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definition - United_States_District_Court_for_the_District_of_Columbia

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United States District Court for the District of Columbia

                   
United States District Court for the District of Columbia
(D.D.C.)
Map
DC locator map with state names w usmap.png
Location Washington, D.C.
Appeals to District of Columbia Circuit
Established 1863
Judges assigned 15
Chief judge Royce C. Lamberth
Official site

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia (in case citations, D.D.C.) is a federal district court. Appeals from the District are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Contents

  History

The court was established by Congress in 1863 as the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, replacing the abolished circuit and district courts of the District of Columbia that had been in place since 1801. The court consisted of four justices, including a chief justice, and was granted the same powers and jurisdiction as the earlier circuit court. Any of the justices could convene a United States circuit court or a local criminal court. In 1936, Congress renamed the court the District Court for the District of Columbia. Its current name was adopted in 1948, and from then on justices were known as judges.

Originally housed in the former District of Columbia City Hall, the court now sits in the E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse located at 333 Constitution Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C. The District has no local district attorney or equivalent, and so local prosecutorial matters also fall into the jurisdiction of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. Assistant United States Attorneys (AUSAs) are tasked with prosecution of not only federal crimes but also crimes that would normally be left to the state prosecutor's discretion. Because of this the District has the largest U.S. Attorney's Office in the nation, with around 250 AUSAs.

  Current judges

  • As of November 8, 2011, a vacancy exists when judge Henry H. Kennedy Jr. assumed senior status. No replacement nomination is currently pending.
# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
81 Chief Judge Royce C. Lamberth Washington, D.C. 1943 1987–present 2008–present (n/a) Reagan
85 District Judge Emmet G. Sullivan Washington, D.C. 1947 1994–present (n/a) (n/a) Clinton
88 District Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly Washington, D.C. 1943 1997–present (n/a) (n/a) Clinton
90 District Judge Richard W. Roberts Washington, D.C. 1953 1998–present (n/a) (n/a) Clinton
91 District Judge Ellen Segal Huvelle Washington, D.C. 1948 1999–present (n/a) (n/a) Clinton
92 District Judge Reggie Walton Washington, D.C. 1949 2001–present (n/a) (n/a) G.W. Bush
93 District Judge John D. Bates Washington, D.C. 1946 2001–present (n/a) (n/a) G.W. Bush
94 District Judge Richard J. Leon Washington, D.C. 1949 2002–present (n/a) (n/a) G.W. Bush
95 District Judge Rosemary M. Collyer Washington, D.C. 1945 2002–present (n/a) (n/a) G.W. Bush
96 District Judge Beryl A. Howell Washington, D.C. 1956 2010–present (n/a) (n/a) Obama
97 District Judge Robert L. Wilkins Washington, D.C. 1963 2010–present (n/a) (n/a) Obama
98 District Judge James E. Boasberg Washington, D.C. 1963 2011–present (n/a) (n/a) Obama
99 District Judge Amy Berman Jackson Washington, D.C. 1954 2011–present (n/a) (n/a) Obama
100 District Judge Rudolph Contreras Washington, D.C. 1962 2012–present (n/a) (n/a) Obama
District Judge (Vacant) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
71 Senior District Judge Louis F. Oberdorfer inactive 1919 1977–1992 (n/a) 1992–? Carter
74 Senior District Judge Joyce Hens Green inactive 1928 1979–1995 (n/a) 1995–? [1] Carter
77 Senior District Judge Thomas F. Hogan Washington, D.C. 1938 1982–2008 2001–2008 2008–present Reagan
83 Senior District Judge Paul L. Friedman Washington, D.C. 1944 1994–2009 (n/a) 2009–present Clinton
84 Senior District Judge Gladys Kessler Washington, D.C. 1938 1994–2007 (n/a) 2007–present Clinton
86 Senior District Judge Ricardo M. Urbina Washington, D.C. 1946 1994–2011 (n/a) 2011–present Clinton
89 Senior District Judge Henry Harold Kennedy Jr. Washington, D.C. 1948 1997–2011 (n/a) 2011–present Clinton

