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Stuyvesant High School

                   

Coordinates: 40°43′06″N 74°00′51″W / 40.718315°N 74.014249°W / 40.718315; -74.014249

Stuyvesant High School
Stuyvesant High School logo.svg
Location
345 Chambers Street [1]
New York City, New York, 10282
United States
Information
Type Public (Exam school) secondary
Motto Pro Scientia Atque Sapientia
(Latin: For knowledge and wisdom)
Established 1904
School board New York City Public Schools
School number M475
CEEB Code 334070 [2]
Principal Stanley Teitel
Faculty 152 [3]
Grades 9 to 12
Number of students 3295 [4]
Color(s)      Red
     Blue
Nickname Stuy [5]
Average SAT scores 2090 [6]
Newspaper 'The Spectator, "The Standard"
Yearbook 'The Indicator'
Website

Stuyvesant High School /ˈstvəsənt/, commonly referred to as Stuy /ˈst/,[5] is a New York City public high school that specializes in mathematics and science. The school opened in 1904 on Manhattan's East Side and moved to a new building in Battery Park City in 1992. Stuyvesant is noted for its strong academic programs, having produced many notable alumni including four Nobel laureates.[7] U.S. News & World Report ranked it thirty-first in their 2009 list of America's best "Gold-Medal" public high schools.[8]

Together with Brooklyn Technical High School and Bronx High School of Science, Stuyvesant is one of the three original academic Specialized High Schools of New York City. Run by the New York City Department of Education, the trio are open to New York City residents and charge no tuition. Admission to each is by competitive examination only, of which Stuyvesant has the highest cutoff score. A long-standing friendly rivalry between Stuyvesant and Bronx Science exists over the Intel Science Talent Search, with each school claiming dominance over the other at various times.

Established as an academic and vocational school for boys in 1904, Stuyvesant became coeducational in 1969. Upon the construction of its Battery Park City building, the facilities for girls became equal with those for boys.

Contents

  History

Stuyvesant High School is named after Peter Stuyvesant, the last Dutch governor of New Netherland before the colony was transferred to England in 1664.[9]

The school was established in 1904 as a manual training school for boys, hosting 155 students and 12 teachers. In 1907, it moved from its original location at 225 East 23rd Street to a building designed by C. B. J. Snyder at 345 East 15th Street, where it remained for 85 years. Its reputation for excellence in math and science continued to grow, and enrollment was restricted based on scholastic achievement starting in 1919.[10]

  Postcard art featuring the 15th Street Stuyvesant building
  The building on 15th street, now Old Stuyvesant Campus

The school went on a double session plan in 1919 to accommodate the rising number of students. Some students attended in the morning and others in the afternoon and early evening. All students studied a full set of courses. Double sessions ran until 1956.[10][11]

In 1934, the school implemented a system of entrance examinations. The examination program was later expanded to include the newly founded Bronx High School of Science, and was developed with the assistance of Columbia University.[12] During the 1950s, the building underwent a $2 million renovation to update its classrooms, shops, libraries and cafeterias.[12]

In 1956, a team of six students designed and began construction of a cyclotron. The team was headed by Martin Gersten and included John Sutherland, Charles Abzug and Robert Rudko. The faculty advisor was Mr. Abraham Kerner of the Chemistry Department. By 1962, a low-power test of the device succeeded. Matt Deming (1962) remembered that a later attempt at full-power operation "tanked the electrical system for the building and surrounding area".[13][14]

In 1969, 14 girls were admitted to Stuyvesant and 12 enrolled at the start of September, marking the school's first co-educational year. Now, approximately 43% of students are female.[15]

In 1972, Brooklyn Tech, Bronx Science, Stuyvesant, and The High School of Music & Art (now Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts) were chosen by the New York State Legislature as specialized high schools of New York City. The Hecht-Calandra act called for a uniform exam to be administered for admission to Brooklyn Tech, Bronx Science and Stuyvesant High School.[16] The exam, named the Specialized High Schools Admissions Test (SHSAT), tested students in math and verbal abilities. Admission to LaGuardia High School is by audition rather than examination, in keeping with its artistic mission.[16]

In 1992, a new waterfront building was constructed to house the high school (see school facilities). The original building remains in use, as "Old Stuyvesant Campus", housing the Institute for Collaborative Education, the High School for Health Professions and Human Services and P.S. 226.

During the 2003–04 school year, Stuyvesant celebrated the 100th anniversary of its founding with a full year of activities. Events included a procession from the 15th Street building to the Chambers Street one; a meeting of the National Consortium for Specialized Secondary Schools of Mathematics, Science and Technology; an all-class reunion; and visits and speeches from notable alumni. In recent years, keynote graduation speakers have included future Attorney General Eric Holder (2001), former President Bill Clinton (2002), GE CEO Jack Welch (2003), United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan (2004), CUNY Chancellor Matthew Goldstein (2005), Late Night comedian Conan O'Brien (2006), American Symphony Orchestra conductor/Bard College president Leon Botstein (2007), New York Times reporter David Herszenhorn (2008), actress/alumna Lucy Liu (2009), David Axelrod, Senior Advisor to President Barack Obama (2010), and writer/alum Gary Shteyngart (2011).

