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Teen Titans

                   
Teen Titans

Promotional cover art for Teen Titans vol. 3, #50, by Alé Garza.
Shown are Blue Beetle, Ravager, Wonder Girl, Robin, Kid Devil, Miss Martian, and Supergirl.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance The Brave and the Bold #54 (July 1964)
Created by Bob Haney
Bruno Premiani
In-story information
Base(s) Titans Tower:
New York City (1980–1991, 1999–2002)
San Francisco (2003–Present)
Other:
Solar Tower, Metropolis (1997–1998), USS Argus, Earth orbit (1994–1995), Titans Liberty Island Base, New Jersey (1991–1994), Gabriel's Horn, Farmingdale, Long Island (1976), Titans' Lair, Gotham City (1966–1976)
Member(s)
Teen Titans
Kid Flash
Red Robin
Superboy
Wonder Girl
Skitter
Bunker
Solstice
Danny the Street
Roster
See:List of Teen Titans members

The Teen Titans, also known as the New Teen Titans, New Titans, or simply the Titans, is a fictional superhero team appearing in comic books published by DC Comics, often in eponymous monthly series. As the group's name suggests, its membership is usually composed of teenaged superheroes.

The first incarnation of the team unofficially debuted in The Brave and the Bold #54 (1964) as a "junior Justice League" featuring Robin (Dick Grayson), Kid Flash (Wally West), and Aqualad, the sidekicks of Leaguers Batman, the Flash, and Aquaman, respectively. The group then made its first appearance under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60, joined by Wonder Girl (Donna Troy), the younger sister of Wonder Woman.[1] Green Arrow's sidekick, Speedy (Roy Harper), later took Aqualad's place in the lineup.

While only a modest success with its original incarnation, the series became a hit with its 1980s revival,[2][3] under the stewardship of writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez. In 1980, the two relaunched the team as The New Teen Titans, aging the characters to young adulthood. Original members Robin, Wonder Girl, and Kid Flash were joined by new characters Cyborg, Starfire, and Raven, as well as the former Doom Patrol member Beast Boy, now using the name Changeling. The New Teen Titans had several encounters with the original Titans of Greek mythology, particularly Hyperion. The series was retitled Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41 (April 1984), and Pérez left in 1985 to headline the DC Comics 50th Anniversary miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths. It was again renamed to simply The New Titans in December 1988 (issue #50), and was ultimately canceled in February 1996 after 130 issues.

The series was relaunched as Teen Titans in October 1996, with a roster of all-new members under the mentorship of the Atom (Ray Palmer), who had been de-aged to his teenage years; the series ended in September 1998 after 24 issues. A three-issue limited series titled JLA/The Titans: The Technis Imperative (December 1998-February 1999) led to the March 1999 debut of The Titans, a series featuring select Titans from all of the group's incarnations that ran for 50 issues until April 2003. A new regular series titled Teen Titans began in September 2003, featuring Cyborg, Starfire, Beast Boy, and Raven of the 1980s group joined by new teenaged versions of Robin (Tim Drake), Wonder Girl (Cassie Sandsmark), and Kid Flash (Bart Allen), as well as the Superman clone Superboy (Kon-El). By 2006 the team consisted of only the younger members and some new additions; a concurrent series titled Titans debuted in April 2008 featuring some of the "classic" Titans from the original and 1980s rosters, with Dick Grayson, Donna Troy, Wally West, Garth, and Roy Harper using their "adult" codenames Nightwing, Troia, Flash, Tempest, and Arsenal, respectively.

In November 2011 the Teen Titans were relaunched as part of DC's The New 52 reboot, with an overhaul of the team, now containing Red Robin, Wonder Girl, Kid Flash, Bunker, Skitter and a redesigned Solstice and tying in with the current superboy series, although at the moment superboy is an anti-villain.

A Teen Titans animated television series ran on Cartoon Network from July 2003 to January 2006. Based on the 1980s version of the team, but diverging from that continuity in some ways, the series spawned two related comic book titles, Teen Titans Go! and Tiny Titans. The series returned as a series of mini-shorts on the DC Nation block on Cartoon Network.

Contents

  Publication history

Teen Titans

The original Teen Titans (Wonder Girl, Aqualad, Robin, Kid Flash). Cover of Showcase #59 (Dec. 1965). Art by Nick Cardy.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Finished
Publication date (vol. 1)
Jan. 1966 – Feb. 1978 [4]
(vol. 2)
Oct. 1996 – Sept. 1998
(vol. 3)
Sept. 2003 – Sept. 2011
(vol. 4)
Sept. 2011 – Present
Number of issues (vol. 1): 53
(vol. 2): 24
(vol. 3): 100
(vol. 4): 1 (as of September 2011)
Creative team
Writer(s) (vol. 1)
Bob Haney
(vol. 2)
Dan Jurgens
(vol. 3)
Geoff Johns
(vol. 4)
Scott Lobdell
Penciller(s) (vol. 1)
Nick Cardy, Gil Kane, Art Saaf
(vol. 2)
Dan Jurgens
(vol. 3)
Mike McKone, Al Barrionuevo, Eddy Barrows
(vol. 4)
Brett Booth
Creator(s) (vol. 1):
Bob Haney
Nick Cardy
(vol. 2):
Dan Jurgens
(vol. 3):
Geoff Johns
Mike McKone
(vol. 4):
Scott Lobdell
Brett Booth

  Original incarnation

Robin (Dick Grayson), Kid Flash (Wally West), and Aqualad — the sidekicks of Justice League members Batman, the Flash, and Aquaman — teamed up in The Brave and the Bold #54 (July 1964) to defeat a weather-controlling villain known as Mister Twister.[5] They subsequently appeared under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60 in July 1965, joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl (Donna Troy) in her first appearance.[1][6][7] After next being featured in Showcase #59 (December 1965), the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1, cover-dated February 1966.[8]

The series' original premise revolved around the Teen Titans helping teenagers, answering calls from around the world. Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy (Roy Harper) makes guest appearances[9][10] before officially joining the team in Teen Titans #19.[11] Aqualad takes a leave of absence from the group in the same issue[11] but makes several later guest appearances,[12][13] sometimes with girlfriend Aquagirl.[14] Neal Adams was called upon to rewrite and redraw a Teen Titans story which had been written by then-newcomers Len Wein and Marv Wolfman. The story, titled "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho!", would have introduced DC's first African American superhero but was rejected by Publisher Carmine Infantino.[15] The revised story appeared in Teen Titans #20 (March-April 1969). Wolfman and Gil Kane created an origin for Wonder Girl in Teen Titans #22 (July-Aug. 1969) which introduced the character's new costume.[16] Psychic Lilith Clay[17] and Mal Duncan (who possess no superpowers) also join the group.[18] Beast Boy of the Doom Patrol makes a guest appearance seeking membership but was rejected for being too young at the time;[19] existing heroes Hawk and Dove, a duo of teenaged superpowered brothers, appear in issue #21;[20] and time-displaced caveman Gnarrk aids the team in two issues.[21][22]

The theme of teenagers learning to take on adult roles and responsibilities was common throughout the series. The series explored then current events such as inner-city racial tension and various protests against the Vietnam War. One storyline beginning in issue #25 (February 1970) saw the Titans deal with the accidental death of a peace activist, leading them to reconsider their methods.[23] As a result, the Teen Titans briefly abandoned their identities to work as ordinary, powerless civilians, but the change was quickly abandoned. Along the way, Aqualad was removed from the series and the character of Mr. Jupiter, who was Lilith's mentor and employer, was introduced and financially backed the Titans for a brief period. The series was canceled with #43 (January-February 1973).[24]

  1970s revival

  Teen Titans #50, with the majority of the Titans of that era.

