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St. Louis Cardinals

                   
St. Louis Cardinals
2012 St. Louis Cardinals season
Established 1882
St. Louis Cardinals Logo.svg
Team logo
St Louis Cardinals Cap Insignia.svg
Cap insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
NLC-Uniform-STL.PNG
Retired numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 10, 14, 17, 20, 24, 42, 42, 45, 85
Colors
  • Cardinal Red, Navy, White

              

Name
  • St. Louis Cardinals (1900–present)
  • St. Louis Perfectos (1899)
  • St. Louis Brown Stockings/Browns (18821898)
Other nicknames
  • The Cards, The Redbirds, The Birds, The Birds on the Bat, The Reddings, The Red Tigers
Ballpark
  • a.k.a. Busch Memorial Stadium (19661982)
  • a.k.a. Busch Stadium (I) (19531966)
Major league titles
World Series titles (11) 2011 • 2006 • 1982 • 1967
1964 • 1946 • 1944 • 1942
1934 • 1931 • 1926
NL Pennants (18) 2011 • 2006 • 2004 • 1987
1985 • 1982 • 1968 • 1967
1964 • 1946 • 1944 • 1943
1942 • 1934 • 1931 • 1930
1928 • 1926
AA Pennants (4) 1888 • 1887 • 1886 • 1885
Central Division titles (8)[dubious ] 2009 • 2006 • 2005 • 2004
2002 • 2001 • 2000 • 1996
East Division titles (3) [1] 1987 • 1985 • 1982
Wild card berths (2) [5] 20112001
Front office
Owner(s) William DeWitt, Jr. and Fred Hanser
Manager Mike Matheny
General Manager John Mozeliak

The St. Louis Cardinals are a professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri. They are members of the Central Division in the National League of Major League Baseball. The Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, the most of any National League team, and second overall only to the New York Yankees, who have won 27. They have played in 18 Fall Classics, tying them with the Dodgers and Giants for most World Series appearances among National League clubs and second overall to the Yankees' 40 appearances. The Cardinals are the reigning World Series champions, having defeated the Texas Rangers in seven games in the 2011 World Series.

The Cardinals were founded in the American Association in 1882 as the St. Louis Brown Stockings, taking the name from an earlier National League team. They joined the National League in 1892, and have been known as the Cardinals since 1900. They were called the "Perfectos"[6] in 1899. The Cardinals began playing in the current Busch Stadium in 2006. The Cardinals have a long-standing rivalry with the Chicago Cubs.

Contents

  History

  1880s–1930s

The Cardinals were founded in 1882 as a member of the American Association called the St. Louis Brown Stockings. The club quickly achieved success, winning four AA pennants in a row in 1885–1888. St. Louis played in an early version of the World Series, the first two times against the National League's Chicago White Stockings, now named the Chicago Cubs. The 1885 series ended in dispute, but St. Louis won the 1886 series outright, beginning a St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that continues to this day.[7] The American Association went bankrupt in 1892, and the Browns moved to the National League, leaving much of their success behind for the next three decades. The club changed its name to the "Perfectos" in 1899, before adopting the "Cardinals" name in 1900.[6]

  Rogers Hornsby won two Triple Crowns with the Cardinals.

From 1902–1954, an American League team, the St. Louis Browns, also played in St. Louis. The Browns moved to Baltimore in 1954 and became the Baltimore Orioles.

The Cardinals' fortunes in the National League began to improve in 1920, when Sam Breadon bought the club and named Branch Rickey his general manager. Rickey immediately moved the Cardinals to Sportsman's Park to become tenants of their American League rivals, the St. Louis Browns, and sold the Cardinals' ballpark. Rickey used the money from the sale to invest in and pioneer the minor league farm system, which produced many great players and led to new success for the Cardinals.[8]

Led by Rogers Hornsby, who won the Triple Crown in both 1922 and 1925, the Cardinals improved dramatically during the 1920s. They won their first National League pennant in 1926 and then defeated the favored New York Yankees in seven games to win the World Series. In 1927, now led by Frankie Frisch, the Cardinals fell just short, before claiming another pennant in 1928.

The Cardinals kept winning in the next decade, claiming back-to-back pennants in 1930 and 1931. The Cardinals matched up with the Philadelphia Athletics in both World Series, losing in 1930 but returning to win the 1931 series. In 1934 the team, nicknamed the "Gashouse Gang" for their shabby appearance and rough tactics, again won the pennant and then the World Series over the Detroit Tigers. Dizzy Dean won 30 games that season, the last National League pitcher to reach that mark. Joe Medwick won the Triple Crown in 1937, the last National League hitter to achieve the feat, but the Cardinals failed to win a pennant in the second half of the decade.[9]

  1940s–1970s

  Stan Musial has become the most recognized name for the St. Louis Cardinals and is also considered to be the most consistent hitter of his era

Outfielder Stan "the Man" Musial joined the Cardinals in 1941. Musial spent 22 years in a Cardinals uniform and won three NL MVP Awards. Led by Musial, 1942 MVP Mort Cooper, and 1944 MVP Marty Marion, the Cardinals dominated the National League during World War II, winning three straight pennants from 1942–1944. The 1942 "St. Louis Swifties" won a franchise record 106 games and defeated the Yankees in the World Series. The team then posted 105 wins in both 1943 and 1944. The Cardinals fell to the Yankees in the 1943 World Series rematch. The 1944 World Series was particularly memorable, as the Cardinals met their crosstown rivals, the St. Louis Browns, in the "Streetcar Series," with the Cardinals prevailing for their fifth title. In 1946 the Cardinals finished the season tied with the Brooklyn Dodgers, but claimed the pennant in a first-ever best-of-3 playoff series (2 games to 0). The Cardinals then won the World Series in 7 games against the Boston Red Sox. In the bottom of the 8th inning in Game 7, with the score tied at 3–3, Enos Slaughter scored on a "Mad Dash" from first on a double to left-center to win the game and the series.[9]

