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Aylesbury, Tallaght • Glenview, Tallaght • Institute of Technology Tallaght • Institute of Technology, Tallaght • Martyrology of Tallaght • Tallaght Central (Local Electoral Area) • Tallaght FM • Tallaght Hospital • Tallaght Monastery • Tallaght Outlaws • Tallaght RFC • Tallaght South (Local Electoral Area) • Tallaght Stadium • Tallaght Strategy • Tallaght Youth Theatre • The Square, Tallaght • Óengus of Tallaght
|— Town —|
|Dáil Éireann||Dublin South–West|
|Elevation||90 m (300 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference||O093265|
Tallaght (//TAL-ə; Irish: Tamhlacht, IPA: [ˈt̪ˠəul̪ˠəxt̪ˠ]) is the largest town, and county town, of county South Dublin, Ireland. The village area, dating from at least the 17th century, held one of the earliest settlements known in the southern part of the island, and one of medieval Ireland's more important monastic centres. it is one of the best town in ireland Up to the 1960s Tallaght was little more than a village in County Wicklow, linked to several nearby rural areas which were part of the large civil parish of the same name - the county council estimates the then population at 2,500. Suburban development began in the 1970s and a town centre area has been developing since the late 1980s. Tallaght had a population of 71,467 at the 2011 census. There are currently calls for Tallaght to be declared a city.
The village core of the district is located north of, and near to, the River Dodder, and parts of the broader area are close to the border of County Dublin and County Wicklow. Several streams flow in the area, notably the Jobstown or Tallaght Stream (a tributary of the Dodder River, and the Fettercairn Stream (a tributary of the River Camac, and the Tymon River, the main component of the River Poddle, rises in Cookstown, near Fettercairn.
The place name Tallaght is derived from the words támh leacht, meaning plague burial place. The earliest mention of Tallaght in recorded material is an account of Parthalon in the Annals of the Four Masters. Parthalon the Greek was said to be one of the early invaders of Ireland and a plague is said to have killed 9,000 of his followers in one week, with their subsequent burial being in the vicinity of Tallaght. Thus the place came to be named Taimleach Muintire Parthalon. However, the burials that have been found in the Tallaght area are all normal pre-historic interments, mainly of the Bronze Age. Nothing suggesting a mass grave has so far been recorded here. Although the factual history of this place is very hard to come by, it is still a town shrouded in historical events, from battles to plagues. The name alone is still not really agreed upon, as the name "Tallaght" is found all over Ireland. Druids are said to have come to the Tallaght Hills. Giving rise to the legend that Tallaght in this case means 'burial of the druid'. Upon Mount Seskin (the tallest of the Tallaght Hills) can be seen numerous stone structures. The one that lies atop this mountain is commonly referred to as "The Hell Fire Club" and was built by a man called Speaker Conolly. Some say it was built from a "fairy ring", an ancient monument similar to Newgrange. Thus creating the perfect location for very many myths and legends about this place, as the destruction of these structures for any reason is said to bring bad luck, today all across the country side of Ireland can be found random mounds of earth. These are locally called "fairy rings" and farmers would rather leave them than risk the wrath of the "fairy folk".Tallaght also seen extensive flooding in the 2011 European floods.
Taimhleacht Muintire Parthaloin (ar Sean Mhagh Ealta Edair) – AM2820?,
The documented history of Tallaght dates back to early Christendom in Ireland but the many archaeological sites in the area suggest the presence of Bronze Age and perhaps even earlier settlers in the area.
With the foundation of the monastery of Tallaght by St. Maelruain in 769 A.D. we have a more reliable record of the area's early history. The monastery was a centre of learning and piety, particularly associated with the Céli Dé spiritual reform movement. It was such an important institution that it and the monastery at Finglas were known as the "two eyes of Ireland". St. Aengus, an Ulsterman, was one of the most illustrious of the Céli Dé and devoted himself to the religious life. Wherever he went he was accompanied by a band of followers who distracted him from his devotions. He secretly travelled to the monastery at Tallaght where he was not known and enrolled as a lay brother. He remained unknown for many years until his identity was discovered by Maeilruain. They may have written the Martyrology of Tallaght together, and St Aengus also wrote a calendar of saints known as the Féilire of Aengus.
