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Roy Keane

Roy Keane
Roy Keane cropped.jpg
Personal information
Full name Roy Maurice Keane[1]
Date of birth (1971-08-10) 10 August 1971 (age 40)[1]
Place of birth Cork, Ireland
Height 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)[1]
Playing position Midfielder
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1989–1990 Cobh Ramblers 12 (1)
1990–1993 Nottingham Forest 114 (22)
1993–2005 Manchester United 326 (33)
2005–2006 Celtic 10 (1)
Total 462 (57)
National team
1991 Republic of Ireland U21 4 (0)
1991-2005 Republic of Ireland 67 (9)
Teams managed
2006–2008 Sunderland
2009–2011 Ipswich Town
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Roy Maurice Keane (born 10 August 1971) is an Irish former footballer and manager. In his 18-year playing career, he played for Cobh Ramblers, Nottingham Forest, and Manchester United, before ending his career at Celtic. Keane was a dominating central-midfielder, noted for his aggressive and highly competitive style of play, an attitude which helped him excel as captain of Manchester United from 1997 until his departure in 2005, having joined the club in 1993. Keane helped United achieve a sustained period of success in more than 12 years at the club. He then signed for Celtic but retired as a player less than a year later.

He played at international level for much of his career, representing the Republic of Ireland over a period of 14 years, most of which he spent as captain. He played in every Republic of Ireland game at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, although he was sent home from the 2002 World Cup after an incident with national coach Mick McCarthy.

He was appointed manager of Sunderland shortly after his retirement as a player, and took the club from 23rd position in the Football League Championship in late August to win the division title and gain promotion to the Premier League. Keane's arrival was cited as the catalyst for Sunderland's recovery.[2] He managed to keep Sunderland from relegation in the 2007–08 season, but in his second season as a top-flight manager he left his position with Sunderland in the relegation zone.[3] In April 2009, he was appointed as manager of Ipswich Town, but was sacked by the club in January 2011 with them 19th in the Championship.[4]


  Childhood and early career

Keane was born into a working class family in the Mayfield suburb of Cork. His father, Maurice, took work wherever he could find, which led to jobs at a local knitwear company and a Murphy's Irish Stout brewery, amongst others. His family were keen on sport, football especially, and many of his relatives had played for junior clubs in Cork, including Rockmount A.F.C. Keane took up boxing at the age of nine and trained for a number of years, winning all of his four bouts in the novice league. During this period he was developing as a much more promising footballer at Rockmount, and his potential was highlighted when he was voted Player of the Year in his first season.

Keane supported Celtic and Tottenham Hotspur as a child, citing Liam Brady and Glenn Hoddle as his favourite players, but as time progressed, Manchester United's Bryan Robson became the footballer he most admired due to the all-action, box-to-box style for which 'Captain Marvel' had become famous.[5]

  Cobh Ramblers

Despite his growing promise, a future career in football began to look uncertain. He was turned down from the Ireland schoolboys squad after a trial in Dublin; one explanation from former Ireland coach and scout Ronan Scally was that the 14-year-old Keane was "just too small" to make it at the required level.[5] Undeterred, he began applying for trials with English clubs, but he was turned down by each one. As his childhood years passed, he took up temporary jobs involving manual work while waiting for a breakthrough in his football prospects. In 1989, he eventually signed for the semi-professional Irish club Cobh Ramblers after persuasion from Ramblers' youth team manager Eddie O'Rourke. Keane was one of two Ramblers representatives in the inaugural FAI/FAS scheme in Dublin, and it was through this initiative that he got his first taste of full-time training. His rapid progression into a promising footballer was reflected by the fact that he would regularly turn out for Ramblers' youth side as well as the actual first team, often playing twice in the same weekend as a result.

In the tough, physical world of the Irish First Division, Keane more than held his own against players much more experienced than himself, his dedication to training noticed by many. In an important FAI Youth Cup match against Belvedere FC of Dublin, Keane's performance attracted the attention of watching Nottingham Forest scout Noel McCabe, who asked him to travel over to England for a trial. Keane impressed Forest manager Brian Clough and his staff, and eventually a deal for Keane worth £47,000 was struck with Cobh Ramblers in the summer of 1990.[6]

  Club career

  Nottingham Forest

Although delighted to have signed for a big club, Keane initially found life in Nottingham difficult due to the long periods away from his family, and he would often ask the club for a few days' home leave in order to return to Cork. Keane expressed his gratitude at Clough's generosity when considering his requests, as it helped him get through the tough early days at the club.[5] Keane's first games at Forest came in the Under-21s team during a pre-season tournament in Holland. In the final against Haarlem, he scored the winning penalty in a shootout to decide the competition, and soon he was climbing the ranks at the club and playing regularly for the reserve team. His professional league debut came against Liverpool at the start of the 1990–91 season, and the resulting performance encouraged Clough to use him more and more as the season progressed.

Brian Clough's advice to me before most games was: 'you get it, you pass it to another player in a red shirt'. That's really all I've tried to do at Forest and United — pass and move — and I've made a career out of it.

Roy Keane[7]

He eventually scored his first professional goal against Sheffield United, and by 1991 he was a regular starter in the side, displacing the England international Steve Hodge. Keane scored three goals during a run to the 1991 FA Cup Final, which Forest ultimately lost to Tottenham Hotspur. In the third round, however, he made a costly error against Crystal Palace, gifting a goal to the opposition and allowing them to draw the game. On returning to the dressing room after the game, Clough punched Keane in the face in anger, knocking him to the floor.[8] Despite this incident, Keane bore no hard feelings against his manager, later claiming that he sympathised with Clough due to the pressures of management[9] and that he was too grateful to him for giving him his chance in English Football. A year later, Keane returned to Wembley with Forest for the League Cup final, but again finished on the losing side as his future club Manchester United gained a 1–0 win.

Keane was beginning to attract attention from the top clubs in the Premier League, and in 1992, Blackburn Rovers manager Kenny Dalglish spoke to Keane about the possibility of a move to the Lancashire club at the end of the season. With Forest struggling in the league and looking increasingly more likely to be relegated, Keane negotiated a new contract with a relegation escape clause. The lengthy negotiations had been much talked about in public, not least by Brian Clough, who described Keane as a "greedy child"[5] due to the high wages demanded by the Irishman. "Keane is the hottest prospect in football right now, but he is not going to bankrupt this club," Clough stated. Forest fans, however, forgave Keane by voting him the club's Player of the Season due to his battling performances towards the end of the campaign. Despite his best efforts, Keane could not save Forest from relegation, and the clause in his contract became activated. Blackburn agreed a £4 million fee for Keane, who soon after agreed a contract with the club.

