» 
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definition - True_Blue_(song)

definition of Wikipedia

   Advertizing ▼

Wikipedia

True Blue (song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
"True Blue"
Single by Madonna
from the album True Blue
B-side"Ain't No Big Deal"
ReleasedSeptember 29, 1986
Format7", 12", CD Single
Recorded1985
GenreDance-pop
Length4:18
LabelSire, Warner Bros.
Writer(s)Madonna, Stephen Bray
ProducerMadonna, Stephen Bray
CertificationGold (RIAA)
Silver (BPI)
Madonna singles chronology
"Papa Don't Preach"
(1986)
"True Blue"
(1986)
"Open Your Heart"
(1986)

"True Blue" is a song by American singer-songwriter Madonna. It was released as the third single from her third studio album, True Blue, on September 29, 1986 by Sire Records. Originally written by Steve Bray, the song deals with the feelings of Madonna for her then-husband Sean Penn. A dance-pop song, it features instrumentation from a rhythm guitar, a synthesizer, keyboards, and drums. The main chorus is backed by an alternate one incorporating a chord progression generally seen in doo-wop type of music.

Received by the critics as a light-hearted and cute retro song, "True Blue" topped the charts in UK, Ireland and Canada and became another consecutive top ten song in U.S. for Madonna by reaching number three on the Billboard Hot 100. The original music video portrayed her again with a new look, leaner and sporting platinum blond bushy hair. An alternate video was made through the "Make My Video" contest on MTV. The final selected videos had a similar theme of 50s inspired setting and the storyline following the lyrics of the song. "True Blue" was performed only once on the subsequent Who's That Girl World Tour.

Contents

Writing and inspiration

The song was written and produced by Steve Bray with a co-writing credit by Madonna.[1] According to Madonna, "True Blue" takes its title from a favorite expression of her then husband Sean Penn and to his very pure vision of love[2] and was a direct tribute to him as well as the album, which was as a whole inspired by her "unabashed valentine" for Penn.[3] In an interview, Steve Bray said, "She (Madonna) was very much in love. It was obvious if she's in love she'll write love songs. If she's not in love she definitely won't be writing love songs."[4]

Composition

"True Blue" is a dance-pop song inspired by the Motown's girl groups from the 1960s which are considered the direct antecedents of Madonna's musical sound.[2] It emotionally and harmonically resembles Whigfield's 1999 song "Be My Baby".[5] The song is composed in the key of B major. It is set in compound quadruple meter, commonly used in doo-wop, and has a moderate tempo of 120 beats per minute.[6] "True Blue" features instrumentation from a rhythm guitar, a synthesizer, keyboards, and drums for the bassline,[5] with a basic sequence of I-VI-IV-V (B-G minor-E-F major) as its main chord progression.[7]

Madonna's vocal range spans a bit less than one and a half octaves, from F3 to B4.[6] The chorus is backed by sounds of bells ringing, an alternate verse—"This time I know its true"— which is sang by three back-up singers during the interlude,[8] and a bass counter melody which introduces her vocals during the second chorus.[7] The lyrics are constructed in a verse-chorus form, with the theme being Madonna's feelings for Sean Penn; it even uses the archaic love word "dear" in the line "Just think back and remember, dear".[9]

Reception

Critical response

Davitt Sigerson from Rolling Stone magazine in a review of the album True Blue said that the song "squanders a classic beat and an immensely promising title",[10] LAUNCHcast's Bill Holdship said that "True Blue" is "Madonna's wonderful tribute to the late '50s/early '60s "girl groups".[11] In his book Madonna: An Intimate Biography, journalist J. Randy Taraborrelli described the song as "the light-hearted, fun track of the whole True Blue album project having a retro 1950's feel to it".[12] In the book Rock 'n' Roll Gold Rush which contains information about various artists and their singles, author Maury Dean said that the song as a "masterwork of simplicity interwoven with secret complexity" adding that "on one hand, it's just a basic steetcorner ditty, with four basic chords. In another context, it's a counterpoint harmonic blanket, twirling with star-spangled timbre and dynamic drive."[9] Rikky Rooksby, in his book The Complete Guide to the Music of Madonna, said that "True Blue" is "a song that is merely cute and not really up to being the title track of an album".[7]

