Dictionary and translator for handheld
New : sensagent is now available on your handheld
A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !
With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.
Improve your site content
Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.
Crawl products or adds
Get XML access to reach the best products.
Index images and define metadata
Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.
Please, email us to describe your idea.
Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !
Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.
1918 Shantou earthquake • 3139 Shantou • Battle of Shantou • Battle of Shantou (1927) • Chaoyang District, Shantou • Roman Catholic Diocese of Shantou • Shantou Bay Bridge • Shantou Experimental School • Shantou Special Economic Zone • Shantou University • Shantou Waisha Airport • Shantou class gunboat • Shantou dialect
Shàntóu (Chinese: 汕头), also known as Swatow or Suátao, is a prefecture-level city on the eastern coast of Guangdong province, People's Republic of China, with a total population of 5,391,028 as of 2010 and an administrative area of 2,064 square kilometres (797 sq mi). With it and the immediately surrounding cities of Jieyang and Chaozhou, the metropolitan region – known as Chaoshan – covers an area of 10,404 square kilometres (4,017 sq mi), and had a permanent population of 13,937,897 at the end of 2010.
It is the fourth-largest most populated area in China, after Guangzhou, Shanghai and Beijing.
Shantou, a city significant in 19th-century Chinese history as one of the treaty ports established for Western trade and contact, was one of the original Special Economic Zones of the People's Republic of China established in the 1980s, but failed to blossom like other cities such as Shenzhen, Xiamen and Zhuhai. However, it remains as Eastern Guangdong's economic centre, and is home to Shantou University, a member of the “Project 211” group.
Shantou was a fishing village part of Tuojiang City (鮀江都), Jieyang District (揭陽縣) during the Song Dynasty. It came to be Xialing (廈嶺) during the Yuan Dynasty. In 1563, Shantou was a part of Chenghai District (澄海縣) in Chao Prefecture (Chaozhou). As early as 1574, Shantou had been called Shashan Ping (沙汕坪). In the seventeenth century, a cannon platform called Shashan Toupaotai (沙汕頭炮臺 sha shan tou pao tai) was made here, and the placename later was shortened to "Shantou". Locally it has been referred to as Kialat.
Connecting to Shantou across the Queshi Bridge is Queshi (礐石) which had been known by the local people through the 19th century as Kakchio. It was the main site for the American and British Consulates. Today the area is a scenic park but some of the structures are somewhat preserved from its earlier history.
In the 1930s, as a transport hub and a merchandise distribution centre in Southeast China, Shantou Port's cargo throughput ranked third in the country. A brief account of a visit to the city in English during this period is the English accountant Max Relton's A Man in the East: A Journey through French Indo-China (Michael Joseph Ltd., London, 1939).
|Map||#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 Census)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Jinping District||金平区||Jīnpíng Qū||810,606||109||7,437|
|3||Longhu District||龙湖区||Lónghú Qū||536,102||104||5,155|
|2||Haojiang District||濠江区||Háojiāng Qū||267,597||135||1,982|
|4||Chaoyang District||潮阳区||Cháoyáng Qū||1,626,641||668||2,435|
|5||Chaonan District||潮南区||Cháonán Qū||1,290,922||596||2,166|
|6||Chenghai District||澄海区||Chénghǎi Qū||798,896||345||2,315|
|7||Nan'ao County||南澳县||Nán'ào Xiàn||60,264||108||558|
As of 2003, the district of Haojiang was established out of Hepu and Dahao which had been merged, and the district of Jinping Shengping and Jinyuan; Waisha and Xinxi Town, part of former Chenghai City, was merged into Longhu District; Chenghai City became Chenghai District; Chaoyang City was divided and became Chaoyang and Chaonan District respectively.
