Senate of Southern Ireland
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The Senate of Southern Ireland (1921–1922) was the upper house of the Parliament of Southern Ireland theoretically established by the 1920 Government of Ireland Act. The Senate convened in 1921 but was boycotted by Irish nationalists. Only fifteen members attended its first meeting.
The Government of Ireland Act provided for a Senate of 61:
- The Lord Chancellor of Ireland (who would be chairman).
- Fifteen Peers of the Realm resident in Southern Ireland (elected by a constituency of all Southern Ireland peers).
- Eight privy councillors (elected by all members of the Privy Council of Southern Ireland).
- Two representatives of the Church of Ireland.
- Two representatives of the Catholic Church.
- Fourteen individuals nominated by the Lord Lieutenant.
- Two individuals nominated by the Lord Lieutenant upon consultation with the labour movement.
- Seventeen individuals elected by members of the county councils (divided into a number of geographical constituencies).
In practice, however, only forty senators were selected, as the labour movement, the Catholic Church and the county councils (controlled by Sinn Féin) refused to cooperate.
On 27 May 1922 (some months before the establishment of the Irish Free State) Lord Fitzalan, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in accordance with the Irish Free State (Agreement) Act 1922 formally dissolved the Parliament of Southern Ireland and by proclamation called “a Parliament to be known as and styled the Provisional Parliament”. From that date, the Senate of Southern Ireland ceased to exist.
Members of the Senate of Southern Ireland, 1921
(Members who actually attended the first meeting of the Senate in bold)
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
- Sir John Ross (too ill to attend)
Peers of the Realm
- The Lord Cloncurry
- The Lord de Freyne
- The Earl of Desart
- The Earl of Donoughmore
- The Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl
- The Lord HolmPatrick
- The Lord Inchiquin
- The Earl of Kenmare
- The Earl of Mayo
- The Earl of Midleton
- The Lord Oranmore and Browne
- The Lord Rathdonnell
- The Viscount Powerscourt
- The Marquess of Sligo
- The Earl of Wicklow
- Sir William Goulding, 2nd Baronet
- The Earl of Granard
- W. McMurrough Kavanagh
- Sir Bryan Mahon
- The Earl of Meath
- Sir Thomas Stafford
- L. A. Waldron
- The Earl of Westmeath
Church of Ireland
Appointees of the Lord Lieutenant
- E. H. Andrews
- Sir John Arnott, Bt.
- Sir Andrew Beattie
- J. W. R. Campbell
- F. F. Denning
- Sir Nugent Everard
- C. G. Gamble
- H. P. Glynn
- Sir John Griffith
- Henry Guinness
- Andrew Jameson
- Sir John Moore
- Sir William Taylor
- G. O'Callaghan Westropp
- "The Senate of Southern Ireland, 1921" in Whyte, Nicholas, (2003). Northern Ireland ELECTIONS. Retrieved 8 March 2004 from http://www.ark.ac.uk/elections/h1921.htm.
- Southern Ireland
- Government of Ireland Act
- House of Commons of Southern Ireland
- Irish Republic
- Senate of the Irish Free State
- Senate of the Republic of Ireland
- Peerage of Ireland