The Wichita Eagle did not like the song, believing that it was "sassless and neutered" as compared to the other songs on the record.[13] However, Daniel Brogan of The Chicago Tribune believed the song was good, calling it "impressive" like the rest of the album,[14] and Jan DeKnock of the same paper believed it was "charming".[15] Steve Morse of The Boston Globe, when describing the song, said that it was a "bid to be an '80s Helen of Troy".[16]

Chart performance

"True Blue" was released in the United States in October 1986. It debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number forty,[17] six weeks later it reached its peak of number three for three consecutive weeks, and spent sixteen weeks on the chart.[18] The song performed equally well on the other Billboard charts on which it appeared, peaking at number five on the Adult Contemporary chart,[19] and number six on the Hot Dance Club Play chart.[20] In October 1998, the single was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[21] In Canada, the song debuted at the eighty-four position of the RPM singles chart on September 27, 1986,[22] reached the top for one week in November 1986,[23] and stayed on the chart for twenty-three weeks.[24] It ended at the thirty-seventh position of the year-end chart.[25]

In the United Kingdom, "True Blue" was released on September 29, 1986. It debuted at number three on the UK Singles Chart, before climbing to number one the next week,[26] becoming Madonna's third number-one single there.[27] It was certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) in October 1986.[28] The song peaked at number one for two weeks in October 1986 in Ireland,[29] making it her fourth number-one single on the Irish Singles Chart.[30] In Europe "True Blue" also topped the Eurochart Hot 100 for one week in October 1986. It peaked in the top five in Belgium, Italy, and the Netherlands,[31][32][33] and in the top ten in Austria, France, Germany, and Switzerland.[34][35]

Music video

Official version

File:Truebluem.jpeg
Madonna sporting a blond bushy haircut, drives a Mercedes with her girlfriends in the back, in the 50s inspired blue themed video for "True Blue"

"True Blue" had two music videos to accompany it. Shot in early September 1986 in New York, Madonna's own video for the song was directed by James Foley and produced by David Naylor and Sharon Oreck with photography by Michael Ballhaus. The Foley version featured Madonna with three dancers and a 1950s car in an all-blue diner. Madonna changed her hairstyle from short-cropped in "Papa Don't Preach" to a bushy platinum blonde hairdo and sings the song in choreographed moves backed by her dancers. It displays a flashing back to fifties rock'n'roll youth culture.[36]

The blue background changes to a sunny one as she sings "The sun is bursting right out of the sky" to go-along with the lyrical meaning of the song. Two of Madonna's close friends, Erika Belle and Debi Mazar appeared in the video. The video was released at a time when she was going through a failed marriage with then husband actor Sean Penn. During this period, Madonna focused on more traditional fashion and attitudes and tried to appear more respectful of traditional gender roles. After shedding her trampy sex-kitten and boy-toy image with the "Live to Tell" music video, Madonna again adopted a new look for this video.[37] Madonna attended aerobics classes at Hollywood health centre The Sports Connection, which was responsible for her toned down look in the video.[36]

"Make My Video" contest

Sire Records decided to opt for a promotional device in the United States that would involve MTV viewers to make their own videos for "True Blue". In the fall of 1986, MTV asked its viewers to submit their own videos. The contest was known as "Madonna's 'Make My Video' Contest". The winner was awarded a trip to MTV's New York studio where Madonna presented a $25,000 cheque live on MTV.[38] Thousands of viewers submitted their recorded tapes which were mainly made using home-made video equipments and featured themselves or relatives as the actors.[39] MTV publicist Peter Danielson said that many of the submissions featured teenagers imitating Madonna. All the entries were shown in a continuous run on MTV as promised. The same song was played over and over for the whole day, but each time with a different video made by the finalists.[40] Author Lisa A. Lewis said that this event emphasized the effect Madonna had on different kind of audiences due to the popularity and response to the contest. MTV selected ten finalists based mainly on a standard of popularity rather than slickness of production or concept creativity.[39]

However, the concepts used in the videos were wide ranging and included a number of different ideas to interpret the lyrical meaning of the song. The final three entries selected, portrayed a fifties-style production referring to the thematic content of the song. The song's narration about "True Love" formed the basis of the rest of the semi-finalist videos but was used in very different ways. The videos were choreographed featuring heterosexual romance, though no particular male or female protagonist was singled out. Some even adopted a kind of literal montage technique rather than structuring the video around a narrative line.[39] The winning entry was by Angel Gracia and Cliff Guest and it showed the female protagonist being supported and guided by her girlfriends who introduce her with the male protagonist. The girl even goes to the boy's door to gift him flowers, thereby reversing the usual gender-directed pattern of gift-giving. The male protagonist is portrayed as a "perfect boy" having the sensibilities like attentiveness, cuteness, playfulness like a friend (after the lyrics "You're my best friend") and not sexual overtones. The video in-turn contrasts him with a self-centered boy who puts on sunglasses, throws his leather jacket over his shoulder and walks away from the girl. Other videos portrayed a girl pining for her sailor, U.S.-Soviet relations and an arguing couple with the girl in a scene inspired by the music video of Tina Turner's 1984 single "What's Love Got to Do with It".[39]