  Enrollment

  Stuyvesant building seen from the corner of West and Chambers Streets, with Tribeca Bridge in foreground

Stuyvesant has a total enrollment of over 3,000 students,[17] and is open to residents of New York City entering either ninth or tenth grade. Enrollment is based solely on performance on the Specialized High Schools Admissions Test (SHSAT).[18] The list of schools using the SHSAT has since grown to include all of New York's specialized high schools except LaGuardia High School, where entry is by audition rather than examination. The test score necessary for admission to Stuyvesant has consistently been higher than that needed for admission to the other schools using the test.[19] Admission is currently based on an individual's score on the examination and his or her pre-submitted ranking of Stuyvesant among the other specialized schools. Each year, about 26,000 of New York City's eighth-graders sit for the test.[20] Ninth and rising tenth graders are also eligible to take the test for enrollment, though far fewer students are admitted this way.[21] The test covers math (word problems and computation) and verbal (reading comprehension, logical reasoning, unscrambling paragraphs) skills.

According to Article 12 of New York education law, "Admissions to the Bronx High School of Science, Stuyvesant High School, and Brooklyn Technical High School shall be solely and exclusively by taking a competitive, objective, and scholastic achievement examination, which shall be open to each and every child in the city of New York."[22] The current admission policy is available from the NYC Department of Education.[19] According to the Department of Education, Stuyvesant accepts students solely based on their performance on the SHSAT, although former Mayor John Lindsay and community activist group ACORN have argued that the exam may be biased against African and Hispanic Americans.[23]

Out of the approximately 30,000 students taking the entrance examination for the September 2011 admission round, with 24,704 students listing Stuyvesant as a choice on their application, about 937 offers were made, making for an acceptance rate of 3.8%.[citation needed]

  Accusations of bias in admission tests

The school's skewed demographic profile and scarcity of black and Hispanic students have often been an issue for some city administrators. Mayor John Lindsay (1966–1973) argued that the test was culturally biased against black and Hispanic students and sought to implement an affirmative action program.[16] However, protests by parents forced the plan to be scrapped and led to the passage of the Hecht-Calandra Act, which preserved admissions by examination only. A small number of students judged to be economically disadvantaged and who come within a few points of the cut-off score are given an extra chance to pass the test.[24]

In 1996 the community activist group Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) published two reports, Secret Apartheid and Secret Apartheid II, calling the SHSAT "permanently suspect" and a "product of an institutional racism", and claiming that black and Hispanic students did not have access to proper test preparation materials.[23] Along with Schools Chancellor Rudy Crew, they began an initiative for more diversity in the city's gifted and specialized schools, in particular demanding that since only a few districts send the majority of Stuyvesant's and Bronx Science's students, that the SHSAT be suspended altogether "until the Board of Education can show that the students of each middle school in the system have had access to curricula and instruction that would prepare them for this test regardless of their color or economic status." Jesse Shapiro, Stuyvesant valedictorian, and Alan Van Dyke and Micah C. Lasher, then sophomores, published several editorials in response, and change was averted.[14][25]

A number of students take preparatory courses offered by private companies such as Princeton Review and Kaplan, in order to perform better on the SHSAT, often leaving those unable to afford such classes—often ethnic minorities—at a disadvantage. To bridge this gap and boost minority admissions, the Board of Education started the Math Science Institute in 1998,[26] a free program to prepare students for the admissions test.[27] Students attend preparatory classes through the program, now known as the Specialized High School Institute, at several schools around the city from the summer after 6th grade until the 8th grade exam. Yet with these free programs, the Black and Hispanic enrollment continue to decline. [28]

  Academics

  Stuyvesant High School, as seen from Battery Park City

New admits attend "Camp Stuy" the June preceding their freshman year. On this day, new admits take tests that determine their freshmen classes. Included among these tests is a swimming test. If the student passes, he or she is exempt from "swim gym". Students who fail or opt out of this test must take one semester of "swim gym".

Stuyvesant students undertake a college preparatory curriculum that includes four years of English, history, and laboratory-based sciences (biology, chemistry and physics are required), four years of mathematics (previously three, changed from Class of 2015 onward) and three years of a single foreign language, a semester each of introductory art, music, health and technical drawing, two semesters of computer science (previously one, changed from class of 2015 onward),[29] and two lab-based technology courses. Several exemptions from technology education exist for seniors.[30][31]

Stuyvesant offers students a broad selection of elective courses. Some of the more unusual offerings include robotics, astronomy, New York City history, Women's Voices, and the mathematics of financial markets.[32] Most students complete the New York City Regents courses by junior year and take calculus during their senior year. However, the school offers math courses through differential equations for the more advanced students. A year of technical drawing used to be required; students learned how to draft by hand in its first semester and how to draft using a computer (CAD) in the second. Now, students take a one-semester technical drawing class (a compacted version of the former drafting course), and a semester of introductory computer science, which introduces NetLogo and Racket. Beginning with the class of 2015, the one-semester computer science course will be replaced with a two-semester course.[29]

Students can choose from 55 Advanced Placement courses[33] to earn college credits; a few are thus able to start college as sophomores. These AP courses can be as equally unusual as the electives; One example is the Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition - Physics and Metaphysics course, an AP English course focusing on literature and media in the realm of physics and metaphysics.

