towards North Greenwich
Urban junction to left Urban transverse track Unknown BSicon "uKRZu" Unknown BSicon "uABZlg"
From Tidal Basin to past Pontoon Dock DLR route to
Urban junction from left Urban transverse track
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" + Waterway turning to right
Urban straight track
 WA is elevated on line of Silvertown Tramway
Unknown BSicon "exSTRrg" + Urban straight track
Unknown BSicon "exSTRq"
Unknown BSicon "exHST" + Unknown BSicon "exABZrf"
Urban straight track
Tidal Basin (1858-1943). Line at left was Silvertown Tramway
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Unknown BSicon "uACC"
Royal Victoria
Unused tunnel continuation to right Unknown BSicon "uemKRZt" Unknown BSicon "exTUNNELru" Unknown BSicon "exABZlg" Urban straight track
Crossrail to Canary Wharf under construction
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "exCPICl" Unknown BSicon "uCPICAr"
Custom House (NLL service 1855-2006, CR service from 2018)
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "exABZlf"
Unknown BSicon "exSTRq" + Waterway turning to left
Urban continuation to left
DLR to Beckton
Unknown BSicon "uACC" Unknown BSicon "exABZlf" Unknown BSicon "exSTRq" Unused continuation to left
West Silvertown  To Gallions
Unknown BSicon "uACC" Unknown BSicon "exSTR"
Pontoon Dock
Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "exTUNNELa"
Connaught Tunnel (549 m / 27 ch)
Unknown BSicon "xmABZlf" Urban transverse track Unknown BSicon "xmtKRZ" Urban transverse track Urban continuation to left
DLR to Woolwich Arsenal
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Unknown BSicon "exTUNNELe"
Line at left (Silvertown Tramway) was first EC&TJR route
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlf" Unknown BSicon "exSTRq"
Unknown BSicon "exABZlg" + Unknown BSicon "exvBHFg legende"
Silvertown & London City Airport (1863-2006)
Unknown BSicon "exBHF" Pier
North Woolwich (1847-2006) for Woolwich Free Ferry
Unused tunnel continuation to right Unknown BSicon "extSTRq" Unknown BSicon "exTUNNELru" Unknown BSicon "exSTRrf"
Crossrail to Abbey Wood under construction

The North London Line between Richmond and North Woolwich derives from five connecting sections which were opened over 25 years from 1846:

  • The easternmost section opened as the Eastern Counties and Thames Junction Railway in 1846/7 between Stratford and North Woolwich. The later construction of the Royal Victoria Dock necessitated a swing-bridge on the original route south of Canning Town which was rerouted in 1850 via Custom House and the Connaught Tunnel. The original route was retained as the Silvertown Tramway, a local freight line connected at both ends to the new main line.
  • The main central section opened from 1850 to 1852 as the East & West India Docks & Birmingham Junction Railway (renamed the North London Railway (NLR) in 1853). This gave a link from the Euston main line near Primrose Hill to the docks at Poplar via Bow.
  • The last link in the east was opened between the NLR near Victoria Park and Stratford in 1854.
  • To obviate NLR trains running on the busy Euston main line, the Hampstead Junction Railway was opened from the NLR at Camden Road to Willesden via Hampstead Heath in 1860.
  • The final part of the route was the opening of a link from South Acton to Richmond by the London & South Western Railway (LSWR) in 1869.

  Developments

The line between Broad Street and both Kew Bridge and Richmond was electrified by the LNWR in 1916 on the 4th rail DC system.

In 1944 passenger service on the NLR Poplar branch ceased. Freight traffic probably continued on the branch until the docks on the Isle of Dogs closed during the 1960s and 1980s. The trackbed of the southern part of the branch, from Poplar to Bow, was used for the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) branch to Stratford.

In 1979 the North Woolwich to Stratford service was extended to Camden Road as the CrossTown LinkLine service using the same Cravens-built diesel multiple unit trains. There were no intermediate stations until in 1980 Hackney Wick, near the site of the former Victoria Park station, opened and Hackney Central re-opened, Homerton re-opened in 1985 (both those stations had closed in 1944). New platforms were built at West Ham for interchange with the adjacent Underground station.