A few years after its cancellation, the series resumed with issue #44 (November 1976).[25] The stories from the revival included the introduction of the African-American superheroine Bumblebee,[26] the introduction of the “Titans West” team, consisting of a number of other teen heroes including Bat-Girl (Betty Kane) and Golden Eagle, and the introduction of Joker's Daughter in Teen Titans #48. The revival was short-lived, and the series was canceled as of #53 (February 1978), that also told the story of how the Teen Titans were founded.[27] In that story the heroes realized that, now in their early 20s, they had outgrown the "Teen" Titans. In the last panel, without speaking, they go their separate ways.

The title was used again in 1999 for the Teen Titans Annual #1, 1967 issue (ISBN 1-56389-486-6), a one-shot special that reprinted selected Silver Age stories in the 1960s-style 80-Page Giant format, as a companion piece to the original comic book series, had an Annual issue been published at that time.

  The New Teen Titans (1980–1996)

DC Comics Presents #26 introduced a team of new Titans, anchored by founding members Robin, Wonder Girl, and Kid Flash, and soon followed by The New Teen Titans #1 (November 1980). The series, created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, re-introduced the Doom Patrol's Beast Boy as Changeling and introduced the machine man Cyborg, the alien Starfire, and the dark empath Raven.[28] Raven, an expert manipulator, forms the group to fight her demonic father Trigon the Terrible, and the team remains together thereafter as a group of young adult heroes.

The team's adversaries included Deathstroke the Terminator,[29] a mercenary who takes a contract to kill the Titans to fulfill a job his son had been unable to complete. This led to perhaps the most notable Titans storyline of the era (1984's "The Judas Contract," in Tales of the Teen Titans #42-44 and Teen Titans Annual #3[30]) in which a psychopathic girl named Terra, with the destructive power to manipulate earth and all earth-related materials, infiltrates the Titans in order to destroy them. "The Judas Contract" won the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for "Favorite Comic Book Story" of 1984,[30] and was later reprinted as a standalone trade paperback in 1988.[31] This story also featured Dick Grayson (Robin) adopting the identity of Nightwing,[32] Wally West giving up on his Kid Flash persona and quitting the Titans (which eventually led to him becoming the third Flash), and the introduction of a new member in Jericho, the other son of Deathstroke.

Other notable New Teen Titans stories included "A Day in the Lives...",[33] presenting a day in the team members' personal lives; "Who is Donna Troy?",[34] depicting Robin investigating Wonder Girl's origins; and "We Are Gathered Here Today...",[35] telling the story of Wonder Girl's wedding, a rare superhero wedding in that a fight does not break out. Tales of the New Teen Titans, a four-part limited series by Wolfman and Pérez, was published in 1982, detailing the back-stories of Cyborg, Raven, Changeling, and Starfire.

  The New Teen Titans and the Uncanny X-Men

The New Teen Titans was widely thought of as DC's answer to the increasingly popular Uncanny X-Men from Marvel Comics, as both series featured all-new members and depicted young heroes from disparate backgrounds whose internal conflicts were as integral to the series as was their combat against villains. The two teams met in the 1982 crossover one-shot entitled "Apokolips... Now", which teamed Darkseid, Deathstroke, and Dark Phoenix against both teams. The story was written by Chris Claremont and drawn by Walt Simonson and Terry Austin.[36]

  The New Teen Titans (vol. 2)

The New Teen Titans title was relaunched with a new #1 issue in August 1984[37] as part of a new initiative at DC informally referred to as "hardcover/softcover." The New Teen Titans, along with Legion of Super-Heroes and Batman and the Outsiders, were the first and only titles included in this program, where the same stories would be published twice, first in a more expensive edition with higher-quality printing and paper distributed exclusively to comic book specialty stores, then republished a year later in the original low-budget format and distributed to newsstands. The New Teen Titans title was renamed Tales of the Teen Titans (not to be confused with the earlier limited series), while a new concurrently published series named The New Teen Titans (vol. 2) launched with a new #1. After both titles ran new stories for one year, the former book began reprinting the latter's stories for the newsstand, continuing until the "hardcover/softcover" idea was abandoned after Tales of the Teen Titans #91.

Issue #1 of New Teen Titans (vol. 2) created controversy when Dick Grayson and Starfire were depicted in bed together, although it had been established for some time that they were a couple. The initial storyline, "The Terror of Trigon",[38] featuring Raven's demon father attempting to take over Earth, and Raven's own struggle to remain good despite Trigon's evil demonic blood inside her. Pérez left the series after issue #5.[39] José Luis García-López followed Pérez as the title's artist, and Eduardo Barreto contributed a lengthy run after García-López. Paul Levitz scripted and wrote several issues of the Brother Blood saga when Wolfman briefly took a break from the book. Pérez temporarily returned as co-plotter/penciller with issue #50, with the series name being amended to The New Titans, without the "Teen" prefix, as the characters were no longer teenagers.

Issue #50 told a new origin story for Wonder Girl, her link to Wonder Woman having been severed due to retcons created in the aftermath of Crisis on Infinite Earths. Pérez remained as penciller with the book through to issue #55, 57 and 60, while only providing layouts for issues #58-59, and 61, with artist Tom Grummett finishing pencils and Bob McLeod as inker. Pérez remained as inker for the cover art to issues #62-67. He would return for the series final issue with #130 (Feb. 1996) providing cover art. Wolfman and Grummett revitalized the series[40] and introduced a number of new characters and put older characters through radical changes during the few years. Members during this time included Phantasm,[41] Pantha,[42] and Red Star.[43]

Other new members of the team in the latter part of the run included Impulse,[44] Damage,[44] Green Lantern (Kyle Rayner),[45] Supergirl,[46] Rose Wilson,[47] Minion,[48] and Baby Wildebeest. As a result, the group that appeared in the final issue, #130 (February 1996), had little resemblance to the one that anchored DC's line-up in the early 1980s.

