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definition - University_of_Queensland

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University of Queensland

                   
The University of Queensland
UQlogo.svg
Coat of Arms of the University of Queensland
Latin: Universitate Terrae Reginensis
Motto Scientiā ac Laborē (Latin)
Motto in English "By means of knowledge and hard work"
Established 1909
Type Public
Chancellor Mr John Story
Vice-Chancellor Professor Peter Høj
Students 45,548 (2011)
Undergraduates 32,461 (2011)
Postgraduates 12,268 (2011)
Location Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
27°29′52″S 153°00′46″E / 27.49778°S 153.01278°E / -27.49778; 153.01278
Campus Urban and Regional
Affiliations Group of Eight, Universitas 21, ASAIHL
Website UQ.edu.au
UQ widelogo.png

The University of Queensland (UQ) is a public university located in state of Queensland of Australia. Founded in 1909, it is the oldest and largest university in Queensland and the fifth oldest in Australia[1]. The main campus is located in the suburb of St Lucia, southwest of the Brisbane City Central Business District, with other major campuses in Gatton, Ipswich and Herston with a number of other satellite facilities. The University of Queensland is a member of the Australia's Group of Eight, and the international research-intensive universities network Universitas 21. UQ is colloquially known as a "sandstone university" and is ranked among the top universities in Australia and the top 1 percent in the world.[2][3][4]

Contents

  History

  Construction of the Forgan Smith Building began in 1938

  Beginnings

The University of Queensland (UQ) was established on 10 December 1909 by the Queensland Parliament to mark the 50th anniversary of Queensland’s independence from New South Wales. The University's first classes in the Government house were held in 1911 with 83 commencing students and Sir William MacGregor is the first chancellor (with Reginald Heber Roe as vice-chancellor). The development of the University was delayed by World War I, but after the first world war the university enrollments for education and research took flight as demand for higher education increased in Australia. Thus, in the early 1920s the growing University had to look for a more spacious campus as its original site at George Street, Brisbane has limited room for expansion.[1]

  Expansion and growth

See also: The Mayne Inheritance[5]

In 1927, Dr James O’Neil Mayne and his sister Mary Emelia Mayne, provided a grant of approximately £50,000 to the Brisbane City Council to acquire 274 acres (111 ha) of land at St Lucia and provided it to the University of Queensland as its permanent home. Lack of finance delayed development of the St Lucia campus. Hence, the construction of the University's first building in St Lucia only began in 1938. It was later named the Forgan Smith Building, after the Premier of the day and it was completed in 1939. During World War II, the Forgan Smith Building was used as a military base and it served first as advanced headquarters for the Allied Land Forces in the South West Pacific.[1]

In 1990, Australia reorganized its higher education system by abolishing the binary system of universities and colleges of advanced education. Under this transition, the University merged with Queensland Agricultural College, to establish the new UQ Gatton campus. In 1999, UQ Ipswich began operation as one of the completely Web-enabled campuses in Australia.[1][6]

  Academics

  Research

The Commonwealth Government's Excellence in Research for Australia 2010 National Report presents a comprehensive assessment of the research quality and research activity in Australia’s higher education institutions. Notable results were UQ being one of the nation's top two universities, measured on a combination of research quality and breadth; UQ research is above world standard in more broad fields than at any other Australian university (in 21 broad fields); more UQ researchers are working in research fields that ERA has assessed as above world standard than at any other Australian university; UQ research in biomedical and clinical health sciences, technology, engineering, biological sciences, chemical sciences, environmental sciences, and physical sciences was ranked well above world standard (rating 5).[7] In 2009, the Australian Cancer Research Foundation reported that UQ have taken the lead in numerous areas of cancer research, having awarded almost $10 million in grants over a three year period.[8]

  Research institutes

The University of Queensland maintains a number of major research institutes and centres based on national, state, university, faculty and school levels.[9] With the support from the Queensland Government, the Australian Government and major donor The Atlantic Philanthropies, the University of Queensland has developed eight major research institutes:

  • Institute for Molecular Bioscience (within the Queensland Bioscience Precinct which also houses scientists from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation [10]
  • The Diamantina Institute for Cancer, Immunology and Metabolic Medicine
  • Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology
  • Institute for Social Science Research
  • Sustainable Mineral Institute
  • Global Change Institute
  • Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
  • Queensland Brain Institute

  Rankings

The University of Queensland consistently ranks in the top 1 percent of world university rankings[7].