  Closures

In the 1980s Broad Street station closed and the Tottenham Hale–Stratford link and the station at Lea Bridge ceased to be used by regular passenger trains. The line between Dalston and North Woolwich was electrified on the third-rail system and Broad Street services were diverted to North Woolwich using former Southern Region 2-EPB types built in the 1950s. The two-car trains soon proved too small and were replaced by three-car Class 313 electric multiple units. The new service was branded by British Rail as the North London Link, and some signs using this name still exist.

In December 2006, as with the Poplar branch (see above), the line between Stratford and North Woolwich was permanently closed to make a way for a future DLR extension from Canning Town to Stratford International (opening February 2011). The section south of Canning Town was not used by the DLR as it is largely duplicated by the DLR King George V branch. Instead, the section will become part of Crossrail's branch to Abbey Wood (opening 2018). The section south of Stratford had always been the Cinderella end of the line, when there were operating problems it was common for trains to be turned short at Stratford.

  Poor performance before the TFL take over

Despite published performance figures[3] the North London Line used to be regarded by frequent travellers as offering a poor service,[4] with extremely congested trains and an unreliable service[5] with trains often cancelled shortly before they are due to arrive. A 2006 London Assembly report described the current service as "shabby, unreliable, unsafe and overcrowded", proposing the transfer of the service to Transport for London (TfL) as a solution to improve the quality of the service[6] due to upgrade plans[7] which coincide with the extension of the East London line. A report on the line can be found on the London Assembly website.[8]

  TfL

The North London Line, as part of Silverlink Metro, along with the West London Line, Gospel Oak to Barking Line and the Watford DC Line, was transferred to Transport for London (TfL) in 2007 to form its new London Overground service. TfL began to remodel stations, integrate lines and following the transfer and extension of the East London Line, aims to create an orbital rail service. TfL also brought in new trains and the line, which previously appeared on tube maps following a public campaign, gained its own colour. TfL extensively refurbished and upgraded the line.

  Former services

In addition to the primary Broad Street - Richmond service there were services that linked Broad Street with Harrow & Wealdstone and Watford Junction on the West Coast Main Line. Most of these were routed via the line between South Hampstead and Camden Road, calling at Primrose Hill, although some travelled via Hampstead Heath and switched to the Watford line at Willesden Junction. By the time that Broad Street closed in 1986 the Watford services operated only in the rush hours, and they were diverted to Liverpool Street by way of a new link in Hackney, known as the Graham Road Curve. However, with trains frequently cancelled, and some timed to arrive at Liverpool Street station after the start of the working day (plus the evening workings also being timed to not be suitable for office workers), patronage was very low and after a few years they were withdrawn.

In 2000, Anglia Railways started a service between Basingstoke and Ipswich, utilising parts of the North London Line. The service was called London Crosslink and ran up to five times a day at roughly two-hourly intervals. The service called only at principal stations such as Staines, Feltham and Brentford. On the North London Line, the trains called only at Stratford, Highbury & Islington, Camden Road (some services), West Hampstead and Willesden Junction. The service was withdrawn in 2002.

The AC electrification of the eastern part of the North London Line uses the previously unelectrified northern pair of tracks, which were also partially singled at the same time. Between Canonbury and Highbury & Islington there is a line which links to the East Coast Main Line at Finsbury Park station. This used to carry passenger trains to / from various North London stations (such as Edgware, Alexandra Palace, High Barnet, Welwyn Garden City and others) over part of the North London Line to Broad Street Station; however, since the opening of the Great Northern Electrics suburban electrification which in the 1970s saw trains being diverted into Moorgate and London King's Cross stations, this link has only been used for freight trains. It too was singled concurrent with the AC electrification of the eastern part of the North London Line.

  Route

  Geographical map of the North London Line

  Track

Most of the line runs in a curve across north London. Only Richmond and Kew Gardens stations at the western end are south of the River Thames. The river crossing is made by Kew Railway Bridge on tracks which are shared with the London Underground District Line. The location of the eastern extremity has varied over the years. Between 1944 and 1986 it was at Broad Street station, then it switched to North Woolwich. It was cut back to Stratford. A tunnel, the Hampstead Heath tunnel, runs under Hampstead between Finchley Road & Frognal and Hampstead Heath. The line is double track throughout with a mix of triple and quadruple track between Camden Road and Dalston Kingsland. The former North Woolwich branch included a section of single track between Custom House and North Woolwich stations, and the Broad Street branch was at one time formed of quadruple track.

