Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party
|Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party|
|Founded||25 July 1948|
|Headquarters||Corso 3 Novembre, 72|
|European Parliament Group||currently no MEPs|
|Coalition||with Union for Trentino and the Democratic Party|
|Politics of Italy|
The party was founded in 1948 as Trentino Tyrolean People's Party (PPTT). In 1982 a split between the conservative wing, led by Franco Tretter, and the centrist wing of the party, led by longstanding leader Enrico Pruner, occurred. The first group retained the name of the party but then changed it to Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Union (UATT), while second one took the name of Integral Autonomy. In 1988 the two groups were re-united and formed the PATT.
In the 1993 provincial election the party had its best result ever (20.2%), thanks to the crisis of Christian Democracy (DC), and its leader Carlo Andreotti was President of the Province of Trento for the successive five years, at the head of a coalition composed of the PATT and the Italian People's Party, one of the successors of DC, and some minor parties.
In 1998 the party suffered a reatret to 12.4%, due to the big result of the newly-formed Daisy Civic List (22.2%), with which it entered in coalition. Despite this the PATT formed an alliance with the House of Freedoms and especially Lega Nord Trentino for the 2001 general election, but Giacomo Bezzi was narrowly defeated in the single-seat-constituency of Lavis.
In the 2003 provincial election, the PATT won 9.0%, down from 20.2% in 1993. Indeed in 2002, when it entered in alliance with the centre-left coalition (in Trentino dominated by the Daisy Civic List, Civica), it suffered the split of those who wanted to continue to collaborate with the centre-right. These splinters, led by former leader and President of Trentino Carlo Andreotti, formed a much minor group called Autonomist Trentino, closely tied with Forza Italia, which scored 2.2%. In that occasion Andreotti was the candidate for President of the centre-right and he was soundly defeated (60.8% to 30.7%) by incumbent Lorenzo Dellai (Civica).
In 2007 the Trentino Autonomists, that were formed in 2000 by the merger of PATT splinter groups, merged into the PATT.
After the 2006 general election, thanks to an electoral pact with the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), the PATT was for the second time ever represented in the Chamber of Deputies by its former secretary Giacomo Bezzi (PPTT had a Senator from 1972 to 1976, Sergio Fontanari).
In the 2008 general election the PATT formed an alliance with Daisy Civic List and the SVP for the Senate (Sergio Muraro, PATT, was the candidate in the single-seat constituency of Pergine Valsugana), while for the Chamber of Deputies the PATT supported the SVP. Prior to the electoral campaign Giacomo Bezzi, who did not stay for re-election, announced that he was to vote for the centre-right in the election and that it was his intention to form a new regionalist party allied with Lega Nord Trentino and The People of Freedom. Also would-be Senator Muraro did not rule out the possibility of an alliance with the centre-right, if Silvio Berlusconi would have become Prime Minister again.
In the general election the centre-left was for the first time defeated in Trentino and Sergio Muraro was not elected. This bad result brought the PATT into a bitter turmoil. Giacomo Bezzi finally left the party and formed the Popular Autonomists, along with two minor regionalist parties, Autonomist Trentino and the Popular Autonomy Movement. In the 2008 provincial election the new party supported Sergio Divina, Senator and leader of Lega Nord Trentino, as candidate for President, while the PATT chose to continue its alliance with the centre-left Democratic Party and Lorenzo Dellai's Union for Trentino. Dellai was re-elected by a landslide and the PATT gained 8.5% of the vote and three provincial deputies. The PATT took part to the new government of Dellai with two provincial ministers, Ugo Rossi and Franco Panizza.
The electoral results of the PATT in the Province of Trento since 1992 are shown in the table below.
|1992 general||1993 provinc.||1994 general||1994 European||1996 general||1998 provinc.||1999 European||2001 general||2003 provinc.||2004 European||2006 general||2008 general||2008 provinc.||2009 European|
- Secretary: Carlo Andreotti (1988–1994), unknown (1994–2001), Giacomo Bezzi (2001–2005), Ugo Rossi (2005–...)
- President: Enrico Pruner (1988–1989), Franco Tretter (1988–1997), Carlo Andreotti (1997–1999), Luigi Panizza (1999–2003), Rudi Oss (2003–2005), Giacomo Bezzi (2005–2007), Walter Kaswalder (2007–...)
- ↑ http://trentinocorrierealpi.repubblica.it/dettaglio/Quando-tremo-lintero-consiglio/1521706
- ↑ ::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Camera del 13 Maggio 2001
- ↑ Parties and Elections in Europe
- ↑ http://www.elezioni.provincia.tn.it/2003_10_26/index.html
- ↑ Civica Margherita del Trentino
- ↑ Lo strappo di Bezzi: "Io voto per Divina" | Trentino
- ↑ Muraro: "Berlusconi? Non dico se lo voterei" | Trentino
- ↑ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/camera080413/C060830000.htm
- ↑ http://politiche.interno.it/politiche/senato080413/S040030000.htm
- ↑ http://www.elezioni2008.provincia.tn.it/
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 In list with the South Tyrolean People's Party at the national level.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 This result refers to single-seat constituencies, as the party did not presented a list for proportional representation.
- "Autonomists in Trentino", an essay by Franco Panizza
- Provincial Council of Trento – Legislatures
- Trentino Alto-Adige Region – Elections
- Provincial Government of Trento – Elections
- Cattaneo Institute – Archive of Election Data
- Parties and Elections in Europe – Province of Trento
- Ministry of the Interior – Historical Archive of Elections