Computer science enthusiasts can take two additional computer programming courses after the completion of Advanced Placement computer science: systems level programming and computer graphics. There is also a one year computer networking class which can earn students Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) certification.

  The seventh-to-ninth floor escalators. The banner in the background was created by a Stuyvesant art class.

Stuyvesant's foreign language offerings rival those of many colleges, including Mandarin Chinese, French, Spanish, German, Latin, Hebrew, Japanese, and Italian. In 2001, Korean was added as a result of student and parent requests. The school's Muslim Student Association was successful in raising funds to support courses in Arabic, which began in 2005. Both Arabic and Korean are offered as electives.[34]

Stuyvesant's Biology and Geo-science department offers courses in molecular biology (a course sequence composed of a molecular science class in the Fall and a molecular genetics class in the Spring), human physiology, medical ethics, medical and veterinary diagnosis, human disease, anthropology and sociobiology, vertebrate zoology, laboratory techniques, medical human genetics, botany, the molecular basis of cancer, nutrition science, and psychology. The Chemistry and Physics department offers organic chemistry, physical chemistry, astronomy, engineering mechanics, and electronics.[32][35]

Although Stuyvesant is primarily known for its strength in areas such as math and science, the school has also developed an exceptionally strong humanities curriculum. Comprehensive programs in the humanities offer students courses in British and classical literature, Shakespearean literature, science fiction, philosophy, existentialism, debate, acting, journalism, and a host of creative writing and poetry classes. The history core requires two years of global history (or one year of global followed by one year of European history), one year of American history, as well as a semester each of economics and government. Humanities electives include American foreign policy, civil and criminal law, "prejudice and persecution", "race, ethnicity and gender issues", small business management, and Wall Street. Stuyvesant is also home to a robust music program and offers students ten music groups, ranging from a symphony orchestra and jazz ensemble to a chamber choir.

Stuyvesant has recently entered into an agreement with City College of New York, in which the college funds advanced after-school courses that are taken for college credit but taught by Stuyvesant teachers. Some of these courses include physical chemistry, linear algebra, advanced Euclidean geometry, and women's history.[36][37]

Before the 2005 revision of the SAT, Stuyvesant graduates had an average score of 1408 out of 1600 (685 verbal, 723 math).[15] As of 2011, the average score on the SAT for Stuyvesant students was 2090, or 676, 734, and 680 on the Reading, Math and Writing sections, respectively.[citation needed] Stuyvesant also was the high school with the highest number of Advanced Placement exams taken, and also the highest number of students reaching the mastery level.[38]

  Public recognition

According to a September 2002 high school ranking by Worth magazine, 3.67% of Stuyvesant students went on to attend Harvard, Princeton, and Yale Universities, ranking it as the 9th top public high school in the United States and 120th among all schools, public or private.[39] In December 2007, The Wall Street Journal studied the freshman classes at eight selective colleges (Harvard, Princeton, MIT, Williams College, Pomona College, Swarthmore College, U. Chicago, and Johns Hopkins), and reported that Stuyvesant sent 67, or 9.9% of its 674 seniors, to them.[40]

Stuyvesant, along with other similar schools, has regularly been excluded from Newsweek's annual list of the Top 100 Public High Schools. The May 8th, 2008 issue states the reason as being, "because so many of their students score well above average on the SAT and ACT."[41][42] US News & World Report, however, included Stuyvesant on its list of "Best High Schools" published in December 2009, ranking 31st.[43]

In its most recent progress report, the New York City Department of Education assigned it the highest possible grade of "A".[44]

  School facilities

  Interior of the library, showing the computers that were installed in late 2005.
  The Rothenberg memorial

By the 1980s the East 15th Street building was no longer a quality educational facility by modern standards. The five-story building, as pictured in the monochrome postcard above, could not cater adequately to the several thousand students, leading the New York City Board of Education to secure an agreement with the Battery Park City Authority for a new building, and construction began in 1989. The new ten-floor building, located near lower Manhattan's financial district was designed by Cooper, Robertson & Partners. Built at a cost of about $148 million, it included 65 classrooms, about 450 computers on 13 networks, 7 pairs of escalators, various indoor sporting facilities, including two gymnasiums and a pool built to Public Schools Athletic League standards, a theater with acoustics and lighting to accommodate music and drama productions, two lecture halls with movable partitions, a skylit cafeteria overlooking the Hudson River, twelve science laboratories (including a molecular biology lab and an analytical chemistry lab) and special shops for instruction in ceramics, photography, wood, plastics, metal work, robotics and energy studies.

One room is called the Museum Room. Built at the request of students, it replicates a classroom from the original 15th Street building. It includes desks, chairs, a table and blackboard all brought from the building, as well as, accurate paint and flooring. The room was dedicated to teacher, Dr. A. Edward Stefanacci, who died in 1993.