Rickey had left the Cardinals to become general manager of the Dodgers in 1942, and after their 1946 win, the Cardinals slid back to the middle of the National League. In 1953 the Anheuser-Busch brewery bought the Cardinals, and August "Gussie" Busch became team president. He soon purchased Sportsman's Park from St. Louis Browns owner Bill Veeck, renovated the ballpark, and renamed it Busch Stadium. The Browns, who had not been as successful or popular as the Cardinals in three decades, realized they could not compete with the deep pockets of the brewery. After the 1953 season the Browns left St. Louis to become the Baltimore Orioles, and the Cardinals were left as the only major league team in town.[10]

In 1958, outfielder-1st baseman Musial became the 8th player in Major League Baseball history to accumulate 3,000 hits.

The Cardinals achieved another period of success in the 1960s with the help of a trade and a dominating pitcher. In 1964 the Cardinals traded pitcher Ernie Broglio and two other players to the rival Cubs for outfielder Lou Brock and two other players. The trade, since nicknamed "Brock for Broglio," has become emblematic of a trade which in retrospect was ridiculously lopsided. The Cardinals would prove to be on the good side of the trade, as Brock would successfully replace Musial, who had retired at the end of 1963, in left field. Behind Brock, MVP third baseman Ken Boyer, and pitcher Bob Gibson, who won 19 games, the Cardinals won the 1964 World Series over the Yankees, with Gibson named series MVP. In 1966 the Cardinals moved to the new Busch Memorial Stadium, where they hosted the MLB All-Star Game that summer. The next year the team, after winning 101 regular season games behind the MVP performance of Orlando Cepeda, won the 1967 World Series over the Red Sox. Gibson pitched three complete-game wins, allowing only three earned runs, and was named World Series MVP for the second time. In 1968, nicknamed the "Year of the Pitcher" because of the domination of pitching over hitting throughout the majors, the Cardinals' Bob Gibson proved to be the most dominant pitcher of all. Gibson's earned run average of 1.12 is a live-ball era record (he allowed only 38 earned runs in 304 innings pitched), and he won both the NL Cy Young Award and the NL MVP Award. On the strength of Gibson's historic season the Cardinals reached the 1968 World Series and faced the Detroit Tigers. Gibson would pitch another three complete games and set a World Series record with 35 strikeouts, including a single-game World Series record 17 in Game 1, though he ended up losing in the deciding Game 7.

Gibson won a second Cy Young Award in 1970, and Joe Torre and Keith Hernandez won the NL MVP Award in 1971 and 1979 respectively, but the Cardinals failed to win a pennant during the 1970s.[10]

  1980–89

The Cardinals returned to their winning ways in 1981, but were left out of the playoffs in the strike-affected season; despite posting the best overall record in the NL East, they finished in second place in each half of the split season. But just like in 1964, a trade would propel the Cardinals upward. Before the 1982 season began the Cardinals acquired shortstop Ozzie Smith from the San Diego Padres via a trade in exchange for Garry Templeton. With Smith, and playing a form of baseball nicknamed Whiteyball after manager Whitey Herzog, the Cardinals won the 1982 World Series over the Milwaukee Brewers. In 1985 the Cardinals were the National League's most dominant team, winning 101 games behind the MVP performance of center fielder Willie McGee, pitcher John Tudor's 21 wins (including 10 shutouts), and rookie left fielder Vince Coleman's 110 stolen bases. After defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers in the NLCS, Herzog's Cardinals reached the 1985 World Series to face the Kansas City Royals. The series was nicknamed the "I-70 Series" after the highway that connects the two in-state rivals. The Royals won in seven games, but the series is best remembered by Cardinals fans for an infamous blown call by umpire Don Denkinger in Game 6. In the 9th inning of that game the Cardinals, who had a 3 games to 2 advantage over the Royals, were leading 1-0 and three outs away from winning the Series when Denkinger's blown call on a play at first base sparked a Kansas City rally. The Royals won the game by a score of 2-1, and went on to defeat the Cardinals in the seventh and deciding game. The Cardinals would also reach the 1987 World Series, losing to the Minnesota Twins in seven games.[11] The series against the Twins was noteworthy as being the first in which the home team won every game (which happened again 4 years later when the Twins defeated the Atlanta Braves).

  1990–99

  Mark McGwire broke the single-season home run record while playing with St. Louis in 1998.

The Cardinals hit another period of little success in the early 1990s. Joe Torre replaced Herzog as manager, but failed to make the playoffs despite several winning seasons. Before the 1996 season the Cardinals were purchased by new owners led by William DeWitt, Jr. and hired Tony La Russa away from the Oakland Athletics. The team won the NL Central that season and defeated the Padres in the NLDS before falling to the Atlanta Braves in 7 games in the NLCS. In 1998, the Cardinals were the focus of the baseball world as slugging first baseman Mark McGwire broke the single season home run record by hitting 70 home runs. McGwire's epic pursuit of Roger Maris' record along with the Cubs' Sammy Sosa helped to re-popularize baseball after the 1994 strike.[11]

  2000–09

The new millennium brought new success. The new era began when shortly before the 2000 season the Cardinals traded for Jim Edmonds and later when McGwire went down to what turned out to be career ending injuries midseason. Jim Edmonds would help to lead the Cardinals to the playoffs for the first time since 1996. They would lose to the New York Mets 4-1 in the NLCS playoffs but would return to postseason play the following year with the help of 2001 rookie of the year Albert Pujols. Pujols would have arguably the best first 11 years in the history of the game. The Cardinals, led by a core that included Albert Pujols, Jim Edmonds, and later Scott Rolen, reached the playoffs in six of the next seven years. The Cardinals reached the playoffs in 2000, 2001, and 2002, then missed in 2003 before advancing to the NLCS in each of the next three years, punctuated by two trips to the World Series in 2004 and 2006.