Publications Ave. 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
QS World University Rankings[11] 43.625 49 47 45 33 43 41 43 48
Shanghai Jiao Tong University[12] 101-151 102-151 101-151 101-151 101-151 101-151 101-151 101-151 101-150 86
Global University Ranking[13] 85-87
Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT)[14] 102.25 113 101 100 95 76
Newsweek[15] 91
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 51.625 49 47 45 33 43 41 81 74

  Campus

The University of Queensland maintains a number of campuses and facilities throughout Queensland.[16][17] UQ has its main campus in the suburb of St Lucia in Brisbane. Its other campuses include Ipswich, Gatton, Herston, and Turbot Street.

  St Lucia campus

In 1927, the land on which the St Lucia campus is built was resumed by the Brisbane City Council using money donated by James O'Neil Mayne and his sister Mary Emelia Mayne to replace the less spacious city campus. The city campus is now home to the Gardens Point campus of the Queensland University of Technology. Construction of the new university began at St Lucia in 1937.[5]

At its centre is the heritage-listed Great Court — a 2.5 hectares (6.2 acres) open area surrounded by sandstone buildings with grotesques of great academics and historic scenes, floral and faunal motifs and crests of universities and colleges from around the world.[5] This central semi-circular quadrangle features a connected arcade so students could reach any section under cover. The 274 acres (111 ha) also includes sporting fields, gardens, duckponds, and cycling tracks.

The university is served by a CityCat wharf, two bus stations and is also served by the Eleanor Schonell Bridge providing pedestrian and bus access across the river to Dutton Park. 2009 saw the opening of the $2.5 million Advanced Concepts Teaching Space (ACTS) lecture theatre which enable students to use mobile technology to aid classroom learning.[18]

  Theatres and Museums

The University of Queensland Art Museum is located in the James and Mary Emelia Mayne Centre on the St Lucia campus. The Art Museum was established in the Forgan Smith Tower in 1976 to house the artworks collected by The University of Queensland since the 1940s, relocating to its present site in 2004. Today, with more than 3,000 artworks, the University’s Art Collection is Queensland's second largest public art collection.[19]

The University of Queensland Club provides licenced facilities for members and their guests, and offers honorary membership to visiting Australian and overseas academics. Services include function rooms and catering for events ranging from weddings to seminars and conferences. Catering for events elsewhere is also available.[20]

  Gatton campus

The UQ Gatton Campus is a 1068-hectare campus which is located in Gatton, Queensland about 90 km west of Brisbane on the Warrego Highway. The campus was opened in 1897 next to the site of the Queensland Agricultural College which was then amalgamated with UQ in 1990.[1] UQ Gatton is the core campus for research, learning and teaching activities and facilities in agriculture, animals, veterinary science and the environment.[21]

In 2008 the Centre for Advanced Animal Science (CAAS) was opened at the Gatton campus — a collaborative venture between UQ and the Queensland Government.[22] Its mission statement: "CAAS is committed to establishing an innovative and best practice biosecure animal research environment".[23]

  Ipswich campus

The Ipswich campus, opened in 1999, after State and Federal government backing is the newest campus, made up of nearly 20 buildings and more than 5001 students on nearly 25 hectares (62 acres)[24] Courses offered include: arts, business, medicine and social sciences as well as Interaction design. It is located near central Ipswich, Queensland, just south of the CBD. Nearby landmarks include Limestone Park, The Workshops Railway Museum and RAAF Base Amberley.

