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PBA Tour 2008-2011 logo
|Purpose/focus||A series of professional ten-pin bowling events, governing body is PBA and USBC, and held between September and April annually.|
|Location||United States and Japan|
|Membership||PBA members who are considered "exempt"|
The Lumber Liquidators PBA Tour is the major professional tour for ten-pin bowling, operated by the Professional Bowlers Association. Headquartered in Seattle, Washington, the PBA Tour consists of "exempt" bowlers who are a part of the almost 4,300 members worldwide. From September to April of each year, the PBA Tour puts on a series of events for exempt members, as well as other PBA members who are able to qualify for the remaining spots in a given event.
The events are held across the United States. In addition, the PBA Tour co-hosts the Dydo Japan Cup, along with the Japan Professional Bowling Association (JPBA). And, select American members compete against their European counterparts in the Weber Cup.
Qualifying for the PBA Tour
From the PBA Tour's inception through the 2003-04 season, most national PBA events were open to the entire PBA membership. Starting in October 2004, the PBA adopted an all-exempt national tour format. In this format, only 64 bowlers compete each week. Bowlers can earn exemptions by winning a tournament during the previous season, winning one of the four major tournaments (thus gaining a multi-year exemption), placing among the top finishers in points, leading a region on the PBA Regional Tour, or finishing in a high position at the PBA Tour Trials.
Under this new format, bona fide status as a touring professional is not a guarantee; it must be earned. The 2005 Tournament of Champions was pivotal, as Randy Pedersen was facing the loss of his tour card in the semi-final match against Norm Duke. On his final shot, Pedersen left a ringing 10-pin and immediately singled out the sidelines, accusing a spectator of distracting him as he made his shot. From that point, Pedersen would have to bowl in the Tour Qualifying Round (TQR) in order to try making the initial field of 64.
Ironically, Duke faced a similar fate in the 2007-08 season, but prevailed. Standing 51st on the PBA points list entering the 2008 Denny's World Championship, he defeated all-time titles leader Walter Ray Williams in the semifinals, then topped Ryan Shafer in the finals to maintain his Tour exemption for another two years.
Criticism of the format was brought forth by long-time PBA fans when popular 24-time winner Brian Voss lost his tour exemption following the 2006-07 season. Nineteen-time titlist Amleto Monacelli also lost his exemption at the same time.
In total, 58 bowlers received exempt status for the entire 2008-09 season. The six remaining spots are awarded each week through the PBA Tour Qualifying Round (TQR). Prior to 2007-08, PBA Commissioner Fred Schreyer would regularly award one spot to a former touring pro under the Commissioner's Exemption. This option was rarely used during the 2007-08 season, and only a few times the following season. For example, PBA Hall of Famer and Medford, Oregon resident Marshall Holman competed on a commissioner's exemption at the Bayer Earl Anthony Medford Classic held in that city in January 2009.
During the TQR, amateur and PBA bowlers bowl 7 games of qualifying. The top amateur bowler advances (no matter where he or she finishes), along with the top five PBA members. In the 2007-08 PBA season, rookie Rhino Page made a remarkable five TV finals appearances (winning one title) despite having to bowl in the TQR every week.
Qualifying Via PBA Tour Trials
Since 2005, the PBA has held the PBA Tour Trials in late May/early June to determine the bowlers who will fill the remaining open spots on the following season's exempt player list. The number of exemptions awarded at the PBA Tour Trials can vary - 10 spots were available in 2006-07, but only seven spots at the start of the 2007-08 and 2008-09 campaigns. That number can increase due to injury deferments for currently exempt bowlers. Jason Couch, Tony Reyes, Patrick Healey Jr. and Jeff Carter were awarded injury deferments in 2007-08, allowing them to retain their exempt status for the 2008-09 season. At the Tour Trials, non-exempt PBA and international bowlers bowl nine games each day for five straight days on the five primary PBA oil patterns. (See "PBA Tour lane preparation" later in this article.)
In the 2006 Denny's PBA Tour Trials, Kelly Kulick made history becoming the first woman to ever gain a PBA exemption (she was exempt for the 2006-07 season). Before it dissolved, Kulick was the 2001 Rookie of the Year on the PWBA, won the 2003 U.S. Women's Open, and was a three-time member of Team USA. Kulick later earned a two-year exemption to the main PBA Tour with her victory in the 2010 Tournament of Champions; she had earned her spot in that event by winning the PBA Women's World Championship, the tour's first major championship in its Women's Series.
