Scripture is that corpus of literature deemed authoritative for establishing doctrine within any of a number of specific religious traditions, especially the Abrahamic religions.Such bodies of writings are also sometimes known as the canon of scripture. They are often associated with the belief that they were either given directly, or otherwise inspired, by God, or associated with other kinds of direct access to absolute truth. As such, the term scripture is more specific than religious text, which scholars apply even to mythological and ritual texts from ancient religions, where records of their authority (or heresy) have not survived.
This can be illustrated by the documentation of the Egyptian cult of Aten, which lasted less than a generation (ca 1350–1335 BC), having been suppressed as heresy. is an early Christian description of their beliefs. However, although this is clearly a religious text and is still highly valued by Christians today, it is not considered scripture because it is not among the sacred writings of either the Old or New Testaments. Scriptures are religious texts, the truth of which is received by believers based on faith or belief, in that faith is belief in the trustworthiness of a written/spoken idea that has not been proven.
- The Qur'an (also spelled, Koran)
Among Jewish sects
- The Tanakh
Among Catholic sects
- The Holy Bible (including the Deuterocanonical books)
Among protestant Christian sects at large
- The Holy Bible (various versions, most excluding Deuterocanonical books considered Apocryphal and non-canonical)
Among Latter-day saints (Mormon) and some derived sects
- The Holy Bible (King James version), both testaments.
- There is a Joseph Smith translation, and though it is also counted as scripture, it is not officially used.
- The Book of Mormon
- The Doctrine and Covenants
- The Pearl of Great Price
- The Family: A Proclamation to the World
- The Living Christ: The Testimony of the Apostles
- Occasionally, some of the hymns (including at least one found in Hymns, 1985—no. 292) are deemed as scripture, teaching doctrines not necessarily taught elsewhere first.
- Latter-day saints believe in continuing scripture that may manifest itself in numerous ways, including directly from the Holy Ghost to ordained servants of God.
- ↑ John Miller and Aaron Kenedi, God's Breath: Sacred Scriptures of the World, (New York: Marlowe & Company, 2000).
- ↑ Paul Dundas expresses the opinion that,"In recent years there has been a welcome attempt on the part of historians of religion to dissociate sacred texts from the concept of 'scripture' in its literal sense, so common in conventional accounts of the great west Asian monotheistic traditions, of 'written word' enshrined in some kind of totally fixed canon."The Jains, (Routledge, 1992), p. 53.
- ↑ William P. Lazarus and Mark Sullivan. Comparative Religion for Dummies. John Wiley and Sons Ltd, United States, 2008
- ↑ What is religion?
- ↑ A history of "The Short-lived Cult of Aten"
- ↑ The Nicene Creed
- ↑ Definition of "scripture"
- ↑ Definition of faith
- ↑ Hymns, 1985, no. 292, verse 3
- ↑ See Doctrine and Covenants 68:2–4