There had also been speculation that Keane would sign for Arsenal, who were looking for a younger midfielder as eventual replacement for Paul Davis.

However, on the day before the paperwork was due to be signed, Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson phoned Keane and asked whether he would like to join them instead of Blackburn. He was persuaded to cancel his agreement with Blackburn, and within two weeks he had signed for Manchester United for £3.75 million, a British transfer record at the time.[10] In his autobiography, Keane revealed details of his conversation with a swearing and furious Kenny Dalglish, when he informed him the Blackburn signing was off.

  Manchester United

  Early years

Despite the huge transfer fee, there was no guarantee that Keane would go straight into the first team. Paul Ince and Bryan Robson had established a formidable partnership in the centre of midfield, having just inspired Manchester United to their first league title since 1967. Captain Bryan Robson, however, was now 36 years old and in the final stages of his playing career, and a series of injuries which had kept him out of action for most of the 1992–93 season continued into 1993–94. Keane took full advantage of his run in the team, scoring twice on his home debut in a 3–0 win against Sheffield United on 19 August 1993,[11] and grabbing the winner in the Manchester derby three months later, on 7 November 1993, when United overturned a 2–0 deficit at Maine Road to beat Manchester City 3–2.[12] He had soon established himself as a permanent fixture in Alex Ferguson's side, and by the end of the season, he had won his first trophy as a professional as United retained their Premier League title in May. Two weeks later, Keane broke his Wembley losing streak by helping United to a 4–0 victory over Chelsea in the FA Cup Final, sealing the club's first ever Double.[13]

The following season was less successful, however, as United were beaten to the league title by Blackburn Rovers and beaten 1–0 in the FA Cup final by Everton.[14][15] He received his first red card as a Manchester United player in a 2–0 win FA Cup semi-final replay against Crystal Palace, after stamping on Gareth Southgate,[16] and, as punishment, was suspended for three matches[17] and fined £5,000.[18] This incident was the first of eleven red cards Keane would accumulate in his United career, and one of the first signs of his fiery temper leading to indiscipline on the field.

The summer of 1995 saw a period of change at United, with Ince leaving for Internazionale[19] as well as striker Mark Hughes moving to Chelsea[20] and Andrei Kanchelskis being sold to Everton.[21] Younger players such as David Beckham, Nicky Butt and Paul Scholes were brought into the team, which left Keane as the most experienced player in midfield. Despite a slow start to the 1995–96 campaign, United pegged back title challengers Newcastle United, who had built a commanding twelve-point championship lead by Christmas, to secure another Premier League title. Keane's second Double in three years was confirmed with a 1–0 win over bitter rivals Liverpool to win the FA Cup for a record ninth time.[22]

The next season saw Keane in and out of the side due to a series of knee injuries and frequent suspensions. He picked up a costly yellow card in the first leg of the UEFA Champions League semi-final against Borussia Dortmund,[23] which ruled him out of the return leg at Old Trafford.[23] United lost both legs 1–0,[24] but this was compensated for by winning another league title a few days later.[25]


After Eric Cantona's unexpected retirement, Keane took over as club captain, although he missed most of the 1997–98 season because of a cruciate ligament injury caused by an attempt to tackle Leeds United player Alf-Inge Håland in the ninth Premier League game of the season. As Keane lay prone on the ground, Håland stood over Keane, accusing the injured United captain of having tried to hurt him and of feigning injury to escape punishment; an allegation which would lead to an infamous dispute between the two players four years later. Keane did not return to competitive football that campaign. He watched from the sidelines as United squandered an eleven-point lead over Arsenal to miss out on the Premier League title. Many pundits cited Keane's absence as a crucial factor in the team's surrender of the league trophy.[26] He initially expressed doubts as to whether he would play again due to the severity of his injury,[5] but he recovered in time to begin pre-season training for the new campaign.

"It was the most emphatic display of selflessness I have seen on a football field. Pounding over every blade of grass, competing if he would rather die of exhaustion than lose, he inspired all around him. I felt it was an honour to be associated with such a player."

Sir Alex Ferguson on Keane's performance against Juventus in 1999[27]

Any fears that Keane's injury may have reduced his effectiveness as a player were dispelled in the 1998–99 season, when he returned to captain the side to an unprecedented treble of the FA Premier League, FA Cup, and UEFA Champions League. One of his finest performances in this campaign was an inspirational display against Juventus in the second leg of the Champions League semi-final, when he helped haul his team back from two goals down to win 3–2. He scored from a header to start United's comeback and continually drove the team forwards at every opportunity. His performance in Turin has been described as his finest hour as a footballer.[28][29] Earlier in the match, however, Keane had received a yellow card that ruled him out of the final after a trip on Zinedine Zidane. In the final, United defeated Bayern Munich 2–1 at Nou Camp, but Keane had mixed emotions about the victory due to his suspension. Recalling his thoughts before the game, Keane said: "Although I was putting a brave face on it, this was just about the worst experience I'd had in football." Later that year, Keane scored the only goal in the finals of the Intercontinental Cup, as United defeated Palmeiras.

Contract negotiations dominated the landscape during the summer after the treble, with Keane turning down United's initial £2 million-a-year offer amid rumours of a move to Italy.[30] His higher demands were eventually met midway through the 1999–00 season, committing him to United until 2004. Keane was angered when club officials explained an increase in season ticket prices was a result of his improved contract and asked for an apology from the club.[31] Days after the contract was signed, Keane celebrated by scoring the winning goal against Valencia in the Champions League, although United's interest in the competition was ended by Real Madrid in the quarter-finals, partly due to an unfortunate Keane own-goal in the second leg. He was voted PFA Players' Player of the Year and Football Writers' Association Footballer of the Year at the end of the season after leading United to their sixth Premier League title in eight years.

