Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definitions - SAT

sit (v. intr.)

1.sit on (eggs)"Birds brood" "The female covers the eggs"

2.be seated

3.show to a seat; assign a seat for"The host seated me next to Mrs. Smith"

4.sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions"She never sat a horse!" "Did you ever ride a camel?" "The girl liked to drive the young mare"

5.take a seat

6.be in session"When does the court of law sit?"

7.assume a posture as for artistic purposes"We don't know the woman who posed for Leonardo so often"

8.work or act as a baby-sitter"I cannot baby-sit tonight; I have too much homework to do"

9.be around, often idly or without specific purpose"The object sat in the corner" "We sat around chatting for another hour"

sit (v.)

1.be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position

2.serve in a specific professional capacity"the priest sat for confession" "she sat on the jury"

3.be located or situated somewhere"The White House sits on Pennsylvania Avenue"

Sat (n.)

1.the seventh and last day of the week; observed as the Sabbath by Jews and some Christians

   Advertizing ▼

Merriam Webster

SitSit (?), obs. 3d pers. sing. pres. of Sit, for sitteth.

SitSit, v. i. [imp. Sat (?) (Sate (?), archaic); p. p. Sat (Sitten (?), obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Sitting.] [OE. sitten, AS. sittan; akin to OS. sittian, OFries. sitta, D. zitten, G. sitzen, OHG. sizzen, Icel. sitja, SW. sitta, Dan. sidde, Goth. sitan, Russ. sidiete, L. sedere, Gr. ���, Skr. sad. √154. Cf. Assess,Assize, Cathedral, Chair, Dissident, Excise, Insidious, Possess, Reside, Sanhedrim, Seance, Seat, n., Sedate, 4th Sell, Siege, Session, Set, v. t., Sizar, Size, Subsidy.]
1. To rest upon the haunches, or the lower extremity of the trunk of the body; -- said of human beings, and sometimes of other animals; as, to sit on a sofa, on a chair, or on the ground.

And he came and took the book put of the right hand of him that sate upon the seat. Bible (1551) (Rev. v. 7.)

I pray you, jest, sir, as you sit at dinner. Shak.

2. To perch; to rest with the feet drawn up, as birds do on a branch, pole, etc.

3. To remain in a state of repose; to rest; to abide; to rest in any position or condition.

And Moses said to . . . the children of Reuben, Shall your brothren go to war, and shall ye sit here? Num. xxxii. 6.

Like a demigod here sit I in the sky. Shak.

4. To lie, rest, or bear; to press or weigh; -- with on; as, a weight or burden sits lightly upon him.

The calamity sits heavy on us. Jer. Taylor.

5. To be adjusted; to fit; as, a coat sts well or ill.

This new and gorgeous garment, majesty,
Sits not so easy on me as you think.

6. To suit one well or ill, as an act; to become; to befit; -- used impersonally. [Obs.] Chaucer.

7. To cover and warm eggs for hatching, as a fowl; to brood; to incubate.

As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not. Jer. xvii. 11.

8. To have position, as at the point blown from; to hold a relative position; to have direction.

Like a good miller that knows how to grind, which way soever the wind sits. Selden.

Sits the wind in that quarter? Sir W. Scott.

9. To occupy a place or seat as a member of an official body; as, to sit in Congress.

10. To hold a session; to be in session for official business; -- said of legislative assemblies, courts, etc.; as, the court sits in January; the aldermen sit to-night.

11. To take a position for the purpose of having some artistic representation of one's self made, as a picture or a bust; as, to sit to a painter.

To sit at, to rest under; to be subject to. [Obs.] “A farmer can not husband his ground so well if he sit at a great rent”. Bacon. -- To sit at meat or To sit at table, to be at table for eating. -- To sit down. (a) To place one's self on a chair or other seat; as, to sit down when tired. (b) To begin a siege; as, the enemy sat down before the town. (c) To settle; to fix a permanent abode. Spenser. (d) To rest; to cease as satisfied. “Here we can not sit down, but still proceed in our search.” Rogers. -- To sit for a fellowship, to offer one's self for examination with a view to obtaining a fellowship. [Eng. Univ.] -- To sit out. (a) To be without engagement or employment. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson. (b) To outstay. -- To sit under, to be under the instruction or ministrations of; as, to sit under a preacher; to sit under good preaching. -- To sit up, to rise from, or refrain from, a recumbent posture or from sleep; to sit with the body upright; as, to sit up late at night; also, to watch; as, to sit up with a sick person. “He that was dead sat up, and began to speak.” Luke vii. 15.

SitSit (?), v. t.
1. To sit upon; to keep one's seat upon; as, he sits a horse well.

Hardly the muse can sit the headstrong horse. Prior.

2. To cause to be seated or in a sitting posture; to furnish a seat to; -- used reflexively.

They sat them down to weep. Milton.

Sit you down, father; rest you. Shak.

3. To suit (well or ill); to become. [Obs. or R.]

SatSat (săt), imp. of Sit. [Written also sate.]

   Advertizing ▼

definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - SAT

see also - SAT


-.sit • Apidej Sit Hrun • Back in Time (Sit Down, Shut Up) • Battle of Sit River • Battle of the Sit River • Bayram Şit • Can I Sit Next to You Girl • Can't We Just Sit Down (And Talk It Over) • Crow Sit on Blood Tree • Don't Just Sit There • Don't Sit Down • Fiona Sit • Flint Sit-Down Strike • Greensboro sit-ins • High School Confidential (Sit Down, Shut Up) • I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Cry (Over You) • I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter • Kyan Sit Min • List of Sit Down, Shut Up episodes • List of hereditary peers elected to sit in the House of Lords under the House of Lords Act 1999 • Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet • Me (Fiona Sit album) • Nancy Sit • Nashville sit-ins • Nice Cup of Tea and a Sit Down • Penny sit-up • Pilot (Sit Down, Shut Up) • SIT (disambiguation) • Sit 'n Sleep • Sit 'n Spin • Sit Down • Sit Down Comedy with David Steinberg • Sit Down Young Stranger • Sit Down and Listen to Hooverphonic • Sit Down and Shut Up • Sit Down, Shut Up • Sit Down, Shut Up (Australian TV series) • Sit Down, Shut Up (U.S. TV series) • Sit Down, Shut Up (season 1) • Sit Down, Shut Up (season 2) • Sit Down, You're Rockin' the Boat • Sit On My Knee • Sit Stand Kneel Prey • Sit Tight • Sit and Be Fit • Sit and Wait • Sit on It • Sit on My Face • Sit spin • Sit tibi terra levis • Sit-and-wait predator • Sit-down hydrofoil • Sit-in • Sit-up • Sit-up (exercise) • Sit-up Ltd • Smile (Fiona Sit album) • The Bed-Sit Girl • Tree sit • V-sit • Virtual sit-in • Wall sit • What Will Fat Cat Sit On? • Will the Real Jerry Lewis Please Sit Down • You Better Sit Down Kids • You Can't Sit Down

