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definition - Tour_de_France_2006

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2006 Tour de France

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Tour de France 2006 - Course Outline
Race details
DatesJuly 1–July 23, 2006
Distance3,639 km (2,261 mi)
Winning time89h 40' 27" (40.789 km/h/25.345 mph)
Winner Óscar Pereiro (Spain)(Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears)
Second Andreas Klöden (Germany)(T-Mobile Team)
Third Carlos Sastre (Spain)(Team CSC)
Points Robbie McEwen (Australia)(Davitamon-Lotto)
Mountains Michael Rasmussen (Denmark)(Rabobank)
Youth Damiano Cunego (Italy)(Lampre-Fondital)
TeamT-Mobile Team

The 2006 Tour de France was the 93rd Tour de France, taking place from July 1 to July 23, 2006. It was won by Óscar Pereiro following the disqualification of apparent winner Floyd Landis.

The Tour began with a prologue in Strasbourg, on the French-German border, and ended Sunday July 23 in Paris. The distance of the course (run counterclockwise around France) was 3657 km (2272 miles).[1] The race was the third fastest in average speed. Along the way, the cyclists passed through six different countries including France, The Netherlands (a stop at Valkenburg in Stage 3), Belgium (at Huy, Stages 3 and 4), Luxembourg (at Esch-sur-Alzette, Stages 2 and 3), Germany (though not stopping there, Stage 1) and Spain (Pla-de-Beret, Stage 11). The presentation of the course was made by the new director of Le Tour, Christian Prudhomme. For the first time since the 1999 edition, there was no team time trial.

The event, as with some of the Tours of the late 1990s, was marred by doping scandals. Prior to the tour, numerous riders - including the two favourites Jan Ullrich and Ivan Basso - were expelled from the Tour due to their link with the Operación Puerto doping case.

After the Tour, the apparent winner Floyd Landis was found to have failed a drug test after stage 17; Landis contested the result and demanded arbitration. On September 20, 2007 Landis was found guilty and suspended retroactive to January 30, 2009 and stripped of the 2006 Tour de France title making Óscar Pereiro the title holder.[2] Landis appealed the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport which upheld the ban.


Drugs controversy before the Tour

In the most controversial scandal since the 1998 tour, thirteen riders were expelled from the tour on the eve of Strasbourg prologue to the 93rd edition stemming from a Spanish doping scandal. Jan Ullrich and Ivan Basso, two favourites to win the race, were among those excluded from the Tour along with podium candidate Francisco Mancebo and 2007 champion Alberto Contador. Alexandre Vinokourov, another race favourite, was not linked to the doping scandal, but was forced to withdraw when the eligible riders on his Astana-Würth Team fell below the minimum starting requirement of six. Because of this and the retirement of seven-time consecutive winner Lance Armstrong, this year's Tour started without the top five riders from the 2005 edition. It was also the first Tour since 1999 that did not contain a past champion.

The initial doping controversy foreshadowed the contested outcome of the 2006 Tour involving the race leader Floyd Landis who was found guilty of doping.

The 2006 Tour de France

Initial results

American Floyd Landis was initially awarded the victory in the closest three-way finish in the race's history until then.

While Landis was a leading favorite even before the Spanish doping scandal came to light,[3] in an epic eight minute loss of performance in Stage 16, it appeared he had lost all hope to finish on the podium, much less win.

But the following day, during Stage 17, Landis set a very high pace on the first climb of the day that no other rider could match. He then caught a breakaway group that had escaped earlier, passed them, and continued to the finish line solo, making up almost all of his deficit, ending up 30 seconds behind yellow jersey wearer Óscar Pereiro, which he made up with an extra minute in the final Stage 19 time trial.

However, a urine sample taken from Landis immediately after his Stage 17 win has twice tested positive for banned synthetic testosterone as well as a ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone nearly three times the limit allowed by World Anti-Doping Agency rules.[4] Landis indicated that he would appeal the test results with the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne, Switzerland.[5]

On September 20, 2007, Landis' doping accusation was upheld by an arbitration panel deciding between him and USADA and will be banned for two years. In response to this, International Cycling Union formally stripped him of his 2006 Tour de France title. Second place finisher Óscar Pereiro was officially declared the winner.[6] The only previous Tour de France winner to be disqualified was 1904 Tour de France winner Maurice Garin.


