definition of Wikipedia
Salford Quays & Manchester Ship Canal (looking east)
Salford Quays shown within Greater Manchester
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Salford and Eccles|
|List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester|
Salford Quays is an area of Salford, Greater Manchester, England, near the end of the Manchester Ship Canal. Previously the site of Manchester Docks, it became one of the first and largest urban regeneration projects in the United Kingdom following the closure of the dockyards in 1982.
Built by the Manchester Ship Canal Company, Salford Docks was the larger of two sections which made up Manchester Docks; the other being Pomona Docks to the east. They were opened in 1894 by Queen Victoria and spanned 120 acres (49 ha) of water and 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land. At their height the Manchester Docks were the third busiest port in Britain, but due to containerisation and the limit placed on vessel size by the Manchester Ship Canal, the docks declined swiftly during the 1970s. The docks closed in 1982, resulting in the loss of 3000 jobs.
In 1983 Salford City Council acquired parts of the docks covering 220 acres (90 ha) from the Manchester Ship Canal Company with the aid of a derelict land grant. The area was rebranded as Salford Quays and redevelopment by principal developers Urban Waterside began in 1985 under the Salford Quays Development Plan. Faced with major pollution issues from the water of the ship canal, dams were built between the ship canal and the docks to isolate them, following which the water quality was improved by aerating the water using a compressed air mixing system. Within two years the quality was sufficient to introduce 12,000 coarse fish, which have thrived in this environment. Water quality is monitored fortnightly by scientists from APEM, the Manchester University Aquatic Pollution and Environmental Monitoring Unit, and the excellent habitat has been recognised by both the Angling Foundation and the Institute of Fisheries Management.
Between 1986 and 1990 the infrastructure of the docks was modified to create an internal waterway network. Roads and bridges were built across the site and a promenade along the waterfront constructed and landscaped. Moorings and watersports facilities were provided and a railway swing bridge relocated to cross Dock 9. A hotel, cinema, housing, offices were built on piers 5 and 6 followed by more developments on Pier 7. Public funding and private investment totalled around £280 million by the early 1990s.
Early in the redevelopment plan for Salford Quays, the potential was recognised for the area to host a landmark arts venue. Initially referred to as Salford Quays Centre for the Performing Arts in 1988, it became known as the Lowry Project in 1994 and had secured £64 million in funding by 22 February 1996.
The Lowry stands at the end of Pier 8, largely surrounded by the waters of the Manchester Ship Canal. Designed by James Stirling and Michael Wilford, it opened on 28 April 2000 and houses the 1730 seat Lyric theatre, the 466 seat Quays theatre, a range of studio spaces and 17,330 square feet (1,610 m2) of gallery space. In addition there are cafes, bars and a restaurant on the south-western end of the building. The centre is associated with L. S. Lowry, and houses a unique collection of his work.
The Imperial War Museum North (IWM North), located on Trafford Wharf Road in Trafford Park, overlooks the Manchester Ship Canal on the opposite bank to the Lowry and MediaCityUK. The area was heavily bombed during the Manchester Blitz in 1940. The museum building designed by architect, Daniel Libeskind opened in July 2002. The building is a metaphor for a world shattered by war with sloping walls and ceilings. Three areas, the Air, Earth and Water Shards house exhibition and gallery space, public areas and restaurants.
MediaCityUK is a 200-acre (81 ha) mixed-use property development on Pier 9 of the Quays with a focus on creative industries. It is being developed by the Peel Group. Its principal tenants are media organisations including the BBC. The brownfield site occupied by the development was part of the Port of Manchester.
The Lowry Outlet Mall contains numerous outlet stores of well-known high street businesses, including Cadbury's, Marks & Spencer and Costa Coffee. The mall contains popular coffee shops and convenience food chains, and a multi-screen cinema operated by Vue. Outside the mall, a bar and several restaurants overlook the Lowry plaza.
The head office of GMG Radio is based on Salford Quays, with the company's flagship stations 105.4 Real Radio, 100.4 Smooth Radio and 106.1 Rock Radio based in the Laser House studio complex. Standing at the head of Erie Basin (Dock 9), Anchorage is a complex of buildings, home to BUPA and Barclaycard. To the north side of Erie Basin stand the Victoria and Alexandra buildings.
To the South East the former Colgate-Palmolive factory is under going a £25m renovation project known as Soapworks. This project is set to create around 2,000 jobs and provide retail, accommodation, leisure facilities and 350,000 sq ft of office space at Salford Quays.
Some of the first developments in Salford Quays were residential, initial builds consisting of traditional low-rise flats and town houses in Grain Wharf and Merchants Quay. As the area has prospered, more high-rise buildings have been constructed to increase housing density on the naturally limited pier space. Because of this premium on space, apartments have also been constructed on the opposite side of Trafford Road to the Quays.
In 2003, Salford Quays was the venue for the first International Triathlon Union World Cup event to be held in the UK. It has since become an annual event held at the end of July each year, although the 2008 event was cancelled because of a clash with the Beijing Olympics. In September 2010, the site hosted the Great Salford Swim, a mass participation open water swim event.
Salford Watersports Centre opened in 2001, in Ontario Basin, a closed off area created for it providing a range of watersports and outdoor activities including Royal Yachting Association recognised training in sailing and British Canoe Union recognised training in kayaking and canoeing.
Salford Quays is part of a joint tourism initiative between Salford City Council and Trafford Borough Council, supported by private sector partners including the Lowry, the Imperial War Museum North, Manchester United F.C., Lancashire County Cricket Club, the Lowry Outlet Mall and the Golden Tulip and Copthorne Hotels; working in partnership with Marketing Manchester. Salford Quays forms one part of the area known as the Quays, which also includes Trafford Wharf and Old Trafford, on the Manchester side of the ship canal.
Salford Quays is connected to Manchester city centre by a tram (Metrolink), which was opened in 1999, and a route to Eccles which opened in 2000. The section of the Eccles Line from Pomona to Mediacity:uk serves the Salford Quays area. Trams operate every 12 minutes throughout the day and every 12–15 minutes on Sundays. "Mediacity:uk" Metrolink station opened in summer 2010 to serve the new "Media City" complex.
Salford Quays and the Trafford Wharf area are easily accessible from the M602 motorway and major arterial routes from The Trafford Centre, Manchester city centre, Salford and Old Trafford. Many main routes around the Quays are high-quality dual carriageway routes, built after the demise of Salford Docks.
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