-3-SAT • AB Sat • Aragón Sat • Athina Sat • BKTV SAT • BNT Sat • Bole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal • By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept • By the River Piedra I Sat Down and Wept • By the river piedra, i sat down and wept • DM SAT • Focus Sat • G Sat • GRASP (SAT solver) • Hellas-Sat • I-Sat • I.Sat • IB Sat • KA-SAT • List of British MPs who only sat in the February–November 1910 Parliament • List of British MPs who only sat in the January–October 1924 Parliament • List of British MPs who sat only in the 1922–1923 Parliament • MAX-2-SAT • MKTV Sat • My SAT Coach • N-SAT-110 • Noah Sat Down and Listened to the Mortification Live EP While Having a Coffee • Om Tat Sat • Preliminary SAT • RTBF Sat • SAT (disambiguation) • SAT 3 • SAT 3 cable • SAT Airlines • SAT Bangkok Open • SAT Essay • SAT Game For Dummies • SAT Khorat Open • SAT Reasoning Test • SAT Subject Test in Biology E/M • SAT Subject Test in Chemistry • SAT Subject Test in Mathematics Level 1 • SAT Subject Test in Mathematics Level 2 • SAT Subject Test in Physics • SAT Subject Test in United States History • SAT Subject Test in World History • SAT Subject Tests • SAT Subject test • SAT calculator program • SAT-2 (cable system) • SAT-3 cable • SAT-3/WASC (cable system) • SAT-3/WASC/SAFE • SAT-7 • Sat (Sanskrit) • Sat (letter) • Sat (rapper) • Sat Bains • Sat Mahajan • Sat Nusapersada • Sat Sandarbhas • Sat Sri Akaal • Sat Thai • Sat Yuga • Sat finder • Sat in Your Lap • Sat nav • Sat-Okh • Sat-Yr-9 • Sat.1 • Satz (SAT solver) • Sharp-SAT • Suryoyo Sat • TV-SAT 1 • The Spook Who Sat by the Door • The Spook Who Sat by the Door (film) • The Spook Who Sat by the Door (novel) • Tiung SAT • Tivù Sat

analogical dictionary




place, position - be - be[Hyper.]

lie - belong, belong to - lie, sit - lie, rest - lie - lie[Dérivé]



lie, rest[Domaine]

sit (v.)




do work, work[Hyper.]



sit (v.)





sit (v.)

be seated; sit[ClasseHyper.]

sit (v. intr.)



sit (v. intr.)





sit (v. intr.)

Wikipedia - see also




SIT or .sit may refer to:



  Educational organizations

  Science, technology, and biology




  Other uses



  SAT Reasoning Test

The SAT is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. The SAT is owned, published, and developed by the College Board, a nonprofit organization in the United States. It was formerly developed, published, and scored by the Educational Testing Service[1] which still administers the exam. The test is intended to assess a student's readiness for college. It was first introduced in 1926, and its name and scoring have changed several times. It was first called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, then the Scholastic Assessment Test, but now SAT does not stand for anything, hence is an empty acronym.

The current SAT Reasoning Test, introduced in 2005, takes three hours and forty-five minutes to finish, and costs $50 ($81 International), excluding late fees.[2] Possible scores range from 600 to 2400, combining test results from three 800-point sections (Mathematics, Critical Reading, and Writing).

Taking the SAT or its competitor, the ACT, is required for freshman entry to many, but not all, universities in the United States.[3]



The College Board states that the SAT measures literacy and writing skills that are needed for academic success in college. They state that the SAT assesses how well the test takers analyze and solve problems—skills they learned in school that they will need in college. The SAT is typically taken by high school sophomores, juniors and seniors.[4] Specifically, the College Board states that use of the SAT in combination with high school grade point average (GPA) provides a better indicator of success in college than high school grades alone, as measured by college freshman GPA. Various studies conducted over the lifetime of the SAT show a statistically significant increase in correlation of high school grades and freshman grades when the SAT is factored in.[5]

There are substantial differences in funding, curricula, grading, and difficulty among U.S. secondary schools due to American federalism, local control, and the prevalence of private, distance, and home schooled students. SAT (and ACT) scores are intended to supplement the secondary school record and help admission officers put local data—such as course work, grades, and class rank—in a national perspective.[6]

Historically, the SAT has been more popular among colleges on the coasts and the ACT more popular in the Midwest and South. There are some colleges that require the ACT to be taken for college course placement, and a few schools that formerly did not accept the SAT at all. Nearly all colleges accept the test.[7]

Certain high IQ societies, like Mensa, the Prometheus Society and the Triple Nine Society, use scores from certain years as one of their admission tests. For instance, the Triple Nine Society accepts scores of 1450 on tests taken before April 1995, and scores of at least 1520 on tests taken between April 1995 and February 2005.[8]

The SAT is sometimes given to students younger than 13 by organizations such as the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth, who use the results to select, study and mentor students of exceptional ability.

While the exact manner in which SAT scores will help to determine admission of a student at American institutions of higher learning is generally a matter decided by the individual institution, some foreign countries have made SAT (and ACT) scores a legal criterion in deciding whether holders of American high school diplomas will be admitted at their public universities.


