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definition - Norwich_North_by-election,_2009

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Norwich North by-election, 2009

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2005   2010
Norwich North by-election
23 July 2009
   
CandidateChloe SmithChris OstrowskiApril Pond
PartyConservativeLabourLiberal Democrat
Popular vote13,5916,2434,803
Percentage39.5%18.2%14.0%
  
CandidateGlenn TingleRupert Read
PartyUKIPGreen
Popular vote4,0683,350
Percentage11.6%9.7%

Incumbent MP
Ian Gibson
Labour

The 2009 Norwich North by-election was a by-election for the United Kingdom Parliament's House of Commons constituency of Norwich North. The by-election took place due to the resignation of Ian Gibson after being banned from standing as a Labour candidate for the next general election. The writ of election was moved on 30 June 2009 and the by-election took place on 23 July 2009, two days after the start of the summer recess. Unusually for a UK by-election, the counting process was not started until the following day, for a variety of reasons including the high number of postal votes.[1]

The winner of the by-election was Chloe Smith of the Conservative Party, who at 27 became the youngest member of the House of Commons, known as the Baby of the House.[2]

Contents

Boundaries

As boundary changes do not come into effect until the next election, Norwich North was fought on those boundaries in place at the 2005 general election.

The constituency includes parts of two local government areas, Norwich and Broadland, with the majority of the electorate in Broadland. Nine wards of Broadland (Mile Cross, Crome, Thorpe St Andrew, Sprowston, Old Catton, Catton Grove, Hellesdon, Drayton and Taverham) fall within its boundaries, together with four wards of the City of Norwich (Catton Grove, Crome, Mile Cross, Sewell).

In boundary changes to be put in place for the 2010 General Election, Norwich North loses Taverham North, Taverham South, Drayton North and Drayton South to the new Broadland constituency.[3]

Candidates

The Labour Party selected Chris Ostrowski, a University of East Anglia graduate, as their candidate on 28 June.[4]

The Conservative Party had already selected Chloe Smith as their candidate for the general election.

The Liberal Democrats selected April Pond, a local businesswoman and former Norwich City Councillor, who was a candidate for South West Norfolk in 2005.[5]

The Green Party's candidate at the last general election, Adrian Holmes, announced that he would not be standing,[6] and Norwich City Councillor Rupert Read, the Green Party's lead candidate for the East of England in the European elections, was selected on 24 June.[7] In the European elections the Green Party polled 24.9% across Norwich, more than any other party, while they took 9.6% of the vote in Broadland.[8]

Glenn Tingle stood for the United Kingdom Independence Party.[9]

Other minor parties included Robert West for the British National Party[10], who stood as first candidate for the East Midlands Region in the 2009 European Elections, and the Official Monster Raving Loony Party's leader, Howling Laud Hope.[11][12]

Three new parties stood candidates for the first time. The Libertarian Party selected 18 year old Thomas Burridge as their first parliamentary candidate.[13] NOTA, which stands for "None of the Above", a party set up by former boxer Terry Marsh, announced that Anne Fryatt would stand as their candidate.[14] Former ambassador Craig Murray stood as an anti-sleaze candidate for the Put an Honest Man into Parliament party, which was registered with the Electoral Commission on 3 July 2009.[12][15][16]

There were also two independent candidates: Bill Holden, who was a candidate in 2005,[12][17] and Peter Baggs.[12]

Ian Gibson announced that he would not be running as an independent candidate. On 26 June he hinted to Newsnight's Michael Crick that he might run as an independent,[18] but he endorsed the Labour candidate three days later.[19]

Broadland District Council published the Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll, which lists candidates' names, addresses, official descriptions, and names of nominators, on 8 July 2009.[20]

Results

Both the United Kingdom Independence Party and the Green Party of England and Wales achieved their best results to date in a Parliamentary by-election; UKIP had previously taken a 10.2% share in the Hartlepool by-election, 2004, and the Greens took 7.4% in the Haltemprice and Howden by-election, 2008.

Norwich North by-election, 23 July 2009[21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
ConservativeChloe Smith13,59139.5+6.3
LabourChris Ostrowski6,24318.2-26.7
Liberal DemocratApril Pond4,80314.0-2.2
UKIPGlenn Tingle4,06811.8+9.4
GreenRupert Read3,3509.7+7.0
Put an Honest Man into ParliamentCraig Murray9532.8N/A
BNPRobert West9412.7N/A
IndependentBill Holden1660.5-0.2
Monster Raving LoonyAlan Hope1440.4N/A
NOTAAnne Fryatt590.2N/A
LibertarianThomas Burridge360.1N/A
IndependentPeter Baggs230.1N/A
Majority7,34821.4+9.8
Turnout34,37745.9[22]-15.2
Conservative gain from LabourSwing16.5