Keane caused controversy in December 2000, when he criticised sections of United supporters after the Champions League victory over Dynamo Kiev at Old Trafford. He complained about the lack of vocal support given by some fans when Kiev were dominating the game, stating: "Away from home our fans are fantastic, I'd call them the hardcore fans. But at home they have a few drinks and probably the prawn sandwiches, and they don't realise what's going on out on the pitch. I don't think some of the people who come to Old Trafford can spell 'football', never mind understand it."[31] Keane's rant started a debate in England about the changing atmosphere in football grounds,[32] and the term 'prawn sandwich brigade' is now part of the English football vocabulary, referring to people who attend football games or claim to be fans of football because it is fashionable rather than due to any genuine interest in the game.

He made headlines again in the 2001 Manchester derby, a game in which Alf-Inge Håland played. Five minutes from the final whistle, he was sent off for a blatant knee-high foul on the Norwegian in what was seen by many as an act of revenge.[33] He initially received a three game suspension and a £5,000 fine from the FA, but further punishment was to follow after the release of Keane's autobiography in August 2002, in which he stated that he intended "to hurt" Håland. Keane's account of the incident was as follows:

I'd waited long enough. I fucking hit him hard. The ball was there (I think). Take that you cunt. And don't ever stand over me sneering about fake injuries.[34]

An admission that the tackle was in fact a premeditated assault, it left the FA with no choice but to charge Keane with bringing the game into disrepute.[35] He was banned for a further five matches and fined £150,000 in the ensuing investigation. Despite widespread condemnation,[36] he later maintained in his autobiography that he had no regrets about the incident: "My attitude was, fuck him. What goes around comes around. He got his just rewards. He fucked me over and my attitude is an eye for an eye."[34]

United finished the 2001–02 season trophyless for the first time in four years. Domestically, they were eliminated from the FA Cup by Middlesbrough in the fourth round and finished third in the Premier League, their lowest final position in the league since 1991. Progress was made in Europe, however, as United reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League, their furthest advance since their successful campaign of 1999. They were eventually knocked out on away goals after a 3–3 aggregate draw with Bayer Leverkusen, despite Keane putting United 3–2 up, and after the defeat, Keane blamed United's loss of form on some of his team-mates' fixation with wealth, claiming that they had "forgot about the game, lost the hunger that got you the Rolex, the cars, the mansion."[5] Earlier in the season, Keane had publicly advocated the breakup of the Treble-winning team[37] as he believed the team-mates who had played in United's victorious 1999 Champions League final no longer had the motivation to work as hard.[38]

In August 2002 he was fined £150,000 by Ferguson and suspended for three matches for elbowing Sunderland's Jason McAteer, and this was compounded by an added five-match suspension for the controversial comments about Haaland. Keane used the break to undergo an operation on his hip, which had caused him to take painkillers for a year beforehand. Despite early fears that the injury was career-threatening,[39] and suggestions of a future hip-replacement from his surgeon,[40] he was back in the United team by December.

I'd come to one firm conclusion, which was to stay on the pitch for ninety minutes in every game. In other words, to curb the reckless, intemperate streak in my nature that led to sendings-off and injuries.

Keane on his 'new' style of play[5]

During his period of rest after the operation, Keane reflected on the cause of his frequent injuries and suspensions. He decided that the cause of these problems was his reckless challenges and angry outbursts which had increasingly blighted his career.[5] As a result, he became more restrained on the field, and tended to avoid the disputes and confrontations with other players. Some observers felt that the "new" Roy Keane had become less influential in midfield as a consequence of the change in his style of play, possibly brought about by decreased mobility after his hip operation. However, after his return, Keane displayed the tenacity of old,[39] leading the team to another league title in May 2003.

Throughout the 2000s (decade), Keane maintained a fierce rivalry with Arsenal captain Patrick Vieira. The most notable incident between the two took place at Highbury in 2005 at the height of an extreme period of bad blood between United and Arsenal. Vieira was seen confronting United defender Gary Neville in the tunnel before the game over his fouling of José Antonio Reyes in the previous encounter between the two sides,[41] prompting Keane to verbally confront the Arsenal captain.[37] The incident was broadcast live on Sky Sports, with Keane clearly heard telling match referee Graham Poll to "Tell him [Vieira] to shut his fucking mouth!" After the game, which United won 4–2, Keane controversially criticised Vieira's decision to play internationally for France instead of his birthplace of Senegal. However, Vieira later suggested that having walked out on his National team in the World Cup finals Keane was not in a good position to comment on such matters.[42] Referee Poll later revealed that he should have sent off both players before the match had begun, though was under pressure not to do so.[41]

Overall, Keane would lead United to 9 major honours, making him the most successful captain in the club's history. Keane scored his 50th goal for Manchester United on 5 February 2005 in a league game against Birmingham City. His appearance in the 2005 FA Cup final, which United lost to Arsenal in a penalty shootout, was his seventh such game, an all-time record in English football at the time.[43] Keane also jointly holds the record for the most red cards received in English football, being dismissed a total of 13 times in his career. He was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2004 in recognition of his undoubted impact on the English game, and became the only Irish player to be selected into the FIFA 100, a list of the greatest living footballers picked by Pelé.


Keane unexpectedly left Manchester United by mutual consent on 18 November 2005,[44] during a protracted absence from the team due to an injury sustained in his last competitive game for the club,[45] due to a robust challenge from Luis García against Liverpool. His departure marked the climax of increasing tensions between Keane and the United management and players since the club's pre-season training camp in Portugal, when he argued with Ferguson over the quality of the set-up at the resort.[46] Ferguson was angered further by Keane's admission during an MUTV phone-in that he would be "prepared to play elsewhere"[47] after the expiration of his current contract with United at the end of the season.

“He [Keane] was our captain, he was our leader and he left a mark: where we are now is down to him, our dedication comes from the standards he set. The rules about time-keeping, about getting in a half-hour early, they were his instructions back in the day and those traditions continue.”

Darren Fletcher speaking four years after Keane's departure from Old Trafford.[48]

Another of Keane's appearances on MUTV provoked more controversy, when, after a humiliating 4–1 defeat at the hands of Middlesbrough in early November, he took the opportunity to criticise the performances of John O'Shea, Alan Smith, Kieran Richardson and Darren Fletcher.[49] The harshest analysis, however, was reserved for the club's record signing Rio Ferdinand: "Just because you are paid £120,000-a-week and play well for 20 minutes against Tottenham, you think you are a superstar."[50] The outburst was deemed too damning by the United management and was subsequently pulled from transmission by the club's TV station. Keane's opinions were described by those present at the interview as "explosive even by his standards".[49]

“Happiness is not being afraid.”