SAT consists of three major sections: Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing. Each section receives a score on the scale of 200–800. All scores are multiples of 10. Total scores are calculated by adding up scores of the three sections. Each major section is divided into three parts. There are 10 sub-sections, including an additional 25-minute experimental or "equating" section that may be in any of the three major sections. The experimental section is used to normalize questions for future administrations of the SAT and does not count toward the final score. The test contains 3 hours and 45 minutes of actual timed sections,[9] although most administrations, including orientation, distribution of materials, completion of biographical sections, and eleven minutes of timed breaks, run about four and a half hours long. The questions range from easy, medium, and hard depending on the scoring from the experimental sections. Easier questions typically appear closer to the beginning of the section while harder questions are towards the end in certain sections. This is not true for every section (the Critical Reading section is in chronological order) but it is the rule of thumb mainly for math and the 19 sentence completions on the test.

  Critical Reading

The Critical Reading (formerly Verbal) section of the SAT is made up of three scored sections: two 25-minute sections and one 20-minute section, with varying types of questions, including sentence completions and questions about short and long reading passages. Critical Reading sections normally begin with 5 to 8 sentence completion questions; the remainder of the questions are focused on the reading passages. Sentence completions generally test the student's vocabulary and understanding of sentence structure and organization by requiring the student to select one or two words that best complete a given sentence. The bulk of the Critical Reading section is made up of questions regarding reading passages, in which students read short excerpts on social sciences, humanities, physical sciences, or personal narratives and answer questions based on the passage. Certain sections contain passages asking the student to compare two related passages; generally, these consist of shorter reading passages. The number of questions about each passage is proportional to the length of the passage. Unlike in the Mathematics section, where questions go in the order of difficulty, questions in the Critical Reading section go in the order of the passage. Overall, question sets towards the beginning of the section are easier, and question sets towards the end of the section are harder.


  An example of a "grid in" mathematics question in which the answer should be written into the box below the question.

The Mathematics section of the SAT is widely known as the Quantitative Section or Calculation Section. The mathematics section consists of three scored sections. There are two 25-minute sections and one 20-minute section, as follows:

  • One of the 25-minute sections is entirely multiple choice, with 20 questions.
  • The other 25-minute section contains 8 multiple choice questions and 10 grid-in questions. For grid-in questions, test-takers write the answer inside a grid on the answer sheet. Unlike multiple choice questions, there is no penalty for incorrect answers on grid-in questions because the test-taker is not limited to a few possible choices.
  • The 20-minute section is all multiple choice, with 16 questions.

The SAT has done away with quantitative comparison questions on the math section, leaving only questions with symbolic or numerical answers.

  • New topics include Algebra II and scatter plots. These recent changes have resulted in a shorter, more quantitative exam requiring higher level mathematics courses relative to the previous exam.

  Calculator use

With the recent changes to the content of the SAT math section, the need to save time while maintaining accuracy of calculations has led some to use calculator programs during the test. These programs allow students to complete problems faster than would normally be possible when making calculations manually.

The use of a graphing calculator is sometimes preferred, especially for geometry problems and questions involving multiple calculations. According to research conducted by the CollegeBoard, performance on the math sections of the exam is associated with the extent of calculator use, with those using calculators on about a third to a half of the items averaging higher scores than those using calculators less frequently.[10] The use of a graphing calculator in mathematics courses, and also becoming familiar with the calculator outside of the classroom, is known to have a positive effect on the performance of students using a graphing calculator during the exam.


Page 1 of an SAT essay
Page 2 of an SAT essay
SAT essay. This student received a 10/12 from two judges, each giving 5/6

The writing section of the SAT, based on but not directly comparable to the old SAT II subject test in writing (which in turn was developed from the old TSWE), includes multiple choice questions and a brief essay. The essay subscore contributes about 28% towards the total writing score, with the multiple choice questions contributing 70%. This section was implemented in March 2005 following complaints from colleges about the lack of uniform examples of a student's writing ability and critical thinking.

The multiple choice questions include error identification questions, sentence improvement questions, and paragraph improvement questions. Error identification and sentence improvement questions test the student's knowledge of grammar, presenting an awkward or grammatically incorrect sentence; in the error identification section, the student must locate the word producing the source of the error or indicate that the sentence has no error, while the sentence improvement section requires the student to select an acceptable fix to the awkward sentence. The paragraph improvement questions test the student's understanding of logical organization of ideas, presenting a poorly written student essay and asking a series of questions as to what changes might be made to best improve it.

The essay section, which is always administered as the first section of the test, is 25 minutes long. All essays must be in response to a given prompt. The prompts are broad and often philosophical and are designed to be accessible to students regardless of their educational and social backgrounds. For instance, test takers may be asked to expand on such ideas as their opinion on the value of work in human life or whether technological change also carries negative consequences to those who benefit from it. No particular essay structure is required, and the College Board accepts examples "taken from [the student's] reading, studies, experience, or observations." Two trained readers assign each essay a score between 1 and 6, where a score of 0 is reserved for essays that are blank, off-topic, non-English, not written with a Number 2 pencil, or considered illegible after several attempts at reading. The scores are summed to produce a final score from 2 to 12 (or 0). If the two readers' scores differ by more than one point, then a senior third reader decides. The average time each reader/grader spends on each essay is less than 3 minutes.[11]

In March 2004, Dr. Les Perelman analyzed 15 scored sample essays contained in the College Board's ScoreWrite book along with 30 other training samples and found that in over 90% of cases, the essay's score could be predicted from simply counting the number of words in the essay.[11] Two years later, Dr. Perelman trained high school seniors to write essays that made little sense but contained infrequently used words such as "plethora" and "myriad." All of the students received scores of "10" or better, which placed the essays in the 92nd percentile or higher.[12]

  Style of questions

Most of the questions on the SAT, except for the essay and the grid-in math responses, are multiple choice; all multiple-choice questions have five answer choices, one of which is correct. The questions of each section of the same type are generally ordered by difficulty. However, an important exception exists: Questions that follow the long and short reading passages are organized chronologically, rather than by difficulty. Ten of the questions in one of the math sub-sections are not multiple choice. They instead require the test taker to bubble in a number in a four-column grid.