2005 result

General Election 2005: Norwich North
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
LabourIan Gibson21,09744.9−2.5
ConservativeJames Tumbridge15,63833.2−1.4
Liberal DemocratRobin Whitmore7,61616.2+1.4
GreenAdrian Holmes1,2522.7+1.0
UKIPJohn Youles1,1222.4+1.4
IndependentBill Holden3080.7N/A
Majority5,45911.6
Turnout47,03361.1+2.0
Labour holdSwing−0.6

References

  1. ^ Dan Grimmer (24 July 2009). "International interest in Norwich vote". http://www.edp24.co.uk/content/edp24/news/story.aspx?brand=EDPOnline&category=NewsSplash&tBrand=EDPOnline&tCategory=xDefault&itemid=NOED24%20Jul%202009%2008%3A51%3A56%3A570. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  2. ^ Crick, Michael (30 June 2009). "A new baby of the House?". Michael Crick's blog. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/newsnight/michaelcrick/2009/06/a_new_baby_of_the_house.html. Retrieved 3 July 2009. 
  3. ^ Boundary Commission for England: FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PARLIAMENTARY CONSTITUENCIES IN THE COUNTY OF NORFOLK
  4. ^ Brealey, Sarah (28 June 2009). "Norwich North candidate chosen". Eastern Daily Press. http://www.edp24.co.uk/content/edp24/news/story.aspx?brand=EDPOnline&category=News&tBrand=EDPOnline&tCategory=xDefault&itemid=NOED28%20Jun%202009%2018%3A31%3A21%3A370. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  5. ^ "Lib-dems name by-election candidate". Norwich Evening News. 22 June 2009. http://www.eveningnews24.co.uk/content/news/story.aspx?brand=ENOnline&category=News&tBrand=ENOnline&tCategory=News&itemid=NOED22%20Jun%202009%2007%3A49%3A20%3A740. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  6. ^ Greens hopeful of Norwich North victory - EDP24
  7. ^ "Candidate selected for Norwich North". Green Party. 24 June 2009. http://www.greenparty.org.uk/news/24-06-2009-rupert-read-norwich-north.html. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  8. ^ Simon Rogers, "Exactly how well did the BNP do where you live?", guardian.co.uk
  9. ^ "Glenn Tingle, our man in Norwich North". UKIP. 22 June 2009. http://www.ukip.org/content/features/1159-glenn-tingle-our-man-in-norwich-north. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  10. ^ "BNP’s Reverend West Will Be Candidate in Norwich North By-Election". 24 June 2009. http://bnp.org.uk/2009/06/bnp%e2%80%99s-reverend-west-will-be-candidate-in-norwich-north-by-election/. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  11. ^ "Norwich North bye-elecshun 23rd July". Official Monster Raving Loony Party. 5 July 2009. http://www.omrlp.com/. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Norwich North". UK Polling Report. http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/norwichnorth. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  13. ^ "Candidate: Thomas Burridge". UK Libertarian Party. http://lpuk.org/pages/candidates/thomas-burridge.php. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  14. ^ "Former boxer's party in by-election". Evening News 24. 7 July 2009. http://www.eveningnews24.co.uk/content/news/story.aspx?brand=ENOnline&category=News&tBrand=ENOnline&tCategory=news&itemid=NOED07%20Jul%202009%2015%3A52%3A44%3A493. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  15. ^ "I Am Standing in Norwich North". Craig Murray. 5 June 2009. http://www.craigmurray.org.uk/archives/2009/06/i_am_standing_i.html. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  16. ^ "Register of Political Parties: Put an Honest Man into Parliament". Electoral Commission. http://registers.electoralcommission.org.uk/regulatory-issues/regpoliticalparties.cfm?frmGB=1&frmPartyID=896&frmType=partydetail. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  17. ^ "Norwich North: Independent Politics". http://norwichnorth.com/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  18. ^ Crick, Michael (26 June 2009). "Gibson may stand as independent in Norwich by-election". Michael Crick's blog. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/newsnight/michaelcrick/2009/06/gibson_may_stand_as_independen.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  19. ^ Crick, Michael (29 June 2009). "No independent day for Norwich MP". Michael Crick's blog (BBC). http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/newsnight/michaelcrick/2009/06/no_independent_day_for_norwich.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  20. ^ "Parliamentary By-Election: Norwich North Constituency: Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (pdf). Broadland District Council. http://www.broadland.gov.uk/images/Statement_persons_nominated_norwich_north.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  21. ^ Norwich North 2008
  22. ^ Norwich North byelection results – live | Politics | guardian.co.uk

 

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