During the February–May 2010 closure, stations at Caledonian Road & Barnsbury, Highbury & Islington and Canonbury were extensively rebuilt. The through route was moved to the north side of the cutting, to allow the extended East London Line to serve Highbury & Islington and Canonbury on a pair of completely segregated tracks occupying the former route on the south side of the cutting. West of Highbury and Islington, the passenger line switches to the inner pair of tracks, while the outer pair are for freight train use, all tracks under overhead wires. Once the extension is complete, there will therefore be four tracks between Dalston (Western) Junction and shortly east of Camden Road.

  Traction current supply

The line is electrified using the third rail system from Richmond to Acton Central. Overhead lines are used from Acton Central to Stratford. The line to Broad Street used third rail supply and when the through service to North Woolwich started in 1985 trains used the third rail throughout. When the trains were replaced a few years later by dual-voltage Class 313 trains it became possible to use the overhead line equipment which had been added to parts of the line for the benefit of freight trains. There had been some unexpected difficulties with earth currents from the third rail system which this overcame. This use was steadily extended and trains had to make a number of changes between traction current supplies during their short journey. These were at Dalston Kingsland, Camden Road and Acton Central. With the final upgrade of the line between Camden Road and Stratford, the need to change traction current systems on this stretch was eliminated, and now the only changeover takes place at Acton Central.

  Connections

The line crosses or comes into contact with a very large number of railway lines, especially lines radiating from central London. This does provide opportunities to move between separate sectors of suburban London without having to enter the central zone.

  Interchanges shown on the tube map

  Other interchanges

  Former interchanges

  • at North Woolwich passengers could cross the Thames via the Woolwich foot tunnel or the free ferry to Woolwich Arsenal station for connections on the North Kent line to Medway Towns, Gravesend, Dartford, Sidcup, Abbey Wood, Blackheath, Lewisham, Greenwich and Central London

  Current operations

  Rolling stock

  Old vs new: a Class 313 and its replacement, a Class 378 Capitalstar at Richmond

London Overground uses Class 378 Capitalstar four-car dual-voltage electric trains, compatible with both 750V DC third-rail and 25kV AC overhead power sources,[9] The Class 378 Capitalstars replaced the Class 313 trains, which were withdrawn from the route by February 2010.

  Service levels

Trains run seven days a week day from approximately 6am (9am Sundays) until 11.30pm. During peak times, there are 4 trains per hour between Richmond and Stratford; and 4 trains per hour operate between Clapham Junction and Stratford on the West London Line service, making up a total of 8 trains per hour between Willesden Junction and Stratford. During off-peak times, there are 4 trains per hour between Richmond and Stratford, and 4 trains per hour on the West London line between Clapham Junction and Willesden Junction, with two of these per hour continuing to Stratford, making up a total of 6 trains per hour between Willesden Junction and Stratford. The introduction of the new four-car, air-conditioned trains, combined with improved signalling and passenger information has dramatically overhauled the service, making it a very effective alternative to travelling through central London for many orbital journeys.

  East London Line extension

From March 2011, the extended East London Line connects to the NLL with ELL services joining the line west of Dalston Kingsland, running to Highbury & Islington.,[10][11]

  Map of the London Overground network, with the NLL connected to other lines

  Proposed developments

  Maiden Lane

Maiden Lane station may be reopened by Camden Council[12] however the Office of Rail Regulation has not included this in the current plans.[13]

  Crossrail to Hounslow

Hounslow council proposed that part of the North London Line be used as a branch of Crossrail to Hounslow.[14] This would see Crossrail services stopping at Acton Central and South Acton. However it was not included in the initial Crossrail bill, but could potentially form part of a later extension.