Prior to the debut of the PBA on ABC television in 1962, most tourneys bowled a set number of match-play games, with the champion crowned by final overall total pinfall.
Beginning in the 1960s through 1997 (with the exception of one year), televised events were done in a "stepladder" format. Four matches would be held, with the #5 and #4 seeds from the qualifying rounds meeting first. The winner of the first match would bowl the #3 seed, and likewise up to the top spot.
ABC experimented in 1993 with a King Of The Hill format. Under this arrangement, only the top four seeds made it to the television finals, instead of five, with the traditional stepladder format. The #4 and #3 seeds met first, with the winner facing the #2 seed, and that winner then facing the #1 seed. The winner of the tournament faced the current "King" for an additional cash prize. The winner of the King of the Hill match would then bowl the winner of the following week's tournament. The "King" could defend his title even when not competing in the event hosting it. The tour resumed its normal "stepladder" format the following year.
The bowler who won himself the most notoriety for winning "King" matches was Ron Williams, who won only four tourneys in his career, yet held the "King" spot for five consecutive weeks that year.
Special formats were also used on occasion in conjunction with Old Spice deodorant, which sponsored a Winning Never Gets Old challenge annually in the mid 1990s. The winner of the championship would bowl a Seniors Tour bowler for the rights to an extra $10,000.
When the PBA moved to CBS in 1998, a two-match format was adopted. Again going to four bowlers, the #2, #3, and #4 players bowled in one "shootout" match, with the winner to face the tournament leader for the championship.
The Road to the Finals
After the PBA's sale and move of broadcasts to ESPN, each bowler bowled nine qualifying games, with the top 64 by pinfall competing in best 4-of-7 head-to-head matches. The four remaining bowlers from match play competed in two semi-final matches, followed by a final match of the semi-final winners. A few tournaments still used the stepladder format for the finals.
In January 2005, the PBA tournament format was modified because of the all exempt tour. Non-exempt bowlers bowl on the first day to determine the additional 6 bowlers who qualify for the tournament (on top of the exempt 58). The second day consists of 64 bowlers rolling 14 games (two 7-game blocks) to determine the 32 bowlers who will make "match play" on the third day. Seeding is based on a rolling points list of the 20 previous events.
The third day features 32 bowlers competing in potentially 21 matches in a single day. It starts with the first round in the morning, followed by the second round ("Round of 16") after lunch. That night, the quarterfinal ("Round of 8") matches are conducted. All matches are a best 4-of-7 format. The four quarterfinal winners make the field for the televised finals. Depending on the finals format, a fifth bowler may be added based on highest pinfall among the quarterfinal non-winners.
The championship round remains single head-to-head matches for semifinals and finals on the final day.
For at least the first five exempt events of the 2009-10 season, the starting field will consist of 72 bowlers all rolling 14 games of qualifying in one day (two blocks of 7 games each) to determine the top 28. The top four bowlers by pinfall will automatically earn a spot in the Round of 16 match play. The other 12 spots for the Round of 16 will be determined in a separate match play round for the #5 through #28 seeds. The eight winners from the Round of 16 match play will bowl a final match play round to determine the four bowlers who advance to the TV finals.
All match play rounds are on the second day of the tournament, and all are best 4-of-7 matches.
Top 20 in PBA titles
The following are the top titles winners in PBA Tour history. The table lists the name and the number of titles; a check mark indicates that the player is still active.
|1.||Walter Ray Williams Jr.||46|
|6.||Parker Bohn III||32|
|15.||Nelson Burton Jr.||18|
In May 2008, the PBA announced that it was revising its all-time records to include ABC Masters and BPAA All-Star titles if they were bowled by a PBA member. ABC Masters titles prior to 1998 and BPAA All-Star (U.S. Open prior to 1971) titles were previously not counted as PBA titles. They are now counted as both a PBA title and a major title. The most significant impact of this change is that Dick Weber moves from a 9th place tie on the all-time titles list to 7th place (30 titles) while picking up four more majors (all BPAA All-Star events). Also, Earl Anthony is credited with two more major titles, both being USBC (ABC) Masters, giving him a record ten majors among his 43 total titles; he had previously shared the record of eight major titles with Pete Weber.