  2004

In 2004, the Cardinals won 105 games, the best record in baseball, then defeated the Dodgers in the NLDS and the Houston Astros in a seven-game NLCS to reach the 2004 World Series against the Boston Red Sox, who swept the Cardinals. The Cardinals lost only 4 times in a shutout in the regular season, but were shut out 3 times in the postseason, including 1 shutout loss in every series in the playoffs (4–0 to the Dodgers in Game 3 of the NLDS, 3–0 to the Astros in Game 5 of the NLCS, and 3–0 to the Red Sox in Game 4 of the World Series).

  2005

The Cardinals won 100 games and another Central Division title in 2005, but lost in an NLCS rematch to the Astros. This was also the final season for Busch Memorial Stadium. Albert Pujols won his first MVP award. He would later become the franchise's first 3 time MVP award winner since Stan Musial. Meanwhile, Chris Carpenter became the franchise's first Cy Young award winner since Bob Gibson.

  2006

In 2006, the Cardinals moved to the new Busch Stadium. Despite winning only 83 games during the season (The second lowest win total and winning percentage of a World Series team behind the '73 Mets), the Cardinals defeated the San Diego Padres in the NLDS and the New York Mets in a seven game NLCS. In the 2006 World Series, the Cardinals faced the heavily-favored Detroit Tigers, but won in five games for the franchise's tenth World Series title.[12] This also marked the first time since the 1923 New York Yankees that a Major League team opened up a new ballpark with a World Series Championship.

  2009

On August 22, 2009, they defeated the San Diego Padres for the 10,000th win in franchise history, becoming only the fourth team to accomplish the feat, after the San Francisco Giants, Chicago Cubs, and Los Angeles Dodgers.

The Cardinals became the first Major League Baseball club to clinch a division title in 2009, beating the Colorado Rockies on September 26. The Cardinals were considered strong contenders for the league pennant because of their strong starting pitching and offense, but were swept in three games by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the best-of-five NLDS, despite having beaten the Dodgers five of seven times in the regular season.

The 2009 season also saw three Cardinal players lead the National League in three categories. Pujols's 47 home runs was tops in the majors, pitcher Adam Wainwright's 19 wins was the most in the National League (and tied for most in the majors with three American League pitchers), and Chris Carpenter's ERA of 2.24 was the best in the National League. Pujols won the MVP award, while Carpenter and Wainwright finished 2nd and 3rd in Cy Young Award voting. Carpenter was also named the National League's Comeback Player of the Year.

  Tragedy

The success of the 2000s were clouded by no small measure of tragedy. On June 18, 2002, long-time Cardinals radio broadcaster Jack Buck died. Four days later, Cardinals starting pitcher Darryl Kile died in his sleep, apparently of heart failure, before a game in Chicago against the Cubs. On April 29, 2007, also during a series with the Cubs, Cardinals relief pitcher Josh Hancock, 29, was killed in a car accident while driving drunk when his vehicle collided with a stopped tow truck that was aiding a disabled motorist on Interstate 64, not far from Busch Stadium.[13]

  2010–present

  Albert Pujols bats in April 2010

  2011

The 2011 season will go down as one of baseball's most compelling cinderella stories. On August 24, after the Cardinals played their 130th game of the season (only 32 remained), they were 10 12 games behind the Wild Card leading Atlanta Braves. They went 23-9 to finish 90-72, a game better than Atlanta's 89-73, to win the Wild Card on the final regular season game marking the largest comeback in history after 130 games.[14][15][16] It was an impressive comeback considering the fact that the Braves play in a different division; with fewer head-to-head games, it was harder to catch up to (and eventually overtake) the Braves in the Wild Card race.[17]

  2011 postseason

The Cardinals played the Philadelphia Phillies in the NLDS. The Phillies were heavily favored to win. However, the Cardinals defeated them 3-2. Game 5 was notable for the pitching duel between Phillies ace Roy Halladay and Cardinals ace Chris Carpenter, both friends and former teammates. Halladay left after giving up just one earned run over eight innings. He was bested by Carpenter, who threw a complete game, 3-hit shutout, winning 1-0. It was the first National League playoff series to end in a 1-0 score.[18]

In the NLCS, the Cardinals defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 4-2, to win their 18th National League pennant. This ranks them among the Dodgers and Giants for most in the National League (the Cardinals, Dodgers, and Giants together account for approximately half of all NL pennants won). They are second overall to the 40 by the Yankees.[19]

The Cardinals defeated the Texas Rangers in seven games to win their 11th World Series championship. Game 3 of the series had an iconic moment in history when Albert Pujols hit 3 home runs in the Cardinals' 16-7 rout of the Rangers, tying several World Series records in the process for hits, home runs, RBI's, and runs scored in one game, as well as becoming the third player to ever hit 3 home runs in one World Series game. Despite this achievement, it is Game 6 that is considered one of the greatest post-season accomplishments and games of any MLB team, with the Cardinals winning in 11 innings. After twice being one strike away from elimination, the Cardinals came back. World Series MVP David Freese delivered the first clutch hit, a triple driving in two runs in the ninth, while Lance Berkman had an RBI single in the tenth. To lead off the 11th, Freese was the hero again as he hit a walk-off blast to center field, and when he hit home plate he was mobbed by his teammates and his jersey was ripped off from his person. The Cardinals went on to win game seven 6-2.