New Teen Titans

Cover to The New Teen Titans #1 (Nov. 1980). Art by George Pérez and Dick Giordano.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Finished
Publication date The New Teen Titans:
Nov. 1980 – March 1984
Tales of the Teen Titans:
April 1984 – Oct. 1985
The New Teen Titans vol. 2:
Aug. 1984 – Nov. 1988
The New Titans:
Dec. 1988 – Feb. 1996
Number of issues The New Teen Titans:
1-40
Tales of the Teen Titans:
41-91
The New Teen Titans vol. 2:
1-49
The New Titans:
50-130
Creative team
Writer(s) Marv Wolfman
Penciller(s) George Pérez
Eduardo Barreto
Tom Grummett
Inker(s) Romeo Tanghal
Creator(s) Marv Wolfman
George Pérez

  Teen Titans Spotlight On

With the Teen Titans properties rivaling Marvel's X-Men for popularity, another new title was launched in August 1986, this time to focus less on the team itself than on individual Titans, hence "Spotlight".[49] The series aimed to "put the spotlight on individual members of the Teen Titans, one at a time, and let each story dictate how many issues it should run,"[50] most storylines running just a single issue, after the series launched with a two-part focus on Starfire and a four-issue highlighting of Jericho.[49] The series ran for 21 issues, the last issue departing slightly from its aim to highlight individuals, culminating in a "Spotlight" on the 1960s Teen Titans team as a whole (April 1988), although there had previously been an issue focusing on another team, the Brotherhood of Evil.[51]

  Team Titans

The Team Titans were one of 100 groups sent back through time to prevent the birth of Lord Chaos, the son of Donna Troy and Terry Long. Their mission was to kill the pregnant Donna Troy before she could give birth. Mirage, Killowat, Redwing, Terra, Dagon, Prestor Jon, and Battalion made up the team.

  Teen Titans (vol. 2, 1996–1998)

  Cover of Teen Titans (vol. 2) #5, featuring the 1996–98 team. Art by Dan Jurgens & George Pérez

A new Teen Titans series written and penciled by Dan Jurgens began later that year with a new #1 (October 1996), with former New Teen Titans co-creator George Pérez as inker (Pérez would ink the first 15 issues of the series). Atom, who had become a teenager following the events of Zero Hour, leads the brand-new team, with Arsenal becoming a mentor about halfway through the twenty four-issue run, which ended in September 1998.

In an attempt to boost sales, a contest was held in the letter pages to determine who would join the team. Robin (Tim Drake), won the vote, but editors on the Batman titles banned Robin from appearing in the Teen Titans, forcing Jurgens to use Captain Marvel Jr. instead.[citation needed] The inclusion of Captain Marvel Jr. failed to boost sales of the title, which was then canceled.

  The Titans (1999–2002)

The team was revived in a three-issue limited series, JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative,[52] featuring nearly every character who had been a Titan and showcased the return of Cyborg. This limited series led into The Titans written by Devin Grayson,[53] starting with Titans Secret Files #1 (March 1999).

This incarnation of the team consisted of a mix of former original Titans, including Nightwing, Troia, Arsenal, Tempest, and the Flash (Wally West), from the original team; Starfire, Cyborg, and Changeling, from the New Teen Titans; Damage from the New Titans (the 1994 series); and Argent from the Teen Titans (the 1996 series). There was one new member, Jesse Quick. This version of the team lasted until issue #50 (2002). The West Coast branch of the team, Titans L.A., appeared once, in the pages of Titans Secret Files #2.

Between the end of Teen Titans and the beginning of The Titans, the next generation of young heroes: Superboy, Robin, Impulse, Wonder Girl, Secret, and Arrowette, formed their own team in Young Justice, a series similar to the original Teen Titans. Both series were concluded with the three-issue limited series Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day, which led into new Teen Titans and Outsiders ongoing series.

  Teen Titans (vol. 3, 2003–2011)

  Cover to Teen Titans vol. 3, #1 (July 2003). Art by Mike McKone.

Writer Geoff Johns' Teen Titans series began in 2003,[54] featuring a mix of previous and new members, most of whom had been part of Young Justice. Johns wrote the book for the first forty-five issues before turning it over to Adam Beechen, who wrote the book for a four-issue run from #46 to #49 after Johns' departure. Sean McKeever became the series' next writer and wrote from issue #50 through #71.[55][56] Following McKeever, Bryan Q. Miller wrote issues #72-74. Felicia Henderson took up the helm with issue #75.

The series’ original lineup parallels the lineup of Marv Wolfman's New Teen Titans series: veteran members Cyborg, Starfire, and Beast Boy return, joined by younger heroes Robin, Superboy, Wonder Girl, and Kid Flash. Johns had also wanted to use the character Static, (who was then just coming off of the popular animated series Static Shock) as part of the starting roster, but was not permitted to do so due to legal issues.[57] Raven re-joins the team in issue #12, and the new Speedy joins the team in Green Arrow #46, first appearing in the Titans book in issue #21. Starfire left the Teen Titans for the Outsiders. During the “Insiders” crossover with The Outsiders (issues #24–25), Superboy comes under Lex Luthor's control and attacks the team, afterwards taking a leave of absence that ends during Infinite Crisis. The new series sees the team’s relocation from the east to the west coast, its headquarters located in San Francisco instead of the traditional New York City location. The new Titans Tower also has a memorial hall with statues of the fallen Titans.

  One Year Later: The new Teen Titans

One year after Infinite Crisis, Robin has returned to the Teen Titans, while Wonder Girl quit to fight the Brotherhood of Evil. Starfire is missing in action after going into space. Raven's whereabouts are unknown and Beast Boy has left to join the new Doom Patrol, along with Bumblebee and Herald (now called Vox). Speedy is on an island with Connor Hawke. Kid Flash has become the fourth Flash. Cyborg was damaged and inactive since his return from space, but 16-year-old genius twins Wendy and Marvin, repaired him, giving him new abilities. New members include Kid Devil and Ravager.

During the lost year, at least 24[58] new short-term members joined the team. Without proper leadership none of the new members are able to work together.

Robin, Kid Devil, and Ravager reform the Teen Titans along with Wonder Girl, Cyborg, Raven, Miss Martian and a resurrected Jericho.[59] Robin tells Wonder Girl that he believes Raven could bring Superboy back to life, as she did with Jericho.[60] Raven reveals that she can not because Conner's soul has moved on.[61] A memorial to Superboy was erected outside Titans Tower. Unknown to the other Titans, Robin has secretly been attempting to re-clone Superboy, with nearly 100 failed attempts.

The Titans face a group calling themselves "Titans East," led by Deathstroke. The team includes Risk, Sun Girl, Batgirl, Kid Crusader, Match, Inertia, Duela Dent, and Enigma.[62] Deathstroke manipulated Titans East by blackmailing Risk, drugging Batgirl and giving Inertia "Velocity 9", a drug which allows super-speed without adverse effects. Robin cures Batgirl and she, along with Duela Dent, allows the Teen Titans to gain the upper hand, and defeat Deathstroke's team.

