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definition - Technical_University_of_Denmark

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Technical University of Denmark

                   
Technical University of Denmark
Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
Logo of the Technical University of Denmark
Motto Det bli'r til noget
Established 1829
Type Public university
Chairman Sten Scheibye
President Anders Bjarklev
Provost Henrik C. Wegener
Dean Martin P. Bendsøe & Martin Vigild
Director Claus Nielsen
Admin. staff 4,500 (2,250 researchers)[1]
Students 7,000[1]
Doctoral students 700[1]
Location Lyngby, Copenhagen, Denmark
Former names Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt (1829–1933)
Danmarks Tekniske Højskole (1933–1994)
Colors Red and gray          
Sports Rugby union, Volleyball
Nickname DTU
Affiliations EUA, CDIO, TIME
Website www.dtu.dk

The Technical University of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet), often simply referred to as DTU, is a university just north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It was founded in 1829 at the initiative of Hans Christian Ørsted as Denmark's first polytechnic, and is today ranked among Europe's leading engineering institutions, and the best engineering university in Scandinavia.[2]

Contents

  History

DTU was founded in 1829 as the 'College of Advanced Technology' (Danish: Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt) with the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted, then a professor at the University of Copenhagen, as one of the driving forces. The inspiration was the École Polytechnique in Paris which Ørsted had visited as a young scientist. The new institution was inaugurated on 5 November 1829 with Ørsted as its principal, a position he held until his death in 1851.[3]

  The College of Advanced Technology's premises in Sølvgade, completed 1889

The new college's first home was two buildings in Studiestræde and St- Oederstræde in central Copenhagen but although expanded several times they remained inadequate and in 1890 a new building complex was inaugurated in Sølvgade in 1890. The new buildings were designed by the architect Johan Daniel Herholdt.[3]

In 1903, the College of Advanced Technology commenced the education of electronics engineers in addition to the building engineers, production engineers and machine engineers already educated at the college.

In the 1920s, space had once again become insufficient and in 1929 the foundation stone was laid for a new school at Østervold. Completion of the building was delayed by World War II and it was not completed until 1954.[3]

From 1933, the institution was officially known as Danmarks tekniske Højskole (DtH), which usually was translated as the 'Technical University of Denmark'. Finally on 1 April 1994, in connection with the joining of Danmarks Ingeniørakademi (DIA) and DTH, the Danish name was changed to Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, in order to include the word 'University', thus giving rise to the acronym DTU by which the university is commonly known today.

  Main building in Lyngby.

In 1960, a decision was made to move the College of Advanced Technology to new and larger facilities in Lyngby north of Copenhagen. They were inaugurated on 17 May 1974.[3]

On 23 and 24 November 1967. The University Computing Center hosted the NATO Science Committee's Study Group first meeting discussing the newly-coined term 'Software Engineering'.[4]

On 1 January 2007, the university was merged with the following Danish research centers: Forskningscenter Risø, Danmarks Fødevareforskning, Danmarks Fiskeriundersøgelser (from 1 January 2008: National Institute for Aquatic Resources; DTU Aqua), Danmarks Rumcenter, and Danmarks Transport-Forskning.

  Organization and administration

The university is governed by a board consisting of 10 members: 6 members recruited outside the university form the majority of the board, 1 member is appointed by the scientific staff, 1 member is appointed by the administrative staff, and 2 members are appointed by the university students.

The President of DTU is appointed by the university board. The president in turn appoints deans, and deans appoint heads of departments.

Since DTU has no faculty senate, and since the faculty is not involved in the appointment of president, deans, or department heads, the university has no faculty governance.[5]

  Departments

  Research centers

  Campus

The university is located on a plain known as Lundtoftesletten in the northeastern end of the city of Lyngby. The area was previously home to the airfield Lundtofte Flyveplads.

The campus is roughly divided in half by the road Anker Engelunds Vej going in the east-west direction, and, perpendicular to that, by two lengthy, collinear roads located on either side of a parking lot. The campus is thus divided into four parts, referred to as quadrants, numbered 1 through 4 in correspondence with the conventional numbering of quadrants in the Cartesian coordinate system with north upwards.

  Controversy

DTU was the subject of controversy in 2009 because the former institute director of the Department of Chemistry[6] was a high-ranking member of Scientology.[7] In relation to this, the university was accused of violating the principles of free speech by threatening to fire employees who voice their criticism of the institute director.[8][9][10][11][12] On 7 April 2010, his successor was announced, at a department meeting, as Erling Stenby,[13] who officially took over as Director on 1 May 2010.