Player of the Year
The PBA Player of the Year began being officially recognized in 1963. It was awarded by The Sporting News from 1963-70, and by the PBA membership from 1971-2007. Some factors used in the voting process for a given season included major titles, total titles, Tour average ranking, points ranking, season earnings and TV finals appearances. The mid-70's to early-80's were dominated by Earl Anthony and Mark Roth. The two won 10 of the 11 P.O.Y. awards between 1974-84, and faced off in many memorable finals. In the 2007-08 season, a new Player of the Year system was instituted, where a points system only determines the winner. Chris Barnes became the first Player of the Year winner under this new system in 2008, edging out Walter Ray Williams Jr. by two points.
|1963||Billy Hardwick||1979||Mark Roth||1995||Mike Aulby|
|1964||Bob Strampe Sr.||1980||Wayne Webb||1996||Walter Ray Williams Jr.|
|1965||Dick Weber||1981||Earl Anthony||1997||Walter Ray Williams Jr.|
|1966||Wayne Zahn||1982||Earl Anthony||1998||Walter Ray Williams Jr.|
|1967||Dave Davis||1983||Earl Anthony||1999||Parker Bohn III|
|1968||Jim Stefanich||1984||Mark Roth||2000||Norm Duke|
|1969||Billy Hardwick||1985||Mike Aulby||2001-02||Parker Bohn III|
|1970||Nelson Burton Jr.||1986||Walter Ray Williams Jr.||2002-03||Walter Ray Williams Jr.|
|1971||Don Johnson||1987||Marshall Holman||2003-04||Mika Koivuniemi|
|1972||Don Johnson||1988||Brian Voss||2004-05||Patrick Allen|
|1973||Don McCune||1989||Amleto Monacelli||2005-06||Tommy Jones|
|1974||Earl Anthony||1990||Amleto Monacelli||2006-07||Doug Kent|
|1975||Earl Anthony||1991||David Ozio||2007-08||Chris Barnes|
|1976||Earl Anthony||1992||Dave Ferraro||2008-09||Wes Malott|
|1977||Mark Roth||1993||Walter Ray Williams Jr.|
|1978||Mark Roth||1994||Norm Duke|
PBA Tour lane preparation
Unlike the typical "league condition" or "house shot", which facilitates a fairly consistent pattern and wider target area, the PBA rotates five challenging lane oil patterns throughout the season. The patterns — known as Cheetah, Viper, Scorpion, Shark and Chameleon — feature varying oil volumes and lengths that require pros to adjust ball angle, rotation and speed accordingly. On some patterns, certain "strike lines" (areas of the lane) are unplayable, and spare shooting becomes much more important. This means a 220 average on the PBA Tour would easily translate to 20-30 pins higher on a typical league shot.
To put this theory to the test, the PBA held a special "Ultimate Scoring Championship" in the 2008-09 season, with pro bowlers competing on a typical league lane condition. The event took place November 9-11, 2008 in Taylor, Michigan, prior to the PBA Chameleon Championship that took place in the same bowling center. The lane conditions indeed proved easier for the professionals, as 3 of the 4 finalists averaged better than 250 during match play. The taped finals were aired November 23 on ESPN.
Custom oil patterns are used for the four major tournaments. In addition, the PBA introduced the Dick Weber pattern for two 2008-09 tournaments (including the Denny's Dick Weber Open), plus a newly-designed "Earl" pattern for the Earl Anthony Medford Classic.
The USBC is also grasping the PBA lane conditions. Called the USBC PBA Experience, amateurs are able to experience and test their bowling skills against PBA-like conditions, by participating in a USBC sanctioned league style called Sport Bowling.
The 2009-10 PBA Tour season
In a cost-cutting effort, the PBA split the 2009-10 season into two segments. The first, the 2009 World Series of Bowling, consisted of seven PBA Tour events -- including one major tournament (PBA World Championship) -- held in August and September 2009 in Detroit, MI. All of the events ran in a split format: the early rounds of each tournament were held on consecutive days in August and September, and ESPN television taped the final rounds for the tournaments on Labor Day weekend (September 5-7). These were aired on seven Sundays, October 25 through December 6, 2009. (See PBA Bowling Tour: 2009-10 season for more information.)
The final rounds for the Women's and Senior PBA World Championship were taped September 5 and were broadcast on October 25. The final round for the "open" PBA World Championship was broadcast live on December 13.
The Motor City Open and PBA World Championship were open to the entire PBA membership. The fields for the five exempt events were increased from 64 to 72, with the additional spots going to TQR qualifiers and the new "Golden Parachute" entry reserved for a formerly-exempt player. Under the Golden Parachute rule, any formerly exempt PBA member who lost his/her exemption during past four years was able to apply for this new exempt position. (It was awarded to 24-time PBA titleist Brian Voss.) Following the 2009-10 season, the Golden Parachute exemption will come only from the previous year’s crop of players who lose their exemption due to points.