Keane on lack of fear[5]

Keane had scored 33 league goals for Manchester United, and a total of 50 in all competitions.[51] The first two of his goals for the club came in the 3-0 home win over Sheffield United in the Premier League on 18 August 1993,[52] the last on 12 March 2005 in a 4-0 away win over Southampton in the FA Cup.[53]

Two weeks later, after another row with Ferguson, Keane reached an agreement with Manchester United allowing him to leave the club immediately in order to sign a long-term deal with another club.[50] He was offered a testimonial in recognition of his twelve and a half years at Old Trafford, with both Ferguson and United Chief Executive David Gill wishing him well for the future.[50] On 15 December 2005, Keane was announced as a Celtic player, the team he had supported as a child, after agreeing to a contract in the region of £40,000 per week.[54]

It was later revealed by United that Keane's testimonial would take place at Old Trafford on 9 May 2006 between United and Celtic. The home side won the game 1–0, with Keane playing the first half for Celtic and the second half in his former role as Manchester United captain.[55] The capacity crowd of 69,591 remains the largest crowd ever for a testimonial match in England.[56] All of the revenue generated from the match was given to Keane's favourite charity, the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association.


Keane's Celtic career began in ignominious fashion in January 2006, when the Glasgow giants crashed to a 2–1 defeat to Scottish First Division side Clyde in the third round of the Scottish Cup. His abrasive style had clearly not dwindled since his arrival, as he was seen criticising some of his new team-mates during the match.[57] Keane scored what turned out to be his only Celtic goal a month later in a 2–1 Scottish Premier League victory over Falkirk.[58] He retained his place the following Sunday in his first Old Firm derby, leading Celtic to victory in a typically combative Man of the Match performance. Celtic went on to complete a double of the Scottish Premier League title and Scottish League Cup, his last honour as a player.

On 12 June 2006, Keane announced his retirement from professional football on medical advice,[59] only six months after joining Celtic. His announcement prompted glowing praise from many of his former colleagues and managers, not least from Sir Alex Ferguson, who opined: "Over the years when they start picking the best teams of all time, he will be in there."[59]

  International career

Keane was part of the squad that participated in the 1988 UEFA European Under-16 Football Championship although he didn't play [3]. When called up for his first game at international level, an Under-21s match against Turkey in 1991, Keane took an immediate dislike to the organisation and preparation surrounding the Irish team, later describing the set-up as "a bit of a joke."[5] He would continue to hold this view throughout the remainder of his time spent with the national team, which led to numerous confrontations with the Irish management. Keane declared his unavailability to travel with the Irish squad to Algeria, but was surprised when manager Jack Charlton told him that he would never play for Ireland again if he refused to join up with his compatriots.[5] Despite this threat, Keane chose to stay at home on the insistence of Forest manager Brian Clough, and was pleased when a year later he was called up to the Irish squad for a friendly at Lansdowne Road. After more appearances, he grew to disapprove of Charlton's style of football, which relied less on the players' skill and more on continuous pressing and direct play. Tensions between the two men peaked during a pre-season tournament in the United States, when Charlton berated Keane for returning home late after a drinking session with Steve Staunton.[5]

Keane was included in Ireland's squad for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the USA and played in every game, including a famous 1–0 victory over tournament favourites and eventual runners-up, Italy. Despite a second-round exit at the hands of the Netherlands, the tournament was considered a success for the Irish team, and Keane was named the best player of Ireland's campaign. Keane, however, was reluctant to join the post-tournament celebrations, later claiming that, as far as he was concerned, Ireland's World Cup was a disappointment: "There was nothing to celebrate. We achieved little."[5]

Keane missed crucial matches during the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification matches due to a severe knee injury, but came back to captain the team to within a whisker of qualifying for UEFA Euro 2000, losing to Turkey in a play-off. Ireland secured qualification for the 2002 FIFA World Cup under new manager Mick McCarthy, greatly assisted by a number of match-winning performances from Keane. In the process of qualification, Ireland went undefeated, both home and away, against international football heavyweights Portugal and the Netherlands, famously beating the latter 1–0 at Lansdowne Road.

  2002 FIFA World Cup incident

The Football Association of Ireland (FAI) selected the training base intended for use during Ireland's World Cup campaign. During the course of the first training session, Keane expressed serious misgivings about the adequacy of the training facilities and the standard of preparation for the Irish team. He was angered by the late arrival of the squad's training equipment, which had disrupted the first training session on a pitch that he described as "like a car park".[60]

After a row with goalkeeping coach Packie Bonner and Alan Kelly on the second day of training, Keane announced that he was quitting the squad and that he wished to return home to Manchester due to his dissatisfaction with Ireland's preparation. The FAI were unable to get Keane an immediate flight home at such short notice, meaning that he remained in Saipan for another night, but they called up Colin Healy as a replacement for him. The following day, however, McCarthy approached Keane and asked him to return to the training camp, and Keane was eventually persuaded to stay.

Despite a temporary cooling of tensions in the Irish camp after Keane's change of heart, things soon took a turn for the worse. Keane immediately gave an interview to leading sports journalist Tom Humphries, of the Irish Times newspaper, where he expressed his unhappiness with the facilities in Saipan and listed the events and concerns which had led him to leave the team temporarily. McCarthy took offence at Keane's interview and decided to confront Keane over the article in front of the entire squad and coaching staff. Keane refused to relent, saying that he had told the newspaper what he considered to be the truth and that the Irish fans deserved to know what was going on inside the camp.[5] He then unleashed a stinging verbal tirade against McCarthy: “Mick, you're a liar... you're a fucking wanker. I didn't rate you as a player, I don't rate you as a manager, and I don't rate you as a person. You're a fucking wanker and you can stick your World Cup up your arse. The only reason I have any dealings with you is that somehow you are the manager of my country! You can stick it up your bollocks.”[31][61] Niall Quinn observed in his autobiography that “Roy Keane's 10-minute oration [against Mick McCarthy, above] ... was clinical, fierce, earth-shattering to the person on the end of it and it ultimately caused a huge controversy in Irish society.” But at the same time, he was also critical of Keane's stance, saying that "[He] left us in Saipan, not the other way round. And he punished himself more than any of us by not coming back."[62]

None of Keane's team-mates voiced support for him during the meeting, although some supported him in private afterwards. Veterans Niall Quinn and Steve Staunton backed McCarthy in a press conference after the event. It was here that McCarthy announced that he had dismissed Keane from the squad and sent him home.[63][64] By this time, the FIFA deadline for naming the World Cup squads had passed, meaning that Colin Healy was unable to be named as Keane's replacement and could not play in the tournament.