PStrasbourg7 kmFile:History.gif Individual time trialSaturday, July 1
1Strasbourg - Strasbourg183 km Flat stageSunday, July 2
2Obernai - Esch-sur-Alzette223 km Flat stageMonday, July 3
3Esch-sur-Alzette - Valkenburg216 km Transition stageTuesday, July 4
4Huy - Saint-Quentin207 km Flat stageWednesday, July 5
5Beauvais - Caen219 km Flat stageThursday, July 6
6Lisieux - Vitré184 km Flat stageFriday, July 7
7Saint Grégoire - Rennes52 kmFile:History.gif Individual time trialSaturday, July 8
8Saint-Méen-le-Grand - Lorient177 km Flat stageSunday, July 9
Rest dayMonday, July 10
9Bordeaux - Dax170 km Flat stageTuesday, July 11
10Cambo-les-Bains - Pau193 km Mountain stageWednesday, July 12
11Tarbes - Val d'Aran-Pla-de-Beret208 km Mountain stageThursday, July 13
12Luchon - Carcassonne211 km Transition stageFriday, July 14
13Béziers - Montélimar231 km Flat stageSaturday, July 15
14Montélimar - Gap181 km Transition stageSunday, July 16
Rest dayMonday, July 17
15Gap - L'Alpe d'Huez187 km Mountain stageTuesday, July 18
16Bourg d'Oisans - La Toussuire182 km Mountain stageWednesday, July 19
17Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne - Morzine199 km Mountain stageThursday, July 20
18Morzine - Mâcon193 km Transition stageFriday, July 21
19Le Creusot - Montceau-les-Mines56 kmFile:History.gif Individual time trialSaturday, July 22
20Antony-Parc de Sceaux - Paris Champs-Élysées152 km Flat stageSunday, July 23
Total3,639 km

Classification leadership

StageWinnerGeneral classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Team classification
Combativity award
PThor HushovdThor HushovdN/AThor HushovdJoost PosthumaDiscovery ChannelN/A
1Jimmy CasperGeorge HincapieFabian WegmannJimmy CasperBenoît VaugrenardWalter Beneteau
2Robbie McEwenThor HushovdDavid de la FuenteRobbie McEwenDavid de la Fuente
3Matthias KesslerTom BoonenJérôme PineauTom BoonenMarkus FothenJosé Luis Arrieta
4Robbie McEwenRobbie McEwenEgoi Martínez
5Óscar FreireSamuel Dumoulin
6Robbie McEwenBenoît VaugrenardAnthony Geslin
7Serhiy HoncharSerhiy HoncharMarkus FothenT-Mobile TeamN/A
8Sylvain CalzatiSylvain Calzati
9Óscar FreireChristian Knees
10Juan Miguel MercadoCyril DesselCyril DesselAG2R PrévoyanceJuan Miguel Mercado
11Denis MenchovFloyd Landis
Cyril Dessel
David de la FuenteT-Mobile TeamDavid de la Fuente
12Yaroslav PopovychDaniele Bennati
13Jens VoigtÓscar PereiroTeam CSCJens Voigt
14Pierrick FédrigoSalvatore Commesso
15Fränk SchleckFloyd Landis
Óscar Pereiro
Stefano Garzelli
16Michael RasmussenÓscar PereiroMichael RasmussenMichael Rasmussen
17Carlos SastreDamiano CunegoT-Mobile TeamFloyd Landis
18Matteo TosattoLevi Leipheimer
19Serhiy HoncharFloyd Landis
Óscar Pereiro
20Thor HushovdAitor Hernandez
FinalÓscar PereiroMichael RasmussenRobbie McEwenDamiano CunegoT-Mobile TeamDavid de la Fuente
Jersey wearers when one rider is leading two or more competitions
Other notes
  • Stage 17 was originally won by Floyd Landis, who also wore the yellow jersey on the 19th and 20th stage. After the court's decision[7] to forfeit all his results in the 2006 Tour de France, Carlos Sastre became the winner of the 17th stage, and Cyril Dessel and Óscar Pereiro should be considered having lead the general classification as shown in the table.