The site dates back to 1878 with the opening of the Ipswich branch of the Woogaroo Lunatic Asylum. Operations continued until 1910 when it became the Ipswich Hospital for the Insane.[24] In 1938 it was renamed the Ipswich Mental Hospital and in 1964 it was renamed again as the Ipswich Special Hospital. It was finally named the Challinor Centre in 1968 in honour of Dr. Henry Challinor, the ships surgeon on the Fortitude. From 1968 to 1997 the Challinor Centre served as an institution for people with intellectual disabilities. In late 1997 the Challinor Centre began its first stage of transformation as the new UQ Ipswich campus.[24]

  Herston campus

The UQ Herston campus is the home of the UQ Mayne Medical School and is the core campus for clinical health teaching and research. The campus is situated in Herston and operates within Queensland Health system of the Royal Brisbane Hospital, Royal Children's Hospital, Royal Women's Hospital and the Queensland Institute of Medical Research. It is home to the School of Medicine, the School of Population Health, the Herston Health Sciences Library, the Centre for Clinical Research and clinical research and learning activities of the School of Nursing and Midwifery.[25][26][27][28]

  Satellite facilities

  Helicopter view of Heron Island Research Station

There are other research and education facilities not attached directly to the three campuses. These locations are primarily for research which cannot be undertaken in the campus locales but also represent buildings which established pre-eminence in education before the creation of the current campuses.

  • Turbot Street — Turbot Street is University of Queensland Dental School and associated disciplines campus. It comprises the Hospital Building, the Clinical Building and the Pre-clinical Building at the junction of Turbot Street and Albert Street and next to the Old Windmill in the Brisbane central business district. The campus also houses the Dentistry Library, the Dentistry Learning Centre, the Biomaterials Laboratory and the Orthodontics Laboratory. It operates within the Brisbane Dental Hospital of the Queensland Health North Brisbane Oral Health Services and also draws on the Faculty of Health Science resources and support of the St Lucia campus.[29]
  • Indooroopilly — Indooroopilly is the site of the Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre and the Queensland University Regiment Logistics Company. The Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre of the Sustainable Minerals Institute is situated at the former silver and lead mine situated at Finney's Hill in Indooroopilly. It was acquired by the University in 1951 by the School of Mining Engineering. The Centre was officially established as a University Centre and Experimental Mine in 1970, with a goal to develop practical technical solutions for large-scale mining and minerals industry challenges.[31] The Queensland University Regiment Logistics Company is housed in the Witton Barracks, Indooroopilly.
  • Pinjarra Hills - the Pinjarra Hills Research Station, the Veterinary Science Farm and the Pinjarra Aquatic Research Station are located in Pinjarra Hills, Brisbane. The Aquatic Research Station investigates aquaculture and inland ecology.[32]
  • Heron Island — the Heron Island Research Station is situated on Heron Island, 72 km north-east of Gladstone. Its primary use is for coral reef ecology research and teaching and is an integral component of the Great Barrier Reef Ocean Observations System and the national Integrated Marine Observing System. It consists of over thirty buildings situated on a two hectare lease.[33]
  • Low Isles — the Low Isles Research Station is located 15 km northeast of Port Douglas in Northern Queensland in a lagoon area of the Marine National Park Zone of the Great Barrier Reef.
  • Moreton Bay — the Moreton Bay Research Station and Study Centre is located in Dunwich on North Stradbroke Island and researches the ecosystems.[34]
  • Mt Nebo — the University of Queensland operates an International Seismograph Station on Mt Nebo.
  • Charters Towers — the University of Queensland operates an International Seismograph Station at Charters Towers.
  • Goondiwindi — the Goondiwindi Pastoral Veterinary Centre was set up in 1965 to establish a centre for teaching and research in veterinary practice and is located at Goondiwindi 360 km west of Brisbane on the Queensland/NSW border.[35]
  • Dayboro — the Dayboro Veterinary Surgery was bought by the University in 1987 as a teaching clinic for fifth year veterinary students in their dairy cattle medicine rotation. Later, separate brick accommodation was built for student accommodation. Research projects into practical aspects of dairy production are frequently carried out by clinic staff. There is a full range of veterinary services and pet care for dogs, cats, horses, cows, alpacas, goats in fact all small and large animals.

  Organisation

The University of Queensland is organised into a number of divisions for academic, administrative and logistical purposes.[36]

  Governance

The Senate is the governing body of the University of Queensland and consists of 22 members from the university and community. The Senate is led by the Chancellor and Deputy Chancellor, elected by the Senate. The University of Queensland Act 1998 grants Senate wide powers to appoint staff, manage and control University affairs and property, and manage and control finances to promote the University's interests.[37][38]

The Vice-Chancellor is the University's chief executive officer and is appointed by and responsible to the Senate for the overall direction of strategic planning, finance and affairs of the university. The Vice-Chancellor is supported by an Executive to whom the University's organisational units report and provides advice on policy and administrative matters relating to their area of responsibility.

  • Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor
  • Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic)
  • Deputy Vice-Chancellor (External Relations)
  • Deputy Vice-Chancellor (International)
  • Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research)
  • Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Ipswich Campus)
  • Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Advancement)
  • Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Research and International)
  • Executive Director (Operations) and University Secretary
  • President of the Academic Board

The Academic Board is the University's senior academic advisory body. It formulates policy on academic matters including new programs, teaching, learning and assessment, research, promotions, student academic matters, prizes and scholarships. An Academic Board member is elected annually as its President. The President is assisted by a half-time Deputy President.[39] Its members include the Vice-Chancellor's Executive, Executive Deans of Faculties, Institute Directors, Heads of Schools, Dean of the Graduate School, Directors of Central Service Units, the University Academic Registrar, the President of the UQ Student Union, and 5 Student Representatives.

  Academic faculties

The university has six faculties.

  Student organizations and activities

  Events and Traditions

  Three Minute Thesis

In 2008, the university originated the Three Minute Thesis competition for students completing a higher degree by research. Three Minute Thesis is now held annually at universities across Australasia. It challenges participants to present their research in just 180 seconds, in an engaging form that can be understood by an intelligent audience with no background in the research area. This exercise develops presentation, research and academic communication skills and supports the development of research students' capacity to explain their work effectively.[40]

  Great Court Race

Based on the Trinity College Great Court Run of the University of Cambridge, the University of Queensland organises an annual 636m sprint race around the UQ sandstone Great Court.[41][42][43]

  Eagle Rock

Whenever the song Eagle Rock is played, it is tradition for students to drop their pants, not including underwear. Moreover, it is policy of the UQ Union and the Red Room, the university bar and pub, that no individual can be removed from it. The tradition is often attributed to a group of mining engineering students, who at the time were residents of St Johns College.[44]

  Market Day

During Orientation week and the first week of each semester, Market Day is organised throughout Campbell Place and the Great Court at the St Lucia Campus. The UQ Union and clubs and societies have stalls and organises social activities.[45]

  Careers Fair

The UQ Careers Fair is an annual event that brings together university students and major employers from across the country.[46]

  Residential colleges

The University of Queensland has 11 residential colleges with 10 of these located on its St Lucia campus and one on its Gatton campus. The University of Queensland Intercollege Council is the organisational and representative body for the residential colleges which coordinates sporting and cultural events and competitions.

  Student services

The University of Queensland maintains a number of support and student services. Each campus of St Lucia, Ipswich and Gatton have Student Centres which provide information and support services. The UQ Union is the peak student representation body that coordinates various student services and activities.

The UQ Aquatic Centre is operated by UQ Sport and consists of two pools; a 50 metre, outdoor heated pool and a small enclosed heated teaching pool. The main pool is a 50m lap pool with a minimum of three lanes dedicated to public lap swimming throughout our opening hours.[50] The UQ Athletics Centre maintains an Olympic standard 8 lane synthetic track and grandstand able to accommodate up to 565 spectators.[51] The UQ Sport and Fitness Centre is a multi-purpose indoor facility comprising a three level weights gym, including four Olympic lifting platforms and a power lifting area, an air-conditioned cardio studio, a RPM stationary bike cycle studio, an indoor sports pavilion, a martial arts gymnasium, a multipurpose area, and five squash courts.[52] The UQ Tennis Centre is the largest tennis centre in both Brisbane and Queensland, it features 21 floodlit courts and a shop the centre hosts various fixtures and coaching programs for all ages and skill levels.[53] The UQ Playing Fields and Ovals is also managed by UQ Sport, home to a total of eight oval fields at the St Lucia campus. The majority are designated for use by particular sports including cricket, rugby and soccer. These ovals are also used for recreational activities and lunchtime social sport.[54]

  Alumni

The University of Queensland has produced a number of notable alumni including Nobel Laureate Peter Doherty, Oscar-winner Geoffrey Rush and current Governor-General of Australia Quentin Bryce.

