» 
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definition - Taksonomi

definition of Wikipedia

   Advertizing ▼

phrases

Wikipedia

Taksonomi

Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

Gå til: navigation, søg

Taksonomi kan være en inddeling af fænomener (objekter eller begreber) i en hierarkisk klassifikation - - eller principperne bag klassifikationen af samme. 'Taksonomi' kommer fra det græske "ταξινομία", dvs. en sammensætning af taxis = orden og nomos = lov (altså en ordenslov eller et inddelingsprincip).

Den bedst kendte og videst brugte videnskabelige taksonomi er den Linnæiske taksonomi af levende væsener. Denne taksonomi er baseret på et system udarbejdet af den svenske videnskabsmand Carl von Linné i hans klassiske bog Systema Naturae.

Inden for undervisningsvidenskab anvendes ofte Blooms taksonomi der er en kognitiv inddeling i seks lærings-trin (efter amerikaneren Benjamin Bloom).

Matematisk er en taksonomi defineret som en træstruktur af klassifikationer for et givet sæt af objekter. Som eksempel har Linné et overbegreb som 'organisme' der har følgende underbegreber og under-underbegreber (osv.), som bør specificeres for en komplet bestemmelse af arten i systemet - f.eks.: Rige, række, klasse, orden, familie, slægt.

En enhed i en taksonomi (f.eks. en biologisk art eller orden eller række) betegnes et taxon, flertal taxa.

Diskussion omkring taksonomiens status

Transcendentalfilosofien (se fx Immanuel Kant) mener, at den menneskelige bevidsthed har en helt naturlig tendens til at organisere oplevelser i sådanne systemer af viden. Dette sker af sig selv, og vi kunne slet ikke have perceptioner uden en sådan naturlig taksonomi. Videnskabsmænd som Linné sprogliggør således blot disse naturlige inddelingsprincipper.

I modsætning til denne universale og objektive forståelse af taksonomien finder vi berømte antropologer som Emile Durkheim og Claude Levi-Strauss, der forfægter taksonomien som et produkt af lokale kulturelle systemer og sociale funktioner. Denne form for relativ taksonomi er blevet døbt 'folksonomi' eller endda 'fauxonomi' af dens kritikere.

Se også

Wikimedia Commons har billeder og/eller lyd med forbindelse til:

.

   Advertizing ▼

 

All translations of Taksonomi


sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

  • definition
  • synonym

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution

Alexandria

A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code

SensagentBox

With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.


Please, email us to describe your idea.

WordGame

The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.

boggle

Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyrights

The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.

Translation

Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

5578 online visitors

computed in 0.047s

   Advertising ▼

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
other
please precise:

Advertize

Partnership

Company informations

My account

login

registration

   Advertising ▼