Politics of Crimea
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The Politics of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic autonomous republic within Ukraine. The Prime Minister of Crimea (currently Viktor Plakida) is the head of the Council of Ministers, serving as the executive branch of government. The Council, likewise, is appointed by the legislative branch, the Verkhovna Rada. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature branches and the responsibility of Ukraine.
Crimea was transferred over to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (the predecessor to Ukraine) by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in 1954. From 1954 until 1992, Crimea was an oblast (province) of Ukraine, until its autonomy was restored as the Republic of Crimea on February 12, 1992. Crimea's status in Ukraine was re-affirmed with Ukraine's 1996 constitution.
The current constitution (under scrutiny of the Ukrainian parliament) has been in effect since January 12, 1999. Sovereignty over Crimea belongs to the Ukrainian government, hence Crimea has no role in its foreign affairs. Thus, the Crimean head of state is simultaneously the President of Ukraine, currently Viktor Yushchenko.
Crimea is subdivided into a total of 25 regions: 14 raions (districts) and 11 city municipalities. While the City of Sevastopol is located on the Crimean peninsula, it is administratively separate from the rest of Crimea and is one of two special municipalities of Ukraine. The capital of Crimea is the City of Simferopol, located in the interior of the peninsula.
The latest parliamentary elections in Crimea were held on March 26, 2006. The next parliamentary election is scheduled to take place in 2010. Before the current constitution took force, Crimea had a President for a brief time. The first and only presidential elections took place in January 1994.
|Candidates — nominating parties||Votes first round||%||Votes second round||%|
|Yuriy Meshkov — Bloc "Russia"||557,226||38.50||1,040,888||72.92|
|Mykola Bahrov — self-nomination||254,042||17.55||333,243||23.35|
|Serhiy Shuvainykov — Russian Party of Crimea||196,324||13.56|
|Leonid Hrach — Communist Party of Ukraine||176,330||12.80|
|Ivan Yermakov — self-nomination||90,347||6.22|
|Volodymyr Verkoshansky — self-nomination||14,205||0.98|
|Bloc "For Yanukovych!" (Блок "За Януковича!")||324,710||32.55||44|
|Kunitsyn's Electoral Bloc (Блок Куніцина)||~76,114||7.63||10|
|Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична партія України)||65,341||6.55||9|
|People's Movement of Ukraine (Народний Рух України)||62,448||6.26||8|
|Yulia Tymoshenko Electoral Bloc (Блок Юлії Тимошенко)||60,153||6.03||8|
|People's Opposition Bloc of Natalia Vitrenko (Блок Наталії Вітренко)||49,579||4.97||7|
|Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak" (Опозиційний блок "НЕ ТАК!")||30,825||3.09||4|
|Lytvyn's People's Bloc (Народний блок Литвина)||19,153||1.92||-|
|Bloc Our Ukraine (Блок Наша Україна)||12,369||1.24||-|
|Socialist Party of Ukraine (Соціалістична партія України)||9,576||0.96||-|
- "Council of Ministers of the ARC" (in Ukrainian). Portal "Autonomous Republic of Crimea". http://www.crimea-portal.gov.ua/index.php?v=2&tek=14&par=2. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- "Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea" (in Russian). Official site of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea. http://www.rada.crimea.ua/. Retrieved 2009-04-06.