In 2006, Dr. Robert Ira Lewy, a graduate of the class of 1960, made a gift worth $1,000,000 to found the Dr. Robert Ira Lewy M.D. Multimedia Center.[45] and donated his personal library in 2007.[46] The school's library has a capacity of 40,000 volumes and overlooks Battery Park City.[47] In late 2010, the school library merged with the New York Public Library (NYPL) network in a four year pilot program. All students of the school received a student library card which can check books out of the school library or any other public library in Bronx, Manhattan, or Staten Island. Students have the ability to return public library items in school or to place holds on public library items to be delivered and picked up in school. In addition, students can hold onto books for one week longer than those with ordinary NYPL card. For the first year, there will be no fines for lost/damaged items or late returns. [48]

The New York City Department of Education reports that public per student spending at Stuyvesant is slightly lower than the city average.[15] Stuyvesant also receives private contributions.[49] Shortly after the new building was completed, the $10 million TriBeCa Bridge was built to allow students to enter the building without having to cross the busy West Street.

The new school building was designed to be fully compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act, and is listed as such by the New York City Department of Education. As a result, the building is one of the 5 additional sites of P721M, a school for older (aged 15–21) students with multiple disabilities and mental retardation.[50]

In 1997, the eastern end of the mathematics floor was dedicated to Dr. Richard Rothenberg, the math-department chairman who had died from a sudden heart attack earlier that year. Sculptor Madeleine Segall-Marx was commissioned to create the Rothenberg Memorial in his honor. She created a mathematics wall entitled "Celebration", consisting of 50 wooden boxes — one for each year of his life — behind a glass wall, featuring mathematical concepts and reflections on Rothenberg.[51]

As of 2008, the 15th Street building houses the Institute for Collaborative Education,[52] P.S. M226,[53] and the High School for Health Professions and Human Services,[54] and the 23rd Street building is the home of P.S. 347, the American Sign Language and English Lower School.[55]

  Summary of Floors

  • 1st: The Music Department, Theater, Pool, and various offices.
  • 2nd: The main entrance from the Tribeca Bridge, guidance counselors, alumni association, school newspaper and yearbook room, some history classrooms and other administrative offices.
  • 3rd: The Social Studies department, featuring most of the History rooms, as well as a small number of Computer Science classrooms and the 3rd floor gym.
  • 4th: The Math department, some Computer Science classrooms, and some technology classrooms.
  • 5th: The lunchroom, and the foreign languages department. The locker rooms are also on the 5th floor.
  • 6th: The 6th floor gym, the Dr Robert Ira Lewy M.D. Multimedia Center (library), dance studio, as well as the English Department are all on the 6th floor.
  • 7th: The Biology Department. Both classrooms and Lab Rooms are on the 7th floor. Several language classrooms are also on the 7th floor.
  • 8th: The Physics department.
  • 9th: The Chemistry department.
  • 10th: The tenth floor has art classrooms, language classrooms, and some technical drawing classrooms, as well as the blackbox studio, where one-acts and other small performances are put on throughout the year.

  Mnemonics (public artwork)

  Mnemonics, 1992 (Kristin Jones/Andrew Ginzel)

During construction, the Battery Park City Authority in conjunction with the Percent for Art Program of the City of New York, the Department of Cultural Affairs and the New York City Board of Education commissioned Mnemonics, an artwork by public artists Kristin Jones and Andrew Ginzel. Four hundred hollow glass blocks were dispersed randomly from the basement to the tenth floor of the new Stuyvesant High School building. Each block contains relics that are evidence of geographical, natural, cultural and social worlds, from antiquity to the present time.

The blocks are set into the hallway walls and scattered throughout the building. Each block is inscribed with a brief description of its contents or context. The items displayed include a section of the Great Wall of China, fragments of the Mayan pyramids, leaves from the sacred Bo tree, water from the Nile and Ganges Rivers, a Revolutionary War button, pieces of the 15th Street Stuyvesant building, a report card of a student of the old building, and of monuments around the world, various chemical compounds, and memorabilia from each of the 88 years' history of the 15th Street building. As an ongoing work, empty blocks were installed, to be filled with items chosen by the 88 graduating classes following its installation, up through 2080.[56] The installation received the Award for Excellence in Design from the Art Commission of the City of New York.[57]

  Extracurricular activities

  Entrance from the TriBeCa Bridge

  Sports

Stuyvesant fields 32 varsity teams,[58] including a swimming team, as well as golf, bowling, volleyball, soccer, basketball, gymnastics, wrestling, fencing, baseball/softball, handball, tennis, track/cross country,[59] cricket, football,[58] and starting in Spring 2008, lacrosse teams.[58] In addition, Stuyvesant club teams include boys' varsity and junior varsity, and girls' varsity Ultimate teams. The boys' Ultimate team, the Stuyvesant Sticky Fingers, won the UPA New York State Championships and New York City Championships in 2009 and 2010. The girls' Ultimate team, Sticky Fingers, won the UPA Junior National tournament in 1998.[60] The Stuyvesant Cross Country team was Public Schools Athletic League (PSAL) City Champions in 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010, and have been Manhattan Borough Champions since 1999.[61] The Stuyvesant Boys Swimming Team, the Pirates, have been PSAL City Champions consecutively since 2000 and Opens champions since 1995.[62] The girls soccer team, the Mimbas, brought home the City Championship title in 2001, 2004, and 2005, despite a severe lack of practice space and lack of a home field.[63] Stuyvesant is also a powerhouse in fencing with a string of PSAL city championships from 1986 through 1989 and from 2007 through 2010.[64]

In September 2007 the Stuyvesant football team were granted a home field at Pier 40. Stuyvesant does not, however, have a track, baseball field, or tennis court, although the new building does have a pool.[65]

