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Watford Grammar School for Boys

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Watford Grammar School for Boys
File:Watford Grammar School for Boys.JPG
MottoSperate parati
Established1704 and 1884
Typevoluntary aided, partially selective comprehensive
HeadmasterMartin R. Post
Chairman of GovernorsDr Alan Huggins
FounderElizabeth Fuller
SpecialismsScience and Languages
LocationRickmansworth Road
Watford
Hertfordshire
WD18 7JF
England
LEAHertfordshire County Council
Ofsted number117573
Students1227
GenderBoys
Ages11 to 17
HousesBushey, Cassio, Fuller, Groves, New, Platt and Turner
ColoursGreen and black         
PublicationThe Fullerian
Former pupilsOld Fullerians
Websitewww.watfordboys.org
Coordinates: 51°39′18″N 0°24′51″W / 51.6550°N 0.4143°W / 51.6550; -0.4143

Watford Grammar School for Boys (commonly abbreviated WBGS) is a voluntary aided secondary school for boys in Watford in Hertfordshire, UK.The school and its sister school, Watford Grammar School for Girls, descend from a Free School founded as a charity school for boys and girls by Elizabeth Fuller in 1704.Despite its name, the school accepts boys of all abilities, although approximately a third are selected for academic or musical aptitude, and brothers of existing pupils are also guaranteed places.Its results are among the highest achieved by non-grammar state schools in England.

Contents

History of the Watford Grammar Schools

Watford Free School

In 1704, Mrs Elizabeth Fuller of Watford Place built the Watford Free School for forty boys and twenty girls on her land next to the churchyard, with rooms for a Master and a Mistress. The school-house was a fine structure at the south-west corner of St Mary's churchyard, and can still be seen there.[1]In 1708 Mrs Fuller endowed the school with a rent-charge of £52 a year. The boys were taught to read, write and cast accounts, and the girls to read English, to knit and to sew.[2][3]

The £52 a year was augmented with bequests, producing a revenue of £178, but the rent-charges were fixed and lost their value through inflation.Despite the help of endowments and gifts, the original charity school was in a sad state by the 1870s, when an application to the Charity Commissioners to sell part of the endowment to pay for overdue repairs led to an enquiry into the school.In 1878 the Commission forbad the school from admitting any more pupils in its current state, and asked the trustees to choose between turning the school into a public elementary school or amalgamating with a sum of £13,333/6/8d from the Platt Foundation for Aldenham School to form a new middle class school.With some reluctance, the trustees chose the latter, and the free school closed on 10 August 1882.The 13 boys and 2 girls still at the school were placed in local elementary schools.[4]

In 1881 a scheme was presented to the Charity Commissioners, combining Mrs Fuller's foundation with a portion of the Platt foundation to form the Watford Endowed Schools, which would educate up to 200 boys and 100 girls from age 7 to 16.The fees would be £4 to £8, though there would also be a number of scholarships.The trustees of the Free School became governors of the new schools, as did three representatives of the Brewers' Company (trustees of the Platt Foundation) and the vicar of Watford.[5]The schools' crest reflects the union of the two foundations:

  • On the left is the coat of arms of John Chilcott (Elizabeth Fuller's father), which are inscribed over the door of the Free School.
  • On the right is the coat of arms of Richard Platt, which may also be seen at Aldenham School.

The schools' motto dates from the same period, and was taken from Virgil's Aeneid IX, 158: "pugnam sperate parati" ("look forward to the battle, being prepared").[6]

Watford Endowed Schools buildings (now the Central Primary School)

Sites were found in Derby Road for two new schools adjoining each other, one for boys and a smaller one for girls.(These buildings are now the Central Primary School.[7])The new boys' school was opened by the Earl of Clarendon on 21 April 1884, and the girls’ school the next day.They started with 69 boys and 46 girls, rising to 129 boys and 68 girls during the year.[5]

In 1903, the schools' names were changed to the Watford Grammar School for Boys and the Watford Grammar School for Girls.By 1904 the schools had outgrown their buildings, with 312 boys and 148 girls.With the help of Hertfordshire County Council, a new girls’ school was built and opened in Lady's Close in 1907, and the boys spread into the building the girls had vacated.In return, the council demanded changes in the schools' denominational character, and in 1908 a revised scheme removed the requirement that masters and mistresses belong to the Church of England and allowed pupils to opt out of instruction in the teachings of the Church.The leaving age was also raised to 17, and the number of scholarships increased.[5]

The building was still insufficient for the boys’ school, and with assistance from the County Council the school purchased part of Cassiobury Park facing Rickmansworth Road to build a new school.On 23 February 1912 the boys assembled outside the Derby road buildings and walked to the new site, which was formally opened by the Earl of Clarendon on 20 March 1912.[5]

Sixth Form courses were introduced during the First World War.In 1924 Rugby union was introduced in the boys' school and took over from football as the main winter sport.