  Former judges

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
David Kellogg Cartter Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-11March 11, 1863 01887-04-16April 16, 1887 death
George P. Fisher Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-11March 11, 1863 01870-05-01May 1, 1870 resignation
Abram B. Olin Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-11March 11, 1863 01879-01-13January 13, 1879 retirement
Andrew Wylie Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-18March 18, 1863[2] 01885-05-01May 1, 1885 retirement
David Campbell Humphreys Ulysses Grant 01870-05-13May 13, 1870 01879-07-02July 2, 1879 death
Arthur MacArthur, Sr. Ulysses Grant 01870-07-15July 15, 1870 01887-04-01April 1, 1887 retirement
Alexander Burton Hagner Rutherford B. Hayes 01879-01-21January 21, 1879 01903-06-01June 1, 1903 retirement
Walter Smith Cox Rutherford B. Hayes 01879-03-01March 1, 1879 01899-07-01July 1, 1899 retirement
William Matthew Merrick Grover Cleveland 01885-05-01May 1, 1885[3] 01889-02-04February 4, 1889 death
Martin V. Montgomery Grover Cleveland 01887-04-01April 1, 1887[4] 01892-10-02October 2, 1892 resignation
Edward Franklin Bingham Grover Cleveland 01887-04-22April 22, 1887[5] 01903-04-30April 30, 1903 retirement
Andrew Coyle Bradley Benjamin Harrison 01889-03-23March 23, 1889 01902-05-15May 15, 1902 death
Louis E. McComas Benjamin Harrison 01892-11-17November 17, 1892[6] 01899-03-03March 3, 1899 resignation
Charles Cleaves Cole Benjamin Harrison 01893-01-28January 28, 1893 01901-04-22April 22, 1901 resignation
Harry M. Clabaugh William McKinley 01899-03-02March 2, 1899 01903-05-01May 1, 1903 reappointment
Job Barnard William McKinley 01899-10-01October 1, 1899[7] 01914-06-08June 8, 1914 retirement
Thomas H. Anderson William McKinley 01901-04-23April 23, 1901[8] 01916-10-01October 1, 1916 death
Ashley Mulgrave Gould Theodore Roosevelt 01902-12-08December 8, 1902 01921-05-20May 20, 1921 death
Harry M. Clabaugh Theodore Roosevelt 01903-04-01April 1, 1903[9] 01914-03-06March 6, 1914 death
Jeter Connelly Pritchard Theodore Roosevelt 01903-11-16November 16, 1903 01904-06-01June 1, 1904 reappointment
Daniel Thew Wright Theodore Roosevelt 01903-11-17November 17, 1903 01914-11-15November 15, 1914 resignation
Wendell Phillips Stafford Theodore Roosevelt 01904-06-01June 1, 1904[10] 01931-05-04May 4, 1931 retirement
James Harry Covington Woodrow Wilson 01914-06-15June 15, 1914 01918-05-31May 31, 1918 resignation
Walter I. McCoy Woodrow Wilson 01914-10-02October 2, 1914 01918-05-22May 22, 1918 reappointment
Frederick Lincoln Siddons Woodrow Wilson 01915-01-15January 15, 1915 01931-06-19June 19, 1931 death
William Hitz Woodrow Wilson 01916-11-15November 15, 1916[11] 01931-02-13February 13, 1931 reappointment
Thomas Jennings Bailey Woodrow Wilson 01918-05-22May 22, 1918 01950-11-01November 1, 1950 01963-01-09January 9, 1963 death
Walter I. McCoy Woodrow Wilson 01918-05-22May 22, 1918 01929-12-08December 8, 1929 retirement
Adolph A. Hoehling, Jr. Warren G. Harding 01921-06-13June 13, 1921 01927-12-31December 31, 1927 resignation
Peyton Gordon Calvin Coolidge 01928-03-29March 29, 1928 01941-02-04February 4, 1941 01946-09-17September 17, 1946 death
Alfred Adams Wheat Herbert Hoover 01929-05-03May 3, 1929 01930-06-04June 4, 1930 reappointment
Alfred Adams Wheat Herbert Hoover 01930-06-04June 4, 1930 01941-12-31December 31, 1941 01943-05-11May 11, 1943 death
Jesse Corcoran Adkins Herbert Hoover 01930-06-17June 17, 1930 01946-10-15October 15, 1946 01955-03-29March 29, 1955 death
Oscar Raymond Luhring Herbert Hoover 01930-07-03July 3, 1930 01944-08-18August 18, 1944 death
Joseph Winston Cox Herbert Hoover 01930-07-07July 7, 1930 01939-09-09September 9, 1939 death
James McPherson Proctor Herbert Hoover 01931-03-02March 2, 1931 01948-03-05March 5, 1948 reappointment
F. Dickinson Letts Herbert Hoover 01931-05-05May 5, 1931[12] 01961-05-31May 31, 1961 01965-01-19January 19, 1965 death
Daniel William O'Donoghue Herbert Hoover 01931-10-28October 28, 1931[13] 01946-10-31October 31, 1946 01948-06-29June 29, 1948 death
Bolitha James Laws Franklin D. Roosevelt 01938-06-24June 24, 1938 01945-02-23February 23, 1945 reappointment
Thomas Alan Goldsborough Franklin D. Roosevelt 01939-02-23February 23, 1939 01951-06-16June 16, 1951 death
James Ward Morris Franklin D. Roosevelt 01939-06-19June 19, 1939 01960-11-15November 15, 1960 death
David Andrew Pine Franklin D. Roosevelt 01940-03-29March 29, 1940 01965-04-02April 2, 1965 01970-06-11June 11, 1970 death
Matthew Francis McGuire Franklin D. Roosevelt 01941-08-01August 1, 1941 01966-10-07October 7, 1966 01986-01-24January 24, 1986 death
Edward C. Eicher Franklin D. Roosevelt 01942-01-23January 23, 1942 01944-11-30November 30, 1944 death