The exempt PBA Women's Series fields have been increased from 16 to 20. The Women's Series added qualifiers for the exempt events to fill two of the four additional spots.
The seven primary World Series of Bowling tournaments:
- Motor City Open - An open event, August 2-6 at Taylor Lanes (Taylor, MI). TV finals taped at Thunderbowl Lanes (Allen Park, MI) on September 5 and air November 1.
- Cheetah Championship - An exempt event (61 exempt bowlers plus 11 qualifiers), August 11-12 at Thunderbowl Lanes. Match-play finals on August 13. TV finals taped September 5 and air November 8.
- Viper Championship - An exempt and Women's Series event, August 15-16 at Thunderbowl Lanes. TV finals taped on September 5 and air November 15.
- Chameleon Championship - An exempt and Women's Series event, August 19-20 at Thunderbowl Lanes. TV finals taped on September 6 and air November 22.
- Scorpion Championship - An exempt and Women's Series event, August 24-25 at Thunderbowl Lanes. TV finals taped on September 6 and air November 29.
- Shark Championship - An exempt and Women's Series event, August 28-29 at Thunderbowl Lanes. TV finals taped on September 6 and air December 6.
- PBA World Championship - An open, Women's Series, and Senior Tour major, August 31-September 4 at Thunderbowl Lanes. Women's and Senior Series TV finals taped on September 5 and air on October 25. The "open" PBA World Championship TV finals air live on December 13 in Wichita, KS.
The second half of the season, running January-April 2010, will consist of 11 traditional touring weekly tournaments, including the remaining three majors. Each event ends with the live ESPN television finals on Sundays. The second half will also include three special (non-title) televised events: the Chris Paul PBA Celebrity Invitational, the PBA Experience Showdown, and the PBA Women's Series Showdown.
PBA Tour Major Championships
The PBA Tour currently has four major championship events:
- The USBC Masters;
- The Lumber Liquidators U.S. Open;
- The PBA World Championship;
- The H&R Block Tournament of Champions.
The Masters Championship
Current Defending Champion: John Nolen
- The USBC Masters became an officially sanctioned PBA event in 1998. (Prior to 2005, this event was known as the ABC Masters.)
NOTE: In May, 2008, the PBA announced that it was revising its all-time records to include ABC Masters titles prior to 1998 if the person who earned the title was a PBA member at the time.
- Winners of the USBC Masters now earn a two-year PBA Tour exemption, meaning that for the following two seasons they do not have to qualify for the Top 64 each week through the TQR.
The United States Open
Current Defending Champion: Mike Scroggins
- The origins of the U.S. Open pre-date the PBA's founding by more than a decade, starting in the 1940s. Originally associated with the Bowling Proprietors Association of America (BPAA) it was known as the BPAA All Star from 1951 to 1970. It was renamed the BPAA United States Open in 1971, and shortened to U.S. Open thereafter. It has been held every year since, except for 1997.
- The U.S. Open is considered the most difficult of the tournaments to win today due to its demanding oil pattern, which differs from the five oil patterns the PBA generally employs. According to PBA.com, the U.S. Open uses a "flat" oil pattern, with equal amounts of oil being applied to every board. (Normal lane conditions feature a "crown" or larger amount of oil over the middle lane boards, to handle the heavier ball traffic.)
- Don Carter dominated the early BPAA All-Star events, winning four times between 1952 and 1960. Dick Weber also won this tournament four times when it was the BPAA All-Star.
- Mike Limongello won the first modern-day U.S. Open in 1971, defeating Teata Semiz.
- Marshall Holman became the first multiple modern-day winner with victories in 1981 and 1985.
- The purse for the 1987 event, sponsored by Seagram Wine Coolers, was a then-record $500,000, with $100,000 going to the eventual winner, Del Ballard Jr.
- The 1995 event, at Joe Louis Arena in Detroit, set a bowling attendance record with 7,212 watching Dave Husted notch the second of his three U.S. Open Crowns.
- Pete Weber holds the record with four modern-day U.S. Open titles (1988, 1991, 2003-04, 2006-07).
- Earl Anthony never captured the U.S. Open, despite runner-up finishes in 1973, 1979 and 1980.