Soon after, events related to the Countdown story arc affect the Titans. Two members, Duela Dent and Bart Allen are killed. Cyborg leaves the team, Supergirl joins and Blue Beetle is invited to train whenever he wants.

The Titans Tomorrow return, allied with Lex Luthor, to alter the present to fit their future. During the fight, Miss Martian's future self reveals the rationale behind the Sinestro Corps and their war to subjugate the universe. The vision spurs Miss Martian to free Robin, who again confronts his future self, Batman. Cassie intervenes and changes the future by kissing Robin, causing the future versions to fade out. The Titans then join the fight against the Sinestro Corps.

After their encounter with their future selves, Supergirl quits. Cassie and Tim begin a relationship, while Kid Devil pines for Rose. Miss Martian finds that her mind was implanted with a piece of her future demented psyche. Kid Devil is left in Titans Tower alone and throws a massive party for local Titans fans, which leads to him being captured by Dreadbolt.

Later Ravager and the twins are attacked inside the tower by Persuader and Copperhead, who are being directed by the Clock King. Disruptor is sent to capture Miss Martian. Clock King's group is the Terror Titans. He intends to sell his captives to the "Dark Side Club"[63] to fight in the combat arena. M'gann frees Kid Devil from Clock King. Robin, Wonder Girl, and Blue Beetle help defeat the Terror Titans. Following the attack, Kid Devil sets out to capture Shockwave and is helped by Blue Beetle. Although they argue the whole time they eventually stop Shockwave. After the battle Eddie takes the code name Red Devil, along with a new costume. Miss Martian suddenly leaves the team assuring them she'd be back.

After the Batman R.I.P storyline, Robin decides to leave and leaves the team leadership to Wonder Girl. Red Devil loses his powers after Blood absorbs them. Miss Martian returns with several teen heroes liberated from the Dark Side Club. After proposing membership to several of them, a new team is formed: Wonder Girl, Blue Beetle, and the now powerless Red Devil are joined by Kid Eternity and Static; Aquagirl and Miss Martian rejoin the team; and Bombshell decides to join.[64][65] In Teen Titans #74, Red Devil/Eddie is killed and Kid Eternity is kidnapped by the Calculator.

During the events of the Blackest Night crossover, a number of dead Titans are resurrected as members of the Black Lantern Corps. With Static, Miss Martian, Blue Beetle, Raven, Bombshell and Aquagirl all have the day off, an emergency team consisting of Donna Troy, Cyborg, Wonder Girl, Starfire, Beast Boy, Kid Flash, and the new Hawk and Dove, is formed to defend the Tower. In the ensuing battle, Hawk is killed after her predecessor Hank Hall tears her heart out.

Starting in the May 2010 issue of Teen Titans, a new back-up feature called The Coven began running. The backup stars Black Alice, Zachary Zatara, and Traci 13.[66]

In #83 Blue Beetle leaves to visit his mother, and is drafted into the new Justice League International during the events of Justice League: Generation Lost. Kid Eternity is revealed to have been beaten to death by the Calculator.

J. T. Krul became the writer with issue #88, and penciller Nicola Scott became the book's artist. The teaser for issue #88 shows a revised Teen Titans line-up consisting of Superboy, Wonder Girl, Raven, Beast Boy, Kid Flash, and Ravager. The Titans undergo this roster change in issue #87, the final issue before Krul's run. Following a mission to an alternate dimension to rescue Raven, the team is splits up. Bombshell and Aquagirl are missing in action, Miss Martian is in a coma, and Static is powerless. Static leaves with Cyborg to go to Cadmus Labs in order to find a way to restore his powers and Miss Martian is taken with them.

Damian Wayne, the current Robin, is announced as a new team member.[67] Robin officially joined the team in issue #89. It was also announced that Static would get his own series.[68] In January 2011, the new Titan Solstice made her debut in the January 2011 Wonder Girl one-shot. She was brought over into the main Teen Titans title following the crossover with the Red Robin series.[69] During the Red Robin crossover, Tim asks the Titans for help in tracking down the Calculator after he tries to kill his friend Tam Fox, which leads to Tim eventually rejoining the team (albeit as Red Robin rather than Robin). Followng this, Damian quits the team.[70]

The book concluded with a three part storyline spanning from issues 98 to 100, which saw Superboy-Prime returning to destroy the team. A large group of former Titans arrived to assist their comrades, and the series ultimately ended with Prime being trapped in the Source Wall, seemingly for eternity. The remainder of the issue consisted of pieces of artwork showcasing the various Teen Titans who appeared in that incarnation of the title, contributed by various DC artists.

  Titans (vol. 2, 2008–2011)

Titans (vol. 2)

Cover for Titans #1 (2008). Art by Ethan Van Sciver.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Finished
Publication date April 2008 – August 2011
Number of issues 38
Creative team
Writer(s) Judd Winick
Sean McKeever
J. T. Krul
Eric Wallace
Penciller(s) Ian Churchill
Joe Benitez
Julian Lopez
Howard Porter
Fabrizio Fiorentino
Inker(s) Norm Rapmund
Creator(s) Judd Winick
Ian Churchill

A second ongoing Teen Titans series, titled Titans, launched in April 2008 and was written by Judd Winick.[71] Issue one was drawn by Ian Churchill and Norm Rapmund, issue 2 by Joe Benitez and Victor Llamas. The opening storyline follows the events of the Teen Titans East Special one-shot that was released in November 2007, revealing all of the members of Cyborg's team survived the attack, except Power Boy, dead after being impaled. The team's new line up consists of former New Teen Titans Nightwing, Flash, Donna Troy, Beast Boy, Raven, Cyborg, Red Arrow, and Starfire.[72]

In the first story arc of the series, Trigon makes a series of attacks on every member, former or current, of the Teen Titans, and Trigon has "another child" that, unlike Raven, will assist him in his attack. After reclaiming Titans Island and establishing a headquarters on the East River, Cyborg set out to create an East Coast Titans team. However, during a training session the team was brutally massacred by an unseen evil force. Though Cyborg survived the attack, Titans members past and present were attacked by demonic entities across the globe. Raven, sensing Trigon's presence once again, called upon her former Titans allies to defeat her fiendish father.

After rescuing several Titans and questioning Trigon himself, the Titans learned that Trigon himself was not behind the attacks but rather has three children to prepare his second invasion for him. After investigating potential carriers of his children, the Titans realize the bestial assaults were actually orchestrated by Raven's three grown half brothers—Jacob, Jared, and Jesse. Working together as a team, the Titans thwarted the Sons of Trigon and prevented Trigon's invasion plan. Following this adventure, Raven chose her adopted family over her biological family, Red Arrow decided to join his former teammates (although both he and Flash retain their JLA membership), and the Titans were together as a team once again.

