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definition - Philippine National Police

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Philippine National Police

Philippine National Police
Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas
Policia Nacional de Filipinas
Abbreviation PNP
Philippine National Police seal.svg
Coat of Arms of the Philippine National Police
Motto We Serve and Protect
Agency overview
Formed January 29, 1991
Preceding agencies
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Philippines
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Camp Crame, Quezon City
Agency executive Nicanor A. Bartolome, Police Director General

The Philippine National Police (Filipino: Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas and abbreviated as PNP) is the national police force of the Republic of the Philippines. To The Philippine National Police, which was a result of a merger of the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police, was activated on January 29, 1991. Its national headquarters are based at Camp Crame in Quezon City. It has a manpower of 140,000.



The currently Philippine National Police Chief is P.D/Gen. Nicanor A. Bartolome. Bartolome is a graduate of the Philippine Military Academy Class of 1980. He was the former Chief Directorial Staff (TCDS) during the time of former PNP Chief, P.D/Gen. Raul M. Bacalzo.


  List of chiefs

# Name Term of Office
Start End
1 Cesar P. Nazareno[1] 31 March 1991 28 August 1992
2 Raul S. Imperial[1] 28 August 1992 (acting)
28 October 1992 (official)
6 May 1993
3 Umberto Rodriguez[1] 6 May 1993 8 July 1994
4 Recaredo Arevalo Sarmiento II[1] 8 July 1994 1997
5 Santiago L. Aliño[2] 1997 1998
6 Roberto T. Lastimoso[2] 1998 1999
7 Edmundo L. Larozza[2] 1999 (acting) 1999
8 Panfilo M. Lacson[2] November 1999 January 2001
9 Leandro Mendoza[2] 16 March 2001 2002
10 Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr.[3] July 2002 23 August 2004
11 Edgar B. Aglipay[3][4] 23 August 2004 March 6, 2005
12 Arturo Lomibao[4][5] March 13, 2005 August 29, 2006
13 Oscar Castelo Calderon[5][6] August 29, 2006 October 1, 2007
14 Avelino Ignacio Razon, Jr.[6] October 1, 2007 September 27, 2008
15 Jesus Ame Verzosa[7] September 27, 2008 September 14, 2010
16 Raul Macalalad Bacalzo September 14, 2010 September 8, 2011
17 Nicanor Ancheta Bartolome September 8, 2011


The passage into law on December 13, 1990 of Republic Act No. 6975 entitled “An Act Establishing the Philippine National Police under a reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government and Other Purposes” ended the existence of the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police and gave way to the creation of the Philippine National Police, now known as the country's police force that is national in scope and civilian in character. It is administered and controlled by the National Police Commission.


Republic Act 6975 entitled An Act Establishing the Philippine National Police under a reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government and Other Purposes as amended by RA 8551 Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998 and further amended by RA 9708.[8]


Service, Honor and Justice.

  Core values

Maka-Diyos (God-fearing)

Makabayan (Nationalistic)

Makatao (Humane)

Makakalikasan (Environment -Friendly


To enforce the law, prevent and control crimes, maintain peace and order, and ensure public safety and internal security with the active support of the community.


Law Enforcement.

Maintain peace and order.

Prevents and investigates crimes and bring offenders to justice.

Exercise the vested powers from the Philippine Constitution and pertinent laws.

Detain an arrested person for a period not beyond what is prescribed by law.

Implements pertinent laws and regulations on firearms and explosives control.

Supervise and control the training and operations of security agencies.

  Reorganization in 1998

With the effectivity of Republic Act No. 8551, otherwise known as the “Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998,” the PNP was envisioned to be a community and service oriented Agency.

  Internal branches and organizations

As mandated by law, the PNP activated/created the Internal Affairs Service (IAS) on a national scope on June 1, 1999. It is an organization within the structure of the PNP and one of its tasks is to help the Chief, PNP institute reforms to improve the image of the police force through assessment, analysis and evaluation of the character and behavior of the PNP Personnel. It is headed by the Inspector General. The PNP has the following branches included the following organizations"[9]

  Recruitment and training

  Two members of the PNP rappel down a tower during a joint U.S.-AFP-PNP Subject Matter Expert Exchange (SMEE).

The PNP conducts regular recruitment programs, depending on annual budget allocations. The entry level for non-commissioned officers is the rank of Police Officer 1 or PO1. The new recruits undergo Police Basic Recruit Course for six months, and a Field Training Program for another six months prior to deployment to various units.