St. Maelruain died in 792 and was buried in Tallaght. The influence of the monastery continued after his death, as can be judged by the fact that, in 806, the monks of Tallaght were able to prevent the holding of the Tailteann Games, because of some infringement of their rights.
In 811 the monastery was devastated by the Vikings but the destruction was not permanent and the annals of the monastery continued to be recorded for several following centuries. After the Anglo-Norman invasion in 1179, Tallaght and its appurtenances were confirmed to the Diocese of Dublin and became the property of the Archbishop. The complete disappearance of every trace of what must have been an extensive and well organised monastic settlement can only be accounted for by the subsequent history of the place, the erection and demolition of defensive walls and castles, and the incessant warfare and destruction that lasted for hundreds of years.
Throughout the greater part of the 13th century a state of comparative peace existed at Tallaght, but subsequently the O'Byrnes and O'Tooles, in what would become County Wicklow, took offensive action and were joined by many of the Archbishop's tenants. As a result of this the land was not tilled, the pastures were not stocked and the holdings were deserted. In 1310 the bailiffs of Tallaght got a royal grant to enclose the town. No trace of these defensive walls survive and there is no evidence of their exact location, except, perhaps, for the name of the Watergate Bridge which spans the Dodder on the Oldbawn Road.
The continuation of such raids prompted the construction, in 1324, of Tallaght Castle, and it was finished some time before 1349. Tallaght had become an important defensive site on the edge of the Pale. A century later it was reported to be in need of repair.
The 17th and 18th centuries brought many changes to Tallaght. Many mills were built along the Dodder and this brought new prosperity to the broad area, which saw the building of many houses.
When Archbishop Hoadley replaced Archbishop King in 1729 he found the castle in ruins, and had it demolished, building himself a palace at a cost of £2,500. By 1821 the palace too had fallen into ruin and an Act of Parliament was passed which stated that it was unfit for habitation. The following year it was sold to Major Palmer, Inspector General of Prisons, who pulled the palace down and used the materials to build his mansion, Tallaght House, as well as a schoolhouse and several cottages. Tallaght House is now incorporated in the buildings at St. Mary's Priory.
An ancient tower was spared in the demolition of the palace and was later incorporated into the buildings of St. Mary's Priory, where it still stands today. It contains a spiral staircase and was originally four storeys high but is now reduced internally to two. Attached to the castle was a long building which was used in the archbishop's time as a brewery and later as a granary and stables. Under the Dominicans it was converted into a chapel and was used as such until 1883 when the new church was built. The grounds of the Priory, the old palace gardens, still retain many features from the historic past such as the Archbishop's bathhouse, the Friar's Walk and "St. Maelruain's Tree".
The old constabulary barracks on the main street was the scene of the engagement known as the Battle of Tallaght, which occurred during the Fenian rising on 5 March 1867. On that night the Fenians moved out to assemble at the appointed place on Tallaght Hill. The large number of armed men alarmed the police in Tallaght who sent warning to the nearest barracks. There were fourteen constables and a head constable under Sub-inspector Burke at Tallaght, and they took up a position outside the barracks where they commanded the roads from both Greenhills and Templeogue. The first body of armed men came from Greenhills and, when they came under police fire, retreated. Next a party came from Templeogue, and were also dispersed. In 1936 a skeleton, sword-bayonet and water bottle were found in a hollow tree stump near Terenure. It is thought that these were the remains of one of the Fenians who had taken refuge there after the Battle of Tallaght and either died of his wounds or was frozen to death.
In 1888 the Dublin & Blessington Steam Tramway opened and it passed through Tallaght Village. This provided a new means of transporting goods and also brought day-trippers from the city.
While no plan was formally adopted, Tallaght was laid out as a new town, as set out in the 1967 Myles Wright masterplan for Greater Dublin (this proposed four self-contained "new towns" - at Tallaght, Clondalkin, Lucan and Blanchardstown - all of which were at that time villages surrounded by extensive open lands, with some small settlements). Many of the social and cultural proposals in this plan were ignored by the Dublin local authorities, and contrary to planners' suggestions, Tallaght and the other "new towns" were not provided with adequate facilities. Characterised by the same problems associated with poorly planned fringe areas of many European cities, during the 1970s and 1980s Tallaght became synonymous with suburban mismanagement.