The questions are weighted equally. For each correct answer, one raw point is added. For each incorrect answer one-fourth of a point is deducted.[13] No points are deducted for incorrect math grid-in questions. This ensures that a student's mathematically expected gain from guessing is zero. The final score is derived from the raw score; the precise conversion chart varies between test administrations.

The SAT therefore recommends only making educated guesses, that is, when the test taker can eliminate at least one answer he or she thinks is wrong. Without eliminating any answers one's probability of answering correctly is 20%. Eliminating one wrong answer increases this probability to 25% (and the expected gain to 1/16 of a point); two, a 33.3% probability (1/6 of a point); and three, a 50% probability (3/8 of a point).

Section Average Score Time (Minutes) Content
Writing 493 60 Grammar, usage, and diction.
Mathematics 515 70 Number and operations; algebra and functions; geometry; statistics, probability, and data analysis
Critical Reading 501 70 Vocabulary, Critical reading, and sentence-level reading

  Taking the test

The SAT is offered seven times a year in the United States; in October, November, December, January, March (or April, alternating), May, and June. The test is typically offered on the first Saturday of the month for the November, December, May, and June administrations. In other countries, the SAT is offered on the same dates as in the United States except for the first spring test date (i.e., March or April), which is not offered. In 2006, the test was taken 1,465,744 times.[14]

Candidates may take either the SAT Reasoning Test or up to three SAT Subject Tests on any given test date, except the first spring test date, when only the SAT Reasoning Test is offered. Candidates wishing to take the test may register online at the College Board's website, by mail, or by telephone, at least three weeks before the test date.

The SAT Subject Tests are all given in one large book on test day. Therefore, it is actually immaterial which tests, and how many, the student signs up for; with the possible exception of the language tests with listening, the student may change his or her mind and take any tests, regardless of his or her initial sign-ups. Students who choose to take more subject tests than they signed up for will later be billed by College Board for the additional tests and their scores will be withheld until the bill is paid. Students who choose to take fewer subject tests than they signed up for are not eligible for a refund.

The SAT Reasoning Test costs $49 ($78 International, $99 for India and Pakistan). For the Subject tests, students pay a $22 ($49 International, $73 for India and Pakistan) Basic Registration Fee and $11 per test (except for language tests with listening, which cost $21 each).[2] The College Board makes fee waivers available for low income students. Additional fees apply for late registration, standby testing, registration changes, scores by telephone, and extra score reports (beyond the four provided for free).

Candidates whose religious beliefs prevent them from taking the test on a Saturday may request to take the test on the following day, except for the October test date in which the Sunday test date is eight days after the main test offering. Such requests must be made at the time of registration and are subject to denial.

Students with verifiable disabilities, including physical and learning disabilities, are eligible to take the SAT with accommodations. The standard time increase for students requiring additional time due to learning disabilities is time + 50%; time + 100% is also offered.

  Raw scores, scaled scores, and percentiles

Students receive their online score reports approximately three weeks after test administration (six weeks for mailed, paper scores), with each section graded on a scale of 200–800 and two sub scores for the writing section: the essay score and the multiple choice sub score. In addition to their score, students receive their percentile (the percentage of other test takers with lower scores). The raw score, or the number of points gained from correct answers and lost from incorrect answers (ranges from just under 50 to just under 60, depending upon the test), is also included.[15] Students may also receive, for an additional fee, the Question and Answer Service, which provides the student's answer, the correct answer to each question, and online resources explaining each question.

The corresponding percentile of each scaled score varies from test to test—for example, in 2003, a scaled score of 800 in both sections of the SAT Reasoning Test corresponded to a percentile of 99.9, while a scaled score of 800 in the SAT Physics Test corresponded to the 94th percentile. The differences in what scores mean with regard to percentiles are due to the content of the exam and the caliber of students choosing to take each exam. Subject Tests are subject to intensive study (often in the form of an AP, which is relatively more difficult), and only those who know they will perform well tend to take these tests, creating a skewed distribution of scores.

The percentiles that various SAT scores for college-bound seniors correspond to are summarized in the following chart:[16][17]

Percentile Score, 1600 Scale
(official, 2006)
Score, 2400 Scale
(official, 2006)
99.93/99.98* 1600 2400
99+ ** ≥1540 ≥2280
99 ≥1480 ≥2200
98 ≥1450 ≥2140
97 ≥1420 ≥2100
93 ≥1340 ≥1990
88 ≥1280 ≥1900
81 ≥1220 ≥1800
72 ≥1150 ≥1700
61 ≥1090 ≥1600
48 ≥1010 ≥1500
36 ≥950 ≥1400
24 ≥870 ≥1300
15 ≥810 ≥1200
8 ≥730 ≥1090
4 ≥650 ≥990
2 ≥590 ≥890
* The percentile of the perfect score was 99.98 on the 2400 scale and 99.93 on the 1600 scale.
** 99+ means better than 99.5 percent of test takers.

The older SAT (before 1995) had a very high ceiling. In any given year, only seven of the million test-takers scored above 1580. A score above 1580 was equivalent to the 99.9995 percentile.[18]

  SAT-ACT score comparisons

  Map of states according to high school graduates' (2006) preference of exam. States in orange had more students taking the SAT than the ACT.

Although there is no official conversion chart between the SAT and its biggest rival, the ACT, the College Board released an unofficial chart based on results from 103,525 test takers who took both tests between October 1994 and December 1996;[19] however, both tests have changed since then. Several colleges have also issued their own charts. The following is based on the University of California's conversion chart.[20]

SAT (Prior to Writing Test Addition) SAT (With Writing Test Addition) ACT Composite Score
1600 2400 36
1560–1590 2340–2390 35
1520–1550 2280–2330 34
1480–1510 2220–2270 33
1440–1470 2160–2210 32
1400–1430 2100–2150 31
1360–1390 2040–2090 30
1320–1350 1980–2030 29
1280–1310 1920–1970 28
1240–1270 1860–1910 27
1200–1230 1800–1850 26
1160–1190 1740–1790 25
1120–1150 1680–1730 24
1080–1110 1620–1670 23
1040–1070 1560–1610 22
1000–1030 1500–1550 21
960–990 1440–1490 20
920–950 1380–1430 19
880–910 1320–1370 18
840–870 1260–1310 17
800–830 1200–1250 16
760–790 1140–1190 15
720–750 1080–1130 14
680–710 1020–1070 13
640–670 960–1010 12
600–630 900–950 11