Following this, the team has settled themselves down at Titans Tower (supposedly the New York base), where they attempt to recover from recent events. While Dick and Kory attempt to make a decision on where their current relationship will lead, Raven and Beast Boy go out together on a "not-a-date". During this, Raven reveals that since she faced her brothers, she has begun to feel as if she is losing control and slipping back under the thrall of her father's powers. Although Beast Boy rejects the idea, he is unexpectedly blind-sided as Raven gives in to her darker side, under the influence of her half-brother's coaxing. Using her teleporting powers, she and the Sons of Trigon vanish, leaving a distraught Beast Boy behind to warn the others. Using a gem stone that carries Raven's pure essence within it, the Titans manage to free Raven of her father's evil, although there will always be the possibility of it happening again. As a result, Raven leaves each Titan with an amulet that can be used to cleanse any evil influence from her body.

Following this, Jericho, still inhabiting the body of Superboy's clone, Match, arrives, frantically asking for help due to the fact he cannot separate himself from Match's body. The current story features Jericho who has turned renegade again. Shortly after a struggle with Jericho, who it is revealed is under control of the numerous people that he has taken command of over the years, Nightwing resigns from the Titans, due to his new responsibilities in Gotham.

  Brightest Day: Titans - Villains for Hire

  Promotional image for Titans: Villains for Hire Special, featuring the team. Art by Fabrizio Fiorentino.

At Comic-Con, there was an announcement saying that Cyborg, Donna Troy, and Starfire would leave the team to pursue the JLA. Red Arrow, with his daughter Lian, has already relocated and is no longer involved with the Titans, but there will be a spotlight on him in issue #23 after what happened to him in Justice League: Cry for Justice #5. After a series of spotlight issues[73][74] Final Crisis Aftermath: INK writer-artist creative team Eric Wallace and Fabrizio Fiorentino took over the Titans title. Deathstroke took over the team with Tattooed Man and Cheshire.[75]

One of the new members included a young redhead woman who has the ability to manipulate fire known as Carla Monetti a.k.a Cinder. Osiris, a former member of the Teen Titans during the One Year Later gap, and who had been brought back to life after the events of Blackest Night, was also introduced as a member. In addition, the final issue of the limited series, Justice League: The Rise of Arsenal ended with an advertisement stating that Arsenal's storyline would continue in Titans: Villains for Hire.

The team made its debut in the one-shot, Titans: Villains for Hire, where they are hired to assassinate Ryan Choi (Atom) in his home in Ivy Town. The issue quickly became the subject of controversy due to the violent death of Choi, with allegations of racial insensitivity being leveled at DC over the decision to kill off a relatively high profile Asian character.[76]

Following the one-shot, the team's inaugural storyline involved them being hired to assassinate Lex Luthor following the events of War of the Supermen. This is ultimately revealed to be a ruse set up by Luthor and Deathstroke to draw out the real assassin, a shape-shifter named "Facade", who had apparently killed and impersonated a woman on Luthor's security detail.

Following several adventures, the Titans are confronted by Ray Palmer and the Justice League for their hand in Ryan's murder. The Titans are nearly defeated, but manage to escape thanks to an intervention from the newly-resurrected Isis.[77] Following the battle with the Justice League, Titans concluded with a two-part storyline which saw the return of Slade's son, Jericho. The series ended with Arsenal battling Slade for control of the team and the Titans ultimately disbanding and choosing to go their separate ways (and Arsenal taking Jericho under his wing), leaving Slade alone once again.[78]

  The New 52 (Teen Titans vol. 4, 2011-Present)

  Cover for Teen Titans, vol. 4, #1 (September 2011). Art by Brett Booth and Norm Rapmund.

DC Comics rebooted Teen Titans with issue #1 in September 2011 with a roster of Red Robin, Kid Flash, Superboy, Wonder Girl, Solstice, and two new characters, one of whom was initially named Bugg, now called 'Skitter'. [79] Additionally, former Titans Static and Blue Beetle were each given their own titles.[80][81] The reboot was launched by writer Scott Lobdell with former Justice League of America artist Brett Booth providing interiors.

Lobdell has stated a desire to create a more diverse Titans roster, drawing parallels to the non-white teenagers he created during his run on the Generation X title at Marvel Comics. In keeping with that goal, three of the seven Titans are people of color.[82] One of the new Titans is Bunker, a Mexican teenager named Miguel Barragan who can create force fields. Miguel is also gay, making him the first homosexual member of the Teen Titans since Hero Cruz, who was a member of the short-lived Titans L.A. team for one issue.[83] The other two Titans were revealed to be Skitter, an African American girl with insect-themed powers, and Solstice, an Indian heroine created by J.T. Krul near the end of his run on the previous series.

In issue #1, an organization called N.O.W.H.E.R.E. seeks to control the young metahumans of Earth. The comic opens with Kid Flash showboating and trying to stop a fire, but ends up making the house explode. Tim Drake, now Red Robin, seeks out the metahuman thief known as Wonder Girl who is attacked by N.O.W.H.E.R.E. Wonder Girl reveals her metahuman powers to Red Robin as they fight N.O.W.H.E.R.E forces. She dislikes the label 'Wonder Girl', and prefers to be called by her real name, Cassie. Meanwhile, Superboy is in a N.O.W.H.E.R.E. test facility scheduled to be released.

In issue #2, Red Robin is bunking at Wonder Girl's home. He isn't sure why the enemy hasn't yet been able to track her down. Red Robin investigates a girl about her metahuman sister, Skitter. The girl has already given information to N.O.W.H.E.R.E. agents. Red Robin locates Skitter, and fights N.O.W.H.E.R.E. metahuman mercenaries in the Los Angeles sewers. Skitter, a metahuman insectoid, subdues the mercenaries, and tries to kill Red Robin. Wonder Girl secretly followed Red Robin into the sewers, and saves him. Red Robin has to find a way to get Skitter out but Wonder Girl refuses to help. She tells Red Robin they are even, and to lose her number.

Meanwhile, Superboy is convinced that he will earn his freedom by bringing in Wonder Girl. And so he studies her battle footage. Kid Flash is locked in a N.O.W.H.E.R.E. cell. He is talking to a kid in another cell named Danny. When Kid Flash escapes, he notices that there is nobody in Danny's cell. But he sees a girl in another cell named Solstice.

In Issue #3, Kid Flash rescues Solstice from her cell and together they escape from the N.O.W.H.E.R.E. facility located in the Antarctic. Wonder Girl, disguised as a nurse, infiltrates the Mount Mary General Hospital in Los Angeles to interrogate one of the mercenaries who tried to kill Red Robin and Skitter in the previous issue. Meanwhile, Red Robin is transporting Skitter, who is in her cocoon across the country by train. On the train he encounters another meta-human named Miguel Jose Barragan a.k.a. Bunker. The train makes an unexpected stop in a town inhabited by brain-washed people, Bunker and Red Robin team up to find the source. When Red Robin finds the device he is confronted by a mechanical being named Detritus, who is the creator of the mind control device. Detritus smashes Red Robin's head into the device but lets him go after he erases the memory of them meeting. When Red Robin returns to the train he finds that Skitter has awoken from her cocoon in her human form.