Shantou has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with mild, short winters, and long, hot, and humid summers. Monthly means range from 13.8 to 28.3 °C (56.8 to 82.9 °F), for an annual average of 21.5 °C (70.7 °F). Annual rainfall averages 1,640 millimetres (64.6 in), being the heaviest during the monsoon from April to September.
|Climate data for Shantou (1971-2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||17.9
|Average low °C (°F)||10.7
|Rainfall mm (inches)||33.6
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||7.2||10.8||12.7||13.3||15.3||17.1||13.4||13.7||9.9||5.2||4.8||5.2||128.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||143.2||96.0||101.7||112.8||134.7||170.9||239.7||218.6||200.7||207.6||181.2||171.5||1,978.6|
|Source: 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心|
Shantou's economy is medium by Guangdong standards. Manufacturing accounts for a large and increasing share of employment. Canning, garments, lithography, plastic, and toys are some of the principal products. Toy manufacturing is the city's leading export industry, with 400 million U.S. dollars worth of exports each year.
In 2000, the biggest tax fraud in the history of the People's Republic of China was uncovered, estimated worthy of 32.3 billion yuan.
With an area of 2.34 km2, Shantou Free Trade Zone lies at the south part of Shantou city. It was ratified by the State Council of the People's Republic of China and founded in January 1993, it formally came into use on December of the same year after its supervision installations are checked and accepted by the General Customs. It has been comprehensively developing export processing, storage, international trade, finance and information industry. Its goal is to establish a modernized international zone that is open to the overseas by drawing experience from international free trade zone.
Shantou is one of the most densely populated regions in China. Former Chaoyang City was China's most populous county-level administrative region, with 2.4 million inhabitants.
Most residents are linguistically Teochew. There are also Hakka, popularly known as Half-Hakka (半山客), living mainly in Chaoyang District (潮陽區) and Chaonan District (潮南區), although they speak Teochew on a daily basis and practise Teochew culture. Thanks to the Mandarin-medium education system, most people, especially the younger generations, can speak Mandarin fluently. Thanks to Cantonese-language TV and labor migrations to the Pearl River Delta, Cantonese is widely spoken as a second or third language by the younger generations.
Governmental statistics show that 2.16 million overseas Chinese have roots in Shantou, with significant populations of Teochew people residing in Thailand and Cambodia. This is demonstrated by the unusually high number of international direct flights between Bangkok and Shantou. In addition, there are at least two Teochew-speaking air hostesses on board each China Southern flight between Shantou and Bangkok. The Teochew presence, furthermore, is evident in Singapore and Malaysia; Johor Bahru, a coastal city situated at the latter's southernmost tip, is known as 'Little Swatow'. On 02/02/2010, Jetstar Asia launches flights between Shantou and Singapore to better connect the latter's Teochew community.
Shantou people share the same culture with other Teochew. The tea-drinking tradition widely practised in town is a classic instance. According to China Daily, Shantou people "drink more tea than anyone else in China, in total 700 million yuan (US$87.5 million) each year".
The public hospitals in the Shantou metropolitan area are operated by the Government of Shantou. Management of these hospitals and other specialist health facilities are coordinated by Shantou Board of Health.
Shantou is one of the most important international telecommunications ports in China. Four international submarine communications cables land at Shantou submarine cable landing station, including APCN 2, China-US Cable Network, SMW3 and South-East Asia Japan Cable System (SJC).)
The private car has matured as a transport option for Shantou residents. However, more still travel by autobikes. Public transportation is provided by bus, ferry and taxi.
The Jieyang Chaoshan Airport is the airport serving Shantou. Over 2 million people use the airport each year. Taxi is the usual way to travel between the airport and the city proper. The taxi fare is around 60 RMB.
Education is overseen provincewide by the Guangdong Education Bureau.
Public primary and secondary schools provide education free.
A list of known schools:
|Japan||Kishiwada||Osaka Prefecture||June 2, 1990|
|Canada||Saint John||New Brunswick||February 28, 1997|
|Vietnam||Can Tho||Municipality of Vietnam||August 1, 2005|
Friendly exchanges with the following cities:
|South Korea||Pyongtaek||Gyeonggi-do||March 25, 2003|
|Australia||Fairfield||New South Wales||April 26, 2005|
|United States||Orlando||Florida||August 8, 2007|
|United States||Los Angeles||California||December 25, 2001|
Many famous Chinese come from Shantou or their ancestral home is Shantou.
LONDON : Trübner & CO. SHANGHAI : KELLY & WALSH. pp. 74. http://books.google.com/books?id=Q1UuAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 10th of February, 2012. (Harvard University)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Shantou|