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definition - Pampanga

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-Apalit, Pampanga • Arayat, Pampanga • Bacolor, Pampanga • Candaba, Pampanga • City of San Fernando, Pampanga • Don Bosco Academy, Pampanga • Floridablanca, Pampanga • Guagua, Pampanga • Legislative districts of Pampanga • Lubao, Pampanga • Mabalacat, Pampanga • Macabebe, Pampanga • Magalang, Pampanga • Masantol, Pampanga • Mexico, Pampanga • Minalin, Pampanga • Old Pampanga High School Building • Pampanga Agricultural College • Pampanga High School • Pampanga Hotel • Pampanga Presidio • Pampanga Provincial Capitol • Pampanga River • Pampanga Sugar Development Company • Porac, Pampanga • Robinsons Star Mills Pampanga • SM City Pampanga • Saint Vincent's Academy of Apalit Pampanga Inc. • San Fernando railway station (Pampanga) • San Luis, Pampanga • San Simon, Pampanga • Santa Ana, Pampanga • Santa Rita, Pampanga • Santo Tomas, Pampanga • Sasmuan, Pampanga • St. Mary’s Academy, Guagua, Pampanga • TV Patrol Pampanga • USS Pampanga (PG-39) • University of the Philippines Diliman – Extension Program in Pampanga

Wikipedia

Pampanga

                   
Pampanga
—  Province  —

Flag

Seal
Map of the Philippines with Pampanga highlighted
Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded December 11, 1571
Capital City of San Fernando
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Lilia G. Pineda (Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
 • Vice Governor Joseller M. Guiao (Lakas-Kampi-CMD)
Area
 • Total 1,984.7 km2 (766.3 sq mi)
Area rank 63rd out of 80
Population (2007)
 • Total 1,911,951
 • Rank 10th out of 80
 • Density 960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Density rank 37th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 2
 • Municipalities 19
 • Barangays 537
 • Districts 4
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 2000
Spoken languages Kapampangan, Tagalog

Pampanga (PSGC: 035400000; ISO: PH-PAM; Kapampangan: Lalawigan ning Pampanga; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando, Pampanga. Pampanga is bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast. Pampanga also lies on the northern shore of Manila Bay. Angeles City, although within the geography of Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and has a government independent of Pampanga.

The name "La Pampanga" was given by the Spaniards who found the early natives living near the river banks. It also served as the capital of the archipelago for two years from 1762-1764 during the British invasion of Manila. However, history shows evidence of the province of Pampanga itself being a descendant of what was known back then as the Kingdom of Tondo, or the Luzon Empire. The word pampang, from which the province's name originates, means river bank. Its creation in 1571 makes it the first Spanish province in the Philippines. The Province of Pampanga is the culinary capital of the Philippines.

Pampanga is served by the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport, which is located at Clark Freeport Zone in Angeles City and Mabalacat, some 16 kilometers north of the provincial capital.

The province is home to two Philippine Air Force air bases, Basa Air Base in Floridabalanca, and the former U.S. Clark Air Base in Angeles City.

Contents

  People and culture

The inhabitants of Pampanga are generally referred to as Kapampangans (alternatively spelled Capampañgan), Pampangos, or Pampangueños. A little history of Pampanga shows evidence of the inhabitants themselves being descendants of the kingdom known as the Kingdom of Tondo or the Luzon Empire, and that the Kapampangans take pride in their province for being one of the eight provinces in the country to revolt against Spain and having produced two presidents, three chief justices, a senate president, the first Filipino cardinal and many outstanding personalities in public service, education, diplomacy, journalism, the arts and sciences, entertainment and business.

Kapampangan cuisine is widely thought to be among the most evolved and refined of Philippine culinary traditions.

  History

Pampanga was the first province and the richest spoil created by the Spaniards in 1571. It was named after the Indung Kapampangan River, the largest river in the former empire. Ancient Pampanga's territorial area used to include portions of the provinces of Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Tarlac and Zambales in the big Island of Luzon of the Philippine Archipelago.

Pampanga, one of the richest provinces in the Philippines, was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11, 1571. For governmental control and taxation purposes, the Spanish authorities subdivided Pampanga into towns (pueblos), which were further subdivided into districts (barrios) and in some cases into royal and private estates (encomiendas).