Officers for the Philippine National Police are sourced from the Philippine National Police Academy as well as through Lateral Entry, for specialized disciplines and requirements such as doctors, engineers and other technical positions.

The Philippine National Police Academy is located at Camp Gen. Mariano N. Castaneda, Silang, Cavite and is the premier training academy for the PNP,BJMP and BFP.


The following ranks are observed in the PNP as of 2009 with the following (in descending order):[10]

  Commissioned officers

  1. Director General (P D/Gen.) - General
  2. Deputy Director General (P D/DGen.) - Lieutenant General
  3. Director (P Dir.) - Major General
  4. Chief Superintendent (P C/Supt.) - Brigadier General
  5. Senior Superintendent (P S/Supt.) - Colonel
  6. Superintendent (P Supt.) - Lieutenant Colonel
  7. Chief Inspector (P C/Insp.) - Major
  8. Senior Inspector (P S/Insp.) - Captain
  9. Inspector (P Insp.) - Lieutenant

Note: Rank in Italics is the Army equivalent. There is no Second Lieutenant rank-equivalent in the P.N.P.

  Non-commissioned officers

  1. Senior Police Officer IV (SPO4) - Senior Master Sergeant / Chief Master Sergeant <<<*||||
  2. Senior Police Officer III (SPO3) - Master Sergeant <<<|||
  3. Senior Police Officer II (SPO2) - Technical Sergeant <<<||
  4. Senior Police Officer I (SPO1) - Staff Sergeant <<<|
  5. Police Officer III (PO3) - Sergeant <<<
  6. Police Officer II (PO2) - Corporal <<
  7. Police Officer I (PO1) - Private First Class <

Note: Rank in Italics is the Army equivalent. There is no Private rank-equivalent in the P.N.P. (Philippine National Police)

  International Peace Support Operations and Humanitarian Relief Missions

  Zamboanga City, Philippines (April 30, 2009) Members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police stack live ordnance for disposal.

On 3 April 1992, fifteen months into its reconstitution, the PNP began sending its international contingent to peace support operations and humanitarian relief missions in conflict areas around the world. Although most of these endeavors were United Nations-launched, there were some deployments made under the "lead-nation" concept or as an initiative of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines.

UN Peace Support Operations requiring UN Civilian Police services may be armed or unarmed peacekeeping, peace-building, or specialized efforts.

The PNP's international deployments are:

CAMBODIA: 1992-93
♦United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)

HAITI: 1994-95; 2004–present
♦Operation Uphold Democracy in Haïti - International Police Monitors component
♦UN Mission in Haïti (UNMIH)
♦la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti/
UN Stabilization Mission in Haïti (MINUSTAH)

EAST TIMOR: 1999-2002
♦UN Mission in East Timor (UNAMET)
♦UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)

TIMOR-LESTE: 2002–present
♦UN Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET)
♦UN Office in Timor-Leste (UNOTIL)
♦UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)

KOSOVO: 1999-2009
♦UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)

IRAQ: 2003-04
♦Philippine Humanitarian Contingent in Iraq (PHCI)

LIBERIA: 2004–present
♦UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)

♦UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)

THE SUDAN (Southern): 2005–present
♦UN Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS)

CÔTE D'IVOIRE: 2005-07
♦l'Opération des Nations Unies en Côte d'Ivoire/
UN Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (ONUCI)

NEPAL: 2007-08
♦UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN)

GEORGIA: 2007–09
♦UN Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG)

♦UN Independent International Investigation Commission in Lebanon (UNIIIC)

THE SUDAN (Western): 2008–present
♦UN-African Union Hybrid Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).[11]

Among the luminaries of the PNP Contingent is Police Director Rodolfo A Tor, who became the first Filipino police commissioner of a UN operation. In 2006, he was tasked to head the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste, one of the largest civilian police operations established by the UN. The PNP Contingent's first female member was noncommissioned Senior Police Officer 2 Ester A Mardicas (deployed to East Timor in August 1999), while its first female police commissioned officer was Police Inspector Aurisa I Mitra (deployed to Kosovo in July 2000).

The PNP Contingent has no fatalities in the line of fire. The 1993 deaths of Senior Police Officers 4 Winston Zerrudo and Edilberto Evangelista, both UNTAC Police, were due to non-hostile causes.

As of 30 June 2010, the PNP Contingent has sent 1,600-plus police officers to UN and other international peace support operations and humanitarian relief missions. (Several police officers have been deployed more than once in their careers.) It has delivered an estimated minimum of 3.5 million (wo)man-hours in the mission areas.