  Old Oak Common

Under the former government's plans for High Speed 2 line from London Euston to Birmingham; a new station called Old Oak Common would be built by 2025 serving the North London Line, West London Line, High Speed 2 and Crossrail. The new government does support this after opposing it at first.[15]

  North Acton

Another new station at North Acton is proposed for interchange with the Central Line. As this may require the central line station being moved to the east, it is merely an aspiration.

  High Speed 2

The planned link between the proposed High Speed 2 line and the existing High Speed 1 line would use the North London Line alignment around Camden Road station which may reduce the existing or future capacity of the line. Due to its heavy investment in the line and the passenger growth on it, Transport for London is against the alignment's use as a link between the two High Speed lines.[16]

  Closed stations

  Silverlink Metro 313117 at North Woolwich on 9 December 2006, the final day of service at that station

Closed stations apart from those on the closed sections of the line are:

  City Extension

On 1 November 1865 the NLR opened its City Extension mostly on a viaduct from a triangular junction at Dalston to Broad Street in the City with these stations:

The extension closed on 30 June 1986, but although the track was lifted the viaduct remained in place. In 2010, the route was re-opened as part of the extended East London Line, which, like the North London Line, is operated by London Overground.

  North Woolwich section

On 10 December 2006, the former Eastern Counties and Thames Junction Railway line between Stratford and North Woolwich was closed to allow building between Stratford and Canning Town of a Docklands Light Railway line to Stratford International. Part of the south end of closed section is to be used for Crossrail.[17]

NLL stations closed were:

DLR and Jubilee Line services are not affected at the first three of those stations.

The DLR line to Stratford International uses the former NLL low level platforms at Stratford. NLL trains now terminate at new platforms on the north side of the high level station.

  References

  1. ^ "Route 6 - North London Line and Thameside : 2009 Route Plan". Network Rail. 2009. http://www.networkrail.co.uk/browse%20documents/StrategicBusinessPlan/RoutePlans/2009/Route%206%20-%20North%20London%20Line%20and%20Thameside.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-28. 
  2. ^ "London Overground to close from Gospel Oak to Stratford as part of £326m upgrade to deliver longer, more frequent trains". TfL. 18 December 2009. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/media/newscentre/archive/13867.aspx. Retrieved 6 February 2010. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Silverlink rises to second position in the national performance league". 2006-09-18. http://www.atoc-comms.org/dynamic/toc-press-story/999831/Silverlink-rises-to-second-position-in-the-national-performance-league. Retrieved 2007-10-26.  Association of Train Operating Companies [1] Press Releases
  4. ^ Sharp, Rachel (2007-10-24). " TfL to take on rail network". Ealing Times. http://www.ealingtimes.co.uk/news/localnews/display.var.1782035.0.tfl_to_take_on_rail_network.php. Retrieved 2007-10-26. 
  5. ^ " Braced for rail strikes". Hackney Gazette. 2007-10-26. http://www.hackneygazette.co.uk/content/hackney/gazette/news/story.aspx?brand=HKYGOnline&category=news&tBrand=northlondon24&tCategory=newshkyg&itemid=WeED25%20Oct%202007%2011%3A49%3A35%3A157. Retrieved 2007-10-26. 
  6. ^ London Assembly - Light at end of the tunnel for London's forgotten railway
  7. ^ Always Touch Out - London Overground & Orbirail
  8. ^ London's forgotten railway (PDF)
  9. ^ Transport for London - £36m contract to bring extra rail carriages for London Overground
  10. ^ Transport for London - East London Railway project
  11. ^ Dalston Junction to Highbury & Islington now Connected
  12. ^ King's Cross Development plan (PDF)
  13. ^ "Sections 17/18 - Section 17 and 18 - new track access contracts : Office of Rail Regulation". Rail-reg.gov.uk. http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/nav.1257. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  14. ^ "A4" (PDF). http://www.hounslow.gov.uk/crossrail.pdf. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  15. ^ No business case' to divert HS2 via Heathrow, say Mawhinney Page 6-7, Rail Magazine, Issue 649, 28 July to 10 August 2010
  16. ^ Transport Select Committee, 28 June 2011, House of Commons
  17. ^ Transport for London - Stratford International Extension

  Bibliography

  • HP White. 1971. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume 3 - Greater London. ISBN 0-7153-5337-3
   
               

 

All translations of North_London_Line


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