- Norm Duke became just the seventh bowler in PBA history to win two majors in one season when he captured the 2008 U.S. Open. The victory was his 29th, putting him in a seventh-place tie with Mike Aulby on the PBA's all-time titles list, and made him the fifth Triple Crown winner (and third "grand slam" winner) in PBA history.
The PBA National / PBA World Championship
Current Defending Champion: Tom Smallwood
- Don Carter won the inaugural National Championship in 1960 in Memphis, TN, defeating Ronnie Gaudern.
- Hall of Famer Wayne Zahn became the first bowler to win this event twice, defeating Nelson Burton Jr. both times.
- Earl Anthony staked his mastery in this event; twice capturing it three straight years (1973-75; 1981-83). His 1983 victory was his 41st title (under PBA rules at the time), a record that would stand until Walter Ray Williams Jr. broke it in 2006-07.
- Fellow Hall of Famer Mike Aulby won this event in 1979, the first of his 29 PBA titles. Ironically, he had to defeat Anthony to win.
- The following year, Johnny Petraglia won the final of his 14 titles at the Sterling Heights, MI, event. Petraglia became the second bowler to win bowling's original "Triple Crown" with this victory (after Billy Hardwick).
- A memorable 1994 PBA National featured brothers David Traber and Dale Traber squaring off in the final match, with David emerging victorious.
- With his runner-up finish in the February 2008 event, Ryan Shafer set a record with his fourth runner-up finish in a PBA major event without a victory. Overall, Shafer has made the TV finals in a PBA major event 10 times and has yet to win.
- The event moved from late season to become the season-opening tournament in 2008-09, meaning there were two World Championships during calendar year 2008.
- With his victory in the November 2008 World Championship, Norm Duke became the first PBA bowler to win three consecutive majors.
- The event was moved again for the 2009-10 season. In a split-format, the qualifying for the championship was held at the PBA World Series of Bowling in early September, 2009, and the TV finals aired live from Wichita, KS on December 13, 2009.
The PBA National Championship was renamed the World Championship in 2002-03.
The Tournament of Champions
Current Defending Champion: Kelly Kulick
- The Tournament of Champions has had many sponsors over the years; namely the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company.
- Hall of Famer Joe Joseph captured the first Tournament of Champions crown in 1962.
- Billy Hardwick won the Tournament of Champions in 1965, besting finalists Dick Weber and Joe Joseph in a two-game set, 484-468-404. This was the first tourney in PBA history to offer a six-figure prize fund.
- George Pappas became one of the first bowlers to lead a tournament wire-to-wire (from opening game of qualifying to championship match) when he won the 1979 event.
- The 1981 edition saw the only double two-frame roll-off in championship round history, with Pete Couture finally emerging victorious over Earl Anthony in the second roll-off. Steve Cook won the championship with a memorable 287 game over Couture, gaining the first ten strikes before leaving the 6-7 split.
- Only two men have ever won the TOC three times: Mike Durbin and Jason Couch. However, Couch's wins were in consecutive tournaments.
- Kulick's 2010 win made her the first woman ever to win any event on the PBA Tour that was also open to men.
PBA Triple Crown
The three "original" major championships (PBA World Championship, Tournament of Champions and U.S. Open) make up the PBA's "Triple Crown."
Only five bowlers in the history of the PBA have won all three jewels of the Triple Crown in their careers:
Despite 46 and 43 titles respectively, Walter Ray Williams and Earl Anthony are not Triple Crown winners. As mentioned, Anthony never won the U.S. Open, though he finished runner-up in the event three times. Williams has yet to win the Tournament of Champions.
PBA Grand Slam
Don Carter is also noted for having won all four possible "majors" during his career (PBA National Championship, BPAA All-Star, World Invitational and ABC Masters), however some of these were not PBA events.