The PNP Contingent awaits the deployment of the Philippine Formed Police Unit, or FPU, of which creation was approved by the National Police Commission in 2006.[12]

  National Operations Center (NOC)

PNP Chief Director General Avelino Razon Jr., on July 6, 2008, announced completion of the newly refurbished and reconfigured Camp Crame National Operations Center (NOC), powered by modern communication, imaging, and teleconferencing technology. Its new equipments include LCD monitors, CCTV cameras, and the electronic tracking system to monitor the deployment of mobile units thru global positioning system (GPS). Chief Superintendent Constante Azares Jr., chief of the PNP-NOC, explained that: "The NOC is the hub and nerve center of all PNP operations and activities nationwide. All deployments, movement of troops and police operations are monitored, coordinated and directed from this facility."[13]


  Manila blackmail incident

A blackmail case occurred in Binondo Manila when police officers abducted and blackmailed 7 Chinese citizens suspected of drug trafficking on December 30, 1998.[14] After many months of detainment and torture, two Hong Kong citizens were killed off when the ransom money was not met.[15] One police superintendent who knew of the operation was also killed.[14]

  Euro Generals scandal

The Euro Generals scandal involves Eliseo de la Paz and several Philippine National Police officials who went to Russia on October 2008 to attend the Interpol conference. De la Paz was detained for carrying a large sum of undeclared money. A House panel investigating the scandal concluded that the six police officials who attended the conference had made the trip illegally.[16] In 2010, the Office of the Ombudsman filed graft charges against twelve former and active ranking PNP officials for their alleged involvement in the incident.[17][18]

  Parañaque shootout

On December 5, 2008, ten suspected criminals, one policeman, and five civilians, a total of sixteen people, including a seven year old girl, were killed in a bloody shootout in Paranaque City. Several others were wounded, including a ranking officer of the Highway Patrol Group, two members of the Special Action Force, a village watchman, and a security guard, said Director Leopoldo Bataoil, head of the Metro Manila regional police.[19] The head of the Internal Affairs Service of the PNP said, "We failed in our mission to protect the civilians. [Because] during the conduct of operation [many civilian lives were lost],"[20] On July 29, 2009, it was reported that the Department of Justice (DOJ) had filed multiple murder charges against 29 policemen, including three generals, in connection with the shootout following the filing of a complaint-affidavit by Lilian de Vera, who lost her husband and daughter 7, in the incident.[21] On January 11, 2010, the Commission on Human Rights recommended the filing of criminal and administrative charges against 26 policemen[22] In March, it was reported that after two witnesses had said De Vera and his daughter were not killed in the shootout,that policemen already had complete control of the area where the two were killed, the Department of Justice filed two counts of murder charges against 25 policemen for the killings.[23]

  Binayug torture case

Inspector Joselito Binayug, chief of the Asuncion police community precinct in Tondo arrested Darius Evangelista on March 5, 2009 for alleged robbery. A torture video was leaked to the media and shown on television showing a police officer whipping and cursing the suspect and pulling on a rope that was tied to the victim’s genitals. The incident allegedly happened inside the Asuncion police precinct in Tondo. Binayug was arrested for violating the Anti-Torture act of 2009. Separate charges were filed for Evangelista being tortured to death.[24][25]

  Maguindanao massacre

On November 24, 2009, Senior Superintendent Abusana Maguid, the police chief of Maguindanao province, was reported to have been relieved of his duties after witnesses reported seeing three of his officers at the scene of the Maguindanao massacre in which 57 people, including journalists, lawyers, aides, and motorists who were witnesses were killed.[26] On 25 November Maguid and Chief Inspector Sukarno Dikay were reported to have been relieved from post and placed under restrictive custody.[27] On November 26, Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) Secretary Ronaldo Puno announced that Maguid, Dikay, and others were suspected of involvement in the massacre.[28] On 19 December, Maguid, Dikay, and others were reported to have been recommended for summary dismissal by the PNP high command.[29] On April 16, 2010, the National Police Commission ordered a 90-day suspension against Maguid, Dikay, and 60 other police personnel for their possible involvement in the killings.[30] On July 10, it was reported that Dikay had applied to become state witness, saying that he is confident that his testimony will pin down the masterminds of the killing.[31]