Due to excessive abuses committed by some grantees of private estates, the King of Spain prohibited in 1574 the awarding of private estates (encomiendas). However, the royal decree was not fully enforced until the year 1620. In a report of Philippine encomiendas on June 20, 1591, Spanish Governor Gomez Perez Dasmarinas reported to the King of Spain that La Pampanga's encomiendas were Bataan, Betis y Lubao, Macabebe, Candava, Apalit, Calumpit, Malolos, Binto, Guiguinto, Caluya, Bulacan and Mecabayan. The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred and eighty whole tributes.

Pampanga which is about 850 square miles (2,200 km2) in area and presently inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873. During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces. Manila and its surrounding region were then primarily dependent on Pampangan agricultural, fishery, and forestry products as well as on the supply of skilled workers. As other Luzon provinces were created due to increases in population, some well-established Pampanga towns were lost to new emerging provinces in Central Luzon.

During the 17th century, The Dutch recruited men from Pampanga as mercenaries served the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, known as Papangers[1] contingent which was a part of the larger Mardijkers community. Their legacy can still be found in North Jakarta[2], however there are no traces of their descendants, except for a small community currently lives in Kampung Tugu.

The historic province of Bataan which was founded in 1754 under the administration of Spanish Governor General Pedro Manuel Arandia, absorbed from the province of Pampanga the municipalities of Abucay, Balanga, Dinalupihan, Llana Hermosa, Orani, Orion, Pilar, and Samal.

The old Pampanga towns of Aliaga, Cabiao, Gapan, San Antonio and San Isidro were ceded to the province of Nueva Ecija in 1848 during the term of Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua. The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo of Pampanga was yielded to the province of Bulacan in the same provincial boundary configuration in 1848.

In 1860, the northern towns of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, Tarlac, Mabalacat, Magalang, Porac and Floridablanca were separated from Pampanga and were placed under the jurisdiction of a military command called Comandancia Militar de Tarlac. However, in 1873, the four latter towns were returned to Pampanga and the other five towns became municipalities of the newly created Province of Tarlac.

On December 8, 1941, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga.

Between 1941 and 1942, occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga.

During the Counter-Insurgencies under the Japanese Occupation from 1942 to 1944, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas was foought side by side around in the province of Pampanga and attacking and retreating the Japanese Imperial forces from the couple of three years and few month of fighting and invasion.

The establishment and built of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active on 1935 to 1946 and the Philippine Constabulary was active on 1935 to 1942 and 1944 to 1946 in the province of Pampanga. During the military engagements of the Anti-Japanese Imperial Military Operations in Central Luzon from 1942 to 1945 in the province of Bataan, Bulacan, Northern Tayabas (now. Aurora) Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales and aided the local guerrilla resistance fighters, Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas and the U.S. military forces against the Imperial Japanese armed forces.

Battle of Pampanga
Part of World War II
Date 1945
Location Pampanga
Result Allied Victory
Belligerents
Philippines Philippine Commonwealth

United States United States

Mexico Mexico

Japan Japan
Casualties and losses
15,000 killed
26,000 wounded
19,000 killed
32,000 wounded
3,000 captured

In the 1945 liberation of Pampanga, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas supported combat forces from both Filipino and American ground troops in attacking Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga until the end of the Second World War. The sending the local military operations of local Filipino soldiers and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 2nd, 21st, 26th, 3rd, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 35th, 36th and 37th Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 3rd Infantry Regiment was recaptured and liberated the province of Pampanga and fought against the Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga.

After the Second World War, The operations in the main province of Pampanga was downfall insurgencies and conflicts between the Philippine Government forces and the Hukbalahap Communist rebels on 1946 to 1954 during the Hukbalahap Rebellion.

The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo displaced a large number of people with the submersion of whole towns and villages by lahar.

  Religions

The province of Pampanga is composed of many religious groups but it is predominantly Roman Catholic. Pampanga province is also known to be the main seat of the Members Church of God International known to its religious program in television and radio Ang Dating Daan. Other religious groups are Iglesia Ni Cristo, Most Holy Church of God in Christ Jesus, Jesus Is Lord Church, Seventh-day Adventist, Evangelicals, Islam, Aglipayan, Jesus Miracle Crusade and many other religious groups.

  Economy

Farming and fishing are the two main industries of the province. Major products include rice, corn, sugar cane, and tilapia. In addition to farming and fishing, the province also supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, furniture-making, guitars, and handicrafts. Every year during the Christmas season, the province of Pampanga becomes the center of a thriving industry centered on handcrafted lighted lanterns called “parols” that displays a kaleidoscope of light and color. Other industries include its casket industry and the manufacturing of all Purpose Vehicles present in the Municipality of Sto. Tomas.