Mick McCarthy resigned as Ireland manager in November 2002 after defeats to Russia and Switzerland in qualification for Euro 2004. The possibility of Keane returning to the squad for future qualifiers was raised, as Keane had not yet fully retired from international football, insisting that McCarthy's presence was the main incentive for staying away from the Irish squad.[65] McCarthy's replacement, Brian Kerr, discussed with Keane the possibility of a recall, and in April 2004 he was brought back into the Irish team to face Romania. Keane was not reinstated as captain, however, as Kerr decided to keep the armband with Kenny Cunningham. After the team's failure to qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, he announced his retirement from international football in order to help prolong his club career.[66]


Keane has reiterated his displeasure with the attitude and selection policy of the FAI. In March 2007 Keane claimed that several Republic of Ireland players get picked solely on the basis of their media exposure and that the organisation was biased towards players originating from Dublin or other regions of Leinster: "Once you keep playing them on the reputation they've built up through the media or because they do lots of interviews, then it's wrong. There's a fine line between loyalty and stupidity."[67] Keane claimed that Sunderland player Liam Miller was not picked because he was from Cork and that players with significant potential were failing to get picked for the national team. He also alleged that the FAI were incompetent in the running of their affairs. Keane was involved in further controversy in the wake of Ireland's defeat by France in the World Cup 2010 play-off. During an Ipswich Town press conference on 20 November 2009, Keane was critical of the Irish reaction to the Henry handball incident. His response included criticisms of the Irish team's defence and the FAI authorities.

  Managerial career

His former manager Sir Alex Ferguson had previously said that he wanted Keane to succeed him as Manchester United coach when he retired. However, in the wake of Keane's acrimonious departure from the club, Ferguson became evasive regarding Keane's prospects as a manager: "Young managers come along and people say this one will be England manager or boss of this club, but two years later they're not there. It's not an easy environment to come into, I wouldn't forecast anything."[68]


During his time at Celtic, Keane was suggested as a potential managerial successor to Gordon Strachan by former Celtic player Charlie Nicholas.[69] However, it was Championship club Sunderland where Keane chose to launch his managerial career, re-uniting him with the club's chairman and outgoing manager, Niall Quinn. The two men, publicly at least, were on opposing sides during the fall-out from the Saipan incident, but they were on good terms at the time of the managerial appointment, with Quinn urging Sunderland fans to "support and enjoy one of football’s true greats".[70]

Keane signed a three-year deal immediately after Sunderland's victory over West Bromwich Albion on 28 August, the Mackems' first win of the 2006–07 season after a dreadful run of four consecutive defeats under Quinn's temporary management. With his new club sitting in the relegation zone already, second bottom of the Championship table, Keane chose to enforce changes quickly. His first actions as manager were deciding to keep the existing assistant manager, Bobby Saxton, and to appoint his former Nottingham Forest colleague Tony Loughlan as head coach. He wasted no time in bringing in new additions to the squad, with a total of six players signing on the final day of the August transfer window. The most notable signings were Keane's former Manchester United team-mates Dwight Yorke[71] and Liam Miller,[72] supported by former Celtic colleagues Ross Wallace and Stanislav Varga, [73] as well as Wigan Athletic pair Graham Kavanagh and David Connolly.[74]

Keane's first two games as manager could not have gone much better; first coming from behind to beat Derby County 2–1, followed by an easy 3–0 victory over Leeds United. Sunderland began to steadily creep up the league standings under Keane's management, and by the turn of the year they had escaped the bottom half of the league. Five further players were signed during the January 2007 transfer window, three (Anthony Stokes, Carlos Edwards and Stern John) on permanent contracts and two (Jonny Evans and Danny Simpson) on loan from Manchester United, Keane's old club. Results continued to improve, and Keane was rewarded with the February and March "Manager of the Month" awards,[75] while his team began to challenge for the automatic promotion places. Meanwhile, Keane tackled his players' non-professional approach with a firm hand. When three players were late for the team coach to a trip to Barnsley, in March 2007, he simply left them behind.

Sunderland secured promotion to the Premier League along with Birmingham City on 29 April when rivals Derby County were beaten by Crystal Palace.[76] A week later, the Coca-Cola Championship title was sealed, and Sunderland's revival under Keane was complete. His achievements also earned him the Championship "Manager of the Year" award.[77]

The lowest point of their next season came at Goodison Park, where they were beaten 7–1 by Everton, which Keane described as "one of the lowest points" of his career. However in the second half of the season the team's form was much improved (especially at home) and survival in the division was guaranteed with two games to go with a home win against Middlesbrough. Meanwhile, Keane carried on his trend of buying ex-Manchester United players with the addition of Kieran Richardson, Paul McShane, Danny Higginbotham, and Phil Bardsley. He has also continued his strict disciplinary policy by putting Liam Miller (one of Sunderland's apparently more consistent players) on the transfer list for being regularly late for training and other team meetings.