Unlike most American high schools, most sports teams at Stuyvesant have their own name. Only the football and boys' lacrosse teams retain the traditional Pegleg moniker; other teams have their own unique names, such as the Runnin' Rebels (boys' basketball), Vixens (girls' volleyball), Lemurs (boys' gymnastics), Phoenix (girls' basketball), Renegades (girls' softball), Felines (girls' gymnastics), Hookers (boys' bowling), Pinheads (girls' bowling), Huskies (girls' lacrosse), Penguins (girls' swimming), Pirates (boys' swimming), Ballers (boys' soccer), Mimbas (girls' soccer), The Furies (girls' handball), Dragons (boys' handball), Smokin' Aces (boys' tennis), Sticky Fingers (boys' and girls' Ultimate), Lobsters (girls' tennis), Hitmen (baseball), Untouchables (boys' and girls' fencing) Flying Dutchmen (hockey), Tigers (cricket) and Spartans (wrestling and roller hockey).[58] These names tend to change with time.

  ARISTA

The Stuyvesant chapter of ARISTA, the National Honor Society, was founded in 1910. It is an organization dedicated to upholding the four pillars of Character, Scholarship, Leadership, and Service. ARISTA is highly selective. Once selected, ARISTA's members are asked to complete a service requirement of 10 credits per month and to uphold all the pillars for which this organization stands. The ARISTA Executive Council consists of the President, Vice President, Vice President of Events and Services, Vice President of Tutoring, and Vice President of Communications. The ARISTA office is located in the Student Government Room, behind the Senior Bar. ARISTA provides a number of important and useful programs to the community, the school, and the student body.

ARISTA's Tutoring Service includes many programs both inside and outside of school and online. First of these programs is the Peer Tutoring Service, sponsored by the Tutoring Committee and directed by the Vice President of Tutoring. Peer tutoring allows any student who is having trouble in any subject to get help. Also, The Tutoring Committee sponsors numerous Peer Study Workshops throughout the year. New this year is tutoring online.

ARISTA's Events and Service Committee, headed by the Vice President of Events and Services, offer many volunteer opportunities both in school and out of school. Their activities include but are not limited to: monitoring for department offices, ushering for school theater productions, volunteering at parent teacher conferences, working at Soup Kitchens, tutoring at local elementary schools, participating in various walks (such as the MS Walk and the AIDS Walk), and volunteering at Stuyvesant's Open House Events.

  Student government

The student body of Stuyvesant is represented by the Stuyvesant Student Union,[17] a group of elected and appointed students who serve the student body in two important areas:[66]

  1. Improving student life by promoting and managing extracurricular activities (clubs and publications), and by organizing out-of-school activity such as city excursions or fund-raisers.
  2. Providing a voice to the student body in all discussion of school policy with the administration.

  Clubs and publications

Stuyvesant offers clubs, publications, teams and other opportunities under a system similar to that of many colleges. It hosts over 200 clubs ranging from The Thinkers (philosophy) club, to the Photography Club.[67] The sheer number of clubs at the school is due to Stuyvesant's relatively free policy of "student rule". Most clubs are entirely student run, requiring only a Faculty Advisor to maintain their existence. One example of this policy is the Stuyvesant Model UN club, which is one of the largest clubs in the school. The club attends as many as 6 Model UN Conferences each year, held at various colleges across the Northeast. The club also hosts StuyMUNC, an annual conference organized and run almost entirely by the students.[68] Stuyvesant also has a Junior State of America program (a political debate club). The Stuyvesant Theater Community puts on three student-run productions a year (a fall musical, a winter drama, and a spring comedy) as well as a one-act festival and several smaller studio productions.[69] Key Club International's branch at Stuyvesant was founded in 1990. With over 350 members, it is one of the largest clubs in the school.

  The Spectator

The Spectator is Stuyvesant's official in-school newspaper. It contains eleven sections: news, features, op-ed, arts & entertainment, sports, photography, art, layout, copy, business, and web. Most departments are headed by at least two editors, all of whom encompass the editorial board of the paper. The editorial board meets daily in the Spectator journalism class and is headed by the Editor in Chief and Managing Editor, or two Editors in Chief. At the start of their term, the Executive Editors select three or four editors to be members of the Managing Board, a group that advises the Executive Editors on matters relating to the paper. There are over 250 total staff members who help to produce the bi-weekly publication. At the beginning of the fall and spring terms, there are recruitments, but interested students may join at any time. The Spectator is independent from the school, but it remains a prime news source for students, teachers, and administrators.

The Spectator, founded in 1915, is one of Stuyvesant's oldest publications.[70] It has a long-standing connection with its older namesake, Columbia University's Columbia Daily Spectator, and it has been recognized by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism's Columbia Scholastic Press Association on several occasions, most recently in 2009.[71]

  The Stuyvesant Standard

Founded in 2001, The Stuyvesant Standard is a non-profit bi-weekly newspaper published by Stuyvesant students. The newspaper is independent and does not receive its funding from the Student Union. It covers school news as well as current events, and contains "interest sections" such as Business, Science, and Technology alongside the standard departments of Opinions, Literacy, Sports, and Arts & Entertainment. The Stuyvesant Standard distributes 2,000 free copies bi-weekly within the Stuyvesant community and throughout the adjoining neighborhoods of TriBeCa and Battery Park City.