The province is famous for its sophisticated culinary industry. Kapampangans are well known for their culinary creations. Well known food products range from the ordinary to the exotic. Pampanga's Best and Mekeni Food are among the better known meat brands of the country producing Kapampangan favorites such as pork and chicken tocinos, beef tapa, hot dogs, and longanezas (Philippines-style sausages and cured meats.)

Speciality foods such as the siopao, pandesal, tutong, lechon (roasted pig) and its sarsa (sauce), are popular speciality foods in the region. The more exotic betute tugak (stuffed frog), kamaru (mole crickets) cooked ala adobo, bulanglang (pork cooked in guava juice), lechon kawali, and bringhe (a green sticky rice dish like paella) are a mainstay in Kapampangan feasts. Native sweets and delicacies like pastillas, turonnes de casuy, buro, are the most sought after by Filipinos including a growing number of tourists who enjoy authentic Kapampangan cuisine. The famous cookie in Mexico, Pampanga, Sanikulas, which is known as the mother of all Philippine cookies are one of the best and the best are made in Mexico, Pampanga by Mrs. Lillian Borromeo.

Tourism is a growing industry in the province of Pampanga. Clark Freeport Zone, in Angeles City and Mabalacat, is home to Diosdado Macapagal International Airport, Luzon's second International Airport and designated as the Philippines future premier gateway site. Within the Clark Special Economic Zone are well established hotels and resorts. Popular tourist destinations in the province include: St. Peter Shrine in Apalit, Mt. Arayat National Park in San Juan Bano, Arayat, the Paskuhan Village in the City of San Fernando, the Casino Filipino in Angeles City, and for Nature and Wildlife "Paradise Ranch and Zoocobia Fun Zoo" in Clark. Well known annual events include the Giant Lantern Festival in December, the annual hot air balloon festival in Clarkfield during the month of February, the San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites celebrated two days before Easter and the Aguman Sanduk in Minalin celebrated on the afternoon of New Year's Day.

Other developing economies include a semiconductor industry involved in the manufacturing of electronics and computers mostly located within the Clark Special Economic Zone in Angeles City.

  Geography

  Political

Pampanga is subdivided into 19 municipalities and 3 cities.

City No. of
Barangays
Population
(2007)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Angeles City[3]
33
267,788
66.16
3,989/km²
Mabalacat City
27
171,045
City of San Fernando[4]
36
221,857
67.74
3,275/km²
Municipality No. of
Barangays
Population
(2007)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Apalit
12
97,296
72
Arayat
30
101,792
Bacolor
21
16,147
Candaba
33
86,066
208.70
Floridablanca
33
85,394
175.48
1,487/km²
Guagua
31
111,259
66.16 km²
3,989/km²
Lubao
44
125,699
155.77
Macabebe
25
65,346
Magalang
27
77,530
Masantol
26
48,120
Mexico
43
109,481
Minalin
15
40,000
48.27
Porac
29
102,962
343.12
San Luis
17
41,554
San Simon
14
41,253
Santa Ana
14
42,990
Santa Rita
10
32,780
Santo Tomas
8
32,695
Sasmuan
12
23,359

  Physical

  Terrain

The province has a total land mass of 2,180.68 square kilometers. Its terrain is relatively flat with one distinct mountain, Mount Arayat and the notable Pampanga River. Among its municipalities, Porac has the largest land mass with 343.12 square kilometers; Candaba comes in second with 208.7 square kilometers; followed by Lubao with 155.77 square kilometers.

  Climate

The province of Pampanga has two distinct climates, rainy and dry. The rainy or wet season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and April, while the coolest period is from December through February.

  Infrastructure

  Telecommunication

Telephone services in the Province are provided by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), Digitel, Datelcom the Evangelista Telephone Company and the Pampanga Telecom Company in the town of Macabebe. The province has 24 public telegraph offices distributed among its towns while the facilities of PT&T and RCPI were set up to serve the business centers in Angeles City, San Fernando City and Guagua.[5]

Several Internet Service Providers and available in the province. These include the Angeles Computer Network Specialist, Information Resources Network System, Inc., Mosaic communications Inc., Net Asia Angeles City, Phil World On Line and Comclark Network and Technology Corp.