Overall standings

General Classification

1 Óscar Pereiro (ESP)Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears89h 40' 27"
2 Andreas Klöden (GER)T-Mobile Team+ 32"
3 Carlos Sastre (ESP)Team CSC+ 2' 16"
4 Cadel Evans (AUS)Davitamon-Lotto+ 4' 11"
5 Denis Menchov (RUS)Rabobank+ 6' 09"
6 Cyril Dessel (FRA)AG2R Prévoyance+ 7' 44"
7 Christophe Moreau (FRA)AG2R Prévoyance+ 8' 40"
8 Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)Euskaltel-Euskadi+ 11' 08"
9 Michael Rogers (AUS)T-Mobile Team+ 14' 10"
10 Fränk Schleck (LUX)Team CSC+ 16' 49"

Points Classification

1 Robbie McEwen (AUS)Davitamon-Lotto288
2 Erik Zabel (GER)Team Milram199
3 Thor Hushovd (NOR)Crédit Agricole195
4 Bernhard Eisel (AUT)Française des Jeux176
5 Luca Paolini (ITA)Liquigas174
6 Iñaki Isasi (ESP)Euskaltel-Euskadi130
7 Francisco Ventoso (ESP)Saunier Duval-Prodir128
8 Cristian Moreni (ITA)Cofidis116
9 Jimmy Casper (FRA)Cofidis98
10 Óscar Pereiro (ESP)Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears88

King of the Mountains classification

1 Michael Rasmussen (DEN)Rabobank166
2 David de la Fuente (ESP)Saunier Duval-Prodir113
3 Carlos Sastre (ESP)Team CSC99
4 Fränk Schleck (LUX)Team CSC96
5 Michael Boogerd (NED)Rabobank93
6 Damiano Cunego (ITA)Lampre-Fondital80
7 Cyril Dessel (FRA)AG2R Prévoyance72
8 Levi Leipheimer (USA)Team Gerolsteiner66
9 Andreas Klöden (GER)T-Mobile Team64
10 Óscar Pereiro (ESP)Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears63

Young Riders' Classification

1 Damiano Cunego (ITA)Lampre-Fondital89h 58' 49"
2 Markus Fothen (GER)Team Gerolsteiner+ 38"
3 Matthieu Sprick (FRA)Bouygues Télécom+ 1h 29' 12"
4 David de la Fuente (ESP)Saunier Duval-Prodir+ 1h 36' 00"
5 Moisés Dueñas (ESP)Agritubel+ 1h 48' 40"
6 Thomas Lövkvist (SWE)Française des Jeux+ 1h 52' 54"
7 Francisco Ventoso (ESP)Saunier Duval-Prodir+ 2h 22' 03"
8 Joost Posthuma (NED)Rabobank+ 2h 32' 41"
9 Benoît Vaugrenard (FRA)Française des Jeux+ 2h 33' 12"
10 Pieter Weening (NED)Rabobank+ 2h 36' 44"

Team classification

1 T-Mobile Team269h 08' 46"
2 Team CSC+ 17' 04"
3 Rabobank+ 23' 26"
4 AG2R Prévoyance+ 33' 19"
5 Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears+ 56' 53"
6 Lampre-Fondital+ 57' 37"
7 Team Gerolsteiner (GER)+ 1h 45' 25"
8 Discovery Channel+ 2h 19' 17"
9 Euskaltel-Euskadi+ 2h 26' 38"
10 Phonak Hearing Systems (CHE)+ 2h 49' 06"*

Teams and riders

Pre-race favourites

After the retirement of seven-time winner Lance Armstrong, the main contenders for the overall win were expected to be Ivan Basso from Team CSC, the 2005 runner-up; and Jan Ullrich from T-Mobile Team, the third man on the podium in 2005, winner in 1997, and the only previous winner still racing. However, both Ullrich and Basso were suspended by their teams on June 30 after UCI told T-Mobile and Team CSC that the riders were involved in the anti-doping investigation in Spain.[8]

Francisco Mancebo of the French team AG2R Prévoyance, who finished fourth last year and sixth the year before, was also suspended by his team, and subsequently announced his retirement. Alexander Vinokourov would have been the only returning rider with a top-five finish from last year's race. However, his team, Astana-Würth Team, was forced to pull out of the race because they would not be able to start with the minimum of six riders.