On December 16, 2011, the Cardinals won the Organization of the Year award from Baseball America for the first time. Baseball America has given this award since 1982.[20]

In January 2012, on the First Lady's 48th birthday, President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama attended a White House event to celebrate the Cardinals as 2011 World Series champions.[21]

  Ballpark

  Busch Stadium has been the Cardinals home since 2006

The Cardinals play their home games at Busch Stadium in downtown St. Louis. Busch Stadium, also called Busch III, opened for the 2006 season at a cost of $346 million[22] and can hold 46,861 people.[23] but Game 7 of the 2011 World Series had a record 47,399 due to increased standing room only tickets. The Cardinals finished their inaugural season in the new Busch Stadium by winning the 2006 World Series, becoming the first team since the 1923 New York Yankees to win the World Series in their first season in a new ballpark. The ballpark has numerous statues of former Cardinal players who are hall of fame inductees outside, including the iconic statue of Stan Musial in front of the third base entrance.

Busch Stadium is the Cardinals' fourth home ballpark and the third to be named Busch Stadium. The Cardinals' original home ballpark was Sportsman's Park from 1882–1892 when they were playing in the American Association and known as the Browns. To begin the 1893 season, the Cardinals moved to a new ballpark five-blocks to the northwest of Sportsman's Park originally called New Sportsman's Park but more commonly remembered as Robison Field which served as their home from 1893–1920.[6] Midway through the 1920 season the Cardinals abandoned Robison Field and returned to the original Sportsman's Park and became tenants of their American League rivals, the St. Louis Browns. In 1953, the Cardinals were purchased by the Anheuser-Busch Brewery and the new owner subsequently purchased Sportsman's Park from the Browns and renamed it Busch Stadium, becoming Busch I. The Browns then left St. Louis for Baltimore after the season. The Cardinals moved to Busch Memorial Stadium, or Busch II, in downtown St. Louis during the 1966 season and played there until 2005.[10] It was built as the multi-purpose home of both the baseball Cardinals and the St. Louis football Cardinals, now the Arizona Cardinals. The current Busch Stadium was constructed immediately south of and partly on top of the site of Busch Memorial Stadium. The current Bush stadium is often referred to as "baseball heaven".[citation needed]

The Cardinals hold spring training at Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter, Florida. They share the complex, which opened in 1998, with the Miami Marlins. Before moving to Jupiter, the Cardinals hosted spring training at Al Lang Field in St. Petersburg, Florida from 1937–1997.

  Home attendance

Home Attendance at Busch Stadium [24]
Year Total Attendance Game Average League Rank
1996 2,654,758 32,774 4th
1997 2,634,014 32,519 4th
1998 3,195,691 38,972 4th
1999 3,225,334 40,317 3rd
2000 3,396,493 41,191 1st
2001 3,109,578 37,922 3rd
2002 3,011,756 37,182 4th
2003 2,910,386 35,931 4th
2004 3,048,427 37,635 6th
2005 3,538,988 43,691 2nd
2006 3,407,104 42,589 2nd
2007 3,552,180 43,854 3rd
2008 3,432,917 42,382 3rd
2009 3,343,252 41,275 3rd
2010 3,301,218 40,756 3rd
2011 3,093,954 38,197 3rd

  Logos and uniforms

  The original "birds on the bat" logo.

The Cardinals have had few logos throughout their history, although those logos have evolved over time. The first logo associated with the Cardinals was an interlocking "SL" that appeared on the team's caps and or sleeves as early as 1900. Those early uniforms usually featured the name "St. Louis" on white home and gray road uniforms which both had cardinal red accents. In 1920 the "SL" largely disappeared from the team's uniforms, and for the next 20 years the team wore caps that were white with red striping and a red bill. In 1922, the Cardinals wore uniforms for the first time that featured two cardinal birds perched on a baseball bat over the name "Cardinals" with the letter "C" of the word hooked over the bat. This logo, colloquially referred to as the "birds on the bat," originally had the birds perched on a black bat and "Cardinals" in printed letters. An alternate version of this logo with "St. Louis" replacing "Cardinals" appeared in 1930 and was the primary logo in 1931 and 1932 before "Cardinals" returned. In 1940 the now-familiar "StL" logo was introduced on the team's caps. The interlocking "StL" has undergone several slight modifications over the years but has appeared on the team's caps every year since. The first appearance of the "StL" in 1940 coincided with the introduction of navy blue as a uniform color. From 1940 until 1955 the team wore navy blue caps with red bills and a red interlocking "StL" while the jerseys featured both cardinal red and navy blue accents. In 1951 the "birds on the bat" logo was changed to feature a yellow baseball bat.[25]

  The current "birds on the bat" logo introduced in 1998.

In 1956 the Cardinals changed their caps to entirely navy with a red "StL," removing the red bill. Also, for that one season, the Cardinals wore a script "Cardinals" wordmark on the their uniforms without the "birds on the bat." However, an updated version of the "birds on the bat" logo would return in 1957 with the word "Cardinals" now written in cursive beneath the bat. In 1962, the Cardinals were the first National League team to display players' names on the back of their jerseys. In 1964 the Cardinals, while retaining their blue caps for road games, changed their home caps to all red with a white interlocking "StL." In 1965 they changed their road caps to red as well. In 1967, the birds on the bat emblem on the jersey was again tweaked, making the birds more realistic and changing the position of their tails relative to the bat. This version would remain on all Cardinals game jerseys through 1997. In 1971, following the trend in baseball at the time, the Cardinals replaced their more traditional flannel front-button shirts and pants with belts with new pullover knit jerseys and elastic waist pants. Yet another trend in baseball led the Cardinals to change their road uniforms from gray to light blue from 1976–1984. In 1992 the Cardinals returned to wearing more traditional button-down shirts and pants with belts. That same year they also began wearing an all-navy cap with a red "StL" on the road only while wearing the same red and white cap at home games. In 1998 the "birds on the bat" was updated for the first time in 30 years with more detailed birds and bolder letters. In 1998 the Cardinals also introduced a cap featuring a single cardinal bird perched on a bat, which they wear only on Sunday home games. The new birds on the bat design was tweaked the very next year, with yellow beaks and white eyes replacing the red beaks and yellow eyes of the 1998 version. Uniform numbers also returned to the back of the jerseys in 1892 after a forty year absence. Over the years the Cardinals have also used other marketing logos that never appeared on uniforms that showed anthropomorphized cardinals in a pitching stance, swinging a baseball bat, flying birds, or wearing a baseball cap.[25]

  Team mascot

The team mascot is an anthropomorphic cardinal wearing the team's uniform named Fredbird. He is assisted by Team Fredbird, a group of eleven women who entertain fans from the field and on top of the dugouts.