United Parcel Services (UPS) and Federal Express (FedEx) provide international courier services for the province and the rest of the country. Their hubs are located within the Clark Special Economic Zone. These international courier are complemented by four local couriers operating as the communication and baggage of the province. There are 3 postal district offices and 35 post office stations distributed in the 20 municipalities and 2 cities of the province.[6]

  Water and power

Potable water supply in the province reaches the populace through three levels namely: Level I (point source system), Level II (communal faucet system), and Level III (individual connections). A well or spring is the pinpointed water source in areas where houses are few as the system is only designed to serve 15 to 25 households. As of 1997, there were 128,571 Level I water system users in the province. The communal faucet system (Level II) serves the rural areas while the Level III system is managed by the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA). The system provides individual house connections to all second and first class private subdivisions.

Electric power is distributed to majority of the towns through the distribution centers of the Pampanga Electric Cooperative (PELCO) which include PELCO I, II, III. Small parts of Candaba and Macabebe are also supplied by Manila Electric Company (MERALCO). Angeles City and small parts of Mabalacat, Bacolor, and Porac are supplied by Angeles Electric Corporation (AEC). City of San Fernando is supplied by San Fernando Electric Company (SFELAPCO).[5]

  Transportation

The province of Pampanga is strategically located at the crossroads of central Luzon and is highly accessible by both air and land. The province is home to two airstrips: Basa Air Base in Floridablanca, which is utilized by the military, and the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (formerly Clark International Airport) in Clark Freeport Zone. Pampanga also has five existing municipal ports which function as fish landing centers. These are situated in the municipalities of Guagua, Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin, and Sasmuan.[5]

Land travel to the province is made easy by numerous buses that travel the routes of Manila-Pampanga-Bataan, Manila-Pampanga-Zambales, Manila-Pampanga-Tarlac, Manila-Pampanga-Nueva Ecija, and Manila-Bulacan-Pampanga. These buses are serviced by:

The 83.7 - kilometer North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) extends from Balintawak in Metro Manila to Sta. Ines in Pampanga. It passes through the large cities of San Fernando and Angeles and municipalities of Minalin and San Simon through Sta. Ines in Mabalacat, which is located near the former U.S. Air Force Base at Clark Field.

The 94-kilometer four-lane Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) to date, is the longest toll expressway in the Philippines. Its southern terminus is located at the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales, and passes through the Clark Freeport Zone in two interchanges: Clark North and Clark South. The expressway is linked to the North Luzon Expressway through the Mabalacat Interchange. Its northern terminus is located at the Central Techno Park in Tarlac City, Tarlac.

  Education

The province is home to 45 colleges/universities. They include:

  • Guagua National Colleges, Guagua
  • New Era University, City of San Fernando
  • St. Scholastica's Academy, City of San Fernando
  • Harvardian Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Colegio de Sebastian, City of San Fernando
  • Holy Angel University, Angeles City
  • University of the Philippines - Diliman Extension Program in Pampanga, Angeles City
  • Angeles University Foundation, Angeles City
  • Mother Of Good Counsel Minor Seminary, City of San Fernando
  • NorthPoint Academy for Culinary Arts, Culinary School in San Fernando, Pampanga.
  • University of the Assumption, City of San Fernando
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Bacolor
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University , Mexico
  • Pampanga Colleges - Macabebe
  • The Metropolitan Academy Of Arts & Beauty - Pampanga, City of San Fernando
  • Information and Communication Technology High School, San Fernando
  • Mabalacat College, Dolores,Mabalacat
  • Hillcrest Heights Institute, San Francisco, Magalang
  • Bro. Andrew Gonzales Technical High School
  • Proverbsville School -Angeles City/City of San Fernando
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Center of Studies and Schools, City of San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Mauaque National High School, Sapang Biabas, Mabalacat, Pampanga
  • Mary Help of Christians School Inc. Mabiga, Mabalacat
  • Republic Central Colleges], Angeles City
  • Arayat Institute, Arayat
  • Saint Anthony College of Technology, Mabalacat
  • AMA Computer College, Angeles City and City of San Fernando
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Angeles City and City San Fernando
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Apalit, Pampanga
  • Mother of Good Counsel Major Seminary, City of San Fernando
  • Santa Rita College Integrated School, Santa Rita, Pampanga
  • Mary the Queen College, Guagua
  • East Central Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Mt. Carmel Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Philippine State College of Aeronautics, Basa Air Base, Floridablanca
  • Asian College of Science & Technology
  • St. Augustine School of Nursing, Angeles City
  • Central Luzon College of Science and Technology (CELTECH College) [1], City of San Fernando
  • Development for Advanced Technology Achievement (DATA) College, City of San Fernando
  • Harvadian Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Jocson College, Angeles City
  • Mega Computer College, Angeles City
  • Systems Plus College Foundation, Inc., Angeles City
  • Mother of Perpetual Help Institute School of Midwifery and Nursing Aide, Angeles City
  • STI Colleges, Angeles City and City of San Fernando
  • Jose C. Feliciano College, Inc., Dau, Mabalacat
  • Saint Michael's College, Guagua
  • Dau Academy-St. Muchen, Dau, Mabalacat
  • Megabyte College of Science and Technology, Floridablanca and Guagua
  • Don Bosco Academy Pampanga, Mabiga, Mabalacat
  • Holy Cross College Pampanga, Sta. Ana
  • Pampanga Agricultural College, Magalang http://www.pac.edu.ph/ [2] * Pampanga Colleges, Macabebe
  • Pampanga Institute,Masantol
  • Somascan Fathers Seminary, Lubao
  • Guillermo D.Mendoza National High School,Guagua
  • Madapdap Resettlement National High School,Madapdap Mabalacat
  • Dee Hwa Liong College Foundation, Mabalacat
  • Jose Feliciano College, Dau, Mabalacat
  • San Vicente Pilot School for Philippine Craftsmen, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Gonzalo Puyat School of Arts and Trades, San Luis
  • TESDA Training Center, PEO Sindalan, City of San Fernando
  • Global Standard English Language School, http://www.gsnels.com/, Clarkfield
  • Clark Education City, http://www.clarkeducationcity.com.au/ Clarkfield
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies, Mabalacat and City of San Fernando
  • Integrated Computer School Foundation, Angeles City
  • Computer System Specialist, Inc., Angeles City
  • Pampanga Agricultural College, Magalang
  • La Verdad Christian College, Apalit, Pampanga