  Rankings

In November 2007 the Times Higher Education Supplement put the university as number 130 in their ranking of the universities of the world and number 122 in 2010.[14]

  • In the "engineering" category in the QS subject rankings for 2010 DTU is ranked:
    • No. 1 in Scandinavia
    • No. 69 in the World
  • On the Leiden Ranking's 2008 "crown indicator" list of Europe's 100 largest universities in terms of the number of Web of Science publications in the period 2000–2007 DTU is ranked:[15]
    • No. 1 in Scandinavia
    • No. 5 in Europe
  • In the 2011 QS World University Rankings[16] DTU is ranked:
    • No. 150 in the World

  Management and freedom of speech controversy

The head of department at DTU Chemistry, Ole W. Sørensen, has been the centre of several controversial events: An associate professor who had negotiated a bonus with the university, was threatened that the course she was teaching would be cancelled if she accepted the bonus. After she accepted the bonus, Ole W. Sørensen cancelled the course. A journalist covering the case reported that employees preferred to speak anonymously and without use of the university email system, but that only one employee, Rolf W. Berg, went on record by name, blaming the problems on the absence of a faculty role in the governance of DTU.[17]

Shortly thereafter, the university management threatened Rolf W. Berg with dismissal for publicly criticizing the university.[18]

  Student organizations

A student union at DTU is the 161-year old Polyteknisk Forening.

  Notable alumni and faculty

  See also

  References

  1. ^ a b c "Om DTU". Dtu.dk. 7 October 2010. http://www.dtu.dk/Om_DTU.aspx. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Top 20 institutions in engineering based on impact". Times Higher Education Supplement. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26&storycode=401979&c=1. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt". Gyldendal. http://www.denstoredanske.dk/It,_teknik_og_naturvidenskab/Teknologi/Tekniske_uddannelser_og_institutioner/Den_Polytekniske_L%C3%A6reanstalt. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  4. ^ NATO Unclassified Document AC/137-D/326
  5. ^ "Board of Governors". http://www.dtu.dk/English/About_DTU/Organization/Board_of_Governors.aspx. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  6. ^ "Ole W. Sørensen". Kemi.dtu.dk. 4 September 2006. http://www.kemi.dtu.dk/English/Service/Phonebook.aspx?lg=showcommon&id=37010&type=person. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Lise Richter (13 October 2011). "DTU-leder bruger Scientology-metoder". information.dk. http://www.information.dk/184273. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  8. ^ Kristian Villesen (13 October 2011). "'Jeg kan ikke forestille mig, at vi knægter ytringsfriheden'". information.dk. http://www.information.dk/190815. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  9. ^ Lise Richter (13 October 2011). "Forsker står til fyring for kritiske udtalelser". information.dk. http://www.information.dk/190705. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Lig på bordet". information.dk. http://www.information.dk/183747. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Lise Richter. "Trivselsundersøgelse holdes hemmelig". information.dk. http://www.information.dk/183387. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  12. ^ Lise Richter. "DTU-leder kører de ansatte i sænk". information.dk. http://www.information.dk/183379. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "Erling Halfdan Stenby". Kt.dtu.dk. 18 July 2006. http://www.kt.dtu.dk/Om_instituttet/Medarbejdere.aspx?lg=showcommon&id=2354&type=person. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  14. ^ Sara Rosendal. "DTU tager tigerspring på listen over verdens bedste universiteter" (in Danish). ing.dk. http://ing.dk/artikel/83167. Retrieved 2007-11-15. 
  15. ^ http://www.cwts.nl/ranking/top100_green_lst.html
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities. http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011?page=2. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "DTU-leder kører de ansatte i sænk". 22 February 2009. http://www.information.dk/183379. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  18. ^ "Forsker står til fyring for kritiske udtalelser". 10 May 2009. http://www.information.dk/190705. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  19. ^ "Sådan blev Ebbe Sand Professionel fodboldspiller". http://www.metropenge.dk/sadan-blev-ebbe-sand-professionel-fodboldspiller/. 

  External links

Coordinates: 55°47′8.87″N 12°31′17.52″E / 55.7857972°N 12.5215333°E / 55.7857972; 12.5215333

   
               

 

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