  Correlations with IQ

Frey and Detterman (2003) analyzed the correlation of SAT scores with intelligence test scores.[21] They found SAT scores to be highly correlated with general mental ability, or g (r=.82 in their sample, .86 when corrected for non-linearity). The correlation between SAT scores and scores on the Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices was .483 (.72 corrected for restricted range). They concluded that the SAT is primarily a test of g. Beaujean and colleagues (2006) have reached similar conclusions.[22]


Mean SAT Scores by year[23]
Year of
1972 530 509
1973 523 506
1974 521 505
1975 512 498
1976 509 497
1977 507 496
1978 507 494
1979 505 493
1980 502 492
1981 502 492
1982 504 493
1983 503 494
1984 504 497
1985 509 500
1986 509 500
1987 507 501
1988 505 501
1989 504 502
1990 500 501
1991 499 500
1992 500 501
1993 500 503
1994 499 504
1995 504 506
1996 505 508
1997 505 511
1998 505 512
1999 505 511
2000 505 514
2001 506 514
2002 504 516
2003 507 519
2004 508 518
2005 508 520
2006 503 518
2007 502 515
2008 502 515
2009 501 515
2010 501 516
2011 497 514
  Mean SAT Reading and Math test scores over time.

Originally used mainly by colleges and universities in the northeastern United States, and developed by Carl Brigham, one of the psychologists who worked on the Army Alpha and Beta tests, the SAT was originally developed as a way to eliminate test bias between people from different socio-economic backgrounds.

  1901 test

The College Board began on June 17, 1901, when 973 students took its first test, across 67 locations in the United States, and two in Europe. Although those taking the test came from a variety of backgrounds, approximately one third were from New York, New Jersey, or Pennsylvania. The majority of those taking the test were from private schools, academies, or endowed schools. About 60% of those taking the test applied to Columbia University. The test contained sections on English, French, German, Latin, Greek, history, mathematics, chemistry, and physics. The test was not multiple choice, but instead was evaluated based on essay responses as "excellent", "good", "doubtful", "poor" or "very poor".[24]

  1926 test

The first administration of the SAT occurred on June 23, 1926, when it was known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test.[25][26] This test, prepared by a committee headed by Princeton psychologist Carl Campbell Brigham, had sections of definitions, arithmetic, classification, artificial language, antonyms, number series, analogies, logical inference, and paragraph reading. It was administered to over 8,000 students at over 300 test centers. Men composed 60% of the test-takers. Slightly over a quarter of males and females applied to Yale University and Smith College.[26] The test was paced rather quickly, test-takers being given only a little over 90 minutes to answer 315 questions.[25]

  1928 and 1929 tests

In 1928 the number of verbal sections was reduced to 7, and the time limit was increased to slightly under two hours. In 1929 the number of sections was again reduced, this time to 6. These changes in part loosened time constraints on test-takers. Math was eliminated entirely for these tests, instead focusing only on verbal ability.[25]

  1930 test and 1936 changes

In 1930 the SAT was first split into the verbal and math sections, a structure that would continue through 2004. The verbal section of the 1930 test covered a more narrow range of content than its predecessors, examining only antonyms, double definitions (somewhat similar to sentence completions), and paragraph reading. In 1936, analogies were re-added. Between 1936 and 1946, students had between 80 and 115 minutes to answer 250 verbal questions (over a third of which were on antonyms). The mathematics test introduced in 1930 contained 100 free response questions to be answered in 80 minutes, and focused primarily on speed. From 1936 to 1941, like the 1928 and 1929 tests, the mathematics section was eliminated entirely. When the mathematics portion of the test was re-added in 1942, it consisted of multiple choice questions.[25]

  1946 test and associated changes

Paragraph reading was eliminated from the verbal portion of the SAT in 1946, and replaced with reading comprehension, and "double definition" questions were replaced with sentence completions. Between 1946 and 1957 students were given 90 to 100 minutes to complete 107 to 170 verbal questions. Starting in 1958 time limits became more stable, and for 17 years, until 1975, students had 75 minutes to answer 90 questions. In 1959 questions on data sufficiency were introduced to the mathematics section, and then replaced with quantitative comparisons in 1974. In 1974 both verbal and math sections were reduced from 75 minutes to 60 minutes each, with changes in test composition compensating for the decreased time.[25]

  1980 test and associated changes

The inclusion of the "Strivers" Score study was implemented. This study was introduced by The Educational Testing Service, which administers the SAT, and has been conducting research on how to make it easier for minorities and individuals who suffer from social and economic barriers. The original "Strivers" project, which was in the research phase from 1980–1994, awarded special "Striver" status to test-takers who scored 200 points higher than expected for their race, gender and income level. The belief was that this would give minorities a better chance at being accepted in to a college of higher standard, i.e. an Ivy League school. In 1992, the Strivers Project was leaked to the public; as a result the Strivers Project was terminated in 1993. After Federal Courts heard arguments from the ACLU, NAACP and the Educational Testing Service, the courts ordered the study to alter its data collection process, stating that only the age, race and zip code could be used to determine the test-takers eligibility for "Strivers" points. These changes were introduced to the SAT effective in 1994.

  1994 changes

In 1994 the verbal section received a dramatic change in focus. Among these changes were the removal of antonym questions, and an increased focus on passage reading. The mathematics section also saw a dramatic change in 1994, thanks in part to pressure from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. For the first time since 1935, the SAT asked some non-multiple choice questions, instead requiring students to supply the answers. 1994 also saw the introduction of calculators into the mathematics section for the first time in the test's history. The mathematics section introduced concepts of probability, slope, elementary statistics, counting problems, median and mode.[25]

The average score on the 1994 modification of the SAT I was usually around 1000 (500 on the verbal, 500 on the math). The most selective schools in the United States (for example, those in the Ivy League) typically had SAT averages exceeding 1400 on the old test[citation needed].

