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Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !
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Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.
1.a regional dialect of a language (especially French); usually considered substandard
2.a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves)"they don't speak our lingo"
PatoisPa`tois" (pȧ`twä"), n. [F.] A dialect peculiar to the illiterate classes; a provincial form of speech.
The jargon and patois of several provinces. Sir T. Browne.
language; natural language; tongue[Classe...]
dialect; idiom; accent[ClasseHyper.]
langue romane (fr)[Classe]
langue officielle (fr)[Classe]
(dialect; idiom; accent)[Thème]
France, French Republic[Domaine]
dialect; idiom; accent[Classe]
language; natural language; tongue[Classe...]
(double entendre; ambiguity)[Caract.]
|Look up patois in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Patois (//, pl. //) is any language that is considered nonstandard, although the term is not formally defined in linguistics. It can refer to pidgins, creoles, dialects, and other forms of native or local speech, but not commonly to jargon or slang, which are vocabulary-based forms of cant. Class distinctions are embedded in the term, drawn between those who speak patois and those who speak the standard or dominant language used in literature and public speaking, i.e., the "acrolect".
The term patois comes from French, from Old French patois "incomprehensible speech, rude language", but beyond that its origin is uncertain. One derivation is that it derives from Old French patoier meaning "to gesticulate, handle clumsily, to paw", from pate "paw", from Low Franconian *patta "paw, sole of the foot" + -ois, a linguistic suffix similar to English -ish/-ese. The language sense may have arisen from the notion of a clumsy manner of speaking. Alternatively it may derive from Latin patria (homeland) referring to the localised spread of the language variety.
In France and other Francophone countries, patois has been used to describe non-Parisian French and so-called regional or nonstandards languages such as Breton, Picard, Occitan, and Franco-Provençal, since 1643. The word assumes the view of such languages as being backward, countrified, and unlettered, thus is considered by speakers of those languages as offensive when used by outsiders. Jean Jaurès said "one names patois the language of a defeated nation". However, speakers may use the term in a non-derogatory sense to refer familiarly to their own language (see also languages of France).
Many of the vernacular forms of English spoken in the Caribbean are also referred to as patois (occasionally spelled in this context patwah). It is noted especially in reference to Jamaican Patois from 1934. Jamaican Patois language comprises words of the native languages of the many races within the Caribbean including Latin, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Amerindian, and English along with several African languages. Some islands have creole dialects influenced by their linguistic diversity; French, Spanish, Latin, Arabic, Hebrew, German, Dutch, Italian, Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, and others. Patois are also spoken in Costa Rica and other Caribbean islands such as Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana in South America.
Often these patois are popularly considered "bastardizations" of English, "broken English", or slang, but cases such as Jamaican patois are classified with more correctness as a creole language; in fact, in the Francophone Caribbean the analogous term for local variants of French is créole (see also Jamaican English and Jamaican Creole). The French patois of the Lesser Antilles are dialects of French which contain some Caribe and African words. Such dialects often contain folk-etymological derivatives of French words, for example lavier ("river, stream") which is a syncopated variant of the standard French phrase la rivière ("the river") but has been identified by folk etymology with laver, "to wash"; therefore lavier is interpreted to mean "a place to wash" (since such streams are often used for washing laundry).
Also named "Patuá" in the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela, spoken since the 18th century by self colonization of French people (from Corsica) and Caribbean people (from Martinique, Saint Thomas, Trinidad, Guadeloupe, Haiti) who moved for cacao production. Patois is spoken fluently in Dominica and Saint Lucia in the Caribbean.
The hip hop group Das Racist released the album Shut Up, Dude as a free mix-tape in March 2010; the fifth track on this album is "Fake Patois", which engages issues of authenticity in popular culture.
In the 2004 novel I am Charlotte Simmons, the author, Tom Wolfe, repeatedly refers to standard university speech in the USA as "Fuck Patois" due to the prevalence of the four-letter word "fuck" in so much of modern university vernacular.