  Cover of the May 1977 issue of The Voice

  The Voice

The Voice was founded in the 1973–74 academic year as an independent publication only loosely sanctioned by school officials.[70] It had the appearance of a magazine and gained a large readership. The Voice attracted a considerable amount of controversy and a First Amendment lawsuit, after which the administration forced it to go off-campus and to turn commercial in 1975–76.[70]

In the beginning of the 1975–76 academic year, The Voice decided to publish the results of a confidential random survey measuring the "sexual attitudes, preferences, knowledge and experience" of the students.[72] The administration refused to permit The Voice to distribute the questionnaire, and the Board of Education refused to intervene, believing that "irreparable psychological damage" would be occasioned on some of the students receiving it.[72]

The editor-in-chief of The Voice, Jeff Trachtman,[73] brought a First Amendment challenge to this decision in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York in front of Judge Constance Baker Motley.[72] Judge Motley, relying on the relatively recent Supreme Court precedent Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (holding that "undifferentiated fear or apprehension of disturbance is not enough to overcome the right to freedom of expression"),[74] ordered the Board of Education to come up with an arrangement permitting the distribution of the survey to the juniors and seniors.

However, Judge Motley's ruling was overturned on appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.[75] Judge J. Edward Lumbard, joined by Judge Murray Gurfein and over an impassioned dissent by Judge Walter R. Mansfield, held that the distribution of the questionnaires was properly disallowed by the administration as there was "a substantial basis for defendants' belief that distribution of the questionnaire would result in significant emotional harm to a number of students throughout the Stuyvesant population."[75] The Supreme Court denied certiorari review.[76]

  Culture Festival

Stuyvesant's Culture Festival is a student organized event that originated as individual Culture Nights but became a gathering of all cultures in 2007. The Culture Festival is a promotion of Stuyvesant's culturally diverse student body. Though its position as an annual school event is still in question, its increasing popularity and student participation has already made it a new Stuyvesant tradition. Culture Festival performances try to encompass a wide variety of cultures - Haitian, African, Bangladeshi, Chinese, Korean, Indian, Irish, Japanese, Greek, Spanish, German and many more. Performances include martial arts, comedic skits, instrumentals, singing, and traditional dances such as the Chinese flag dance and Irish Step Dance. There is also an International Buffet in the school cafeteria right before the show. SUVH's Culture Festival Promotion Video | 2007 | Review on First Culture Festival | 2008's Culture Festival

  Other publications

  • Antares, the Sci-fi and Fantasy Magazine.
  • Caliper, Stuyvesant's biannual literary magazine. Caliper is one of the oldest high school literary publications in the nation, and along with monthly open mic sessions, helps the Stuyvesant literary community flourish in an environment focusing on math and science.
  • Indicator, the Stuyvesant yearbook.
  • 换言之 (Huan Yan Zhi) the Chinese language newspaper.
  • Math Survey, the annual Math Department publication. Many of Stuyvesant's notable mathematicians were first published in Math Survey.
  • Inspiration Magazine, an art and literary publication sponsored by the Music and Arts Department.
  • The Broken Escalator, a humor publication, styled after The Onion, featuring joke articles about Stuyvesant.
  • The Biomed Times, the annual journal of recent biological developments.
  • The Edible, the bi-annual food and culture magazine.
  • VOLUME, an open short-format publication with articles from 3 - 300 words.
  • The Locksmith, the monthly publication of Stuyvesant High School Key Club. (Locksmith Issues)

  Academic teams

Stuyvesant's academic teams include its nationally recognized Speech and Debate team, Quiz Bowl, chess, and math, which regularly compete successfully at major regional (New York State Mathematics League), national (American Regions Mathematics League), and international (International Mathematical Olympiad) tournaments, and whose members fill up a considerable percentage of the New York City Math Team.[77] A FIRST team,[78] StuyPulse, was founded in 2000. Stuyvesant also has a Model United Nations team, a Junior State of America chapter, and a Model Congress team which competes at regional colleges. The Model United Nations team hosts StuyMUNC,[79] an annual conference which takes place at Stuyvesant.

  SING V program, 1977

  SING!

The annual theater competition known as SING! pits seniors, juniors, and "soph-frosh" (freshmen and sophomores working together) against each other in a race to put on the best performance. Started in 1947 at Midwood High School in Brooklyn, SING! is a tradition at many New York City high schools. At Stuyvesant, SING! started as a small event in 1973 and has grown to a huge school-wide event—in 2005, nearly 1,000 students participated. The entire production is written, directed, produced, and funded by students. Their involvement ranges from being members of the production's casts, choruses, or costume and tech crews to Irish dance, Step, Bollywood, Hip-Hop, Swing, Ballet, Jazz or Latin dance groups. SING! begins in late January to February and culminates in final performances on three nights in March/April. Scoring is done on each night's performances and the winner is determined by the overall total. Stuyvesant Sing Champions 2012: Seniors 2011: Seniors 2010: Juniors 2009: Seniors

