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definition - Rondônia

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State of Rondônia
—  State  —


Coat of arms
Location of State of Rondônia in Brazil
Coordinates: 8°43′S 63°53′W / 8.717°S 63.883°W / -8.717; -63.883Coordinates: 8°43′S 63°53′W / 8.717°S 63.883°W / -8.717; -63.883
Country  Brazil
Capital and Largest City Porto Velho
 • Governor Confúcio Moura
 • Vice Governor Airton Gurgacz
 • Total 237,576.16 km2 (91,728.67 sq mi)
Area rank 13th
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 1,560,501
 • Rank 23rd
 • Density 6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Density rank 19th
Demonym Rondoniano or Rondoniense
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 13,110,000,000 (22nd)
 • Per capita R$ 8,391 (15th)
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.776 – medium (14th)
Time zone BRT-1 (UTC-4)
Postal Code 76800-000 to 76999-000
ISO 3166 code BR-RO
Website rondonia.ro.gov.br

Rondônia (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁõˈdõniɐ][1]) is a state in Brazil, located in the north-western part of the country. To the west is a short border with the state of Acre, to the north is the state of Amazonas, in the east is Mato Grosso, and in the south is Bolivia. Its capital is Porto Velho. The state was named after Candido Rondon. A boat ride on the Rio Madeira where one can appreciate the forest of 100-year old trees and such fauna as exotic birds is one of the best attractions of the state. Two-thirds of its area is covered by the Amazon Rainforest. Other attractions are the Chapada dos Parecis and the Serra do Pacaás, a national park, and the capital, Porto Velho, which is simple and with few buildings.



The state is covered mostly with Amazon Rainforest, but about three-fifths of the state has been deforested since intensive settlement and logging began in the 1970s, speeding up deforestation even into current times. A majority of its citizens now live in urban areas. It is a main exporter of wood, as well as a significant producer of both coffee and cocoa. It is also an important region for animal husbandry, specifically cattle.


The equatorial climate is a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season – all months have mean precipitation values of at least 60mm. It is usually found at latitudes within five degrees of the equator – which are dominated by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The equatorial climate is denoted Af in the Köppen climate classification. Tropical rainforest is the natural vegetation in equatorial regions.


About 70% of Rondônia is covered by Amazon Rain forest; the top of the "chapadas" is covered by savannahs (or cerrados, in Portuguese). Due to the rapid increase in population and quick growth of the economy, coupled with corruption and lack of regulations, the forest zone of Rondônia is one of areas most affected by deforestation in Brazil. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia.[2] As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. More than 1/3 of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest.[3]


According to the IBGE of 2008, there were 1,519,000 people residing in the state. The population density was 6.6 inh./km². Urbanization: 66.8% (2004); Population growth: 2.2% (1991-2000); Houses: 430,747 (2005).[4]

The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 832,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (54.81%), 546,000 White people (35.95%), 115,000 Black people (7.56%), 16,000 Asian people (1.08%), 8,000 Amerindian people (0.53%).[5]

  Major cities

Rank City Population
1 Porto Velho 426.558
2 Ji-Paraná 117,707
3 Ariquemes 90,581
4 Cacoal 78,263
5 Vilhena 78,405
6 Jaru 53,955
7 Rolim de Moura 50,249
8 Guajará-Mirim 40,541
9 Ouro Preto do Oeste 37,142
10 Buritis 33,879
11 Pimenta Bueno 33,803
12 Machadinho d'Oeste 32,214
13 Espigão d'Oeste 28,617
14 Alta Floresta d'Oeste 24,577
15 São Miguel do Guaporé 23,283

  Native Brazilians

  Indigenous Territories in Rondônia.

As of 2011 there were 21 Indigenous Territories in Rondônia, with two more in process of being demarcated.[6] The largest of these, the Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau Indigenous Territory, covers over 1.8 million hectares.[7] Another, the Rio Omerê Indigenous Territory, is home to the Kanoê and Akuntsu people. Both tribes were the victims of massacres by cattle ranchers in the 1970s and 1980s and currently number just four and five individuals respectively.[8][9]

  Minority languages

  House in Amazon Rainforest.
  Indigenes on the Amazon.