  1995 re-centering (raising median score back to 500)

The test scoring was initially scaled to make 500 the mean score on each section with a standard deviation of 100.[27] As the test grew more popular and more students from less rigorous schools began taking the test, the average dropped to about 428 Verbal and 478 Math. The SAT was "recentered" in 1995, and the average "new" score became again close to 500. Scores awarded after 1994 and before October 2001 are officially reported with an "R" (e.g. 1260R) to reflect this change. Old scores may be recentered to compare to 1995 to present scores by using official College Board tables,[28] which in the middle ranges add about 70 points to Verbal and 20 or 30 points to Math. In other words, current students have a 100 (70 plus 30) point advantage over their parents.

  1995 re-centering controversy

Certain educational organizations viewed the SAT re-centering initiative as an attempt to stave off international embarrassment in regards to continuously declining test scores, even among top students. As evidence, it was presented that the number of pupils who scored above 600 on the verbal portion of the test had fallen from a peak of 112,530 in 1972 to 73,080 in 1993, a 36% backslide, despite the fact that the total number of test-takers had risen over 500,000.[29]

  2002 changes – Score Choice

In October 2002, the College Board dropped the Score Choice Option for SAT-II exams. Under this option, scores were not released to colleges until the student saw and approved of the score.[30] The College Board has since decided to re-implement Score Choice in the spring of 2009. It is described as optional, and it is not clear if the reports sent will indicate whether or not this student has opted-in or not. A number of highly selective colleges and universities, including Yale, the University of Pennsylvania, and Stanford, have announced they will require applicants to submit all scores. Stanford, however, only prohibits Score Choice for the traditional SAT.[31] Others, such as MIT and Harvard, have fully embraced Score Choice.

  2005 changes

In 2005, the test was changed again, largely in response to criticism by the University of California system.[32] Because of issues concerning ambiguous questions, especially analogies, certain types of questions were eliminated (the analogies from the verbal and quantitative comparisons from the Math section). The test was made marginally harder, as a corrective to the rising number of perfect scores. A new writing section, with an essay, based on the former SAT II Writing Subject Test, was added,[33] in part to increase the chances of closing the opening gap between the highest and midrange scores. Other factors included the desire to test the writing ability of each student; hence the essay. The New SAT (known as the SAT Reasoning Test) was first offered on March 12, 2005, after the last administration of the "old" SAT in January 2005. The Mathematics section was expanded to cover three years of high school mathematics. The Verbal section's name was changed to the Critical Reading section.

  2008 changes

In late 2008, a new variable came into play. Previously, applicants to most colleges were required to submit all scores, with some colleges that embraced Score Choice retaining the option of allowing their applicants not to have to submit all scores. However, in 2008, an initiative to make Score Choice universal had begun, with some opposition from colleges desiring to maintain score report practices. While students theoretically now have the choice to submit their best score (in theory one could send any score one wishes to send) to the college of their choice, some popular colleges and universities, such as Cornell, ask that students send all test scores.[34] This had led the College Board to display on their web site which colleges agree with or dislike Score Choice, with continued claims that students will still never have scores submitted against their will.[35] Regardless of whether a given college permits applicants to exercise Score Choice options, most colleges do not penalize students who report poor scores along with high ones; many universities, such as Columbia[citation needed] and Cornell,[citation needed] expressly promise to overlook those scores that may be undesirable to the student and/or to focus more on those scores that are most representative of the student's achievement and academic potential.

  Name changes and recentered scores

The name originally stood for "Scholastic Aptitude Test".[36] But in 1990, because of uncertainty about the SAT's ability to function as an intelligence test, the name was changed to Scholastic Assessment Test. In 1993 the name was changed to SAT I: Reasoning Test (with the letters not standing for anything) to distinguish it from the SAT II: Subject Tests.[36] In 2004, the roman numerals on both tests were dropped, and the SAT I was renamed the SAT Reasoning Test.[36] The scoring categories are now the following: Critical Reading (comparable to some of the Verbal portions of the old SAT I), Mathematics, and Writing. The writing section now includes an essay, whose score is involved in computing the overall score for the Writing section, as well as grammar sections (also comparable to some Verbal portions of the previous SAT).

The test scoring was initially scaled to make 500 the mean score on each section with a standard deviation of 100.[27] The SAT was "recentered" in 1995, and the average "new" score became again close to 500. Scores awarded after 1994 and before October 2001 are officially reported with an "R" (e.g. 1260R) to reflect this change. Old scores may be recentered to compare to 1995 to present scores by using official College Board tables,[28] which in the middle ranges add about 70 points to Verbal and 20 or 30 points to Math.

  Scoring problems of October 2005 tests

In March 2006, it was announced that a small percentage of the SATs taken in October 2005 had been scored incorrectly due to the test papers being moist and not scanning properly, and that some students had received erroneous scores. The College Board announced they would change the scores for the students who were given a lower score than they earned, but at this point many of those students had already applied to colleges using their original scores. The College Board decided not to change the scores for the students who were given a higher score than they earned. A lawsuit was filed in 2005 by about 4,400 students who received an incorrect low score on the SAT. The class-action suit was settled in August 2007 when The College Board and another company that administers the college-admissions test announced they would pay $2.85 million to over 4,000 students. Under the agreement each student can either elect to receive $275 or submit a claim for more money if he or she feels the damage was even greater.[37] A similar scoring error occurred on a secondary school admission test in 2010-2011 when the ERB (Educational Records Bureau) announced after the admission process was over that an error had been made in the scoring of the tests of 2010 (17%) of the students who had taken the Independent School Entrance Examination for admission to private secondary schools for 2011. Commenting on the effect of the error on students' school applications in the New York Times, David Clune, President of the ERB stated "It is a lesson we all learn at some point — that life isn’t fair."[38]

  The math-verbal achievement gap

In 2002, Richard Rothstein (education scholar and columnist) wrote in The New York Times that the U.S. math averages on the SAT & ACT continued its decade-long rise over national verbal averages on the tests.[39]


  Cultural bias

For decades many critics have accused designers of the verbal SAT of cultural bias toward the white and wealthy. A famous example of this bias in the SAT I was the oarsmanregatta analogy question.[40] The object of the question was to find the pair of terms that have the relationship most similar to the relationship between "runner" and "marathon". The correct answer was "oarsman" and "regatta". The choice of the correct answer presupposed students' familiarity with crew, a sport popular with the wealthy, and so upon their knowledge of its structure and terminology. Fifty-three percent (53%) of white students correctly answered the question, while only 22% of black students also scored correctly.[41] However, according to Murray and Herrnstein, the black-white gap is smaller in culture-loaded questions like this one than in questions that appear to be culturally neutral.[42] Analogy questions have since been replaced by short reading passages.