As a result of the drug scandal, many believed Spaniard Alejandro Valverde (Caisse d'Épargne), or the Americans Floyd Landis (Phonak), Levi Leipheimer (Gerolsteiner), or Australian Cadel Evans (Davitamon-Lotto) would probably win the race.[9]

The main contenders for the podium were those who placed well on GC last year, especially if they have had notable results since:

AG2R Prévoyance Christophe Moreau11th 2005, 4th 2000; 2nd 2006 Dauphiné Libéré
Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears Óscar Pereiro10th 2005, "Most combative" 2005;[10] 14th 2006 Dauphiné Libéré
Caisse d'Epargne-Illes Balears Alejandro ValverdeDNF 2005; 3rd 2003 Vuelta a España; 1st 2006 Liège-Bastogne-Liège; 1st 2006 La Flèche Wallonne
Discovery Channel José Azevedo5th 2004; 6th 2002; 4th 2006 Dauphiné Libéré; 5th 2001 Giro d'Italia
Discovery Channel George Hincapie14th 2005; 33rd 2004; 10th 2006 Dauphiné Libéré; only teammate to join Armstrong in all seven victories.
Discovery Channel Yaroslav Popovych12th 2005, 2005 maillot blanc; 40th 2006 Dauphiné Libéré
Euskaltel-Euskadi Iban Mayo60th 2005; 6th 2003; 15th 2006 Dauphiné Libéré; 1st 2004 Dauphiné Libéré
Team Gerolsteiner Levi Leipheimer6th 2005; 1st 2006 Dauphiné Libéré; 1st 2005 Tour of Germany
Lampre-Fondital Damiano Cunego4th 2006 Giro d'Italia; 1st 2004 Giro d'Italia
Phonak Hearing Systems Floyd Landis9th 2005; 1st 2006 Paris-Nice; 1st 2006 Tour de Georgia; 1st 2006 Amgen Tour of California; 60th 2006 Dauphiné Libéré
Davitamon-Lotto Cadel Evans8th 2005; 1st 2006 Tour de Romandie; 10th 2006 Tour of Switzerland
Rabobank Denis Menchov85th 2005; 1st 2005 Vuelta a España
Rabobank Michael Rasmussen7th 2005, 2005 King of the Mountains
Saunier Duval-Prodir Gilberto Simoni3rd 2006 Giro d'Italia; 1st 2001 and 2003 Giro d'Italia.

The 2006 Tour also saw the return of former yellow jersey holder and three-time stage winner David Millar (Saunier Duval-Prodir) after serving a two year ban for admissions of the use of the drug EPO, which was discovered in a police search of his house before the 2004 Tour de France, in June 2004.

See also


  1. ^ Jacques Augendre (2009). "Guide Historique" (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1255114110690607. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "'I am innocent,' Landis says after losing verdict". MSNBC. 2007-09-20. Archived from the original on 2007-10-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20071005203439/http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20889737. 
  3. ^ Tour de France 2006: Floyd Landis | Outside Online
  4. ^ "Backup Sample on Landis Is Positive". New York Times. 2006-08-05. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/05/sports/05cnd-landis.ready.html. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  5. ^ Larry Fine (2008-03-24). "Landis appeal hearing ends, decision expected in June". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/sportsNews/idUSN2424870720080325. 
  6. ^ "Backup Sample on Landis Is Positive". Velonews. 2007-09-20. http://www.velonews.com/news/fea/13354.0.html. 
  7. ^ "United States Anti-Doping Agency vs Floyd Landis". velonews. 2007-09-20. http://www.velonews.com/media/LandisDecision.pdf. Retrieved 5-3-2009. "The violation of the UCI Rules having occurred as a result ofan In-Competition test will result under UCI Articles 256 and257.2 in the automatic disqualification of the Athlete’s resultsin the 2006 Tour de France and forfeiture of any medals,points or prizes." 
  8. ^ Ullrich and Basso out of Le Tour, from BBC. Retrieved June 30, 2006.
  9. ^ "Bookies react quickly to Tour scandal". velonews. 2006. http://www.velonews.com/tour2006/news/articles/10182.0.html. Retrieved 2006-06-30. 
  10. ^ cyclingnews.com 2005 Tour final results

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