Henry Albert Schweinhaut Franklin D. Roosevelt 01944-12-19December 19, 1944 01956-11-16November 16, 1956 01970-06-22June 22, 1970 death
Bolitha James Laws Franklin D. Roosevelt 01945-02-23February 23, 1945 01948-09-01September 1, 1948 reappointment
Alexander Holtzoff Harry S. Truman 01945-09-28September 28, 1945 01967-12-31December 31, 1967 01969-09-06September 6, 1969 death
Richmond Bowling Keech Harry S. Truman 01946-10-14October 14, 1946[14] 01966-11-01November 1, 1966 01986-04-13April 13, 1986 death
Edward Matthew Curran Harry S. Truman 01946-10-16October 16, 1946[15] 01971-04-02April 2, 1971 01988-01-10January 10, 1988 death
Edward Allen Tamm Harry S. Truman 01948-06-22June 22, 1948[16] 01965-03-16March 16, 1965 reappointment
Charles F. McLaughlin Harry S. Truman 01949-10-21October 21, 1949[17] 01964-12-31December 31, 1964 01976-02-05February 5, 1976 death
James Robert Kirkland Harry S. Truman 01949-10-21October 21, 1949[18] 01958-02-25February 25, 1958 death
Burnita Shelton Matthews Harry S. Truman 01949-10-21October 21, 1949[19] 01968-03-01March 1, 1968 01988-04-25April 25, 1988 death
Walter Maximillian Bastian Harry S. Truman 01950-10-23October 23, 1950[20] 01954-12-15December 15, 1954 reappointment
Luther Youngdahl Harry S. Truman 01951-08-29August 29, 1951 01966-05-29May 29, 1966 01978-06-21June 21, 1978 death
Joseph Charles McGarraghy Dwight D. Eisenhower 01954-12-03December 3, 1954 01967-12-17December 17, 1967 01975-11-29November 29, 1975 death
John Sirica Dwight D. Eisenhower 01957-03-28March 28, 1957 01977-10-31October 31, 1977 01992-08-14August 14, 1992 death
George Luzerne Hart, Jr. Dwight D. Eisenhower 01958-08-29August 29, 1958[21] 01979-05-16May 16, 1979 01984-05-21May 21, 1984 death
Leonard Patrick Walsh Dwight D. Eisenhower 01959-09-14September 14, 1959 01971-10-05October 5, 1971 01980-02-13February 13, 1980 death
William Blakely Jones John F. Kennedy 01962-04-12April 12, 1962 01977-03-20March 20, 1977 01979-07-31July 31, 1979 death
Spottswood William Robinson III Lyndon B. Johnson 01964-01-06January 6, 1964[22] 01966-11-08November 8, 1966 reappointment
Howard Francis Corcoran Lyndon B. Johnson 01965-03-11March 11, 1965 01977-11-30November 30, 1977 01989-05-11May 11, 1989 death
William Benson Bryant Lyndon B. Johnson 01965-08-11August 11, 1965 01982-01-31January 31, 1982 02005-11-13November 13, 2005 death
Oliver Gasch Lyndon B. Johnson 01965-08-11August 11, 1965 01981-11-30November 30, 1981 01999-07-08July 8, 1999 death
Aubrey Eugene Robinson Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson 01966-11-03November 3, 1966 01992-03-01March 1, 1992 02000-02-27February 27, 2000 death
John Lewis Smith Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson 01966-11-03November 3, 1966 01983-01-31January 31, 1983 01992-09-04September 4, 1992 death
Joseph Cornelius Waddy Lyndon B. Johnson 01967-03-04March 4, 1967 01978-08-01August 1, 1978 death
Gerhard Alden Gesell Lyndon B. Johnson 01967-12-12December 12, 1967 01993-01-22January 22, 1993 01993-02-19February 19, 1993 death
June Lazenby Green Lyndon B. Johnson 01968-06-07June 7, 1968 01984-01-15January 15, 1984 02001-02-02February 2, 2001 death
John H. Pratt Lyndon B. Johnson 01968-06-07June 7, 1968 01989-12-01December 1, 1989 01995-08-11August 11, 1995 death
Barrington D. Parker Richard Nixon 01969-12-19December 19, 1969 01985-12-19December 19, 1985 01993-06-02June 2, 1993 death
Charles Robert Richey Richard Nixon 01971-05-05May 5, 1971 01997-01-23January 23, 1997 01997-03-19March 19, 1997 death
Thomas Aquinas Flannery Richard Nixon 01971-12-06December 6, 1971 01985-05-10May 10, 1985 02007-09-20September 20, 2007 death
Harold H. Greene Jimmy Carter 01978-05-19May 19, 1978 01995-08-06August 6, 1995 02000-01-29January 29, 2000 death
John Garrett Penn Jimmy Carter 01979-03-23March 23, 1979 01998-03-31March 31, 1998 02007-09-09September 9, 2007 death
Norma Holloway Johnson Jimmy Carter 01980-05-12May 12, 1980 02001-06-18June 18, 2001 02003-12-31December 31, 2003 retirement
Thomas Penfield Jackson Ronald Reagan 01982-06-25June 25, 1982 02002-01-31January 31, 2002 02004-08-31August 31, 2004 retirement
Stanley S. Harris Ronald Reagan 01983-11-14November 14, 1983 01996-02-01February 1, 1996 02001-06-02June 2, 2001 retirement
George Hughes Revercomb Ronald Reagan 01985-12-17December 17, 1985 01993-08-01August 1, 1993 death
Stanley Sporkin Ronald Reagan 01985-12-17December 17, 1985 01999-02-12February 12, 1999 02000-01-15January 15, 2000 retirement
Michael Boudin George H. W. Bush 01990-08-07August 7, 1990 01992-01-31January 31, 1992 resignation
James Robertson Bill Clinton 01994-10-11October 11, 1994 02008-12-31December 31, 2008 02010-06-01June 1, 2010 retirement