  Test score disparity by income

Recent research has linked high family incomes to higher mean scores. Test score data from California has shown that test-takers with family incomes of less than $20,000 a year had a mean score of 1310 while test-takers with family incomes of over $200,000 had a mean score of 1715, a difference of 405 points. The estimates of correlation of SAT scores and household income range from 0.23 to 0.4 (explaining about 5-16% of the variation).[43] One calculation has shown a 40-point average score increase for every additional $20,000 in income.[44] There are conflicting opinions on the source of this correlation. Some think it is evidence of superior education and tutoring that is accessible to the more affluent adolescents. Others consider it evidence of the heritability of intelligence and positive correlation between intelligence and income.[citation needed] Still others propose it relates to wealthier families being exposed to a broader range of cultural ideas and experiences, because of travel and other means of wider exposure, and that "Cultural Literacy" can lead to enhancement of aptitude.[45]

  Dropping SAT

A growing number of colleges have responded to this criticism by joining the SAT optional movement. These colleges do not require the SAT for admission.

In a 2001 speech to the American Council on Education, Richard C. Atkinson, the president of the University of California, urged dropping the SAT Reasoning Test as a college admissions requirement:

"Anyone involved in education should be concerned about how overemphasis on the SAT is distorting educational priorities and practices, how the test is perceived by many as unfair, and how it can have a devastating impact on the self-esteem and aspirations of young students. There is widespread agreement that overemphasis on the SAT harms American education."[46]

In response to threats by the University of California to drop the SAT as an admission requirement, the College Entrance Examination Board announced the restructuring of the SAT, to take effect in March 2005, as detailed above.

  MIT study

In 2005, MIT Writing Director Les Perelman plotted essay length versus essay score on the new SAT from released essays and found a high correlation between them. After studying over 50 graded essays, he found that longer essays consistently produced higher scores. In fact, he argues that by simply gauging the length of an essay without reading it, the given score of an essay could likely be determined correctly over 90% of the time. He also discovered that several of these essays were full of factual errors, although the College Board does not claim to grade for factual accuracy.

Perelman, along with the National Council of Teachers of English also criticized the 25-minute writing section of the test for damaging standards of writing teaching in the classroom. They say that writing teachers training their students for the SAT will not focus on revision, depth, accuracy, but will instead produce long, formulaic, and wordy pieces.[47] "You're getting teachers to train students to be bad writers", concluded Perelman.[48]

  Test preparation

SAT preparation is a highly lucrative field.[49] Many companies and organizations offer test preparation in the form of books, classes, online courses, and tutoring.

Although the College Board maintains that the SAT is essentially uncoachable, some research suggests that tutoring courses result in an average increase of about 20 points on the math section and 10 points on the verbal section.[50]