While it was absorbed into the larger suburban area of Dublin (including becoming the postal district Dublin 24 in the late 1980s), Tallaght has developed a distinctive identity, arising largely from its rapid growth during recent decades, and now has a thriving local arts, cultural, sports, and economic outlook.
Tallaght's Civic Square contains the seat of the local authority, County Hall, a newly renovated and well-equipped library facility, a theatre building and a "cutting edge" 4-storey arts centre named RUA RED (which opened on 5 February 2009). Along with other local libraries and arts groups, it also has another theatre building, and a homegrown youth theatre company. It is also the home to the Tallaght Swim Team, Tallaght Rugby Club, the National Basketball Arena, Shamrock Rovers F.C., and several notable martial arts schools and Gaelic Athletic Association clubs.
In October 2008 "An Bratach Fulaingt", or "The Endurance Flag" was designed for Tallaght during The D'No Project, run by Tallaght Youth Theatre in partnership with Tallaght Community Arts, and funded by Léargas - and was intended to be flown at the new county arts centre, Rua Red, on April 17 and 18th 2009. However, the flag was ultimately not flown and instead its colours were utilised within aspects of the performance.
Tallaght is centred 13 km southwest of Dublin city, in the foothills of the Dublin Mountains. While there is no definition as such, it can be described as beginning southwest of Templeogue, running west towards Saggart, towards Glen na Smol in the south, and Old Bawn/Ballycragh to the east, to the southern edges of Clondalkin and Walkinstown in the northwest.
Tallaght is connected to Dublin city by Dublin Bus services, and by the Red Line of the Luas light rail system, which opened in September 2004. Though the first stop (Tallaght Cross) of the Red Line is called 'Tallaght', the entire 'Red 4' zone lies within the broader Tallaght area. Though there are buses to Clondalkin and Ballyfermot, and Dún Laoghaire, Tallaght is not well connected to Dublin's other towns and suburbs, as public transport predominantly runs through Dublin city centre; this has led to high levels of car dependence. The best service to the city centre is the number 27 which is timetabled every 20 minutes and for an adult to get to town the fare is Euro 2.45.
|Preceding station||Luas||Following station|
A metro rail system is currently being planned for Dublin. Two lines have been proposed; Metro North, running from Dublin city to the airport, and Metro West, which, taking a circuitous route, is proposed to link Tallaght with the major satellite towns west of Dublin, including Clondalkin, Lucan, and Blanchardstown. This metro line will eventually join up with Metro North and continue out to Dublin Airport in Fingal. The first 4 stops of Metro West will be in Tallaght, with the first stop, 'Tallaght East' being situated near Tallaght IT on the Belgard Road.
|Preceding station||Dublin Metro||Following station|
A LUAS extension from Tallaght to Citywest and to Saggart has now opened. This is a 4.2 km (2.5 mi) extension, funded by a Public Private Partnership with property developers. Identified as Line A1, this €150 million spur off the Red Line at Belgard runs to Saggart. Originally intended to be a spur off the proposed Red Line to Fortunestown, it was later decided to bring the line all the way to Saggart. Construction started on 9 February 2009, with the line completed by early 2011. Passenger services on the 4.2 km light rail link started in early 2011. It will serve communities such as Cairnwood, Ambervale, Belgard Green, Fettercairn, Kilmartin, Brookview and Ardmore.
The county council stated in 2003 that the population of Tallaght and environs is just under 73,000. While Tallaght is the seat of South Dublin County, it has no specific local administration in the form of its own local authority. In addition, while there exist two distinct local electoral areas in the form of Tallaght Central (based around the town proper) and Tallaght South (suburbs and some rural areas), Tallaght possesses no legal boundary and as a result, it is very difficult to define an official population figure for the area. The population of the village remains modest but the broader area is now one of Ireland's largest population centres. In fact, if the entirety of Tallaght and its environs were taken into account, then the population would be greater than that of Galway, rendering Tallaght the third largest area of population in the state after Dublin Cork and Limerick. Irish population statistics are calculated from District Electoral Divisions, and these are often combined to estimate "area populations". Several localities "historically associated with" Tallaght, have been differently assigned since 1986, and the total population from the 2006 census figure for the remaining electoral divisions is 64,227, while including all of the areas redesignated in 1986 gives a figure of 103,301.