While unofficial, the Rally Squirrel gained popularity during the 2011 postseason. First making its appearance in Game 3 of the NLDS on Oct. 4, the Rally Squirrel caused quite a stir in St. Louis. As the Cardinals were at-bat against the Phillies in Game 4 (Oct. 5) of the NLDS, a squirrel ran across home plate in the middle of a pitch from Roy Oswalt to Skip Schumaker. The Cardinals would win Game 4 and subsequently Game 5 (Oct. 7) in Philadelphia to advance to the NLCS. The official name has become "Buschie the Rally Squirrel"[26]

  Rivalries

  Chicago Cubs

The Cardinals–Cubs rivalry refers to games between the Cardinals and the Chicago Cubs. The rivalry is also known as the I-55 series (or in earlier years the Route 66 series), deriving its name from the roadway connecting the two cities, Interstate 55 (which itself succeeded the famous U.S. Route 66). The Cubs lead the series 1,096–1,054 through 2011,[27] while the Cardinals lead in National League pennants with 18 against the Cubs' 16. The Cubs have won 10 of those pennants in Major League Baseball's Modern Era (1901-present), while all 18 of the Cardinals' pennants have been won since 1901. The Cardinals also have a clear edge when it comes to World Series successes, having won 11 championships to the Cubs' 2. The Cardinals have enjoyed an overwhelming advantage over their Chicago rivals in the regular season standings since the Cubs last participated in a World Series (1945): in the 66 seasons from 1946 through 2011 the Cardinals have finished ahead of the Cubs 49 times. In that same span the Cardinals have had 45 seasons in which their winning percentage was over .500, while the Cubs have finished over that mark 19 times (they finished at an even .500 twice). In terms of each cities championships Chicago has the clear edge with Chicago having 27 and St. Louis having only 13 .[28][29] Cardinals-Cubs games see numerous visiting fans in either St. Louis' Busch Stadium or Chicago's Wrigley Field.[30] When the National League split into two, and then three divisions, the Cardinals and Cubs remained together. This has added excitement to several pennant races over the years, most recently in 1989, 2003 and 2004; the first two times the division title was won by the Cubs, the third by the Cardinals, who went on to win the National League pennant as the Cubs faltered in the second half of the 2004 season.

  Kansas City Royals

Although both teams play in the state of Missouri, they did not play each other for the first time until the 1985 World Series, which the Royals won in seven games, but which is perhaps best remembered for a controversial call from umpire Don Denkinger in Game 6. Due to their geographical proximity, the teams have faced each other every regular season in interleague play since it started in 1997. This is sometimes referred to as the I-70 Series.[citation needed]

  Milwaukee Brewers

The Cardinals' rivalry with the Milwaukee Brewers goes back to the 1982 World Series, where the two teams were opponents (the Brewers played in the American League at this time). The Cards dispatched the Brew Crew in seven games, still to this day the only Series appearance for the Brewers franchise. In 1998 MLB's divisions realigned, resulting in the Brewers moving over into the National League's Central Division, joining the Cardinals as division rivals. The two teams met again in the postseason once more in the 2011 National League Championship Series. Despite the Brewers home-field advantage, the Cardinals defeated them in six games, advancing to the 2011 World Series. Two out of the Brewers' three postseason appearances in franchise history have ended with a loss to the Cardinals.

  Players

  Individual achievements and awards

  • MVP Awards: 16 different Cardinal players have won a total of 20 Most Valuable Player awards, the most recent being Albert Pujols in 2009. Bob Gibson won both the Cy Young Award and the MVP award in 1968.[32] The Cardinals are second only to the New York Yankees' 22 M.V.P. awards. [33]
  • Triple Crown: Four of the sixteen Triple Crown of hitting in the major leagues (including three of only six in the National League) were by Cardinals. Tip O'Neill won the American Association Triple Crown in 1887. Rogers Hornsby became the only two-time Triple Crown winner in NL history when he did it in 1922 and 1925 (Ted Williams won two AL Triple Crowns). Joe Medwick's Triple Crown in 1937 is the last in the history of the National League.[35] Hornsby's 1925 numbers led the entire major leagues, making him one of only five players to have won this expanded Triple Crown.
  • 2 Grand Slams in a single inning: Fernando Tatis is the only player in Major League history to hit two Grand Slam Home Runs in the same inning, on April 23, 1999 both against Chan Ho Park of the Dodgers.[40]

  Hall of Famers

St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
St. Louis Browns

Charles Comiskey*

Roger Connor*

Pud Galvin*

St. Louis Cardinals

Grover Cleveland Alexander*
Walter Alston
Jake Beckley*
Jim Bottomley*
Roger Bresnahan*
Lou Brock
Mordecai Brown*
Jesse Burkett**

Steve Carlton
Orlando Cepeda
Dizzy Dean
Leo Durocher
Dennis Eckersley
Frankie Frisch*
Bob Gibson
Burleigh Grimes

Chick Hafey*
Jesse Haines*
Whitey Herzog
Rogers Hornsby*
Miller Huggins
Rabbit Maranville
Bill McKechnie

John McGraw
Joe Medwick*
Johnny Mize*
Stan Musial
Kid Nichols*
Wilbert Robinson*
Red Schoendienst
Enos Slaughter

Ozzie Smith
Billy Southworth
Bruce Sutter
Dazzy Vance
Bobby Wallace**
Hoyt Wilhelm
Vic Willis**
Cy Young

Players listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Browns or Cardinals cap insignia.
* Has no insignia on his cap due to playing at a time when caps bore no insignia.
** Wears no cap.

  Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Names in bold received the award based on their work as Cardinals broadcasters.

* Played and broadcast for the Cardinals

  Retired numbers

CardsRetiredSTL.PNG
Rogers
Hornsby
2B, Mgr
Honored 1937
CardsRetired1.PNG
Ozzie
Smith

SS
Retired 1996
CardsRetired2.PNG
Red
Schoendienst

2B, Mgr, Coach
Retired 1996
CardsRetired6.PNG
Stan
Musial

OF, 1B, GM
Retired 1963
CardsRetired9.PNG
Enos
Slaughter

RF
Retired 1996
CardsRetired10.PNG
Tony
La Russa

Mgr
Retired 2012
CardsRetired14.PNG
Ken
Boyer

3B, Mgr, Coach
Retired 1984
CardsRetired17.PNG
Dizzy
Dean

SP
Retired 1974



CardsRetired20.PNG
Lou
Brock

LF, Coach
Retired 1979



CardsRetired24.png
Whitey
Herzog

Mgr, GM
Retired 2010



CardsRetired42.PNG
Bruce
Sutter

RP
Retired 2006
Jackie
Robinson

Retired by MLB 1997
CardsRetired45.PNG
Bob
Gibson

SP, Coach
Retired 1975



CardsRetired85.PNG
Gussie
Busch

Owner
Retired 1984



CardsRetiredMic.png
Jack
Buck

Broadcaster
Honored 2002



When Rogers Hornsby was honored in 1937, "SL" was used in place of a number as he played mostly in an era without numbers.[41]

Jackie Robinson's number 42 was retired throughout baseball in 1997. The Cardinals 'retired' the number 42 in Sept. 2006 as Bruce Sutter had been elected to the Hall of Fame earlier in the year.

Cardinal stockholders honored Busch with the number 85 on his 85th birthday, in 1984. Also, while not officially retired, the number 25 of Mark McGwire (1B, 1997–2001) was not reissued following his retirement and McGwire has resumed wearing it as the Cardinals hitting coach; the number 51 of Willie McGee (OF 1982–1990, 1996–1999) has not been reissued since late in the 2001 season; and the number 57 of Darryl Kile (P, 2000–02) has not been reissued since his death in the middle of the 2002 season. (Kile is honored with a small circular logo bearing his initials and number on the wall of the Cardinal bullpen, as is deceased pitcher Josh Hancock. Hancock's number 32 also has not been reissued since his death in early 2007).

The team also honored longtime radio commentator Jack Buck by placing a drawing of a microphone on the wall with the retired numbers.[41]
The club announced on May 1, 2012, that Tony La Russa's number 10 will be retired prior to the game against the Atlanta Braves on May 11.[42] [43] The Cardinals have retired the second-most numbers in baseball with 12, behind only the New York Yankees' 16.

  Current roster

St. Louis Cardinals roster
Active roster Inactive roster Coaches/Other

Pitchers

Starting rotation

Bullpen

Closer

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders


Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders


Manager

Coaches

60-day disabled list

  • None


25 Active, 15 Inactive

Injury icon 2.svg 7- or 15-day disabled list
Suspended list
# Personal leave
Roster updated May 23, 2012
TransactionsDepth chart
All MLB rosters


  Minor league affiliations

Level Team League Location
AAA Memphis Redbirds Pacific Coast League Memphis, TN
AA Springfield Cardinals Texas League Springfield, MO
Advanced A Palm Beach Cardinals Florida State League Jupiter, FL
A Quad City River Bandits Midwest League Davenport, IA
Short Season A Batavia Muckdogs New York-Penn League Batavia, NY
Rookie Johnson City Cardinals Appalachian League Johnson City, TN
GCL Cardinals Gulf Coast League Jupiter, FL
DSL Cardinals Dominican Summer League Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

  Radio and television coverage

  Radio

In St. Louis, Cardinals games on radio can be heard over CBS-owned KMOX (1120 AM). Mike Shannon and John Rooney alternate as play-by-play announcers, with Mike Claiborne serving as pre-game and post-game host. KMOX's 50,000-watt clear-channel signal covers much of the continental United States at night. KMOX also feeds the games to a network of 115 stations, covering all or portions of Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. At one time, owing to the Cardinals' status as a "regional" franchise, the Cardinals' radio network reached almost half of the country.

The 2011 season marked the Cardinals' return to KMOX following five seasons on KTRS (550 AM), a station which is also 50-percent owned by the team. The Cardinals and KMOX had previously enjoyed a partnership that spanned over portions of seven decades, and continuously since 1954. But the relationship ended after the 2005 season when CBS Radio and the Cardinals failed to reach terms on a new rights agreement, resulting in the team leaving KMOX in favor of 5,000-watt KTRS.

  Television

Fox Sports Midwest (branded as FSCARDINALS during games) is the team's exclusive television broadcaster, airing all games with the exception of selected Saturday afternoon games on Fox (via its St. Louis affiliate, KTVI) or Sunday Night Baseball on ESPN. In addition to Fox Sports Midwest, Cardinals games are also seen on Fox Sports Indiana, Fox Sports South, Fox Sports Tennessee, Fox Sports Oklahoma, and SportSouth for fans living within the Cardinals broadcast territory who do not receive the Fox Sports Midwest channel. Dan McLaughlin, Rick Horton, and Al Hrabosky serve as the commentators on television. Jimmy "the Cat" Hayes serves as dugout reporter during the games, and appears with Pat Parris and Cal Eldred on the Cardinals Live pre- and post-game show. All telecasts on FS Midwest are shown in high-definition.