The schools had become increasingly reliant on the county council for building funds, and with the introduction of the Tripartite System in 1944, the schools fully entered the maintained sector as voluntary controlled grammar schools.The schools also phased out their preparatory or junior departments to become purely secondary schools.[5]

With the scrapping of the Tripartite System, they became comprehensive in 1975, and continued to expand.They became grant-maintained schools in 1990, controlled by their own governing bodies, independent of the county council, and funded directly by the Department for Education, and in 1995 introduced partial selection.In 1999 the schools converted to voluntary aided status.[6]

The two schools maintain matching admissions policies.The selective proportion of their intake has been reduced since 1995, and currently stands at 25% academic and 10% musical aptitude.Their catchment area for selective admission reaches out about 5 miles, including some northern parts of the London boroughs of Harrow and Hillingdon.The schools also give priority to siblings of current pupils.Prior to 2008 each of them also gave priority to siblings of pupils at the other school.[8]

Every year there is a Founder's Day service to commemorate the charitable foundations.

School site

The school is located about 1 km west of Watford town centre, just to the south of Watford tube station and Cassiobury Park.The 120m-long neo-Georgian main block and the adjacent Master's House are Grade II listed buildings.[9][10]The school was used as a location for many of the external and internal shots in the filming of The History Boys.[11]

Many sports are played at the New Field (shared with the Old Boys sports clubs) beside the Grand Union Canal near Cassiobury Park.

File:The Clarendon Muse2.JPG
The Clarendon Muse

The school improved its sports facilities with the creation of a new gym; the school has also benefitted widely from the creation of the new music block, 'The Clarendon Muse', which is also partly owned by Hertfordshire School of Music; and a new Sixth Form centre with a food technology lab, financed through fundraising and the sale of land on the northern edge of the grounds for residential development.[12]

The new music block, officially known as the Clarendon Muse, stands on the front lawn of the school.[13]The building was completed in December 2007 at the cost of £5 million, and has approximately 2000 square metres of space spread out over 4 floors.[12]It is also used by the Watford School of Music in the evenings and weekends.[14][15]

Notable old Fullerians

Old Boys of the School are known as "old Fullerians".In chronological order:

Notable teachers

Headmasters

(since the founding of the Watford Endowed School in 1884)[6]

  • 1884–1914 William Robert Carter
  • 1914–1922 Harold Nicholson
  • 1922–1938 Edward Reynolds
  • 1938–1951 Percy Bolton
  • 1951–1962 Harry Rée
  • 1963–1991 Keith Turner
  • 1991–1993 Robert Evans
  • 1993–1994 Neil Hart
  • 1994–2000 Professor Sir John Holman[33]
  • 2000–present Martin Post

Old Fullerians

The Old Boys Association, formed in 1894, is also better known as the "Old Fullerians". All former pupils and past and present teachers and governors of the School are eligible for membership, serving teachers automatically become honorary members. The mission of the Association is to support the School and its students. This is currently achieved by raising funds for selected school projects and also by giving Old Boys opportunities to stay in touch with each other and with the School through events including the infamous OF Dinner, through newsletters and also through the very strong cricket and golf sports societies.

There are a number of associated clubs and societies:

  • Association Football Club
  • Cricket Club, formed in 1947
  • Golfing Society
  • Rugby Football Club