PBA Tour in the media
|1962-1974||ABC||Chris Schenkel||Billy Welu||Various announcers filled in whenever Schenkel was on assignment. Keith Jackson did play by play for the second televised 300 game in 1969, while Bud Palmer did the same for a 300 in 1974.|
|1974-75||ABC||Chris Schenkel||Dave Davis, Dick Weber||Davis and Weber alternated on telecasts after Welu's death in 1974.|
|1975-1997||ABC||Chris Schenkel||Nelson Burton Jr.||Dave Diles was Schenkel's fill-in while on assignment. Dick Weber filled in for Burton in the 1970s-1980s when Burton was competing. Johnny Petraglia filled in from that time.|
|Late 1970s||HBO||Various||Various||Among the first sports broadcasts on HBO.|
|Late 1970s||CBS||Frank Glieber||Dave Davis||Part of the CBS Sports Spectacular summer series.|
|1981-1982||USA Network||Al Trautwig||Mike Durbin||Spring and Summer tour events.|
|1984-1991||NBC||Jay Randolph||Earl Anthony||Fall Tour Stops.|
|Early 1990s||ESPN||Denny Schreiner||Mike Durbin||ESPN's first venture into bowling. Marshall Holman filled in for Durbin on occasion.|
|1998-2001||CBS||Gary Seidel||Marshall Holman||The "golden pin" era of the PBA. Chris Schenkel expressed interest in moving to CBS, but was passed over.|
|2002-2007||ESPN||Dave Ryan||Randy Pedersen||Chris Barnes and Norm Duke would fill in as extra commentators during select telecasts.|
|2007-present||ESPN||Rob Stone||Randy Pedersen||Current announcing team. Laneside reporters (Cathy Dorin-Lizzi or Carolyn Dorin-Ballard) have sometimes been added when a PBA Women's Series event was included in the telecast.|
The 1991 Tournament of Champions was delayed for over thirty minutes at the start due to a bomb threat being phoned in at Rivera Lanes in Fairlawn, Ohio. The ABC telecast joined in during the evacuation's final stages and featured interviews with local officials, as well as classic clips from previous T of C telecasts.
Mark Roth, whose first career title was captured at the 1975 King Louie Open in Kansas by rolling a televised 299 game, gained immortality by becoming the first bowler to convert the almost-impossible "7-10 split" on national television in the first match of the ARC Alameda Open on January 5, 1980. In 1991, John Mazza and Jess Stayrook also accomplished this feat on television. During the 2005-06 season, Walter Ray Williams Jr. became the only bowler to convert the 4-6-7-10 combination on television.
In 2005, ESPN Classic began televising old bowling broadcasts daily, including some of the more memorable ones in which bowlers shot perfect games or records were set. All of the telecasts originally aired on either ABC or ESPN since those are the tapes to which the network owns the rights.
Perfect and near-perfect televised games
There have been 18 perfect games bowled on the nationally-televised final day of regular PBA tournaments. Jack Biondolillo rolled the first one at the 1967 Tournament of Champions, and Ryan Shafer bowled the most recent one on March 18, 2007, at the semifinals of the 2007 Pepsi Championship in Indianapolis. Two of the eighteen perfect games (fifth and sixth overall) have been bowled in the final title match, first by Bob Benoit at the 1988 Quaker State Open and then by Mike Aulby at the 1993 Wichita Open.
There have also been two on Senior PBA Tour telecasts, by Gene Stus (1992) and Ron Winger (1993). Steve Jaros has the distinction of not only bowling one of the 18 televised 300 games, but also bowling the lowest televised score in history (129) in 1992.
A most memorable televised 299 game occurred on April 4, 1970 when Don Johnson defeated Dick Ritger to win the 1970 Firestone Tournament of Champions. With 11 strikes already down, he threw his 12th ball, stepped back and dropped to the floor. The ball hit the pocket, but the 10-pin remained standing. Johnson, still on the floor, briefly lowered his face into his hands, then stood up to a thunderous ovation. Along with the trophy and $25,000 check from Firestone, Johnson also received the 10-pin that denied him both an extra $10,000 and a new Mercury Cougar automobile for a perfect game.
- Professional Bowlers Tour - ABC telecast aired from 1961 to 1997.
- PBA Regional Tour
- PBA Women's Series
- PBA Senior Tour
References and footnotes
- ^ a b http://www.pba.com/corporate/aboutus.asp
- ^ Effective with the Regional 2008-09 season, an exemption will no longer automatically go to the point leader in each of the seven PBA Regions; eight bowlers will now receive exemptions for the 2009-10 season via the 2008 Regional Players Invitational (RPI).
- ^ Russell Leads Qualifying at PBA Bayer Earl Anthony Medford Classic. Article at www.pba.com, January 15, 2009.
- ^ a b All-time Denny's PBA Tour Titlists at www.pba.com
- ^ "Robert Smith powers his way through to Sunday's finals of Ultimate Scoring Championship." Article at www.pba.com, November 11, 2008.
- ^ PBA Experience
- ^ PBA World Series of Bowling website
- ^ http://www.pba.com/pbatour/tournament.asp?ID=1535
- ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rkaatvA_Sqw
- ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b18c95geVm4