  References

  1. ^ a b c d e A Place of Light & Learning : the University of Queensland's First Seventy-five Years. 1985. 
  2. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011
  3. ^ Rating Major Disciplines in Australian Universities - Perceptions and Reality
  4. ^ "Top 500 World Universities (102–202)". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071219111514/http://www.arwu.org/rank/2007/ARWU2007_102-202.htm. Retrieved 20 December 2007. 
  5. ^ a b c Readshaw, Grahame; Ronald Wood (1987). Looking up looking back at old Brisbane. Bowen Hills, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. p. 62. ISBN 0-86439-032-7. 
  6. ^ University of Queensland History
  7. ^ a b UQ Research Fact Sheet
  8. ^ "Queensland takes the lead on cancer research". Australian Cancer Research Foundation. http://www.acrf.com.au/plugins/newsfeed.cgi?rm=content&plugin_data_id=27540. Retrieved 20 July 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ University of Queensland Listing of Research Institutes and Centres
  10. ^ "Brisbane: Queensland Bioscience Precinct (Qld) (Profile — Location)". CSIRO. http://www.csiro.au/places/QBP.html. Retrieved 20 December 2007. 
  11. ^ The Times Higher Education Supplement
  12. ^ Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
  13. ^ The 1st hundred – Global universities ranking
  14. ^ 2008 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
  15. ^ "The Top 100 Global Universities, Newsweek" Newsweek's ranking of Monash University.
  16. ^ University of Queensland Other campuses and facilities
  17. ^ University of Queensland About campuses and locations
  18. ^ Powell, Derek (18 March 2009). "New $2.5M UQ ACTS teaching space wows students". UQ News Online. http://www.uq.edu.au/news/?article=17658. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  19. ^ University of Queensland Art Museum
  20. ^ UQ Club
  21. ^ UQ Gatton About
  22. ^ Robinson, Penny (01 September 2008). "UQ Gatton becomes hub of animal research". UQ News Online. http://www.uq.edu.au/news/?article=15818. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  23. ^ "Centre for Advanced Animal Science (CAAS) About". UQ. http://www.uq.edu.au/caas/index.html?page=54976. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c Ipswich History
  25. ^ University of Queensland School of Medicine Listing of Clinical Schools
  26. ^ University of Queensland School of Nursing and Midwifery Listing of Clinical Schools
  27. ^ University of Queensland Faculty of Health Sciences Herston Campus
  28. ^ University of Queensland School of Medicine
  29. ^ [1] University of Queensland School of Dentistry Listing of Facilities
  30. ^ Customs House website
  31. ^ Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre
  32. ^ [2] University of Queensland Faculty of Science Research Facilities
  33. ^ University of Queensland Heron Island Research Station
  34. ^ http://www.science.uq.edu.au/facilities/mbrs-about-us University of Queensland Faculty of Science Facilities
  35. ^ University of Queensland Goondiwindi Pastoral Veterinary Centre
  36. ^ University of Queensland Organisational Chart
  37. ^ University of Queensland Senate
  38. ^ Principal Officers of the University of Queensland
  39. ^ University of Queensland Academic Board
  40. ^ . http://www.uq.edu.au/grad-school/three-minute-thesis.html. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  41. ^ UQ News Young meets old for UQ tradition
  42. ^ UQ Events 2010 Great Court Race
  43. ^ UQ Sport Great Court Race
  44. ^ [3] Red Room About Us: "long standing tradition of "pants down" for Ross Wilson's Eagle Rock"
  45. ^ UQ Market Day
  46. ^ UQ Events Careers Fair
  47. ^ World Debating Website Rankings
  48. ^ University of Queensland Library
  49. ^ UQ Sport website
  50. ^ UQ Aquatic Centre
  51. ^ UQ Athletics Centre
  52. ^ UQ Sport and Fitness Centre
  53. ^ UQ Tennis Centre
  54. ^ UQ Playing Fields and Ovals

  External links

Coordinates: 27°29′54.97″S 153°0′55.87″E / 27.4986028°S 153.0155194°E / -27.4986028; 153.0155194

   
               

 

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