definition of Wikipedia
|United States Auto Club
|Area of jurisdiction||United States|
The United States Auto Club (USAC) is one of the sanctioning bodies of auto racing in the United States. From 1956 to 1979, the USAC sanctioned the United States National Championship, and from 1956 to 1997 the organization sanctioned the Indianapolis 500. Today, the USAC serves as the sanctioning body for a number of racing series, including the Silver Crown Series, National Sprint Car Series, National Midget Series, Ignite Ethanol Fuel Series, .25 Midget Series, and Traxxas TORC Series.
The USAC was formed by Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Tony Hulman when the American Automobile Association (AAA) withdrew from auto racing following the 1955 Le Mans disaster. It became the arbiter of rules, car design, and other matters for what it termed championship auto racing. This became the term describing a car built to be used in the highest level of USAC racing. For a while there was a separate series of specifications for championship cars designed to be run on dirt, rather than paved, tracks.
The USAC’s long history as on open-wheel sanctioning body continues today with the Silver Crown Series, National Sprint Car Series, National Midget Series, Ignite Ethanol Fuel Series, .25 Midget Series, and Traxxas TORC Series. NASCAR stars including Jeff Gordon, Tony Stewart, and Kasey Kahne honed their skills and captured championships while competing in various USAC series.
In 2011 Taylor Ferns of Michigan won the 8th race of her career surpassing Alison MacLeod as the Winningest Female in USAC history
The "Triple Crown" is earned in USAC racing when a driver claims all three national championships (Silver Crown, Sprint Car, and Midget Car). Only two drivers, Tony Stewart (1995) and J.J. Yeley (2003), have achieved the triple crown in a single season. Three other drivers, Pancho Carter (1972–78), Dave Darland (1997–2001), and Jerry Coons, Jr. (2006–08), have claimed each of the three championships at least once in their careers.
USAC had awarded a national championship until A. J. Foyt won his seventh title in 1979. It has announced that it will begin awarding a national championship starting in 2010. A driver's finishes in his 25 best races are counted toward the championship and the 2010 winner will receive $40,000. Points are accumulated in the three national series: sprints, midgets, and Silver Crown. Bryan Clauson of Noblesville, Indiana claimed the inaugural championship, topping runner-up, Levi Jones, by 14 points. Clauson also earned a scholarship to compete in the Firestone Indy Lights series in 2011. He will contend the races on oval tracks for Sam Schmidt Motorsports.
USAC National Drivers Champions
The effect on the USAC, and for open-wheel racing in the United States, was devastating, especially since it closely followed the death of Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Tony Hulman.
Unfortunately, the crash came at a time when Indy Car owners and drivers were demanding changes from the USAC. Aside from the Indianapolis 500, USAC events were not well attended, and the owners felt that the USAC poorly negotiated television rights. The owners also wanted increases in payouts, especially at Indy.
Also unpopular were the attempts of the USAC to keep the aging Offenhauser engine competitive with the newer, and much more expensive, Cosworth DFV engine using boost-limiting "pop off valves" and limiting the amount of fuel that could be used.
Finally, most car owners banded together to form Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) in 1978, with the first race to be run in 1979. USAC tried unsuccessfully to ban all CART owners from the 1979 Indianapolis 500, finally losing in court before the race began. Both the USAC and CART ran race schedules in 1979.
Indianapolis Motor Speedway president John Cooper was instrumental in forming a joint body of CART and the USAC with the creation of the Championship Racing League in March 1980. However, in mid 1980, Cooper forced USAC to renounce their agreement with the CRL if they wanted to keep officiating the Indy 500. After the USAC's pitiful attempt at a 500-mile races at Pocono Raceway – which was boycotted by the CART teams, forcing USAC to fill the field with silver crown cars – USAC and CART eventually settled into a relatively peaceful co-existence, with the USAC continuing to sanction the Indianapolis 500, and CART including the race in its schedule.
USAC Silver Crown Series Champions
From 1956–1960 the USAC National Sprint Car Championship was divided into two divisions, Midwest and East.
USAC Sprint Car Series Champions
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USAC National Midget Series Champions
The Ignite Ethanol Fuel Series Series is a regional division of USAC. Utilizing cars identical to the midgets seen in the National Midget Championship, with the exception of the engine, drivers as young as 12 years old can compete. The sealed crate engine used by the series is a 2.0L 4-cylinder based on the engine found in the Ford Focus ZX3 and built by Roush Yates Engines.