  Failed hostage rescue operation

The Philippine National Police conceded that in the 2010 Manila hostage crisis they made blunders in ending a bus hijacking, as outrage grew over the bloody assault played out on live television that left eight Hong Kong tourists dead. The Hong Kong Economic Journal was reported to have accused the PNP of having an "appalling professional standards" and "...[a] lack of strategic planning".[32]

  See also


  1. ^ a b c d "PNP History". PNP. Archived from the original on 2008-06-17. http://web.archive.org/web/20080617203054/http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/history.html. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Philippine National Police Chiefs Then and Now". PNP. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/chiefpnps.html. Retrieved 2008-08-30. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Aglipay Assumes Command As 11th PNP Chief". PNP. 23 August 2004. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/press/press/content/news/2004/aug/aglipay_assumescommand_aug2304.html. Retrieved 2008-08-30. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "Lomibao Is New PNP Chief". Philippine Headline News Online. March 14, 2005. http://www.newsflash.org/2004/02/hl/hl101932.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  5. ^ a b Felipe, Cecille Suerte (August 29, 2006). "PNP Chief Director General Oscar Calderon: Into The Boiling Cauldron". Philippine Headline News Online. http://www.newsflash.org/2004/02/sb/sb004252.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  6. ^ a b Nalzaro, Bobby (September 26, 2007). "Nalzaro: New PNP chief". Sun.Star. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/ceb/2007/09/26/oped/bobby.nalzaro.saksi.html. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  7. ^ Inquirer.net, It’s official: Aquino names Bacalzo new PNP chief
  8. ^ About the Philippine National police
  9. ^ PNP Website[not in citation given]
  10. ^ "PNP ranks". Philippine National Police. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/ranks.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30. [dead link]
  11. ^ Tor, Rodolfo A and Annanette B Cruz-Salazar. GLOBAL PULISYA, The Philippine National Police in United Nations Peacekeeping Missions. Quezon City, The Philippines: Namnama Global Publishing House. 2010.
  12. ^ Alejandrino, Charlemagne S and Annanette B Cruz-Salazar. National Pride, World Peace. City of Pasig, The Philippines: Makabayan Publishing House. 2010.
  13. ^ ABS-CBNnews.com, PNP unveils state-of-the-art operations center
  14. ^ a b Newsinfo.inquirer.net. "Newsinfo.inquirer.net." Acting MPD chief facing raps over abduction of HK residents. Retrieved on 2010-08-28.
  15. ^ HKdailynews.com.hk. "HKdailynews.com.hk." 新任警察總長一天下台 涉綁架謀殺3港人. Retrieved on 2010-08-28.
  16. ^ Jess Diaz, Moscow trip illegal - PNP, The Philippine Star, November 21, 2008.
  17. ^ Kristine L. Alave, Alcuin Papa, Ombudsman says ‘euro generals’ lied, Philippine Daily Inquirer, August 13, 2010.
  18. ^ Michael Punongbayan, 'Euro generals' charged with graft, The Philippine Star, August 13, 2010.
  19. ^ Jayr Patron, Philippines - Deadliest police shootout in Metro Manila's history, nowpublic.com, December 7, 2008.
  20. ^ Parañaque shootout a failed operation – police internal affairs head, GMA News, December 10, 2008.
  21. ^ Multiple murder raps filed vs cops in Paranaque shootout, datelinephilippines.com, July 29, 2009.
  22. ^ CHR wants cops in Parañaque shootout charged, ABS-CBN News, January 12, 2010.
  23. ^ DOJ files murder raps vs 25 cops in Parañaque shootout, ABS-CBN News, March 11, 2020.
  24. ^ Philstar.com, Tondo precinct cops face torture raps
  25. ^ Philstar.com, Torture victim identified
  26. ^ Philippine Local Police Chief Detained After Massacre, Bloomberg.com, November 24, 2009.
  27. ^ Paolo Romero, State of emergency in Maguindanao, The Philippine Star, November 25, 2009.
  28. ^ Maguindanao massacre suspect turns self in, ABS-CBN News, November 26, 2009.
  29. ^ 7 policemen face dismissal over 'neglect' in Maguindanao massacre, GMA News, December 19, 2009.
  30. ^ 5 Ampatuans moved to Manila jail, Sun-Star, April 17, 2010.
  31. ^ Aie Balagtas, Andal Jr., 16 others plead not guilty, The Philippine Star, July 29, 2010.
  32. ^ Channel NewsAsia - Philippine police admit blunders in deadly hostage ordeal

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