  See also

  Notes

  1. ^ Currently Inactive
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1864, and received commission on January 20, 1864.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1885, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 30, 1886, and received commission on March 30, 1886.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1888, and received commission on January 26, 1888.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 1888, and received commission on January 23, 1888.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1892, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 25, 1893, and received commission on January 25, 1893.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 11, 1899, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 19, 1899, and received commission on December 19, 1899.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1902, and received commission on February 6, 1902.
  9. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the United States Senate on November 16, 1903, and received commission on November 16, 1903.
  10. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1904, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 13, 1904, and received commission on December 13, 1904.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1916, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 2, 1917, and received commission on January 2, 1917.
  12. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1931, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 17, 1932, and received commission on February 20, 1932.
  13. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1931, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1932, and received commission on February 23, 1932.
  14. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1947, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1947, and received commission on January 24, 1947.
  15. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1947, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 3, 1947, and received commission on February 5, 1947.
  16. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 13, 1949, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 29, 1949, and received commission on April 1, 1949.
  17. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 27, 1950, and received commission on March 1, 1950.
  18. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1950, and received commission on March 9, 1950.
  19. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 4, 1950, and received commission on April 7, 1950.
  20. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 27, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 14, 1950, and received commission on December 22, 1950.
  21. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 17, 1959, confirmed by the United States Senate on September 9, 1959, and received commission on September 10, 1959.
  22. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 3, 1964, confirmed by the United States Senate on July 1, 1964, and received commission on July 2, 1964.

  External links

   
               

 

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