Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definitions - Rotation

rotation (n.)

1.the act of rotating as if on an axis"the rotation of the dancer kept time with the music"

2.a planned recurrent sequence (of crops or personnel etc.)"crop rotation makes a balanced demand on the fertility of the soil" "the manager had only four starting pitchers in his rotation"

3.a single complete turn (axial or orbital)"the plane made three rotations before it crashed" "the revolution of the earth about the sun takes one year"

4.(mathematics) a transformation in which the coordinate axes are rotated by a fixed angle about the origin

Rotation (n.)

1.(MeSH)Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

   Advertizing ▼

Merriam Webster

RotationRo*ta"tion (?), n. [L. rotatio: cf. F. rotation.]
1. The act of turning, as a wheel or a solid body on its axis, as distinguished from the progressive motion of a revolving round another body or a distant point; thus, the daily turning of the earth on its axis is a rotation; its annual motion round the sun is a revolution.

2. Any return or succesion in a series.

Moment of rotation. See Moment of inertia, under Moment. -- Rotation in office, the practice of changing public officers at frequent intervals by discharges and substitutions. -- Rotation of crops, the practices of cultivating an orderly succession of different crops on the same land.

RotationRo*ta"tion (?), a. Pertaining to, or resulting from, rotation; of the nature of, or characterized by, rotation; as, rotational velocity.

   Advertizing ▼

definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Rotation

see also - Rotation


-Absolute rotation • Ad rotation • Anticyclonic rotation • Atlanta Braves 1990s pitching rotation • Axis of rotation • Backup rotation scheme • Bartels' Rotation Number • Bit rotation • Bitwise rotation • Bond rotation barrier • Carrington rotation • Common Rotation • Continuous sub-grain rotation type dynamic recrystallization • Crop rotation • Cullars Rotation • Cyclonic rotation • Differential rotation • Dipole rotation • Earth's rotation • Euler's rotation theorem • Extended rotation forest • External rotation • Faraday Rotation • Food rotation system • Galaxy rotation curve • Givens rotation • Heavy Rotation • Heavy Rotation (Deceptikonz album) • Heavy Rotation Tour • Improper rotation • Instant centre of rotation • Internal rotation • International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service • Irrational rotation • Job rotation • Laboratory rotation • Left rotation • Magneto-optical rotation • Magnetooptical rotation • Mental rotation • Music rotation • Old Rotation • Optical rotation • Optimal rotation age • Pingu episodes removed from rotation • Plane of rotation • Pokémon episodes removed from rotation • Proper rotation • Quaternions and spatial rotation • Recurrent rotation • Reverse rotation effect • Robson Rotation • Rotation (album) • Rotation (disambiguation) • Rotation (film) • Rotation (mathematics) • Rotation (music) • Rotation (pool) • Rotation Babelsberg • Rotation around a fixed axis • Rotation estimation • Rotation flap • Rotation group • Rotation in office • Rotation method • Rotation number • Rotation of ammunition • Rotation operator • Rotation period • Rotation symmetry • Rotation system • Rotation-reflection axis • Sector rotation • Short rotation coppice • Short rotation forestry • Solar rotation • Soul Rotation • Specific rotation • Squad rotation system • Stellar rotation • Stock rotation • Synchronous rotation • Tabor Rotation • Terrell rotation • Three-field crop rotation • Tire rotation • Tree rotation • Varimax rotation • Wick rotation

analogical dictionary



Rotation (n.) [MeSH]

rotation (n.)



  A polyhedron resembling a sphere rotating around an axis.

A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation. A three-dimensional object rotates always around an imaginary line called a rotation axis. If the axis is within the body, and passes through its center of mass the body is said to rotate upon itself, or spin. A rotation about an external point, e.g. the Earth about the Sun, is called a revolution or orbital revolution, typically when it is produced by gravity.



  Rotation of a planar figure around a point
  Rotational Orbit v Spin
  Relations between rotation axis, plane of orbit and axial tilt (for Earth).

Mathematically, a rotation is a rigid body movement which, unlike a translation, keeps a point fixed. This definition applies to rotations within both two and three dimensions (in a plane and in space, respectively.)

All rigid body movements are rotations, translations, or combinations of the two.

A rotation is simply a progressive radial orientation to a common point. That common point lies within the axis of that motion. The axis is 90 degrees perpendicular to the plane of the motion. If the axis of the rotation lies external of the body in question then the body is said to orbit. There is no fundamental difference between a “rotation” and a “orbit” and or "spin". The key distinction is simply where the axis of the rotation lies, either within or without a body in question. This distinction can be demonstrated for both “rigid” and “non rigid” bodies.

If a rotation around a point or axis is followed by a second rotation around the same point/axis, a third rotation results. The reverse (inverse) of a rotation is also a rotation. Thus, the rotations around a point/axis form a group. However, a rotation around a point or axis and a rotation around a different point/axis may result in something other than a rotation, e.g. a translation.

Rotations around the x, y and z axes are called principal rotations. Rotation around any axis can be performed by taking a rotation around the x axis, followed by a rotation around the y axis, and followed by a rotation around the z axis. That is to say, any spatial rotation can be decomposed into a combination of principal rotations.

In flight dynamics, the principal rotations are known as yaw, pitch, and roll (known as Tait-Bryan angles). This terminology is also used in computer graphics.


In astronomy, rotation is a commonly observed phenomenon. Stars, planets and similar bodies all spin around on their axis. The rotation rate of planets in the solar system was first measured by tracking visual features. Stellar rotation is measured through Doppler shift or by tracking active surface features.