  Student body

Stuyvesant has contributed to the education of several Nobel laureates, winners of the Fields Medal and the Wolf Prize, and a host of other accomplished alumni. In recent years, it has had the second highest number of National Merit Scholarship semi-finalists, behind Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, in Alexandria, Virginia,.[80] Over the past nine years (2002–2010), Stuyvesant has produced 103 semi-finalists and 13 finalists on the Intel Science Talent Search, the second most of any secondary school in the United States (after Maryland's Montgomery Blair High School).[81]

For most of the 20th century, the student body at Stuyvesant was heavily Jewish. A significant influx of Asian students began in the 1970s. For the 2010 academic year, the student body was approximately 72.05% Asian and 23.55% Caucasian, 1.21% African American and 2.43% Hispanic.[4] Stuyvesant possesses a racial breakdown that is far out of proportion to national and local population distributions.[15][24] (See also Demographics of New York City.)

  Stuyvesant and 9/11

Stuyvesant is a half-mile (approx. 800 m) or a five-minute walk from the former site of the World Trade Center, which was destroyed on September 11, 2001. The school was evacuated during the attack. Although the smoke cloud coming from the World Trade Center engulfed the building at one point, there was no structural damage to the building, and there were no reports of physical injuries. Less than an hour after the collapse of the second WTC tower, concern over a bomb threat at the school prompted an evacuation of the surrounding area, as reported live by NBC news reporter Pat Dawson on the Today show.[82]

When classes resumed on September 21, 2001, students were moved to Brooklyn Technical High School while the Stuyvesant building served as a base of operations for rescue and recovery workers. This caused serious congestion at Brooklyn Tech, and required the students to attend in two shifts, with the Stuyvesant students attending the evening shift. Normal classes resumed three weeks later on October 9.

Because Stuyvesant was close to Ground Zero, there were concerns of asbestos exposure. The US EPA indicated at that time that Stuyvesant was safe from asbestos, and conducted a thorough cleaning of the Stuyvesant building, but the Stuyvesant High School Parents' Association has contested the accuracy of the assessment.[83] Some problems, including former teacher Mark Bodenheimer's respiratory problems, have been reported—he accepted a transfer to The Bronx High School of Science after having difficulty continuing his work at Stuyvesant. Other isolated cases include Stuyvesant's 2002 Class President Amit Friedlander, who received local press coverage in September 2006 after he was diagnosed with cancer.[84] While there have been other cases linked to the same dust cloud that emanated from ground zero, a spot precariously close to Stuyvesant,[85] there is no definitive evidence that such cases have directly affected the Stuyvesant community. Stuyvesant students did spend a full year in the building before the theater and air systems were cleaned, however, and a group of Stuyvesant alumni is currently lobbying for health insurance as a result.[84]

Alumni who were killed in the World Trade Center attack include Daniel D. Bergstein (1980),[86] Alan Wayne Friedlander (1967),[87] Marina R. Gertsberg (1993),[88] Aaron J. Horwitz (1994),[89] David S. Lee (1982),[90] Arnold A. Lim (1990),[91] Gregory D. Richards (1988),[92] Maurita Tam (1997)[93] and Michael Warchola (1968).[94] Richard Ben-Veniste (1960) was on the 9/11 Commission.

On October 2, 2001, the school paper, The Spectator, under Editor in Chief Jeff Orlowski and Faculty Advisor Holly Ojalvo, created a special 24-page full-color 9/11 insert containing student photos, reflections and stories. On November 20, 2001, the magazine was distributed for free in 830,000 copies of The New York Times to the entire New York Greater Metropolitan Area.[95]

In the months after 9/11, Annie Thoms (1993), an English teacher at Stuyvesant and the theater adviser at the time, suggested that the students take accounts of staff and students' reactions during and after 9/11 and turn them into a series of monologues. Thoms then published these monologues as With Their Eyes: September 11—The View from a High School at Ground Zero. Alexander Epstein of The Stuyvesant Standard contributed the section Out of the Blue to the book At Ground Zero: Young Reporters Who Were There Tell Their Stories.

  Notable people

Notable scientists among Stuyvesant alumni include mathematician Paul Cohen,[96] string theorist Brian Greene, physicist Lisa Randall, and genomic researcher Eric Lander.[97] Other prominent alumni include entertainers such as Thelonious Monk, and actors Lucy Liu,[98] Tim Robbins,[99] and James Cagney,[100] comedian Paul Reiser[101] and NBA basketball player and game fixer/bookmaker Jack Molinas.[102]

In government and politics, current Attorney General of the United States Eric Holder is a Stuyvesant alumnus (1969),[103] as are Senior Advisor to the President David Axelrod (1972),[104] and former adviser to President Clinton Dick Morris (1964).[105]

Four Nobel laureates are also alumni of Stuyvesant:

John Lee, a.k.a. John Threat used the name "Corrupt" as a member of Masters of Deception (MOD), a New York based hacker group in the early 90’s.[110][unreliable source?] Also a member of the Decepticons, a Brooklyn-based street gang.[111]

Pulitzer prize winning author Frank McCourt taught English at Stuyvesant before the publication of his memoirs Angela’s Ashes, ’Tis, and Teacher Man. Teacher Man's third section, titled Coming Alive in Room 205, concerns McCourt's time at Stuyvesant, and mentions a number of students and faculty.[112]