The beginning of the 2008–09 season would prove to be tumultuous. In September 2008 Keane became embroiled in a row with FIFA Vice President Jack Warner over the withdrawal of Dwight Yorke from the Trinidad and Tobago national team. Warner accused Keane of being disrespectful towards small countries.[78] Keane responded by calling Warner "a clown" and insisted that Yorke was retired from international football.[79] That same month Keane experienced "one of the worst and longest nights" of his career when Sunderland had to come from 2–0 down at home in a League Cup tie against Northampton. The game ended 2–2, with Sunderland progressing narrowly on penalties.[80]

Despite some positive performances, including the historic 2–1 home victory against local rivals Newcastle United on 25 October (the first time the club had accomplished this in 28 years),[81] as well as good showings by recent signings like Djibril Cissé and Anton Ferdinand, the team's general form remained inconsistent. By the end of November, Sunderland were 18th in the Premier League, having lost five of their six previous games. Keane stood down as manager on 4 December after bringing doubt on his own future with comments made in the wake of the 4–1 home defeat by Bolton the previous weekend.[82]

In an interview with The Irish Times on 21 February 2009, Keane cited differences with Sunderland 30% shareholder Ellis Short and strains with club chairman Niall Quinn as the factors in his decision to resign as Sunderland manager.[83]

  Ipswich Town

On 23 April 2009, Keane was appointed as the new manager of Ipswich Town on a two-year contract,[84] the day after the club had sacked Jim Magilton.[84] His first game in charge came the following Saturday with a 3–0 away win over Cardiff City – the final league match to be played at Ninian Park.[85] The following week, Ipswich rounded off the season with a 2–1 win over Coventry.[86] In the 2009–10 season Keane started to sign some players, some of them from his former club Sunderland. He signed goalkeeper Marton Fulop, midfielders Carlos Edwards and Grant Leadbitter and brought in Jack Colback, David Healy and Daryl Murphy on loan to the club. Ipswich started without a win in their first fourteen matches, making them the last team to record their first win in the whole league, finally winning on 31 October against Derby County and recording their first away win of the season on 29 November against Cardiff City. Their form gradually improved throughout the season, but Ipswich drew far too many games to come anywhere near the promotion race and they finished the season in 15th place.[87] Many inconsistencies in the 2009/10 and the 2010/11 season meant that Keane's Ipswich side never really challenged for promotions and as a result of a poor run of form, ending up with his side dropping to as low as 21st in the Championship. Keane was sacked as Ipswich manager on 7 January 2011.[4]

  Media work

Keane has done media work but expressed his lack of enthusiasm to do so again in future when he said, "I was asked last week by ITV to do the Celtic game," he said. "A couple of weeks before that I was asked to do the United game against Celtic at Old Trafford. I think I've done it once for Sky. Never again. I'd rather go to the dentist. You're sitting there with people like Richard Keys and they're trying to sell something that's not there." Keane added, "Any time I watch a game on television I have to turn the commentators off."

Later, Roy had a change of heart. Keane along with Harry Redknapp and Gareth Southgate were pundits for ITV's coverage of the Champions League final between Manchester United and Barcelona.[88]. In the 2011-12 season he became ITV chief football analyst appearing on nearly every Live ITV match alongside presenter Adrian Chiles & Gareth Southgate. He appeared on ITV in the Champions League including Chelsea's victory in the final against Bayern Munich, nearly all FA Cup matches including the final between Chelsea & Liverpool at Wembley and England competitive internationals and friendlies. He is also involved in the ITV team for Euro 2012 alongside long time rival Patrick Vieira and they appeared together as pundits in the Ireland v Spain match and Czech Republic v Russia match, he also appears with Roberto Martinez & Gordon Strachan. He has won acclaim for his no-nosence approach particulary on akin with RTE.

  Personal life

Keane is married to Theresa Doyle, and they have five children: Shannon, Caragh, Aidan, Leah and Alanna. The couple met when she was a dentist's assistant and he was playing for Nottingham Forest in 1992. They married in Mayfield, Cork in 1997.[89]

When Keane moved to Manchester United, the family lived in a modern four-bedroom house in Bowdon, then moved to a mock Tudor mansion in Hale. It was not as private as he had hoped, a point proven during his exclusion from the 2002 World Cup. Often seen walking Triggs (his Labrador dog), Keane was then a regular at the Bleeding Wolf pub, and was found there by reporters on the night of David Beckham's wedding. When asked why he hadn't gone, Keane joked: "It was a choice between the wedding and the Wolf – and the Wolf won."[90]

Wanting more privacy, his family had a 1930s home bulldozed so they could build a new £2.5 million house near Hale.[91]

On 6 June 2009, it was announced that Keane and his family had purchased a new house in the Ipswich area, near to the training ground of Keane's new club, Ipswich. He eventually settled in the nearby market town of Woodbridge where he now lives with his family.[92]


Keane had a Labrador Retriever named Triggs, who died in 2010. Triggs came to international attention in 2002 during an incident ahead of the that year's FIFA World Cup when Keane engaged in a public quarrel and left the squad. Triggs accompanied Keane on regular walks pursued by the press.[93] The footballer said of Triggs, "Unlike humans, dogs don't talk shit".[94] The Daily Telegraph's Steve Wilson once described Triggs as "the most famous dog in football since Pickles, a mongrel who dug up the stolen Jules Rimet Trophy in 1966, or that dog that relieved itself on Jimmy Greaves at the 1962 World Cup".[95] Henry Winter, writing in the same paper, called Triggs "the fittest dog in Cheshire" and opined that "if Cruft's [sic] held an endurance event, Keane and Triggs would scoop gold".[96]

Following his rise to fame Triggs was mentioned by several sources on many occasions, with Keane dogged by numerous canine references for the remainder of his career.[97][98][99][100][101][102][103][104] In 2006, when Keane moved house to Sunderland, his reunion with Triggs, who joined him later, came to the notice of the press.[105] In 2007, Keane was reported to have heard of his team's promotion to the Premiership while walking Triggs.[106] The following year, Keane was said to have acquired a German Shepherd Dog named Izac to accompany Triggs.[107][108][109] Russell Brand observed the frequency with which Keane has been associated with his dogs, particularly when involved in the news – with quotes including "Keane will certainly have more time to walk his dogs", "The only real winners are Roy Keane's dogs", and "Roy Keane's dogs refused to comment on the situation" – before he googled "Roy Keane's dogs" only to discover it had more hits than "something with a lot of hits".[110]

In later life, Triggs was involved in a police investigation when his behaviour caused an argument between Keane and a neighbour.[111] He appeared in an Irish Guide Dogs advertisement in 2009 - whereupon the Irish Examiner referred to him as "football's biggest canine celebrity" -[112] and also received his own profile on Facebook.[111] Triggs was described as a "celebrity" and a "household name" upon erroneous reports of her death from cancer in September 2010.[93][111] Keane was described as "inconsolable".[111] The Irish Examiner's obituary noted how "At critical moments when the nation's happiness seemed entwined with Roy's moods, he turned to his Labrador Triggs and took to the road".[113]