This rotation induces a centrifugal acceleration in the reference frame of the Earth which slightly counteracts the effect of gravity the closer one is to the equator. One effect is that an object weighs slightly less at the equator. Another is that the Earth is slightly deformed into an oblate spheroid.

Another consequence of the rotation of a planet is the phenomenon of precession. Like a gyroscope, the overall effect is a slight "wobble" in the movement of the axis of a planet. Currently the tilt of the Earth's axis to its orbital plane (obliquity of the ecliptic) is 23.44 degrees, but this angle changes slowly (over thousands of years). (See also Precession of the equinoxes and Pole star.)

  Rotation and revolution

While revolution is often used as a synonym for rotation, in many fields, particularly astronomy and related fields, revolution, often referred to as orbital revolution for clarity, is used when one body moves around another while rotation is used to mean the movement around an axis. Moons revolve around their planet, planets revolve about their star (such as the Earth around the Sun); and stars slowly revolve about their galaxial center. The motion of the components of galaxies is complex, but it usually includes a rotation component.

  Retrograde rotation

Most planets in our solar system, including Earth, spin in the same direction as they orbit the Sun. The exceptions are Venus and Uranus. Uranus rotates nearly on its side relative to its orbit. Current speculation is that Uranus started off with a typical prograde orientation and was knocked on its side by a large impact early in its history. Venus may be thought of as rotating slowly backwards (or being "upside down"). The dwarf planet Pluto (formerly considered a planet) is anomalous in this and other ways.


The speed of rotation is given by the angular frequency (rad/s) or frequency (turns/s, turns/min), or period (seconds, days, etc.). The time-rate of change of angular frequency is angular acceleration (rad/s²), This change is caused by torque. The ratio of the two (how heavy is it to start, stop, or otherwise change rotation) is given by the moment of inertia.

The angular velocity vector also describes the direction of the axis of rotation. Similarly the torque is a vector.

According to the right-hand rule, the direction away from the observer is associated with clockwise rotation and the direction towards the observer with counterclockwise rotation, like a screw.


  The principal axes of rotation in space

In flight dynamics, the principal rotations are known as pitch, roll and yaw. The term rotation is also used in aviation to refer to the upward pitch (nose moves up) of an aircraft, particularly when starting the climb after takeoff.

  Amusement rides

Many amusement rides provide rotation. A Ferris wheel has a horizontal central axis, and parallel axes for each gondola, where the rotation is opposite, by gravity or mechanically. As a result at any time the orientation of the gondola is upright (not rotated), just translated. The tip of the translation vector describes a circle. A carousel provides rotation about a vertical axis. Many rides provide a combination of rotations about several axes. In Chair-O-Planes the rotation about the vertical axis is provided mechanically, while the rotation about the horizontal axis is due to the centripetal force. In roller coaster inversions the rotation about the horizontal axis is one or more full cycles, where inertia keeps people in their seats.


Rotation, usually called spin, plays a role in many sports. Topspin and backspin in tennis. English, follow and draw in billiards and pool. Curve balls in baseball and spin bowling in cricket. Table tennis paddles are specialized to allow players to spin the ball as they hit.

  See also

  External links



All translations of Rotation

sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution


A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code


With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.

Please, email us to describe your idea.


The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.


Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.


Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).


The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.


Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

3832 online visitors

computed in 0.187s

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
please precise:



Company informations

My account



   Advertising ▼

For Apple iPad MINI NEW 360 Rotating Magnetic PU Leather Case Smart Cover Stand (9.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

4 + 6 Brown Leather Watch Winder Storage Display Case Box Automatic Rotation New (46.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Leather Automatic Rotation 4+6 Watch Winder Storage Case Display Box Black Brown (63.9 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Microfiber Spining Magic Spin Mop W/Bucket 2 Heads Rotating 360° easy floor mop (16.59 USD)

Commercial use of this term

USA For iPad Mini 360 Rotating Magnetic PU Leather Case Cover Stand Smart New (3.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term


Commercial use of this term

Universal 360° Rotating Car Windshield Mount Holder Stand for Mobile Phone GPS (3.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

360 Rotating Desktop Stand Lazy Bed Tablet Holder Mount for iPad Air 5 2 Samsung (16.23 USD)

Commercial use of this term

For Apple iPad 2/3/4 360 Rotating Magnetic PU Leather Case Smart Cover Stand (10.44 USD)

Commercial use of this term

360 Rotating PU Leather Ultra Smart Case Cover Stand for Apple iPad Air 2 (2014) (8.46 USD)

Commercial use of this term

For iPad Mini 1 2 3 Retina 360 Rotating Leather Case Smart Cover Swivel Stand (5.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Outdoor Digital Amplified Antenna 360 Rotation TV DTV VHF HDTV UHF HD FM Rotor (22.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Universal 360 Rotating Car Windshield Mount Holder Stand Bracket for CELL Phone (1.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

360-degree Rotating Folding Boom Arm Tripod Type Microphone Stand Holder Black (19.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Leather Case Pouch for Apple iPhone 6 with Rotating Swivel Holster Belt-Clip New (12.79 USD)

Commercial use of this term

10" Rotating Turntable - Lazy Susan - Holds 65 LBS! (7.89 USD)

Commercial use of this term

For Apple iPad Air 2 2014 Smart Cover Rotating Folio Flip Stand Case Cover New (8.46 USD)

Commercial use of this term


Commercial use of this term

Rotating RGB LED Club Pub Disco Party KTV Crystal Magic Ball Stage Effect Light (15.98 USD)

Commercial use of this term