  Collected editions

  Silver Age Teen Titans

Trade paperbacks published by DC Comics collecting the most well-known adventures of this era:

Title Material collected Pages ISBN
Showcase Presents Teen Titans, Vol. 1 The Brave and the Bold #54, #60
Showcase #59
Teen Titans #1–18
528 1-4012-0788-X
Showcase Presents Teen Titans, Vol. 2 Teen Titans #19–36
The Brave and the Bold #83, #94
World's Finest Comics #205
512 1-4012-1252-2
The Silver Age Teen Titans Archives, Vol. 1 The Brave and the Bold #54, #60
Showcase #59
Teen Titans #1–5
203 1-4012-0071-0
Giant Teen Titans Annual #1 (1967 issue, published 1999) Showcase #59
Teen Titans #4
The Flash #164
Wonder Woman #144
80 1-5638-9486-6

  New Teen Titans

Hardbacks and trade paperbacks published by DC Comics collecting the most well-known adventures of this era:

Title Material collected Pages ISBN
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 1 DC Comics Presents #26
The New Teen Titans #1–8
230 1-5638-9485-8
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 2 The New Teen Titans #9–16
Best of DC (Blue Ribbon Digest) #18
240 1-5638-9951-5
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 3 The New Teen Titans #17–20
Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4
228 1-4012-1144-5
DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 4 The New Teen Titans #21–27, Annual #1 224 1-4012-1959-4
The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 1 DC Comics Presents #26
The New Teen Titans #1–20
Best of DC (Blue Ribbon Digest) #18
Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4
684 140123108X
The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 2 The New Teen Titans #21–37, #39-40,
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44,
Annual #1-3
736 1-4012-1959-4
Terra Incognito The New Teen Titans #28–34, select pages from #26, Annual #2 224 1-4012-0972-6
The Judas Contract The New Teen Titans #39–40
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44, Annual #3
192 0-9302-8934-X
The Terror of Trigon The New Teen Titans vol. 2, #1–5 134 1-5638-9944-2
Who is Donna Troy? The New Teen Titans #38
Tales of the Teen Titans #50
The New Titans #50-54, select pages from #55
"Who Was Donna Troy?" back-up story from Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
224 1-4012-0724-3

  The Titans

As yet, only the beginning and end of this era have been collected in trade paperback form:

Title Material collected Pages ISBN
JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative JLA/Titans #1–3
Titans Secret Files #1
144 1-5638-9563-3
Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3
(see also The Death and Return of Donna Troy below)
55 1-4012-0176-8

  Teen Titans (2003–2011)

Note: Issues #27-28, penciled by artist Rob Liefeld and written by Gail Simone, are not collected in any of the trade paperbacks. Teen Titans vol. 3, #27-28, were reprinted in DC Comics Presents: Brightest Day #3 (Feb. 2011), also including Legends of the DC Universe #26-27 (tying in with characters spotlighted in Brightest Day). Issues #48-49, which tie in with the "Amazons Attack" Wonder Woman story, are likewise not collected in a trade paperback.

Vol. # Title Material collected Pages ISBN
1 A Kid's Game Teen Titans vol. 3, #1–7
Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
192 978-1401203085
2 Family Lost Teen Titans vol. 3, #8–12, #½ 136 978-1401202385
3 Beast Boys and Girls Beast Boy #1–4 (1999 limited series)
Teen Titans vol. 3, #13–15
168 978-1401204594
4 The Future is Now Teen Titans/Legion Special
Teen Titans vol. 3, #16–23
224 978-1401204754
Teen Titans/Outsiders: The Insiders Teen Titans vol. 3, #24–26
Outsiders vol. 3, #24–25, #28
144 978-1401209261
Teen Titans/Outsiders: The Death and Return of Donna Troy Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3
Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
DC Special: The Return of Donna Troy #1–4
176 1-4012-0931-9
5 Life and Death Teen Titans vol. 3, #29–33, Annual #1
Robin #146–147
Infinite Crisis #5–6
208 978-1401209780
6 Titans Around the World Teen Titans vol. 3, #34–41 192 978-1401212179
7 Titans East Teen Titans vol. 3, #42–47 144 978-1401214470
8 Titans of Tomorrow Teen Titans vol. 3, #50–54 144 978-1401218072
9 On the Clock Teen Titans vol. 3, #55–61 160 978-1401219710
10 Changing of the Guard Teen Titans vol. 3, #62–69 192 978-1401223090
11 Deathtrap Teen Titans vol. 3, #70, Annual 2009
Titans vol. 2, #12–13
Vigilante vol. 3, #5–6
192 978-1401225094
12 Child's Play Teen Titans vol. 3, #71–78 208 978-1401226411
13 Hunt for Raven Teen Titans vol. 3, #79–87 208 978-1401230388
14 Team Building Teen Titans' Vol. 3 #88-92, Red Robin' #20, Wonder Girl' #1 168 978-1401232566
15 Prime of Life Teen Titans Vol. 3 #93-100 200 978-1401234249
N/A Ravager - Fresh Hell Backups stories from Teen Titans Vol. 3 72-75 144 978-1401229191

  Titans (2008–2011)

Vol. # Title Material collected Pages ISBN
1 Old Friends Titans East Special
Titans vol. 2, #1–6
200 1-4012-1991-8
2 Lockdown Titans vol. 2, #7–11 128 1-4012-2476-8
3 Fractured Titans vol. 2, #14, #16–22 192 1-4012-2776-7
4 Villains for Hire Titans: Villains for Hire Special
Titans vol. 2, #24–27
160 1-4012-3048-2
5 Family Reunion Titans vol. 2 #28-32, Shazam! #1 144 978-1401232931
6 Broken Promises Titans Vol. 2 #33-38, Annual Vol. 2 #1 176 978-1401233600

  The New 52 Teen Titans (2011-Ongoing)

Vol. # Title Material collected Pages ISBN
1 It's Our Right to Fight Teen Titans Vol. 4 #1-7 168 978-1401236987
The Culling: Rise of the Ravagers Teen Titans Vol. 4 #8-9, Annual #1
Legion Lost Vol. 2 #8-9
Superboy Vol. 6 #8-9
176 N/A

  In other media

  Animation

  The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967–1968)

  The Filmation adaptation of the Teen Titans.

The team's first animated appearance was in Teen Titans segments of the 1967 Filmation series The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure, featuring Speedy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl, and Aqualad. They are voiced by Pat Harrington, Jr., Tommy Cook, Julie Bennett, and Jerry Dexter.

  New Teen Titans (1983)

In 1983, Hanna-Barbera created an animated version of The New Teen Titans which was ultimately not picked up by ABC.