The Ignite Ethanol Fuel Series National Champion has been determined in a variety of ways. The inaugural championship, 2005, was decided by a two-race series (one dirt, one pavement). Subsequent national champions were determined by a single "national championship race" held at various locations. This format was used until 2010. Beginning in 2011, a points system was instituted to determine the national champion. Counting only a drivers twelve best finishes, the system allowed drivers from multiple regions to compete under a common points structure for a season-long championship.
USAC Ignite Ethanol Fuel Series Midget National Champions
The Traxxas TORC Series was founded in 2009 by motocross racer Rick Johnson and it was managed the race operations and officiated the events. USAC took over complete management of the series in 2010.
|USAC Championship Car Season Champions|
From 1985 onwards, the Indianapolis 500 was the only race on the Gold Crown calendar. The winner of the Indianapolis 500 would be the de facto Gold Crown champion.
|USAC Gold Crown Series Champions|
|1992||Al Unser, Jr.||report|
|1994||Al Unser, Jr.||report|
The USAC featured a stock car division from 1956 to 1984.
|Year||Champion||2nd Place||3rd Place||Rookie Of The Year|
|1956*||Johnny Mantz||Marshall Teague||Les Snow||None|
|1957||Jerry Unser||Ralph Moody||Sam Hanks||None|
|1958||Fred Lorenzen||Mike Klapak||Norm Nelson||None|
|1959||Fred Lorenzen||Mike Klapak||Nelson Stacy||None|
|1960||Norm Nelson||Paul Goldsmith||Tony Bettenhausen||None|
|1961||Paul Goldsmith||Norm Nelson||Elmer Musgrave||None|
|1962||Paul Goldsmith||Don White||Norm Nelson||None|
|1963||Don White||A.J. Foyt||Norm Nelson||Sal Tovella|
|1964||Parnelli Jones||Norm Nelson||Don White||Joe Leonard|
|1965||Norm Nelson||Paul Goldsmith||Don White||Billy Foster|
|1966||Norm Nelson||Don White||Billy Foster||Butch Hartman|
|1967||Don White||Parnelli Jones||Jack Bowsher||Al Unser|
|1968||A.J. Foyt||Roger McCluskey||Don White||Dick Trickle|
|1969||Roger McCluskey||A.J. Foyt||Don White||Verlin Eaker|
|1970||Roger McCluskey||Norm Nelson||A.J. Foyt||Billy Reis|
|1971||Butch Hartman||Jack Bowsher||Roger McCluskey||J. Booher/B. Schroyer|
|1972||Butch Hartman||Roger McCluskey||Paul Feldner||Chuck McWilliams|
|1973||Butch Hartman||Ramo Stott||Bay Darnell||Irv Janey|
|1974||Butch Hartman||Norm Nelson||Ramo Stott||Ken Rowley|
|1975||Ramo Stott||Butch Hartman||Sal Tovella||Len Gittemeier|
|1976||Butch Hartman||Ramo Stott||Sal Tovella||Wayne Watercutter|
|1977||Paul Feldner||Ramo Stott||Sal Tovella||Dave Watson|
|1978||A.J. Foyt||Terry Ryan||Bay Darnell||Joe Ruttman|
|1979||A.J. Foyt||Bay Darnell||Rusty Wallace||Rusty Wallace|
|1980||Joe Ruttman||Rusty Wallace||Bay Darnell||Ken Schrader|
|1981||Dean Roper||Sal Tovella||Ken Schrader||Rick Hanley|
|1982||Dean Roper||Bay Darnell||Rick O'Brien||J. Schwister/J. Lindhorst|
|1983||Dean Roper||Butch Garner||Rick O'Brien||Roger Drake|
|1984||David Goldsberry||Ken Rowley||Jim Hall||David Goldsberry|
|1958||Dan Gurney||Ferrari 375 Plus
Ferrari 290 MM
|1959||Augie Pabst||Ferrari 625 TR
Scarab Mk. II-Chevrolet
|1960||Carroll Shelby||Maserati Tipo 61
Scarab Mk. II-Chevrolet
|1961||Ken Miles||Porsche 718 RS 61||season|
|1962||Roger Penske||Cooper T53-Climax||season|
Jim Dittemore 1971 Lola/Chevrolet T192
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: United States Auto Club|
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