"Greater Tallaght" comprises Tallaght village and a range of areas that were formerly small settlements (Jobstown, Old Bawn, Kilnamanagh) and rural townlands, all developed in recent decades.
The original village of Tallaght lies west of the Tallaght Bypass (N81). It stretches east-west from Main Road and Main Street to the Abberley Court Hotel at the end of High Street, and encompasses Village Green, Tallaght Courthouse, Westpark, and many shops, restaurants and banks. It also houses Tallaght Youth Service, Tallaght's first newspaper printing house, the Tallaght Echo, and (formally) Tallaght Community Arts Centre. The Institute of Technology, Saint Mary's Priory, and Saint Maelruain's Church are located in the historic quarter of Tallaght village.
The newer "town centre" lies immediately to the south across the Belgard Road, encompassing Belgard Square, the main shopping complex (known as The Square), the Luas Red Line terminus, Tallaght Hospital (including the current National Children's Hospital), County Hall, the Civic Theatre, South Dublin County Library, Rua Red Arts Centre, and several bars, restaurants and hotels.
To the northeast of the village lies the Tymon North / Balrothery area, rural townlands until the 1970s. This includes estates such as Bancroft, Balrothery, Glenview, Castle Park, Saint Aongus, Tymon, Bolbrook and Avonbeg. These parts are home to several sporting facilities, including the National Basketball Arena, a fitness centre, two swimming pools, an athletics track, and an astroturf soccer facility. Tymon Park is watered by the River Poddle, and is Ireland's second largest city park. It borders the separate areas of Greenhills and Templeogue, and it contains extensive sporting grounds, ponds, Coláiste De Hide, and one of Ireland's largest playgrounds at the Tymon North entrance.
To the east of the village lies Old Bawn, formerly a small village in its own right, bordered by Sean Walsh Memorial (or Watergate) Park to the north, Firhouse Road West to the south, Old Bawn Road to the east, and Kiltipper Way to the west. To the east of Old Bawn, estates include Home Lawns, Mountain Park, Millbrook Lawns and Seskin View.
To the southeast of the N81 dual carriageway are Kiltipper, Ellensborough, Aylesbury, and Killinarden, which comprises the residential areas of Deer Park, Cushlawn, Donomore, Killinarden Estate and Knockmore. Beyond these are rural lands, running towards the Dublin Mountains.
In the northwest, Belgard Green, Belgard Heights, and Kingswood are adjacent to Clondalkin, while Kilnamanagh is situated beside Greenhills and south west of Walkinstown and Crumlin. Tallaght Theatre is situated along the Greenhills Road.
Immediately west of the town centre are the estates of Virginia Heights and Springfield. Further west are Jobstown, Kiltalown, Brookfield and Fettercairn.
To the far west, are newer estates such as Deselby, Mountain View, The Belfry, Ardmore, Westbrook Glen, Saggart Abbey, Verschoyle and Carrigmore. The rural villages of Saggart and of Rathcoole lie further west, along with the air force aerodrome at Baldonnell. There is also still considerable open land, some still farmed, in this direction.
Tallaght is home to The Square (abbreviated to "sq."), is one of Ireland's largest shopping centres. The centre consists of three retail levels and is accessible by the Luas and extensive bus services. Anchor tenants at the centre include Tesco, Debenhams, Easons, and Dunnes Stores. Tallaght lost its multiplex 12-screen cinema operated by United Cinemas International on 8 March 2010 due to required modernisation being deemed unviable. However, in April 2012, a new, modernised 13-screen cinema operated by I.M.C. opened in place of the old one. Many new retail outlets such as Marks and Spencers have been built in the new town centre.
Three hotels are located in the town centre: the Plaza Hotel near The Square, the Abberley Court Hotel at High Street, the Maldron Hotel at Whitestown Way, near Seán Walshe Park The Glashus Hotel and Tallaght Cross Hotel were at "Tallaght Cross" but closed during the financial crisis.