References

  1. ^ The Mrs Elizabeth Fuller Free School, Images of England, English Heritage National Monuments Record.
  2. ^ Samuel Lewis (ed.) (1848). "Watford (St. Mary)". A Topographical Dictionary of England (7th ed.). p. 486. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51382#s1. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  3. ^ William Page (ed.) (1908). "Watford: Introduction". A History of the County of Hertford: volume 2. Victoria County History. pp. 446–451. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=43307. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  4. ^ W.R. Carter (1894). [Expression error: Missing operand for > "Mrs. Fuller's Free School"]. Watford Endowed Schools Journal 3. 
  5. ^ a b c d e W.G. Hughes; M. Sweeney (1954). Watford Grammar Schools for Boys and Girls: A History of their Foundation and Development. Watford: Mayflower Press. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Neil Hart (ed.) (2005). Mrs Fuller's Free School: Three Hundred Years of the Watford Grammar Schools. Rickmansworth: Atlantic Publishing. 
  7. ^ Main block at Watford Central Primary School, Images of England, English Heritage National Monuments Record.
  8. ^ Elizabeth Passmore (2008-09-26). "Determination: Watford Grammar School for Girls". Office of the Schools Adjudicator. http://www.schoolsadjudicator.gov.uk/upload/ADA%201295-1397%20WGS.doc. 
  9. ^ Main block at Watford Boys Grammar School, Images of England, English Heritage National Monuments Record.
  10. ^ Master's House at Watford Boys Grammar School, Images of England, English Heritage National Monuments Record.
  11. ^ Adam Lusher (2005-06-26). "The present mirrors the past for pupils at The History Boys school". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/06/26/nwat26.xml. 
  12. ^ a b Watford Grammar School For Boys and Hertfordshire County Council (2007-06-14). "Topping out ceremony for Watford's new landmark community building". Press release. http://www.watfordboys.herts.sch.uk/docs/New%20Music%20Centre%20Topping%20Out%20Ceremony%20-%20press%20release.doc. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  13. ^ a b c David Levene (2008-03-25). "Perfect pitch". The Guardian. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/art/architecture/story/0,,2267877,00.html. 
  14. ^ Watford Grammar School For Boys and Hertfordshire County Council (2008-01-09). "New community music centre named Clarendon Muse" (PDF). Press release. http://www.thegrid.org.uk/learning/hertsmusic/about/documents/clarendon_muse.pdf. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  15. ^ "New home for music school" (PDF). Horizon (Hertfordshire County Council): pp8–9. Summer 2008. http://www.hertsdirect.org/infobase/docs/pdfstore/horizonssum08.pdf. 
  16. ^ a b c Who Was Who, volume VIII: 1981–1990. London: A & C Black. 
  17. ^ Who Was Who, volume VII: 1971–1980. London: A & C Black. 
  18. ^ "Terence Brandram Hastings Otway". The Otway Family Tree. http://www.otway.com/family/5.html. 
  19. ^ Quentin Skinner; Tony Wrigley (2001-11-17). "Peter Laslett". The Guardian. http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/education/story/0,9853,599280,00.html. 
  20. ^ "The Rev Arthur Peacocke". Daily Telegraph. 2006-10-25. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/news/2006/10/25/db2501.xml. 
  21. ^ "Updating education". John Clark Pro Se Blog. 2005-04-29. http://www.johnclarkprose.com/commentary-updating-education.html. Retrieved 2008-08-11. 
  22. ^ "Professor A. D. Nuttall". The Times (London). 2007-02-09. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1356250.ece. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  23. ^ a b c d e Who's Who 2008. London: A & C Black. 
  24. ^ T.J. Pedley (2000-04-19). "Professor David Crighton". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,3604,211736,00.html. 
  25. ^ World Travel & Tourism Council (2001-05-15). "Sir Ian Prosser, Chairman, Bass PLC Elected As Chairman Of World Travel & Tourism Council". Press release. http://www.hospitalitynet.org/news/4007932.html. 
  26. ^ "The Bishop of Chichester: Rt Revd John Hind". The Diocese of Chichester. http://www.diochi.org.uk/content/bishopchi.htm. 
  27. ^ Michael Rosen. "About me". http://www.michaelrosen.co.uk/about.html. 
  28. ^ "Ways of Giving". Watford Grammar School for Boys. http://www.watfordboys.herts.sch.uk/giving.htm. 
  29. ^ "Josh Lewsey". London Wasps. http://www.wasps.co.uk/playerdisplaySS.ink?skip=16&season=07/08&seasonl=2007/2008&playertype=P. 
  30. ^ David Conn (2001-07-06). "The Swiss connection". The Independent. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20010706/ai_n14415070. 
  31. ^ "Rée, Harry Alfred". Archives in London and the M25 area, Institute of Education. http://www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search2?coll_id=2290&inst_id=5. 
  32. ^ Centre for the study of Education in an International Context (CEIC), University of Bath (2003-12-09). "Professor George Walker, OBE receives honorary doctorate". Press release. http://www.bath.ac.uk/ceic/news.html. 
  33. ^ "John Holman – Biography". Department for Children, Schools and Families. http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/stem/biog.shtml. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 

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