Elementary and secondary schools:

  • Guagua National Colleges - Montessori, Guagua
  • Heath's Montessori Elementary School
  • Infant Jesus Academy - Pilar Village, City of San Fernando
  • Philippine Science High School Central Luzon Campus
  • Don Teodoro V. Santos Institute, Mabalacat
  • Lubao Institute (LI - Established 1929)
  • Jesus is Lord Christian School - San Agustin, San Fernando, Pampanga
  • St. Mary's Academy - Guagua, Pampanga (also known as Sacred Heart Academy) - since 1908
  • Sta Cruz Academy - Sta Cruz Lubao,Pampanga
  • Sta Cruz National Highschool - Sta Cruz Lubao,Pampanga
  • Holy Cross Institute - Sta Cruz Lubao,Pampanga
  • Planas Elementary School
  • Assumpta Technical High School-Assumption Pampanga, Religious of the Assumption, San Simon [3]
  • Pampanga Institute - Masantol, Pampanga
  • St. Augustine Academy of Pampanga, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Diosdado P. Macapagal Memorial High School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Gutad High School , Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Don Antonio Lee Chi Uan Integrated School(Xevera Pampanga)-Bacolor, Pampanga
  • Angeles City Sped Center- Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Floridablanca Elementary School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Cabetican Elementary School, Bacolor, Pampanga
  • San Vicente Pilot School for Philippine Craftsmen, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Potrero High School, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Santa Rita Catholic School, Santa Rita
  • Lourdes School of Pampanga, San Roque Dau 2nd Lubao, Pampanga
  • Pampanga Agricultural College - High School
  • Sto. Rosario High School - Minalin
  • Angeles city Science Highschool
  • Achievers Special Education
  • Minalin Central Elementary School - Minalin
  • Porac Model Community High School - Porac
  • Holy Rosary Academy - Lubao, Pampanga(Established 1950)
  • Westfields International School, Angeles City
  • Republic Central Colleges, Angeles City
  • Magalang Christian Ecumenical School, Magalang
  • Planas High School - Planas, Porac, Pampanga
  • Arayat Holy Child Educational Foundation Inc. Arayat, Pampanga
  • St. Augustine Academy of Pampanga, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Mabiga Elementary School, Mabiga, Mabalacat, Pampanga
  • Basic Thoughts Learning Center, Mexico, Pampanga

  Tourist attractions

  Festivals

  The colorful Giant Lantern Festival held annual in December in San Fernando.