  Anti-drug commercial (1984)

Wonder Girl, Starfire, Raven, Cyborg, Beast Boy, Kid Flash, and Protector (temporarily replacing Robin) appeared on a 1984 Keebler anti-drug commercial.[84]

  Teen Titans (2003–2006)

  The Teen Titans from the 2003–2006 animated series.

A Teen Titans animated series ran on Cartoon Network from July 19, 2003, to January 16, 2006. Drawn in an anime-style based art form, the show featured a 1980s-era lineup of Robin, Starfire, Beast Boy, Raven, and Cyborg as teenagers, voiced respectively by Scott Menville, Hynden Walch, Greg Cipes, Tara Strong, and Khary Payton. Though the series adapted some Wolfman/Pérez storylines like "The Judas Contract" and "The Terror of Trigon" and featured versions of many other Titans comic book characters like Aqualad, Speedy, Deathstroke (named Slade due to censor issues), Bumblebee, and Terra, it followed its own continuity and introduced new characters. In addition to stand-alone episodes, each season featured a main story arc. Season 1 focused on Robin's search for Slade; in the finale you finally see Slade's mask and outfit out of the darkness. In season 2, based on "The Judas Contract", they met a girl named Terra. In the end she saves the city and turns to stone after being Slade's second apprentice. Terra returns in season 5. Season 3 features Cyborg's numerous conflicts with Brother Blood and the Hive. Season 4, an adaptation of "The Terror of Trigon", concludes with what is supposed to be the end of the world, but is stopped by Raven. In season 5, the Teen Titans come against the "Brotherhood of Evil", composed of almost all the Teen Titans' past enemies. After the fifth and final season, the movie Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo premiered on Kids' WB! on September 16, 2006.

The series spawned a related comic book, Teen Titans Go!, and three video games.

  Teen Titans: The Judas Contract

At the San Diego Comic-Con International in 2006, a Judas Contract animated movie was announced. Marv Wolfman and George Pérez, creators of The New Teen Titans, were assigned to work on the direct-to-DVD movie. The film has been cancelled due to a lack of a "broad fanbase appeal", which would have put it ahead of other projects.[85]

  Justice League: The New Frontier (2008)

The Titans appear in a brief background cameo during the closing JFK speech in the 2008 animated film Justice League: The New Frontier.

  Young Justice (2010–)

In November 2010, the Young Justice animated television series was launched, featuring teenaged superhero sidekicks who are members of a fictional covert operation team called Young Justice under the authority of the Justice League. Despite its title, the show is not an adaptation of the Young Justice series of comics, but rather, an adaptation of the entire DC Universe with a focus on young superheroes.[86][87] The television series is based on a concept of a cross between Teen Titans and Young Justice (not an adaptation of solely one or the other),[86] drawing influences from 1960s Teen Titans run and the 1990s Young Justice run, in addition to the recent Teen Titans and Young Justice comics.[87] The line-up reflects the variety of sources on which the show is based: Superboy, Dick Grayson as Robin, Wally West as Kid Flash, Miss Martian, Artemis, and Kaldur'ahm as Aqualad. In the show's second season, the Cassandra Sandsmark version of Wonder Girl, the Tim Drake version of Robin, Beast Boy, Bumblebee, Blue Beetle and Mal Duncan have joined the team.

  DC Nation (2012)

During the premiere of Green Lantern: The Animated Series on Cartoon Network, it was announced that in 2012 there will be a new block of animation with the Green Lantern and Young Justice shows alongside animated shorts. One of these shorts previewed was a Chibi-version of the Teen Titans using the art style and voice actors of Teen Titans. Formerly known as the New Teen Titans, the principal cast members reprised their roles as the lead Titans.

  Teen Titans GO! (2013)

After the test run with the DC Nation's Teen Titans shorts turning out positive, it has been announced that a new full-length series called "Teen Titans GO!" is going to premiere in 2013, with the new chibi animation and the voice actors from the original Teen Titans series. This new series is going to premiere and run on Cartoon Network.

  Mad (2010)

In season 2 of MAD, Cyborg appeared in a contest and in the next episode, the Teen Titans (Robin, Raven, Cyborg, Beast Boy, Starfire, Blue Beetle, Superboy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl, and Aqualad) get spoofed along with Titanic.

  Live action

In 2007, Warner Bros. was developing a live-action Teen Titans movie. Akiva Goldsman was the producer and Mark Verheiden was the scriptwriter.[88]