Live performance and cover

Madonna performed the song only once on her 1987 "Who's That Girl Tour". She came up on the stage wearing a blue dress for singing the song after finishing a performance of "Lucky Star". In a similar setting to the original music video of the song, Madonna is backed up by her singers who play her girlfriends. At the end of the song Madonna is asked to dance again by the dancer playing her man in the performance.[41] Her dance in the performance (and also some other performances in the tour) was choreographed by Jeffrey Hornaday from Flashdance.[42]

Pennsylvania based pop-punk band Digger recorded a version for their first LP Powerbait in 1996.[43]

Formats and track listing

  • 7" Single (Europe)
  1. "True Blue" (Remix/Edit) – 4:22
  2. "Holiday" (Edit) – 3:50
  • 7" Single (Japan/U.S.)
  1. "True Blue" – 4:16
  2. "Ain't No Big Deal" – 4:12
  • 7" Single (Re-Issue)
  1. "True Blue" – 4:16
  2. "Live to Tell" – 4:37
  • 12" Single (UK)
  1. "True Blue" (Extended Dance Version) – 6:37
  2. "Holiday" (Full Length Version) – 6:08
  • 12" Maxi-Single (U.S.)
  1. "True Blue" (The Color Mix) – 6:37
  2. "True Blue" (Instrumental) – 6:56
  3. "Ain't No Big Deal" – 4:12
  4. "True Blue" (Remix/Edit) – 4:22
  • CD Super Club Mix (Australia/Japan)
  1. "True Blue" (The Color Mix) – 6:37
  2. "Everybody" (Dub Version) – 9:23
  3. "Papa Don't Preach" (Extended Remix) – 5:45
  4. "Everybody" (Extended Version) – 5:56
  5. "Live to Tell" (Instrumental Version) – 5:49

Credits and personnel

Charts

Chart (1986)Peak
position
Australian Kent Music Report[44]5
Austrian Singles Chart[34]9
Belgian VRT Top 30[31]3
Canadian RPM Singles Chart[23]1
Dutch Top 40[33]4
French Singles Chart[45]6
German Singles Chart[35]6
Irish Singles Chart[29]1
Italian Singles Chart[32]4
New Zealand Singles Chart[46]3
Swedish Singles Chart[47]18
Swiss Singles Chart[48]6
UK Singles Chart[26]1
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[18]3
Preceded by
"Don't Leave Me This Way" by The Communards
Irish Singles Chart number-one single
October 4, 1986 – October 11, 1986
Succeeded by
"In the Army Now" by Status Quo
UK Singles Chart number-one single
October 11, 1986
Succeeded by
"Every Loser Wins" by Nick Berry
Preceded by
"Papa Don't Preach" by Madonna
Eurochart Hot 100 number-one single
October 18, 1986
Succeeded by
"The Final Countdown" by Europe
Preceded by
"Human" by Human League
Canadian RPM number-one single
November 22, 1986
Succeeded by
"Two of Hearts" by Stacey Q

