1.being one more than four
1.the 22nd letter of the Roman alphabet
2.a unit of potential equal to the potential difference between two points on a conductor carrying a current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated between the two points is 1 watt; equivalent to the potential difference across a resistance of 1 ohm whe...
3.the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one
4.a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
1. V, the twenty-second letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal consonant. V and U are only varieties of the same character, U being the cursive form, while V is better adapted for engraving, as in stone. The two letters were formerly used indiscriminately, and till a comparatively recent date words containing them were often classed together in dictionaries and other books of reference (see U). The letter V is from the Latin alphabet, where it was used both as a consonant (about like English w) and as a vowel. The Latin derives it from a form (V) of the Greek vowel Υ (see Y), this Greek letter being either from the same Semitic letter as the digamma F (see F), or else added by the Greeks to the alphabet which they took from the Semitic. Etymologically v is most nearly related to u, w, f, b, p; as in vine, wine; avoirdupois, habit, have; safe, save; trover, troubadour, trope. See U, F, etc.
See Guide to Pronunciation, § 265; also §§ 155, 169, 178-179, etc.
2. As a numeral, V stands for five, in English and Latin.
definition of Wikipedia
unité électrique (fr)[Classe]
qualificatif du courant électrique (fr)[DomaineDescription]
chose solide (fr)[ClasseParExt.]
atom; chemical element[Classe]
metallic element; metal[ClasseHyper.]
substance chimique (fr)[ClasseParExt.]
uranium; U; atomic number 92[Classe]
minerai plombifère (fr)[Classe]
chose transparente (fr)[ClasseParExt.]
(metallic element; metal)[Thème]
matériau dont on fait des meubles (fr)[DomainDescrip.]
matière du sculpteur (fr)[DomainDescrip.]
metallic element; metal[Classe]
élément chimique métallique (fr)[Classe]
déterminants de quantité (fr)[Classe]
un nombre donné de (fr)[Classe]
nombre de un à neuf (fr)[Classe]
nombre de carte à jouer (fr)[ClasseParExt.]
cinq (fr)[termes liés]
adjectif numéral cardinal (fr)[Classe]
nombres simples (fr)[Classe]
adjectif numéral unité de millions ou de énième (fr)[ClasseParExt...]
cinq (fr)[termes liés]
préposition (suite) (fr)[ClasseParExt...]
v. (prep.) [spéc. anglais britannique]
|ISO basic Latin alphabet|
In Latin, a stemless variant shape of the upsilon was borrowed in early times as V—either directly from the Western Greek alphabet or from the Etruscan alphabet as an intermediary—to represent the same /u/ sound, as well as the consonantal /w/. Thus, num — originally spelled ⟨NVM⟩ — was pronounced /num/ and via was pronounced /ˈwia/. From the 1st century A.D. on, depending on Vulgar Latin dialect, consonantal /w/ developed into /β/ (kept in Spanish), then later to /v/.
In Roman numerals, the letter V is used to represent the number 5. It was used because it resembled the convention of counting by notches carved in wood, with every fifth notch double-cut to form a "V".
During the Late Middle Ages, two forms of ⟨v⟩ developed, which were both used for its ancestor ⟨u⟩ and modern ⟨v⟩. The pointed form ⟨v⟩ was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form ⟨u⟩ was used in the middle or end, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed ⟨haue⟩ and ⟨vpon⟩. The first distinction between the letters ⟨u⟩ and ⟨v⟩ is recorded in a Gothic alphabet from 1386, where ⟨v⟩ preceded ⟨u⟩. By the mid-16th century, the ⟨v⟩ form was used to represent the consonant and ⟨u⟩ the vowel sound, giving us the modern letter ⟨u⟩. Capital ⟨U⟩ was not accepted as a distinct letter until many years later.
In English, V is unusual in that it has not traditionally been doubled to indicate a short vowel, the way for example P is doubled to indicate the difference between super and supper. However, that is changing with newly coined words, such as divvy up and skivvies.
In Japanese, V is often called "bui" (ブイ). This name is an approximation of the English name which substitutes the voiced bilabial plosive for the voiced labiodental fricative (which does not exist in native Japanese phonology) and differentiates it from "bī" (ビー), the Japanese name of the letter B. The sound can be written with the relatively recently developed katakana character 「ヴ」 (vu) va, vi, vu, ve, vo (ヴァ, ヴィ, ヴ, ヴェ, ヴォ), though in practice the pronunciation is usually not the strictly labiodental fricative found in English. Moreover, some words are more often spelled with the b equivalent character instead of vu due to the long-time use of the word without it (e.g. "violin" is more often found as baiorin (バイオリン) than as vaiorin (ヴァイオリン) due partly to inertia, and to some extent due to the more native Japanese sound).
In most languages which use a Latin alphabet, ⟨v⟩ has a [v]-like sound. In most dialects of Spanish, it is pronounced the same as ⟨b⟩, [b] or [β̞]. In German it is [f].
In Chinese pinyin, letter ⟨v⟩ is missing, as there is no sound [v] in Standard Mandarin but the letter ⟨v⟩ is used by most input methods to enter letter ⟨ü⟩, since it is missing on most keyboards. Romanised Chinese is a popular method to enter Chinese text phonetically.
In Irish, the letter ⟨v⟩ is mostly used in loanwords, such as veidhlín from English violin. However the sound [v] appears naturally in Irish when /b/ is lenited or "softened", represented in the orthography by ⟨bh⟩, so that bhí is pronounced [vʲiː], an bhean (the woman) is pronounced [ən̪ˠ ˈvʲan̪ˠ], etc.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V||LATIN SMALL LETTER V|
|Numeric character reference||V||V||v||v|
1 and all encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.
Letter V with diacritics
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