Serbia's reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence
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Serbia's reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence – On 12 February 2008, the Government of Serbia instituted an Action Plan to combat Kosovo's anticipated independence, which stipulated, among other things, recalling the Serbian ambassadors for consultations in protest from any state recognising Kosovo, which it has consistently done. Activities of ambassadors from countries that have recognized independence are limited to meetings with Foreign Ministry lower officials.
On 8 March 2008, the Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica resigned, dissolving the coalition government, saying it was too divided over the Kosovo situation to carry on. A pre-term parliamentary election will be held on 11 May 2008, together with local elections. President Boris Tadić stated that the government fell "because there was no agreement regarding further EU integration".
On 24 March 2008, Slobodan Samardžić, Minister for Kosovo and Metohija, proposed partitioning Kosovo along ethnic lines, asking the United Nations to ensure that Belgrade can control key institutions and functions in areas where Serbs form a majority but other members of the Government and the President denied these claims. On 25 March 2008, the outgoing Prime Minister, Vojislav Koštunica stated that membership in the EU should be "left aside," until Brussels stated whether it recognized Serbia within its existing borders.
On 24 July 2008, the Government decided to return its ambassadors to EU countries. Other ambassadors were returned following the positive outcome of the vote in the UN General Assembly. Serbia has expelled diplomatic representations of all countries that subsequently recognized Kosovo's independence: Montenegro, the Republic of Macedonia  and Malaysia.
International Court of Justice case
On 15 August 2008, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić officially filed a request at the United Nations seeking the opinion of the International Court of Justice on whether the declaration of independence was in breach of international law.
The United Nations General Assembly adopted this proposal on October 8, 2008 with 77 votes in favor, 6 votes against and 74 abstentions.
Ethnic Serbs in Kosovo
Since the 1999 bombing of Serbia, a large portion of Kosovo Serbs have been displaced from their homes, not unlike other minorities throughout the province. A significant portion of Serbian Orthodox churches have been demolished or vandalized as well as Serbian cemeteries and homes.
The Serbian Government promised suspended Serb prison workers from Lipljan money if they were to leave the Kosovo institutions, which they were working in, so they did. However they were never paid, so staged a continued a blockade of the Coordination Center in Gračanica. They claim that Belgrade, the Kosovo Ministry specifically, has not paid them money promised for leaving the Kosovo institutions.
Serbs have also responded by forming their own assembly. For more see: Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija.
References and notes
- ^ "PROTEST CONVEYED TO FRANCE, BRITAIN, COSTA RICA, AUSTRALIA, ALBANIA" The economic team for Kosovo and Metohija and the South of Serbia, 20 February 2008. Link accessed 2008-03-25.
- ^ Podnesena krivična prijava protiv Tačija, Sejdijua i Krasnićija
- ^ Meares, Richard (2008-02-18). "Serbia charges Kosovo leaders with treason". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSHAM84253620080218. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
- ^ PM Dissolves Serbia's Government, AFP, March 8, 2008.
- ^ Divisions over Kosovo cripple Serb government, The Daily Telegraph, March 8, 2008.
- ^ Tadić: Lack of agreement on EU toppled government
- ^ Serbia proposes dividing Kosovo along ethnic lines, International Herald Tribune, March 25, 2005.
- ^ Serb Ministers Deny Kosovo Partition Talks
- ^ PM: Serbia not choosing between Russia and West
- ^ "Govt. to return ambassadors". B92. 2008-07-24. http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics-article.php?yyyy=2008&mm=07&dd=24&nav_id=52168. Retrieved 2008-07-25.
- ^ Serbian diplomats return to countries recognizing Kosovo
- ^ Serbia Expels Macedonian, Montenegrin Envoys Over Kosovo
- ^ UN: Jeremić sutra zvanično predaje predlog rezolucije
- ^ "UN seeks World Court Kosovo view". BBC. 2008-10-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7658103.stm. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ^ B92 - News - Society - Kosovo Serb prison workers continue protest