Djeoromitxi (Jabutí, also Jabotí, Yabuti and Iabuti), a Macro-Ge language, Gavião, Nhengatu (Lingua Geral, traditionally a Lingua franca, a native Tupian-based, Jesuitic language widely spoken in times past throughout Brazil but utilized only by small groups of people today), Tenharim, Amundava, Surui (or Suruí de Rondônia), etc. Some of the extinct indigenous languages previously spoken in the state of Rondônia are the following: Tukumanféd, Karipuná (almost extinct, with around a dozen speakers left alive), Wiraféd, etc. Among the newcomers' languages that have been spoken in the state of Rondonia, Brazil, since the late 1960s, is the Pomeranian (Germanic) language of migrants arriving from the old German settlements from the state of Espírito Santo, located just north of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


The service sector provides the largest portion of GDP at 54.1%, followed by the industrial sector at 30.6%. Agriculture represents 15.3% of GDP (2004). Rondônia exports: wood 83.6%, coffee 8.7%, granite 3.2%, frozen meat 3.1% (2002).

Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.7% (2005).


  Federal University of Rondônia in Porto Velho.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

  Educational Institutions

  • Universidade Federal de Rondônia (Unir) (Federal University of Rondônia);
  • Escola Agrotécnica Federal de Colorado do Oeste (EAFCO);
  • Instituto Luterano de Ensino Superior de Porto Velho (Iles-Ulbra);
  • Faculdade de Ciências Administrativas e de Tecnologia (Fatec-RO);
  • Faculdade de Ciências Biomédicas de Cacoal (Facimed);
  • Faculdade de Ciências Humanas, Exatas e Letras de Rondônia (Faro);
  • Faculdade da Amazônia (Iesa) (College of Amazon);
  • Faculdade de Porto Velho (FIP);


  House of Culture Ivan Marrocos, in Porto Velho.

The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their worries as they party in the streets.

Banda's Who Wants to Go to Saturday's Carnival Thousands of people out on the streets get drunk and high, and this leads to several deaths during the event.


Agricultural event in Porto Velho.


Museum of Estrada de Ferro Madeira-Mamoré.


Teatro Municipal, on Joaquim Nabuco Avenue (Downtown) and Teatro Uirassu Rodrigues, on José Bonifácio street.


  International Airport

  Porto Velho/Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport.

Porto Velho/Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport. Porto Velho Airport, located seven kilometers from the city, has as its main access Av. Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira, with two lanes. The average commute is ten minutes. Buses from downtown run to the airport every hour, and there is a fleet of taxis serving only the airport. The airport is served by 98 scheduled flights weekly, most going to other large Brazilian cities. Scheduled regional routes go to the municipalities of Costa Marques (RO), Lábrea (AM), Manicoré (AM), Cacoal (RO), Jí-Paraná (RO), Vilhena (RO) and Novo Aripuanã (RO). The scheduled airlines flying out of Porto Velho Airport are Vasp, Varig, TAM, Tavaj Rico and Cruiser, besides air taxi firms – Especial, Eucatur, Assis Aéreo Táxi, Tropical Táxi Aéreo, Rima Taxi and Aeronorte. There are also small aircraft owned by private individuals and public institutions (Rondônia state government). The presence of the Porto Velho Air Force Base ensures considerable movement of military aircraft. The local people refer to Porto Velho International as Belmont Airport because it is located in this district. It became an international airport in 2002. It is located 88 meters (2.90 feet), at 084249 South (latitude) and 0635410 West (longitude).


BR-174, BR-317, BR-319, BR-364, BR-421, BR-425, BR-429.


Cai n'Água Port is connected Porto Velho to Humaitá, Manicoré and Manaus.


The flag was designed by Silvio Carvalho Feitosa and adopted with complementary Law No. 41 of December 22, 1981. The flag uses the same colors as the flag of Brazil, with the big star in the middle symbolizing the new state. The star is displayed rising into the blue sky, stretching over Brazil (the yellow and green areas in the lower half of the flag).

  See also


  1. ^ In Brazilian Portuguese. The European Portuguese pronunciation is [ʁõˈdoniɐ].
  2. ^ Turner, I.M. 2001. The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-80183-4
  3. ^ Amazon Rainforest, Amazon Plants, Amazon River Animals
  4. ^ Source: PNAD.
  5. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF). Rondônia, Brazil: IBGE. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/bda/tabela/listabl.asp?z=pnad&o=3&i=P&c=262. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Terras Indígenas: Pesquisa por Estado: Rondônia" (in Portuguese). Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). http://pib.socioambiental.org/caracterizacao.php?uf=11. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "Caracterização Terra Indígena Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau" (in Portuguese). Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Instituo Socioambiental (ISA). http://pib.socioambiental.org/caracterizacao.php?id_arp=3891. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  8. ^ Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). "Introduction > Akuntsu". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. http://pib.socioambiental.org/en/povo/akuntsu. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). "Introduction > Kanoê". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. http://pib.socioambiental.org/en/povo/kanoe. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 

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