definition of Wikipedia
|Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Zuìgāo Rénmín Fǎyuàn
The main gate of the Supreme People's Court in Beijing.
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Composition method||Presidential selection with National People's Congress approval|
|Authorized by||Constitution of the People's Republic of China|
|Judge term length||5 years|
|People's Republic of China|
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The Supreme People's Court (最高人民法院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín Fǎyuàn) is the highest court in the mainland area of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong and Macau, as special administrative regions, have their own separate judicial systems based on British common law traditions and Portuguese civil-law traditions respectively, and are out of the jurisdiction of the Supreme People's Court.
The court includes over 340 judges which meet in smaller tribunals to decide cases.
Since March 2008, the President of the Supreme People's Court and Chief Grand Justice has been Wang Shengjun (王胜俊).
The SPC trial process consists of a four level, two-hearing system.
|This section requires expansion.|
In 2005, the Supreme People's Court announced its intent to "[take] back authority for death penalty approval" over concerns about “sentencing quality”, and the National People's Congress officially changed the Organic Law on the People's Courts requiring all death sentences to be approved by the Supreme People's Court on 31 October 2006. It has been reported that since the new review process, the court has rejected 15 percent of the death sentences decided by lower courts.
Courts of the SPC:
There are also National Courts with ties to the SPC:
Departments within the SPC:
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