  See also


  1. ^ "About the College Board". College Board. http://about.collegeboard.org/. Retrieved May 29, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "SAT Fees: 2010–11 Fees". College Board. http://sat.collegeboard.com/register/sat-fees. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  3. ^ O'Shaughnessy, Lynn (26 July 2009). "The Other Side of 'Test Optional'". The New York Times: p. 6. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/26/education/edlife/26guidance-t.html. Retrieved 22 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "Official SAT Reasoning Test page". College Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/about/SATI.html. Retrieved June 2007. 
  5. ^ 01-249.RD.ResNoteRN-10 rv.1
  6. ^ Korbin, L. (2006). SAT Program Handbook. A Comprehensive Guide to the SAT Program for School Counselors and Admissions Officers, 1, 33+. Retrieved January 24, 2006, from College Board Preparation Database.
  7. ^ "College Admissions – SAT & SAT Subject Tests". College Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/about.html. Retrieved November 2009. 
  8. ^ http://www.triplenine.org/main/admission.asp
  9. ^ "SAT FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions". College Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/about/sat/FAQ.html. Retrieved May 29, 2007. 
  10. ^ Calculator Use and the SAT
  11. ^ a b Winerip, Michael (May 5, 2005). "SAT Essay Test Rewards Length and Ignores Errors". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/04/education/04education.html. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  12. ^ Jaschik, Scott (March 26, 2007). "Fooling the College Board". Inside Higher Education. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2007/03/26/writing. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  13. ^ "Collegeboard Test Tips". Collegeboard. http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/prep_one/test_tips.html. Retrieved September 9, 2008. 
  14. ^ The scoring categories are the following, Reading, Math, Writing, and Essay.
  15. ^ My SAT: Help
  16. ^ "SAT Percentile Ranks for Males, Females, and Total Group:2006 College-Bound Seniors—Critical Reading + Mathematics" (PDF). College Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/highered/ra/sat/SATPercentileRanksCompositeCR_M.pdf. Retrieved May 29, 2007. 
  17. ^ "SAT Percentile Ranks for Males, Females, and Total Group:2006 College-Bound Seniors—Critical Reading + Mathematics + Writing" (PDF). College Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/prod_downloads/highered/ra/sat/SATPercentileRanksCompositeCR_M_W.pdf. Retrieved May 29, 2007. 
  18. ^ Membership Committee (1999). 1998/99 Membership Committee Report. Prometheus Society. http://www.prometheussociety.org/mcreport/memb_comm_rept.html#Some%20Available%20Psychometric%20Instruments. Retrieved 2006-07-26. 
  19. ^ 404 Error page
  20. ^ University of California Scholarship Requirement. . Retrieved June 26, 2006.
  21. ^ Frey, M. C.; Detterman, D. K. (2003). "Scholastic Assessment or g? The Relationship Between the Scholastic Assessment Test and General Cognitive Ability". Psychological Science 15 (6): 373–378. DOI:10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00687.x. PMID 15147489. http://www.psychologicalscience.org/pdf/ps/frey.pdf. 
  22. ^ Beaujean, A. A.; Firmin, M. W.; Knoop, A. J.; Michonski, J. D.; Berry, T. B.; Lowrie, R. E. (2006). "Validation of the Frey and Detterman (2004) IQ prediction equations using the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales". Personality and Individual Differences 41: 353–357. http://www.iapsych.com/articles/beaujean2006.pdf. 
  23. ^ "2010 SAT Trends". The College Board. 2010. http://professionals.collegeboard.com/data-reports-research/sat/cb-seniors-2010/tables. 
  24. ^ "frontline: secrets of the sat: where did the test come from?: the 1901 college board". Secrets of the SAT. Frontline. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/where/1901.html. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f Lawrence, Ida; Rigol, Gretchen W.; Van Essen, Thomas; Jackson, Carol A. (2002). "Research Report No. 2002-7: A Historical Perspective on the SAT: 1926–2001" (PDF). College Entrance Examination Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/research/pdf/rr20027_11439.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  26. ^ a b "frontline: secrets of the sat: where did the test come from?: the 1926 sat". Secrets of the SAT. Frontline. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/where/1926.html. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  27. ^ a b "Intelligence". Intelligence. MSN Encarta. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761570026_3/intelligence.html. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  28. ^ a b SAT I Individual Score Equivalents
  29. ^ The Center for Education Reform (1996-08-22). "SAT Increase--The Real Story, Part II". http://www.edreform.com/Press_Box/Press_Releases/?SAT_Increase_The_Real_Story_Part_II&year=1996. 
  30. ^ Schoenfeld, Jane. College board drops 'score choice' for SAT-II exams. St. Louis Business Journal, May 24, 2002.
  31. ^ "Freshman Requirements & Process: Testing"". stanford.edu. Stanford University Office of Undergraduate Admissions. http://admission.stanford.edu/application/freshman/testing. Retrieved 13 August 2011. 
  32. ^ College Board To Alter SAT I for 2005–06 – Daily Nexus
  33. ^ "Chapter 12: Improving Paragraphs". The Official SAT Study Guide (Second ed.). The College Board. 2009. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-87447-852-5 
  34. ^ "Cornell Rejects SAT Score Choice Option". The Cornell Daily Sun. http://cornellsun.com/section/news/content/2009/01/20/cornell-rejects-sat-score-choice-option. Retrieved 2008-02-13. 
  35. ^ "Universities Requesting All Scores" (PDF). http://professionals.collegeboard.com/profdownload/sat-score-use-practices-list.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  36. ^ a b c "SAT FAQ". The College Board. http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/about/sat/FAQ.html#quest14. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  37. ^ Hoover, Eric (2007-08-24). "$2.85-Million Settlement Proposed in Lawsuit Over SAT-Scoring Errors". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20070930180901/http://chronicle.com/news/index.php?id=2911. Retrieved 2007-08-27. 
  38. ^ Maslin Nir, Sarah (April 8, 2011). "7,000 Private School Applicants Got Incorrect Scores, Company Says". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/09/nyregion/09tests.html. 
  39. ^ Rothstein, Richard (August 28, 2002). "Better sums than at summerizing; The SAT gap". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/28/nyregion/lessons-sums-vs-summarizing-sat-s-math-verbal-gap.html. 
  40. ^ Don't Believe the Hype, Chideya, 1995; The Bell Curve, Hernstein and Murray, 1994
  41. ^ Culture And Racism[dead link]
  42. ^ Herrnstein, Richard J.; Murray, Charles (1994). The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New York: Free Press. pp. 281–282. ISBN 0-02-914673-9. 
  43. ^ http://hypertextbook.com/eworld/sat.shtmlM
  44. ^ SAT Test Demographics by Income and Ethnicity
  45. ^ Hirsh, E.D. "The Schools We Need: And Why We Don't Have Them", Doubleday, 1996
  46. ^ Achievement Versus Aptitude Tests in College Admissions
  47. ^ Winerip, Michael (May 4, 2005). "SAT Essay Test Rewards Length and Ignores Errors". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/04/education/04education.html. 
  48. ^ Harris, Lynn (May 17, 2005). "Testing, testing". Salon.com. http://dir.salon.com/story/mwt/feature/2005/05/17/sat/index.html. 
  49. ^ 2009 Worldwide Exam Preparation & Tutoring Industry Report – Market Research Reports – Research and Markets
  50. ^ SAT Prep - Are SAT Prep Courses Worth the Cost?

  Further reading

  External links



All translations of SAT

sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution


A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code


With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.

Please, email us to describe your idea.


The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.


Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.


Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).


The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.


Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

3770 online visitors

computed in 0.249s

   Advertising ▼

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
please precise:



Company informations

My account



   Advertising ▼

The Official SAT Study Guide, 2nd edition, The College Board, Good Book (6.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official SAT Study Guide, 2nd edition by The College Board (5.5 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official SAT Study Guide with DVD The College Board Practice Tests NEW (22.15 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official Sat : For the New Sat by College Board Staff (2004, Paperback,... (8.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official SAT by The College Board (2009, Paperback, Revised, Study Guide) (20.98 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official SAT by The College Board (2013, Paperback, Study Guide) (13.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Cracking the SAT with 5 Practice Tests, 2014 by Princeton Review [Paperback] (18.97 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official SAT Study Guide with DVD The College Board (12.93 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official Sat : For the New Sat by College Board Staff (2004, Paperback (12.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Cracking the SAT, 2013 Edition by Princeton Review (2012, Paperback) (11.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Kaplan 12 Practice Tests for the SAT 2014 by Kaplan (Paperback) (17.25 USD)

Commercial use of this term

FREE 2 DAY SHIPPING: Kaplan SAT 2015 Strategies, Practice and Review with 5 (18.36 USD)

Commercial use of this term

The Official Study Guide for ALL SAT Subject Tests, 2nd Edition (10.12 USD)

Commercial use of this term