Notes

  1. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 119
  2. ^ a b Metz & Benson 1999, p. 48
  3. ^ Morton 2002, p. 789
  4. ^ Michael 2004, p. 43
  5. ^ a b Marsh 1999, p. 184
  6. ^ a b "Digital Sheet Music: True Blue". Musicnotes. Alfred Publishing Co. Inc. http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtd.asp?ppn=MN0060333. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  7. ^ a b c Rooksby 2004, p. 24
  8. ^ McKeen 2000, p. 234
  9. ^ a b Dean 2003, p. 523
  10. ^ Sigerson, Davitt (1986-07-17). "Madonna: True Blue: Music Reviews". Rolling Stone. RealNetworks, Inc. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/madonna/albums/album/311318/review/6067650/true_blue. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  11. ^ Holdship, Bill (1986-01-01). "Album Review: True Blue". Yahoo! Music. Yahoo! Inc. http://ca.music.yahoo.com/read/review/12041816. Retrieved 2009-03-26. 
  12. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 53
  13. ^ "Madonna's 'True Blue' Leaves Bad Aftertaste". The Wichita Eagle (The McClatchy Company). 1986-11-23. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=WE&s_site=kansas&p_multi=WE&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EADB2F235797323&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  14. ^ Brogan, Daniel (1986-07-11). "Madonna Keeps Faith with 'Virgin' Cause in 'True Blue'". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/24919431.html?dids=24919431:24919431&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Jul+11%2C+1986&author=Daniel+Brogan&pub=Chicago+Tribune+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=MADONNA+KEEPS+FAITH+WITH+'VIRGIN'+CAUSE+IN+'TRUE+BLUE'&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  15. ^ DeKnock, Jan (1986-08-29). "'Higher Love' Takes Briton Steve Wiwood to a New Plateau on Charts". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/24933883.html?dids=24933883:24933883&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Aug+29%2C+1986&author=Jan+DeKnock&pub=Chicago+Tribune+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc='HIGHER+LOVE'+TAKES+BRITON+STEVE+WIWOOD+TO+A+NEW+PLATEAU+ON+CHARTS&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  16. ^ Morse, Steve (1986-07-01). "Madonna's Latest: Is She Serious?". The Boston Globe (The New York Times Company). http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=BG&p_theme=bg&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EADED8EEA35D9C3&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  17. ^ "Hot 100: Week of October 04, 1986 - True Blue". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 1986-10-04. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/hot-100?chartDate=1986-10-04&order=gainer. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  18. ^ a b "Hot 100: Week of November 29, 1986 - True Blue". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 1986-11-29. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/hot-100?chartDate=1986-11-29. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  19. ^ "Adult Contemporary: Week of November 22, 1986 - True Blue". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 1986-11-21. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/adult-contemporary?chartDate=1986-11-22. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  20. ^ "True Blue > Charts and Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Macrovision Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:j9fpxqq5ldje~T31. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  21. ^ "RIAA - Gold and Platinum certification". Recording Industry Association of America. 1998-10-22. http://riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&action=&title=&artist=Madonna&format=&debutLP=&category=&sex=&releaseDate=&requestNo=&type=&level=&label=&company=&certificationDate=&awardDescription=&catalogNo=&aSex=&rec_id=&charField=&gold=&platinum=&multiPlat=&level2=&certDate=&album=&id=&after=&before=&startMonth=1&endMonth=1&startYear=1958&endYear=2008&sort=Artist&perPage=25. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  22. ^ "Top Singles - Volume 45, No. 1, September 27 1986". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1986-09-27. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.0731&volume=45&issue=1&issue_dt=September%2027%201986&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  23. ^ a b "Top Singles - Volume 45, No. 9, November 22 1986". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1986-11-22. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.0859&volume=45&issue=9&issue_dt=November%2022%201986&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  24. ^ "Top Singles - Volume 45, No. 23, March 14 1987". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1987-03-14. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.0787&volume=45&issue=23&issue_dt=March%2014%201987&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  25. ^ "The Top Singles of '86". RPM. RPM Music Publications Ltd. 1986-12-27. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.0760&volume=45&issue=14&issue_dt=December%2027%201986&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=4dp17sl7hp9qmhhj3vmcenr836. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  26. ^ a b "Chart Stats - Madonna - True Blue". The Official UK Charts Company. http://www.chartstats.com/songinfo.php?id=13738. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  27. ^ "Chart Stats - Madonna". The Official UK Charts Company. http://www.chartstats.com/artistinfo.php?id=799. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  28. ^ "Certified Awards - True Blue". British Phonographic Industry. 1986-10-01. http://www.bpi.co.uk/music-business/article/awards.aspx. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  29. ^ a b "The Irish Charts - All there is to know". Irish Recorded Music Association. 1986-10-04. http://www.irishcharts.ie/search/number_one. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  30. ^ "The Irish Charts - All there is to know: Facts and Figures". Irish Recorded Music Association. http://www.irishcharts.ie/facts/most_no1s.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  31. ^ a b "Radio 2 - Top 30 van zaterdag 18 oktober 1986" (in Dutch). VRT Top 30. 1986-10-18. http://top30-2.radio2.be/#/chart-list/1057. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  32. ^ a b "Indice per Interprete: M" (in Italian). HitParadeItalia. 1986-10-25. http://www.hitparadeitalia.it/indici/per_interprete/am.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  33. ^ a b "De Nederlandse Top 40" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Radio 538. 1986 - week 43. http://www.top40.nl/index.aspx?week=43&jaar=1986. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  34. ^ a b "Madonna - True Blue (Song)" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. 1986-12-01. http://austriancharts.at/showitem.asp?interpret=Madonna&titel=True+Blue&cat=s. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  35. ^ a b "Chartverfolgung: Madonna - True Blue" (in German). Media Control Charts. 1986-10-27. http://www.musicline.de/de/chartverfolgung_summary/title/MADONNA/True+Blue/single. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  36. ^ a b Clerk 2002, p. 49
  37. ^ Peach 1998, p. 176
  38. ^ Garcia, Guy D. (1986-11-03). "People of Time". Time (Time Inc.). http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,962763,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  39. ^ a b c d Lewis 1991, p. 206
  40. ^ Parker, Lyndsey (2008-08-07). "Most Memorable Madonna Moments: 46-50". Yahoo! Music. Yahoo! Inc. http://new.music.yahoo.com/blogs/videogaga/7748/most-memorable-madonna-moments-46-50/. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  41. ^ Voller 1999, p. 29
  42. ^ Parish & Pitts 2003, p. 526
  43. ^ "allmusic ((( Digger > Overview )))". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:hnfqxq9kldte. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  44. ^ Kent, David (1993) (doc). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  45. ^ "Madonna - True Blue (Chanson)" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. 1986-12-27. http://lescharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Madonna&titel=True+Blue&cat=s. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  46. ^ "Madonna - True Blue (Song)". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. 1986-11-09. http://charts.org.nz/showitem.asp?interpret=Madonna&titel=True+Blue&cat=s. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  47. ^ "Madonna - True Blue (Song)". Sverigetopplistan. 1986-11-05. http://swedishcharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Madonna&titel=True+Blue&cat=s. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  48. ^ "Madonna - True Blue (Song)" (in German). Swiss Charts. Hung Medien. 1986-11-09. http://hitparade.ch/showitem.asp?interpret=Madonna&titel=True+Blue&cat=s. Retrieved 2009-03-29. 