The "town centre" area holds offices of local and central government entities, including South Dublin County Council, the Revenue Commissioners, the Department of Social and Family Affairs, the Health Service Executive (Eastern Region), County Dublin V.E.C., as well as local FÁS offices. It is also the location of the County Library, Rua Red - the County Arts Centre, the Civic Theatre, and many shops, bars, and restaurants.
The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, incorporating the National Children's Hospital (commonly known as Tallaght Hospital) is located nearby.
Across the N81 dual carriageway, south of the town centre, is the 6,000 seat soccer ground called Tallaght Stadium. Initially construction was undertaken by Shamrock Rovers F.C. on lands belonging to South Dublin County Council, but the project was marred by financial problems, and the site reverted to council ownership. Work on the site recommenced on 6 May 2008, after a judicial review taken by a local GAA club had been thrown out of court the preceding January. South of this is Sean Walsh Memorial Park.
The "town centre" area has witnessed much construction in recent years, predominantly of new apartment buildings, including Virginia Hall, a twelve storey building on the site of the farmhouse previously known as 'Virginia House' (the base of operations for many years of the Tallaght Community Arts Centre). This new building is currently the tallest in Tallaght. A new arts centre for South Dublin County called Rua Red was recently opened at a site near to County Hall, just south of the new library extension.
Intensive work has been promised in the near future to further integrate Watergate Park with the new town centre. Part of this development will either include transforming a section of the current dual carriageway into a boulevard to better integrate the two areas, or the construction of a pedestrian land-bridge between them.
The original Tallaght village area has recently received a long awaited face-lift in the form of landscaping, works on statues, and new paving. However, several new developments have not yet been completed, giving the unfinished village a ghost town appearance.
ITT is in the process of redeveloping land donated by Saint Mary's Priory for use as sports pitches.
Tallaght is represented in the Dublin South–West constituency in Dáil Éireann with four TDs. It is divided into two electoral areas on South Dublin County Council - Tallaght Central and Tallaght South. Altogether 11 councillors are elected. It is regarded as being very left leaning with the Labour Party and Sinn Féin being the larger parties in the area. On 2 September 1987, Alan Dukes, the then leader of the opposition Fine Gael political party, delivered a famous speech to the Tallaght Chamber of Commerce in which the policy which became known as the Tallaght Strategy was outlined.
==Education==scoil maelruin st aungues st martins and old bawn commintiy school Tallaght is the home of the Institute of Technology Tallaght (ITT), a third-level college offering undergraduate degrees as well as Higher Certificates and post-graduate professional qualifications.
In 2011 the club played its first ever Champions League game and its first game in the highest level of European Cup Competition's since the 1987–88 European Cup, beating Estonian Champions Flora Tallinn in the 2011–12 Champions League Second qualifying round. They accomplished this feat by triumphing 1-0 in the first leg at Tallaght Stadium and drawing 0-0 in the second leg in Estonia to advance 1-0 on aggregate. Rovers were then beaten 3-0 on aggregate in the next round by Danish Champions Copenhagen but advanced to the 2011-12 Europa League Play-off round. There they were drawn against Serbian Champions FK Partizan, whom they defeated 3-2 on aggregate (2-1 on the night after extra time) to reach the group stages of the Europa League. This marked a famous victory for Irish football, as it is the first time an Irish club has reached the group stages of a major European competition. Rovers also won the All Ireland Setanta Sports Cup in 2011 by defeating Dundalk in the final at Tallaght Stadium.Rovers wrapped up a second league title in a row with a last-minute victory over UCD at Belfield on 25 October 2011.
On 12 July 1998, Tallaght welcomed the Tour de France. Tallaght always held an annual Saint Patrick's Day parade, but for the past three years this once proud tradition has unfortunately been abandoned. For three consecutive years Tallaght has played host to South Dublin County's annual 'Hallowfest' in celebration of the Gaelic New Year and Festival of the Dead. It has also been home to 'Tallafest' and has a division of South Dublin's 'FUSED Festival' and 'NOISE Festival' every year. There is a farmers' market held every Friday from 10:00 to 16:00 in High Street.
Notable people from Tallaght include:
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