Nottingham Forest
Manchester United








Club Season League Cup League Cup Europe Other[nb 1] Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Cobh Ramblers 1989–90 12 1 12 1
Total 12 1 12 1
Nottingham Forest 1990–91 35 8 35 8
1991–92 39 8 39 8
1992–93 40 6 9 0 49 6
Total 114 22 9 0 123 22
Manchester United 1993–94 37 5 6 1 7 0 3 2 1 0 54 8
1994–95 25 2 7 0 1 0 4 1 0 0 37 3
1995–96 29 6 7 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 39 6
1996–97 21 2 3 0 2 0 6 0 1 1 33 3
1997–98 9 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 11 2
1998–99 35 2 7 0 0 0 12 3 1 0 55 5
1999–2000 29 5 0 0 12 6 4 1 45 12
2000–01 28 2 2 0 0 0 13 1 1 0 44 3
2001–02 28 3 2 0 0 0 12 1 1 0 43 4
2002–03 21 0 3 0 2 0 6 0 0 0 32 0
2003–04 28 3 5 0 0 0 4 0 1 0 38 3
2004–05 31 1 4 1 1 0 6 0 1 0 43 2
2005–06 5 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 6 0
Total 326 33 46 2 14 0 82 14 12 2 480 51
Celtic 2005–06 10 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 13 1
Total 10 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 13 1
Career total 462 57 55 2 14 0 82 14 12 2 625 75


Republic of Ireland national team
Year Apps Goals
1991 3 0
1992 7 0
1993 9 0
1994 8 1
1995 2 0
1996 2 0
1997 7 2
1998 3 2
1999 4 0
2000 4 0
2001 7 4
2002 2 0
2003 0 0
2004 5 0
2005 4 0
Total 67 9

  International goals


# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1 16 November 1994 Windsor Park, Belfast, Northern Ireland  Northern Ireland 4–0 Win UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying
2, 3 6 September 1997 Laugardalsvollur, Reykjavik, Iceland  Iceland 4–2 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
4 5 September 1998 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Croatia 2–0 Win UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying
5 14 October 1998 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Malta 5–0 Win UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying
6, 7 24 March 2001 Nicosia, Cyprus  Cyprus 4–0 Win 2002 World Cup qualification
8 2 June 2001 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Portugal 1–1 Draw 2002 World Cup qualification
9 6 October 2001 Lansdowne Road, Dublin, Ireland  Cyprus 4–0 Win 2002 World Cup qualification


Team Nat From To Record
G W D L Win %
Sunderland England 28 August 2006 4 December 2008 &10000000000000100000000100 &1000000000000004200000042 &1000000000000001700000017 &1000000000000004100000041 &1000000000000004200000042.00
Ipswich Town England 23 April 2009 7 January 2011 &1000000000000008100000081 &1000000000000002800000028 &1000000000000002500000025 &1000000000000002800000028 &1000000000000003457000034.57
Total &10000000000000181000000181 &1000000000000007000000070 &1000000000000004200000042 &1000000000000006900000069 &1000000000000003867000038.67

Updated on 7 January 2011.

  See also


  1. ^ Includes other competitive competitions, including the FA Community Shield, UEFA Super Cup, Intercontinental Cup and FIFA Club World Cup.