  In popular culture

Stuyvesant High School has been featured in television shows, films, books, and other media. The Stuyvesant High School building in Battery Park City was one of the main settings of the film Hackers, standing in for the fictional "Stanton High School".[113] As in the film, the new building has no pool on the roof, despite a long history of seniors selling "rooftop pool passes" to new freshmen in the old building. It does, however, have a pool on the ground floor and a roof deck for its technology classes. The feature-length documentary Frontrunners was made about the Student Union elections at Stuyvesant.[114]

Himanshu Suri of hip hop collective Das Racist was a junior attending Stuyvesant during the 9/11 attacks.[115]

The protagonist of the Peter Cameron's novel, Someday This Pain Will Be Useful To You, is mentioned to have attended Stuyvesant High School and is said to have witnessed the events of 9-11 through the windows.[116]

The entrance to the high school is visible in the beginning of the music video for the Beastie Boys song "Ch-Check It Out", as the three rappers walk on the TriBeCa Bridge. Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys also wears a red Stuyvesant High School Physical Education leader T-shirt in the video for "(You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)". This has sparked a rumor that one or all of the Boys attended Stuyvesant. In fact, only the band's original drummer, Kate Schellenbach, did.[117] Later, in August 2011 at the MTV Video Music Awards, Will Ferrell wore the same, popularized red Stuyvesant shirt.

Stuyvesant has been chronicled in popular literature based in New York City. The Jonathan Lethem novels Motherless Brooklyn and Fortress of Solitude are prominent examples of this trend. The protagists of Walter Dean Myers's novels Fallen Angels and Monster attended the school. In the 1984 novel Warday, some former Stuyvesant students visit New York City after a limited nuclear exchange. In the 2003 novel The Russian Debutante's Handbook by Stuyvesant alumnus Gary Shteyngart, the protagonist Vladimir Girshkin attended a "science high school in Manhattan". The 2006 autobiographical young adult book, The Notebook Girls, highlights the lives of four Stuyvesant students in the form of a journal. In August 2007, Simon & Schuster published 1985 alumnus and Washington Post reporter Alec Klein's book on Stuyvesant entitled A Class Apart: Prodigies, Pressure, and Passion Inside One of America's Best High Schools.[118] In 2006, a controversial article about the cuddle puddle phenomenon and different sexual orientations in Stuyvesant and how they represent a national trend appeared in New York magazine.[119] In March 2012 the students of Stuyvesant High School made a YouTube video (link to video), asking basketball player Jeremy Lin of the New York Knicks to be the guest speaker at the school's graduation. Lin replied via Twitter (see tweet), stating that while he would not be able to attend the graduation, he is working on a response video and plans on visiting the school at another time.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ GNIS entry for Stuyvesant High School; USGS; January 1, 2000.
  2. ^ http://www.suny.edu/student/search_highschool/index.cfm
  3. ^ "2006-2007 New York State Annual School Report Card - Stuyvesant High School" (PDF). New York State Department of Education. 2007. https://www.nystart.gov/publicweb-rc/2007/ca/AOR-2007-310200011475.pdf. Retrieved October 29, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "Register - Stuyvesant High School". New York State Department of Education. 2012. http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/02/M475/AboutUs/Statistics/register.htm. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b The nickname "Stuy" is used in many places on the web, including in the name of the school's official website, www.stuy.edu.
  6. ^ Jennifer Medina (November 15, 2008). "Two Different Measures". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2008/11/16/nyregion/16cards.graf01.ready.html. 
  7. ^ "Stuy FAQs". Stuyvesant High School. Archived from the original on 2007-07-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20070729175123/http://www.stuy.edu/about/faq.php. Retrieved September 17, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Gold Medal Schools". U.S. News & World Report. November 29, 2007. http://education.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-high-schools/rankings/gold-medal-list. Retrieved January 11, 2008. 
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  10. ^ a b "Stuyvesant High School Timeline by Class Year". The Campaign for Stuyvesant. March 27, 2007. http://www.ourstrongband.org/history/timeline.html. Retrieved June 4, 2006. 
  11. ^ Cummings, Paul (November 26, 1973). Interview with George Segal. Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art. http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/interviews/oral-history-interview-george-segal-12613. Retrieved June 4, 2006. 
  12. ^ a b Blaufarb, Eugene (2005). "History of Stuyvesant High School" (PDF). Stuyvesant High School Parent Handbook. Stuyvesant Parents Association. http://www.stuy-pa.org/files/documents/04-05ParentHandbook.pdf. Retrieved May 28, 2006. 
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  Further reading

Articles
Books
  • Thoms, Annie (2002). With Their Eyes: September 11—The View from a High School at Ground Zero. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-051718-2. 
  • Epstein, Alexander (September 2002). Sam Erman, Chris Bull. ed. At Ground Zero: Young Reporters Who Were There Tell Their Stories. Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-427-0. 
  • Klein, Alec (August 2007). A Class Apart: Prodigies, Pressure, and Passion Inside One of America's Best High Schools. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-9944-2. 
  • McCourt, Frank (November 2005). Teacher Man. Scribner. ISBN 978-0-7432-4377-3. 
  • Susann E., Meyer (2005). Stuyvesant High School: The First 100 Years. The Campaign for Stuyvesant. 

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