References

  • Clerk, Carol (2002), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Madonnastyle], Omnibus Press, ISBN 0711988749 
  • Dean, Maury (2003), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Rock 'n' Roll Gold Rush: A Singles Un-Cyclopedia], Algora Publishing, ISBN 0875862071 
  • Lewis, Lisa A. (1991), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Gender Politics and MTV: Voicing the Difference], Temple University Press, ISBN 0877229422 
  • Marsh, Dave (1999), [Expression error: Missing operand for > The heart of rock & soul: the 1001 greatest singles ever made], Da Capo Press, ISBN 030680901X 
  • McKeen, William (2000), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Rock and Roll is Here to Stay: An Anthology], W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0393047008 
  • Metz, Allan; Benson, Carol (1999), [Expression error: Missing operand for > The Madonna Companion: Two Decades of Commentary], Music Sales Group, ISBN 0825671949 
  • Michael, Mick St. (2004), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Madonna 'talking': Madonna in Her Own Words], Omnibus Press, ISBN 1844494187 
  • Morton, Andrew (2002), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Madonna], Macmillan Publishers, ISBN 0312983107 
  • Parish, James Robert; Pitts, Michael R. (2003), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Hollywood Songsters: Garland to O'Connor], Taylor & Francis, ISBN 0415943337 
  • Peach, Lucinda J. (1998), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Women in culture: a women's studies anthology], Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 155786649X 
  • Rooksby, Rikky (2004), [Expression error: Missing operand for > The Complete Guide to the Music of Madonna], Omnibus Press, ISBN 0711998833 
  • Taraborrelli, J. Randy (2002), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Madonna: An Intimate Biography], Simon and Schuster, ISBN 0743228804 
  • Voller, Debbie (1999), [Expression error: Missing operand for > Madonna: The Style Book], Omnibus Press, ISBN 0711975116 

External links

 

All translations of True_Blue_(song)


sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution

Alexandria

A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code

SensagentBox

With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.


Please, email us to describe your idea.

WordGame

The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.

boggle

Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyrights

The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.

Translation

Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

3006 online visitors

computed in 0.047s

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
other
please precise:

Advertize

Partnership

Company informations

My account

login

registration

   Advertising ▼