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Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
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|Prime Minister of Japan
Official Emblem of the Prime Minister of Japan
|Term length||Four years or less. (The Cabinet shall resign en masse after a general election of members of the House of Representatives. Their term of office is four years and can be terminated earlier. No limits are imposed on total times or length of Prime Minister tenures of the same person.) The Prime Minister is, by convention, the leader of the victorious party.|
|Inaugural holder||Itō Hirobumi|
|Formation||22 December 1885|
This article is part of the series:
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The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku-sōri-daijin ) is the head of government of Japan. He is appointed by the Emperor of Japan after being designated by the Diet from among its members, and must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office. He is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State; the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Minister for the Comprehensive Administration of the Cabinet or Minister that Presides over the Cabinet.
The current Prime Minister is Yoshihiko Noda, who took the post on 2 September 2011.
The Prime Minister is designated by both houses of the Diet, before the conduct of any other business. For that purpose, each conducts a ballot under the run-off system. If the two houses choose different individuals, then a joint committee of both houses is appointed to agree on a common candidate. Ultimately, however, if the two houses do not agree within ten days, the decision of the House of Representatives is deemed to be that of the Diet. Therefore, the House of Representatives can theoretically ensure the appointment of any Prime Minister it wishes. The candidate is then formally appointed to office by the Emperor.
After the Meiji Restoration, the Daijō-kan system, which was used in the Nara period, was adopted as the Japanese government entity. Political powers of their leader, Daijō Daijin and his aides, Sadaijin and Nadaijin were ambiguous and frequently conflicted with other positions such as Sangi. In the 1880s, Itō Hirobumi, then one of Sangi, started to examine the reformation of the governmental organization. In 1882, Ito and his staff, Itō Miyoji and Saionji Kinmochi, traveled to Europe and investigated constitutions in constitutional monarchies, the British Empire and the German Empire. After his return to Japan, Ito urged the need of a Constitution and a modern governmental system and persuaded conservatives to approve his plan.
On December 22, 1885, in the Daijō-kan order No. 69, abolition of Daijō-kan and the induction of the Prime Minister (内閣総理大臣) and his cabinet were published.
The Office of the Prime Minister of Japan is called the Kantei (官邸). The original Kantei served from 1929 until 2002, until a new building was inaugurated which now serves as the new Kantei. The old Kantei was then converted to the new official residence, or Kōtei (公邸).
|Name||Term of office||Dates of birth and death|
|Yasuhiro Nakasone||1982–1987||27 May 1918|
|Toshiki Kaifu||1989–1991||2 January 1931|
|Kiichi Miyazawa||1991–1993||October 8, 1919 – June 28, 2007|
|Morihiro Hosokawa||1993–1994||14 January 1938|
|Tsutomu Hata||1994||24 August 1935|
|Tomiichi Murayama||1994–1996||3 March 1924|
|Ryutaro Hashimoto||1996–1998||29 July 1937 – 1 July 2006|
|Keizo Obuchi||1998–2000||June 25, 1937 – May 14, 2000|
|Yoshirō Mori||2000–2001||14 July 1937|
|Junichiro Koizumi||2001–2006||8 January 1942|
|Shinzō Abe||2006–2007||21 September 1954|
|Yasuo Fukuda||2007–2008||16 July 1936|
|Taro Aso||2008–2009||20 September 1940|
|Yukio Hatoyama||2009–2010||11 February 1947|
|Naoto Kan||2010–2011||10 October 1946|
|Yoshihiko Noda||2011–||20 May 1957|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Prime ministers of Japan|