Throughout the year, various towns and cities within the Province of Pampanga celebrates feasts honoring their patron saint. These fiesta days are listed below:

  • Angeles City — Second Sunday of October "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Angeles"
  • Apalit — June 28,29 and 30 "San Pedro Apostol"
  • Arayat — November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • Bacolor — Third Sunday of November "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Bacolor"
  • Candaba — November 30 "San Andres Apostol"
  • Floridablanca — May 1 "San Jose Talapagobra"
  • Guagua — December 8 "La Purisima Concepcion"
  • Lubao — August 28 "San Agustin de Hippo"
  • Mabalacat — February 2 "Nuestra Señora de la Divina Gracia"
  • Macabebe — September 10 "San Nicolas Tolentino"
  • Magalang — August 24 "San Bartolome Apostol"
  • Masantol — May 8 "San Miguel Arcanghel"
  • Mexico — May 4 "Santa Monica"
  • Minalin — Second Sunday of May "Santa Monica"
  • Porac — November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • City of San Fernando — May 30 "San Fernando Rey"
  • San Luis — June 21 "San Luis Gonzaga"
  • San Simon — October 12 "Nuestra Señora del Pilar"
  • Santa Ana — July 26 "Santa Ana"
  • Santa Rita — May 22 "Santa Rita de Casia"
  • Santo Domingo - August 8 "Sto. Domingo De Guzman"
  • Santo Tomas — December 21 "Santo Tomas Apostol
  • Sasmuan — December 13 "Santa Lucia Martir"

In addition to the town fiesta many barangays within each municipality celebrates a local fiesta also honoring a particular patron saint.

  Heritage churches and shrines

  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • San Vicente Ferrer Parish Church, Calulut, City of San Fernando
  • Our Lady Of Grace Parish Church, Mabalacat
  • Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando, City of San Fernando
  • Betis Church, Guagua (National Cultural Treasure)
  • San Agustin Church, Lubao (National Historical Landmark)- Oldest in Pampanga
  • San Guillermo Church, Bacolor
  • Sta. Catalina Church, Arayat
  • Sta. Ana Church, Sta. Ana
  • Sta. Monica Parish Old Belfry, Mexico
  • San Jose old Visita, San Jose Matulid, Mexico
  • San Luis Gonzaga Church, San Luis
  • Sto. Rosario (Holy Rosary) Church, Angeles City
  • Sta. Monica Church, Minalin (National Cultural Treasure)
  • La Purisima Concepcion Church, Guagua
  • St. Peter Parish Church, San Juan, Apalit
  • San. Andres Apostol Church, Candaba
  • San Bartolome Church, Magalang
  • Shrine of the Lord of the Holy Sepulcher of Angeles City (Apung Mamacalulu), Angeles City
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, Cabetican, Bacolor
  • Pio Chapel, Porac
  • Sta. Catalina Church, Porac
  • San Nicolas de Tolentino Church, Macabebe
  • San Miguel Archanghel Church, Masantol
  • Sta. Rita Church, Sta. Rita
  • Sta. Lucia Church, Sasmuan
  • Sto. Tomas Church, Sto. Tomas
  • Nuestra Senora Del Pilar, San. Simon

  Recreational facilities and leisure parks

  Historical landmarks

Angeles City Historical Sites

  • Fort Stotsenburg
  • Old Pamintuan Residence
  • Don Juan Nepomuceno Residence
  • Holy Family Academy Building
  • Camalig
  • Bale Herencia
  • Angeles Post Office Building (now houses the Angeles Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Center)
  • Lily Hill
  • Bale Matua
  • Bayanihan Park (formerly Astro Park)

Salakot Arch

  • Museo Ning Angeles

City of San Fernando Heritage District

Bacolor Historical Sites

  • San Guillermo Parish Church (the Sunken Church)
  • The Sunken Shrine (Cabetican)
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University
  • 100th kilometre Bataan Death March Marker

Mabalacat Historical Site

  • Kamikaze Shrine

Lubao Historical Site

  • San Agustin Parish Church, Lubao Old Church
  • Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Residence/Library & Museum

Arayat Historical Sites

  • St. Catherine Alexandria Parish Church
  • Mt. Arayat
  • Cong. Dadong Dam

  Natural parks

  • Mt. Arayat National Park (Arayat)
  • Scenic Candaba Swamps and Wild Duck & Birds Sanctuary (Candaba)
  • Mt. Pinatubo Crater (Pampanga/Tarlac/Zambales)
  • Dara Falls (Porac) - Pampanga’s version of the Pagsanjan Falls of Laguna
  • Cong Dadong Dam (Arayat)
  • Maruring Falls (Mabalacat)
  • Lahar Canyon (Porac & Bacolor)
  • Muñoz Park - Minalin


  Governors of Pampanga

ALCALDES MAYORES 1812 to 1886:[7]


GOBERNADORES CIVILES 1886 to 1898:


REPUBLICA FILIPINA 1898 to 1901:[7]


U.S. MILITARY GOVERNMENT 1899 to 1901:


CIVIL GOVERNORS 1901 to 1937:


JAPANESE OCCUPATION 1942 to 1944:


CIVIL GOVERNORS 1945: (cont.)


PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS 1946 to present:

  Notable people from Pampanga

  Politics

  • [Felixberto Olalia, Sr.] - born to a family of poor farmers in Bacolor, Pampanga in August, 1903. Along with Crisanto Evangelista and Amado V. Hernandez,he was one of the stalwarts of the country's militant workers’ movement. He was instrumental in the rebirth of the militant labor movement during the dark days of Martial Law, the peak of which was the founding of the Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU or May 1st Movement). Sensing that Olalia was a threat to his rule, Marcos jailed Olalia at the age of 79--an imprisonment leadd to his death. His eldest son, labor lawyer Rolando "Ka Lando" Olalia, took over leadership of the militant labor movement. Ka Lando was murdered along with another union worker-colleague Leonor Alay-ay in November 13, 1986 in Antipolo City. Their cases remain unsolved after 25 years.
  • Jose Abad Santos - born in San Fernando, Pampanga, the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was appointed acting president by President Quezon with full authority to act on behalf of the President of the Philippines in areas unoccupied by the Japanese. He was killed by Japanese forces during the occupation of the Philippines in World War II.
  • Pedro Abad Santos, founder of the Socialist Party. Ideological mentor of Luis Taruc.
  • Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, 9th President of the Republic of the Philippines and a native of Lubao, Pampanga.
  • Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo - 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. She is the daughter of the 9th President of the Republic Diosdado Macapagal. She was the country's second Female President after Corazon Aquino. She also was the country's first Female Vice President during the tenure of the now Deposed Former President Joseph Ejercito Estrada. She currently serves as the representative of the 2nd District. She is currently under hospital arrest in Veterans Memorial Hospital due to crimes of graft and corruption filed against her.
  • Armando Biliwang' s elected as a municipal councilor and later became municipal mayor of San Fernando. He is well known for his fearless stand against communism during his term as municipal councilor and mayor.
  • Joe Lingad, a one-term governor and congressman. Served as Secretary of Labor during Macapagal administration. Identified with the political opposition during the Marcos regime, he was assassinated in 1980 while campaigning for election as Pampanga governor.
  • Eddie Panlilio, born in Minalin, Pampanga, was the first Filipino priest to be elected as Governor in Philippine history.
  • Reynato Puno

  Businessmen

  • Tomas D. Dizon - born in Porac, Pampanga, was one of the most outstanding kapampangans in the field of business and civic consciousness. His involvement in various charitable institutions includes the Porac Foundation, Save Porac Foundation and the Celestino M. Dizon Foundation, an organization that he conceptualized and named in honor of his father . His passing gave birth to the Tomas D. Dizon Medical Foundation of Pampanga spearheaded by his daughter Lea Dizon. Its mission is to provide weekly free medical, dental and eye care for our less fortunate Cabalens. Tatang Tom's children continue this legacy by providing services to people who cannot afford medical assistance. Since September 2003, Tomas Dizon Foundation has assisted 19,222 people from 34 barangays as of 29 th December 2005.
  • Don Gonzalo Puyat, from Guagua, Pampanga, a pioneering industrialists of the Philippines i n the post-Spanish colonial period). Founder of Gonzalo Puyat & Sons (a holding company) with business interests in bowling alleys, billard tables, French-style furniture, G.I. steel, industrial steel pipes, banking, insurance, sugar, mining, lumber,
  • Gil J. Puyat. Senate President of the Philippines from 1967 to 1972. Former Dean of Business, University of the Philippines (1940), Philippine Senator (1960–1972), Rotary President and Businessman (Finance and Insurance). He is the third child of Don Gonzalo Puyat. Founder of the Manila Bank, Manila Bankers Life and Loyola Group of Companies.