A weekly magazine program, Cardinal Nation, airs on St. Louis' NBC affiliate KSDK. Cardinals games had been seen on KSDK (and its predecessor, KSD-TV) from 1947 through 1958, 1963 through 1987, and 2007 until 2010. KPLR-TV was the Cardinals' other over-the-air broadcaster, carrying games from 1959 through 1962 and from 1988 until 2006.

Former Cardinal broadcasters include Jack Buck, Harry Caray, Dizzy Dean, Joe Garagiola, Sr., and Jay Randolph. Joe Buck, the son of Jack Buck, was an official member of the Cardinals' broadcast team from 1991 until 2007. The younger Buck is currently the lead play-by-play caller for Fox Sports' national Major League Baseball and National Football League broadcasts.

  Opening Day lineups

Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2012[44] Rafael Furcal SS Carlos Beltran RF Matt Holliday LF Lance Berkman 1B David Freese 3B Yadier Molina C Jon Jay CF Daniel Descalso 2B Kyle Lohse P
2011[45] Ryan Theriot SS Colby Rasmus CF Albert Pujols 1B Matt Holliday LF Lance Berkman RF David Freese 3B Yadier Molina C Skip Schumaker 2B Chris Carpenter P
2010[46] Skip Schumaker 2B Brendan Ryan SS Albert Pujols 1B Matt Holliday LF Colby Rasmus CF Ryan Ludwick RF Yadier Molina C David Freese 3B Chris Carpenter P
2009[47] Brendan Ryan 2B Rick Ankiel CF Albert Pujols 1B Khalil Greene SS Ryan Ludwick RF Yadier Molina C Chris Duncan LF Brian Barden 3B Adam Wainwright P
2008[48] Skip Schumaker RF Chris Duncan LF Albert Pujols 1B Rick Ankiel CF Troy Glaus 3B Yadier Molina C Adam Kennedy 2B Kyle Lohse P Cesar Izturis SS
2007[49] David Eckstein SS Preston Wilson RF Albert Pujols 1B Scott Rolen 3B Yadier Molina C Jim Edmonds CF So Taguchi LF Adam Kennedy 2B Chris Carpenter P
2006[50] David Eckstein SS Juan Encarnacion RF Albert Pujols 1B Jim Edmonds CF Scott Rolen 3B So Taguchi LF Yadier Molina C Aaron Miles 2B Chris Carpenter P
2005[51] David Eckstein SS Larry Walker RF Albert Pujols 1B Scott Rolen 3B Jim Edmonds CF Mark Grudzielanek 2B Reggie Sanders LF Yadier Molina C Chris Carpenter P
2004[52] Tony Womack 2B Ray Lankford LF Albert Pujols 1B Jim Edmonds CF Scott Rolen 3B Edgar Renteria SS Reggie Sanders RF Mike Matheny C Matt Morris P

  Finance

  Opening Day salaries

Opening Day payrolls for 25-man roster (since 2000):[53]

Opening Day Salary
Year Salary
2000 $ 63,900,000
2001 $ 78,538,333
2002 $ 74,660,875
2003 $ 83,786,666
2004 $ 83,228,333
2005 $ 92,106,833
2006 $ 88,891,371
2007 $ 90,286,823
2008 $ 99,624,449
2009 $ 88,528,409
2010 $ 94,220,500
2011 $ 109,048,000

  Annual financial records

The annual financial records of the St. Louis Cardinals according to Forbes since 2009.

Annual Snapshot of St. Louis Cardinals finance
Year $ Franchise Value (mil.) 1 $ Revenue (mil.) 2 $ Operating Income (mil.) 3 $ Player Expenses (mil.) 4 Wins-to-player cost ratio 5
2009 $ 486 $ 195 $   7 $ 120   87
2010 [54] $ 488 $ 195 $ 12.8 $ 111 100
2011 [55] $ 518 $ 207 $ 19.8 $ 110   94
2012 [56] TV Money Is A Game Changer For Baseball and The Dodgers (Apr. 9 issue of Forbes) $ 591 $ 233 $ 25.0 $ 123 116

1 Based on current stadium deal (unless new stadium is pending) without deduction for debt, other than stadium debt.
    (2012: Market $240 mil., Stadium $157 mil., Sport $119 mil., Brand Management $78 mil.)
    (2011: Market $206 mil., Stadium $136 mil., Sport $111 mil., Brand Management $65 mil.)

2 Net of stadium revenues used for debt payments.
3 Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.
4 Includes benefits and bonuses.
5 Compares the number of wins per player payroll relative to the rest of MLB. Playoff wins count twice as much as regular season wins. A score of 120 means that the team achieved 20% more victories per dollar of payroll compared with the league average in 2010.

