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definition - Supreme_People's_Court_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China

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Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China

                   
Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国最高人民法院
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Zuìgāo Rénmín Fǎyuàn
Supreme peoples court china.jpeg
The main gate of the Supreme People's Court in Beijing.
Established September 1954
Jurisdiction People's Republic of China
Location Beijing
Composition method Presidential selection with National People's Congress approval
Authorized by Constitution of the People's Republic of China
Judge term length 5 years
Website http://www.court.gov.cn/
Chief Justice
Currently Wang Shengjun
Since March 2008
People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
People's Republic of China

Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

The Supreme People's Court (最高人民法院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín Fǎyuàn) is the highest court in the mainland area of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong and Macau, as special administrative regions, have their own separate judicial systems based on British common law traditions and Portuguese civil-law traditions respectively, and are out of the jurisdiction of the Supreme People's Court.

The court includes over 340 judges which meet in smaller tribunals to decide cases.

Since March 2008, the President of the Supreme People's Court and Chief Grand Justice has been Wang Shengjun (王胜俊).

The SPC trial process consists of a four level, two-hearing system.

Contents

  History

  Procedure

In 2005, the Supreme People's Court announced its intent to "[take] back authority for death penalty approval" over concerns about “sentencing quality”,[1] and the National People's Congress officially changed the Organic Law on the People's Courts requiring all death sentences to be approved by the Supreme People's Court on 31 October 2006.[2] It has been reported that since the new review process, the court has rejected 15 percent of the death sentences decided by lower courts.[3]

  Organization

Courts of the SPC:

  • criminal
  • civil
  • economic
  • administrative trials
  • other courts set up according to actual needs

There are also National Courts with ties to the SPC:

  • Military Court
  • Maritime Court
  • Railway Transportation Court
  • Forestry Court

Departments within the SPC:

  • research office
  • general affairs office
  • personnel department
  • judicial affairs department
  • administrative affairs department
  • office affairs bureau
  • foreign affairs bureau
  • education department

  Presidents and Vice Presidents of the Court

  1. 1949 - 1954
  2. 1954 - 1959: 1st National People's Congress
  3. 1959 -1965: 2nd National People's Congress
  4. 1965 - 1975: 3rd National People's Congress
  5. 1975 - 1978: 4th National People's Congress
  6. 1978 - 1983: 5th National People's Congress
  7. 1983 - 1988: 6th National People's Congress
  8. 1988 - 1993: 7th National People's Congress
  9. 1993 - 1998: 8th National People's Congress
  10. 1998 - 2003: 9th National People's Congress
  11. 2003 - 2007: 10th National People's Congress
  12. 2008 - current: 11th National People's Congress

  See also

  References

  External links

   
               

 

All translations of Supreme_People's_Court_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China


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