  Artists and entertainers

  • Isidoro C.Soto, artist. Born in Suban, Bacolor, Pampanga, on April 4, 1018. considered as one of the greatest artist-decorator-designers of Pampanga, One of his major artworks is the ceiling painting of Betis Church with Dr. Juco as his Mentor. He was also the designer of the logo Philippine Rabbit Bus Liner,
  • Rogelio dela Rosa , a native of Lubao, Pampanga. one of the most popular Filipino matinee idols of the 20th century and was elected to the Senate in 1957--the first film actor who was able to parlay his fame into a political career, paving the way for other Filipino entertainers-turned-politicians. He had an equally famous brother, Jaime dela Rosa, also a matinee idol in the 1950s.
  • Rosa Rosal born Florence Lansang Danon in Manila. Her mother hailed from Santa Rita, Pampanga, while her father was of French and Egyptian descent.[10]
  • Zoilo Hilario, author, born in San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Cecilia B. Licad - is one of the world's most famous concert pianists and hails from Lubao.
  • apl.de.ap(Allen Pineda Lindo), member of the Grammy-award winning group, The Black Eyed Peas, born in Sapang Bato, Angeles City. Known for his patriotic song called "The Apl Song" found on the Peas' 2003 album Elephunk
  • Melanie Marquez, beauty queen turned actress from Mabalacat. Miss International 1979 and was voted as the Most Beautiful Miss International in 2000. Sister of another local actor, Joey Marquez.
  • Vanessa Minnillo, American television personality born in Clark Air Base, Angeles City and raised in the US. She was Miss Teen USA 1998 and is currently a host on MTV's Total Request Live.
  • Donita Rose, born in the US, she moved to Angeles City, where her father was designated at the US Clark Air Base, when she was five years old. She went on to become a famous local actress and MTV VJ in Asia.
  • Lea Salonga, Tony Award-winning singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. She spent the first six years of her childhood in Angeles City before moving to Manila.
  • Aurelio Tolentino, original member of the Katipunan and nationalist playwright. He was born in Guagua. He was one of the so-called seditious playwrights whose works became the foundation for the nation's political theater. His most famous work is "Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas" written in 1903. The Tanghalang Aurelio Tolentino, commonly known as the Little Theater of the Cultural Center of the Philippines is named after him.
  • Brillante Mendoza, Filipino film director who won Best Director for his film Kinatay at the recently concluded 62nd Cannes Film Festival in France.

  Religious leaders

  Others

  • Kristine Johnson, co-anchor at WCBS-TV, the first Filipino-American to serve as the face of a major network newscast in New York She was previously an anchor of Early Today and Weekend Today. She was born in Clark Air Base[11][12]
  • Luis Taruc - was the Supremo of the Hukbalahap (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon), and later of the HMB (Hukbong Mapagpalayang Bayan).
  • Efren "Bata" Reyes, referred to as "The Magician" a very popular Filipino billiards player from Angeles City. He is considered to be one of history's greatest practitioners of billiards.

  Sports

  • Ato Agustin - from Lubao, Pampanga. Better known as Ato "The Atom Bomb" Agustin, is a former Filipino professional basketball player. He played college ball for the Lyceum of the Philippines, before moving on to play professional basketball in the Philippine Basketball Association. PBA one-time MVP, multiple championship as a player and solitary title as coach. One of the fastest coach to win a title. One-time MBA Champion and Best Guard (1998 maiden season).
  • Chris Tiu, team captain of Ateneo Blue Eagles in UAAP Season 71 Men's Basketball Championship. Currently host of Pinoy Records. He has a Chinese-Kapampangan ancestry.
  • Efren "Bata" Reyes, referred to as "The Magician" a Filipino billiards player who hails from Angeles City. He is considered to be one of history's greatest practitioners of billiards.


  References

  1. ^ East of Bali: from Lombok to Timor - Colonial Kupang
  2. ^ Citerep Palace Opera (Indonesian)
  3. ^ Highly urbanized city (independent of province).
  4. ^ Capital city of Pampanga, and regional center of Central Luzon (Region III).
  5. ^ a b c d Province of Pampanga, A Profile of Region III September, 2001.
  6. ^ Official website of the Province of Pampanga
  7. ^ a b Henares, Ivan Anthony S. "Filipino Alcaldes Mayores in the Province of Pampanga"
  8. ^ Philippine Panorama, Feb.10, 1985
  9. ^ http://viewsfromthepampang.blogspot.com/2008/08/99-hon-pablo-angeles-david-no-fear.html
  10. ^ "The 1999 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service: Biography of Rosa Rosal". Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Biography/BiographyRosalRos.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  11. ^ Hoy! Pinoy Ako!
  12. ^ wcbstv.com - Kristine Johnson
  13. ^ Ivan About Town: Ninoy and FPJ death masks on display in Pampanga

  External links

   
               

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