  References

  1. ^ In 1981, the Cardinals finished with the overall best record in the East Division. However, a players' strike in the middle of the season forced the season to be split into two halves. St. Louis finished second in both halves and was thereby deprived of a post-season appearance.
  2. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals and the National Baseball Hall of Fame". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070610050723/http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/teams/NL/cardinals.htm. "The Cardinals and Astros were declared co-champions of the NL Central in 2001, based on their identical regular season record. Due to the fact that the Astros edged the Cardinals in head-to-head games, 23-7, they were seeded as the division winner in the post-season, and the Cardinals were seeded as the wild-card." 
  3. ^ "St. Louis Cardinal History". Stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/stl/components/history/comp_timeline_2001.jsp. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  4. ^ "Ankiel throws two hitless innings". ESPN.com. Associated Press. September 19, 2004. Archived from the original on October 9, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/62IaDKT9g. 
  5. ^ In 2001, the Cardinals and the Houston Astros finished the season with identical records of 100-80 and finished tied for third place in the Central Division standings. The Baseball Hall of Fame wrote they were both awarded a co-championship.[2] According to the Cardinals' website, this was "the first shared championship in major-league history".[3] However, Associated Press in 2004 wrote, "St. Louis tried to claim it was division co-champion, a position the commissioner's office rejected."[4] For playoff seeding, the NL Central slot went to Houston and St. Louis was awarded the wild card berth.
  6. ^ a b c "Cardinals timeline 1". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline1.jsp. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  7. ^ Cash, Jon David (2002). Before They Were Cardinals: Major League Baseball in Nineteenth-Century. St. Louis: University of Missouri Press. 
  8. ^ "Cardinals timeline 2". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline2.jsp. Retrieved 6 March 2007. 
  9. ^ a b "Cardinals timeline 3". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline3.jsp. Retrieved 7 May 2007. 
  10. ^ a b c "Cardinals timeline 4". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline4.jsp. Retrieved 15 May 2007. 
  11. ^ a b "Cardinals timeline 5". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline5.jsp. Retrieved 14 January 2008. 
  12. ^ "Cardinals timeline 6". St. Louis Cardinals Official Website. http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline6.jsp. Retrieved 14 January 2008. 
  13. ^ "ESPN article on Josh Hancock's death". ESPN.com Website. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=2860122. Retrieved 14 January 2008. 
  14. ^ "Wild Card Standings | MLB.com: Standings". Mlb.mlb.com. 2011-08-24. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/standings/wildcard.jsp?ymd=20110824#20110824. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  15. ^ "Wild Card Standings | MLB.com: Standings". Mlb.mlb.com. 2011-09-29. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/standings/wildcard.jsp?ymd=20110928#20110928. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  16. ^ Miklasz, Bernie (2011-10-29). "Cardinals win like never before". St Louis Post-Dispatch. http://www.stltoday.com/sports/columns/bernie-miklasz/article_3aec789d-6d33-5997-a31b-360ace8bae63.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  17. ^ http://espn.go.com/blog/statsinfo/post/_/id/27347/braves-cardinals-fight-for-nl-wild-card
  18. ^ "Cards, Phillies make history with 1-0 Game 5". Mlb.mlb.com. 2011-10-08. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20111008&content_id=25557064&vkey=news_mlb&c_id=mlb. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  19. ^ . http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/10/16/sports/main20121162.shtml. [dead link]
  20. ^ Cards named Organization of the Year: Club takes home prestigious award from Baseball America, MLB.com (Dec. 16, 2011)
  21. ^ http://mrs-o.com/newdata/2012/1/17/happy-birthday-mrs-o.html
  22. ^ Official Ballpark Factsheet which states the costs of the stadium
  23. ^ "Cardinals make 65,000 additional tickets available" St. Louis Cardinals Press Release, April 28, 2006,
  24. ^ [1] Attendance Report
  25. ^ a b "Cardinals uniforms". Baseball Hall of Fame Uniform Database. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/uniforms.asp?lowYear=1882&highYear=2008&city=St.%20Louis&league=NL&sort=year&increment=18&pos=19. Retrieved 3 May 2008. 
  26. ^ http://www.kfvs12.com/story/15640350/busch-takes-steps-to-remove-squirrel
  27. ^ "Head-to-Head results for Chicago Orphans and Chicago Cubs vs. St. Louis Cardinals from 1901 to 2011". Baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/games/head2head-games.cgi?team1=CHC&team2=STL&from=1901&to=2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  28. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_St._Louis_Cardinals_seasons
  29. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chicago_Cubs_seasons
  30. ^ Lee, Tony (January 12, 2011). "Cubs, Cardinals Must Emulate Yankees, Red Sox to Rekindle Rivalry". NESN. http://www.nesn.com/2011/01/cubs-cardinals-must-emulate-yankees-red-sox-to-rekindle-rivalry.html. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  31. ^ Darryl Kile Award. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  32. ^ a b St. Louis Cardinals award winners and league leaders
  33. ^ NL MVP Awards by team
  34. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/teams/cards.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  35. ^ "Triple Crown Winners –". Baseball-reference.com. http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/triple_crowns.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  36. ^ "RBI records". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/recbooks/rb_rbi1.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  37. ^ "Box score for Bottomley". Retrosheet.org. 1924-09-16. http://retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1924/B09160BRO1924.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  38. ^ "Home run records". Baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/recbooks/rb_hr4.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  39. ^ "Box score". Retrosheet.org. 1993-09-07. http://retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1993/B09072CIN1993.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  40. ^ "Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats11.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  41. ^ a b See: List of Major League Baseball retired numbers.
  42. ^ Cardinals to retire La Russa's number, MLB.com (May 2, 2012)
  43. ^ Cardinals to retire Tony La Russa's No. 10: Number retirement ceremony set for Friday, May 11 vs. Braves, MLB.com (May 1, 2012)
  44. ^ Apr. 4, 2012
  45. ^ Mar. 31, 2011
  46. ^ Apr. 5, 2010
  47. ^ Apr. 6, 2009
  48. ^ Apr. 1, 2008
  49. ^ Apr. 1, 2007
  50. ^ Apr. 3, 2006
  51. ^ Apr. 5, 2005
  52. ^ Apr. 5, 2004
  53. ^ Cot's Baseball Contracts (retrieved Nov. 13, 2011)
  54. ^ "#8 St. Louis Cardinals". Forbes. April 7, 2010. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2010/33/baseball-valuations-10_St-Louis-Cardinals_333240.html. Retrieved Nov. 14, 2011. 
  55. ^ "#11 St. Louis Cardinals". Forbes. March 23, 2011. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2011/33/baseball-valuations-11_St-Louis-Cardinals_333240.html. Retrieved Nov. 14, 2011. 
  56. ^ "#11 St. Louis Cardinals". Forbes. March 21, 2012. http://www.forbes.com/teams/st-louis-cardinals/. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 

  Further reading

  External links

   
               

 

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