  Cultural references

In a skit in the Robot Chicken episode "They Took My Thumbs", the original Titans line-up (Robin, Wonder Girl, Speedy, Kid Flash, and Aqualad) join their mentors on the Justice League's satellite headquarters for "Bring Your Sidekick to Work Day." Various hijinks ensue, and at the end, the kids are teleported back to Earth, only to end up immolated in a lava pit on another planet. The older heroes blame Martian Manhunter, who they suspected of being jealous of them for having sidekicks, but he blames his "invisible sidekick, Martian Boyhunter" for the sabotage. As they all jump on Martian Manhunter, back at the teleportation console "Martian Boyhunter" materializes, snickering to himself at the mischief he created. In an earlier episode, "Vegetable Funfest", the animated series Titans (Robin, Starfire, Cyborg, Beast Boy, and Raven) are out-matched by a giant monster, and they allow two new "heroes" to join their ranks... Beavis and Butt-head.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ a b Wonder Girl refers to Wonder Woman's mother, Queen Hippolyta, as "Mother" in her first two appearances, The Brave and the Bold #60 and Showcase #59.
  2. ^ MacDonald, Heidi D. (October 1982). "DC's Titanic Success". The Comics Journal (76): 46–51. 
  3. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Taschen America. p. 454. ISBN 978-3-8365-1981-6. "[Marv Wolfman and George Pérez] created a title that would be DC's sales leader throughout the 1980s." 
  4. ^ Teen Titans (1976) at the Grand Comics Database
  5. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "They were never given a team name when scribe Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani spun them against Mister Twister. However, this first team-up of Robin, Kid Flash, and Aqualad came to be classically regarded as the inaugural story of the Teen Titans." 
  6. ^ The name "Wonder Girl" itself had been regularly used for a variety of flashback tales of Wonder Woman's childhood exploits.
  7. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 115: "Writer Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy added another member to the ranks of the newly formed Teen Titans: Wonder Girl."
  8. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 116: "The Teen Titans earned their own series after successful tryouts in both The Brave and the Bold and Showcase. Scribe Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy promptly dispatched Robin, Aqualad, Wonder Girl, and Kid Flash...as the newest members of the Peace Corps."
  9. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "The Secret Olympic Heroes" Teen Titans 4 (July-August 1966)
  10. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Novick, Irv (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Monster Bait!" Teen Titans 11 (September-October 1967)
  11. ^ a b Friedrich, Mike (w), Kane, Gil (p), Wood, Wally (i). "Stepping Stones for a Giant Killer!" Teen Titans 19 (January-February 1969)
  12. ^ Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Blindspot" Teen Titans 28 (July-August 1970)
  13. ^ Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Captives!" Teen Titans 29 (September-October 1970)
  14. ^ Skeates, Steves (w), Infantino, Carmine (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Some Call it Noise" Teen Titans 30 (November-December 1970)
  15. ^ Cronin, Brian (2009). Was Superman a Spy?: And Other Comic Book Legends Revealed. Plume. ISBN 045229532. http://books.google.com/books?id=SFgiXbVykSIC&pg=PT67&dq=Teen+Titans+Len+Wein+Marv+Wolfman+Joshua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Dv4RT_a-Heb10gGU_8X7BQ&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Teen%20Titans%20Len%20Wein%20Marv%20Wolfman%20Joshua&f=false. 
  16. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 134: "Four years after the debut of Wonder Girl, writer Marv Wolfman and artist Gil Kane disclosed her origins."
  17. ^ Kanigher, Robert (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "The Titans Kill a Saint" Teen Titans 26 (January-February 1970)
  18. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 139: "The inaugural adventure of the non-powered non-costumed Teen Titans introduced one of DC's first African-American hereos, Mal Duncan. Written by Robert Kanigher, with stellar artwork from Nick Cardy..."
  19. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Molno, Bill (p), Trapani, Sal (i). "The Fifth Titan" Teen Titans 6 (November-December 1966)
  20. ^ Adams, Neal (w), Adams, Neal (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Citadel of Fear" Teen Titans 21 (May-June 1969)
  21. ^ Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "A Mystical Realm, A World Gone Mad" Teen Titans 32 (March-April 1971)
  22. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Tuska, George (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Awake, Barbaric Titan" Teen Titans 39 (May-June 1972)
  23. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 138: "Tragedy initiated a new era for the Teen Titans as told by scribe Robert Kanigher and artist Nick Cardy."
  24. ^ Haney, Bob (w), Saaf, Art (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Inherit the Howling Night!" Teen Titans 43 (January-February 1973)
  25. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "More than three years since Teen Titans was canceled, writers Paul Levitz and Bob Rozakis, with artist Pablo Marcos, revived the series."
  26. ^ Rozakis, Bob (w), Delbo, Jose (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "Daddy's Little Crimefighter" Teen Titans 48 (June 1977)
  27. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 176: "The team's untold origin...was vividly transcribed by writer Bob Rozakis and artist Juan Ortiz."
  28. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 188: "[The New Teen Titans] went on to become DC's most popular comic team of its day. Not only the springboard for the following month's The New Teen Titans #1, the preview's momentous story also featured the first appearance of future DC mainstays Cyborg, Starfire, and Raven."
  29. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 189: "Debuting in the shadows of the cover to the team's second issue, written by Marv Wolfman and meticulously illustrated by artist George Pérez, Deathstroke was...asked to kill the Teen Titans."
  30. ^ a b "Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Awards Archives". CBGextra.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20080516031527/http://www.cbgxtra.com/default.aspx?tabid=42&view=topic&forumid=34&postid=147. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  31. ^ Wolfman, Marv; Pérez, George (1988). The New Teen Titans: The Judas Contract. DC Comics. pp. 192. ISBN 0-930289-34-X. 
  32. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick; DeCarlo, Mike (i). "There Shall Come a Titan (The Judas Contract book 3)" Tales of the Teen Titans 44 (July 1984)
  33. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "A Day in the Lives..." The New Teen Titans 8 (June 1981)
  34. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "Who Is Donna Troy?" The New Teen Titans 38 (January 1984)
  35. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick; DeCarlo, Mike (i). "We Are Gathered Here Today..." Tales of the Teen Titans 50 (February 1985)
  36. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 199: "The issue, written by longtime X-Men scribe Chris Claremont and drawn by Walter Simonson [was]...one of the most well-received crossovers of its time - or of any time for that matter - the team-up was a huge success."
  37. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 209: "As one of DC's most popular team books, The New Teen Titans was a natural choice to receive the deluxe paper quality and higher price point of the new Baxter format. With the regular newstand title having already changed its name to Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41, the path was clear for a new comic to once again be titled The New Teen Titans. Featuring the trademark writing of Marv Wolfman and the art of George Pérez, this second incarnation was a success from the start, providing readers with the perfect blend of high-quality paper with high-quality storytelling."
  38. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Pérez, George (i). "Shadows in the Dark!" The New Teen Titans v2, 1 (August 1984)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Pérez, George (i). "The Search for Raven" The New Teen Titans v2, 2 (October 1984)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "Souls as White as Heaven..." The New Teen Titans v2, 3 (November 1984)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "--Torment!" The New Teen Titans v2, 4 (January 1985)
    Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "The Terror of Trigon!" The New Teen Titans v2, 5 (February 1985)
  39. ^ "George Pérez signs contract with DC, Takes leave of absence from Titans". The Comics Journal (92): 16. August 1984. 
  40. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 249: "Writer Marv Wolfman had revitalized the Titans franchise yet again, with the help of his new creative partner, artist Tom Grummett."
  41. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Vey, Al (i). "Paradise Lost" The New Titans 73 (February 1991)
  42. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Vey, Al (i). "When Pantha Strikes" The New Titans 74 (March 1991)
  43. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Vey, Al (i). "Red Star Rising" The New Titans 77 (June 1991)
  44. ^ a b Wolfman, Marv (w), Jones, Stephen J.B. (p), Collazo, Hector; Candelario, Harry; Champagne, Keith (i). "The Changing Order" The New Titans 0 (October 1994)
  45. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Jones, Stephen J.B. (p), Champagne, Keith; Rankin, Rich (i). "Psimon Psays... Die!" The New Titans 116 (December 1994)
  46. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Rosado, William (p), Champagne, Keith; Rankin, Rich (i). "Forever Evil, Part III of III: Demonsoul" The New Titans 121 (May 1995)
  47. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Harris, Finn (p), Harris, Finn (i). "Syndicate Rites!" The New Titans 122 (June 1995)
  48. ^ Wolfman, Marv; Friedman, Michael Jan (w), Jones, Stephen J.B. (p), Rankin, Rich (i). "Salvation" The New Titans 123 (July 1995)
  49. ^ a b Teen Titans Spotlight at the Grand Comics Database
  50. ^ Wolfman, Marv (w), Cowan, Denys (p), Giordano, Dick (i). "Black and White" Teen Titans Spotlight 1 (August 1986)
  51. ^ Lofficier, Jean-Marc; Lofficier, Randy (w), Orlando, Joe (p), Patterson, Bruce (i). "The Brotherhood is Dead" Teen Titans Spotlight On 11 (June 1987)
  52. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 285: "Writer Devin Grayson and artist/co-plotter Phil Jimenez revived another stalled DC property in the JLA/Titans miniseries."
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