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  72. ^ "Miller makes it five". safc.com. http://www.safc.com/news/?page_id=10360. 
  73. ^ "Keane signs Celtic pair". safc.com. http://www.safc.com/news/?page_id=10358. 
  74. ^ "Irish trio make Sunderland switch". BBC Sport. 31 August 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/5304006.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  75. ^ Keane earns Championship honour BBC News
  76. ^ Birmingham & Sunderland promotion BBC Sport
  77. ^ "Coppell wins boss of year award". BBC Sport. 16 May 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/r/reading/6661535.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  78. ^ "Exclusive: Keane accused in T&T row". Sunderland Echo. http://www.sunderlandecho.com/sport/Exclusive-Keane-accused-in-TT.4476257.jp. 
  79. ^ "Furious Warner hits back at Keane". BBC Sport. 12 September 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/7609778.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  80. ^ "Sunderland 2–2 Northampton (aet)". BBC Sport. 23 September 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/league_cup/7626765.stm. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  81. ^ "Sunderland 2 Newcastle United 1". safc.com. http://www.safc.com/match/?page_id=15991. 
  82. ^ "Keane leaves Black Cats: Sunderland manager quits". Sky Sports News. 4 December 2008. http://www.skysports.com/story/0,19528,11695_4587582,00.html. 
  83. ^ "Keane speaks out on Sunderland departure". The Irish Times. 2 February 2009. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2009/0221/breaking6.htm. 
  84. ^ a b "Ipswich Appoint Keane". Sky Sports. 23 April 2009. http://www.skysports.com/story/0,19528,11095_5226790,00.html. Retrieved 23 April 2009. 
  85. ^ "Cardiff 0–3 Ipswich". BBC Sport. 25 April 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_div_1/8001889.stm. Retrieved 25 April 2009. 
  86. ^ "Ipswich 2–1 Coventry City". ITFC. 3 May 2009. http://www.itfc.co.uk/page/MatchReport/0,,10272,00.html. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  87. ^ "Ipswich owner backs boss Jewell". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/default.stm. 
  88. ^ Don't listen to TV pundits, says Keane
  89. ^ Francis, Nick (8 September 2007). "Pack my WAGS for Sunderland". The Sun (London). http://www.thesun.co.uk/article/0,,2-2007370921,00.html. 
  90. ^ Hudson, David (1 September 2002). "Roy's pounds 212 M Manor Utd". Sunday Mirror. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20020901/ai_n12847574. 
  91. ^ Herbert, Ian (2 March 2006). "Rooney's plan for 'Waynesor Castle' upsets local residents". The Independent (London). http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/this_britain/article348720.ece. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  92. ^ Suffolk house move for Keano | EADT
  93. ^ a b "Roy Keane suffers heartache as beloved dog Triggs passes away". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers). 10 September 2010. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/football/article-1310863/Roy-Keanes-dog-Triggs-dies.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. [dead link]
  94. ^ "Sloth - part one: De Bilde mourns dog – Willebroek, 2006". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). 21 May 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2009/may/21/seven-deadly-sins-football-sloth-part-one. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  95. ^ Wilson, Steve (24 April 2009). "The wit and wisdom of Roy Keane sees Manchester United legends underachieving". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/dailybung/5212900/The-wit-and-wisdom-of-Roy-Keane-sees-Manchester-United-legends-underachieving.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  96. ^ Winter, Henry (30 August 2006). "Born fighter still has his point to prove". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/columnists/henrywinter/2344597/Born-fighter-still-has-his-point-to-prove.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  97. ^ Stewart, Rob (28 July 2007). "Roy Keane still to 'prove' himself". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/2317800/Roy-Keane-still-to-prove-himself.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "The highly-rated 35-year-old Irishman, who admitted he could end up walking his pet Labrador dog, Triggs, on a full-time basis should Sunderland's new season begin disastrously..." 
  98. ^ "A new beginning for the cult of Keane". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). 11 August 2007. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2007/aug/11/sport.comment1. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "Much as the young Keane who caroused his beery way around Cork's nightspots gave way to a zealously clean-living father of five whose principal hobby is walking his dog, Triggs, the United captain noted for routinely subjecting Old Trafford team-mates to excruciating criticism has morphed into a Zen-like figure renowned for touchline tranquillity." 
  99. ^ Taylor, Louise (15 August 2007). "Roy Keane sees red again with outburst about Wags and their shopping jaunts". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2007/aug/15/football.britishidentity. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "Extremely unlikely to be spotted in the north-east shopping mecca that is the Gateshead MetroCentre, he much prefers taking his dog, Triggs, for long country walks." 
  100. ^ Hourican, Emily (18 August 2007). "It's a dog's life for Paris and her pet Chihuahua". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). http://www.independent.ie/business/world/its-a-dogs-life-for-paris-and-her-pet-chihuahua-1061658.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "As a nation, we have gone mad for dogs. First it was Roy Keane and his best friend Triggs, the Labrador retriever who acted as conduit of Keano's emotions during the Saipan saga." 
  101. ^ "'You always remember the idiots ... Some people have short memories'". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). 25 September 2008. http://www.independent.ie/sport/soccer/premier-league/you-always-remember-the-idiots--some-people-have-short-memories-1481674.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "Two years ago, Roy Keane was probably out walking Triggs when Niall Quinn presided over carnage on one of the most embarrassing nights for Sunderland football club (and there have been a few)." 
  102. ^ Carroll, Jim (4 December 2008). "Roy Keane slings his hook. Triggs prepares for the mother of all walks". The Irish Times (Irish Times Trust). http://www.irishtimes.com/blogs/ontherecord/2008/12/04/roy-keane-leaves-sunderland-triggs-the-dog-prepares-for-the-mother-of-all-walks/. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  103. ^ Hogan, Vincent (23 November 2009). "Shiny Big Bertha can end Roy's torture -- and ours". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). http://www.independent.ie/sport/soccer/vincent-hogan-shiny-big-bertha-can-end-roys-torture--and-ours-1951216.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "Trust me, Triggs will approve. [...] The dog in Roy sees the lamppost in the FAI." 
  104. ^ Wilson, Jeremy (20 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Eight World Cup bust-ups down the years". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/competitions/world-cup-2010/7842146/World-Cup-2010-Eight-World-Cup-bust-ups-down-the-years.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "He shared his thoughts with manager Mick McCarthy and the rest of the squad before flying home to take his dog, Baker, for a walk." 
  105. ^ "AND FINALLY...". BBC Sport (BBC). 18 November 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/gossip_and_transfers/6160630.stm. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "Roy Keane will be reunited with a key figure next week when his dog Baker moves up to the Sunderland area with the rest of the family." 
  106. ^ Stewart, Rob (30 April 2007). "Quinn backs Keane to lure top players". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/2312165/Quinn-backs-Keane-to-lure-top-players.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  107. ^ "AND FINALLY". BBC Sport (BBC). 28 September 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/gossip_and_transfers/7640253.stm. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  108. ^ Stewart, Rob (30 November 2008). "Roy Keane's white beard shows strain of managing Sunderland". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/teams/sunderland/3537144/Roy-Keanes-white-beard-shows-the-strain-but-his-hair-remains-black-Football.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  109. ^ O'Shea, Joe (14 November 2009). "Two games of four halves . . .". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). http://www.independent.ie/lifestyle/two-games-of-four-halves-1943413.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "But Roy Keane, no doubt watching at home with Triggs the Labrador and Izac the German Shepherd, will be delighted to hear that there won't be a prawn sandwich to be had anywhere in the stadium." 
  110. ^ Brand, Russell (6 December 2008). "How Keane's image went to the dogs: The odd sight of Roy taking his golden retriever for a stroll has found its echo in the touchline frustration of this sublime player". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/blog/2008/dec/06/roy-keane-sunderland-russell-brand. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  111. ^ a b c d Sheehy, Clodagh (10 September 2010). "Keano suffers sad blow with loss of faithful sidekick Triggs". Evening Herald (Independent News & Media). http://www.herald.ie/entertainment/around-town/keano-suffers-sad-blow-with-loss-of-faithful-sidekick-triggs-2333095.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  112. ^ Ring, Evelyn (1 May 2009). "Triggs joins Roy to help promote guide dogs". Irish Examiner (Thomas Crosbie Holdings). http://www.examiner.ie/ireland/triggs-joins-roy-to-help-promote-guide-dogs-90746.html. Retrieved 11 September 2010. 
  113. ^ "Farewell Triggs - So much for so little". Irish Examiner (Thomas Crosbie Holdings). 11 September 2010. http://www.irishexaminer.com/opinion/editorial/farewell-triggs--so-much-for-so-little-130462.html. Retrieved 11 September 2010. 
  114. ^ http://www.national-football-teams.com/v2/player.php?id=8607
  115. ^ "SoccerScene.ie – International Profile of Roy Keane". http://www.soccerscene.ie/sssenior/player.php?id=20. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 

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Sporting positions
Preceded by
Andy Townsend
Republic of Ireland captain
Succeeded by
Steve Staunton
Preceded by
Eric Cantona
Manchester United captain
Succeeded by
Gary Neville



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