definition of Wikipedia
|West Virginia State Police|
|Patch of the West Virginia State Police.|
|Formed||June 29, 1919|
|Preceding agency||West Virginia Department of Public Safety|
|Employees||1018 (as of 2010) |
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of West Virginia, USA|
|Size||24,230 square miles (62,800 km2)|
|Population||1,812,035 (2007 est.)|
|Headquarters||South Charleston, West Virginia|
|State Troopers||659 (as of 2010)|
|Civilians||359 (as of 2010)|
|Agency executive||C.R. "Jay" Smithers, Colonel|
|Parent agency||West Virginia Department of Military Affairs and Public Safety|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The West Virginia State Police is a paramilitary organization, state law enforcement agency in the United States that provides statewide police services to the 1.83 million residents in West Virginia. It is the fourth oldest state police agency and was born in the second extraordinary session of the West Virginia Legislature on June 19, 1919 as a result of uprisings surrounding organized labor in the coal and mine industries.
Governor John Jacob Cornwell was insistent upon having a State Police force which he said, "was mandatory in order for him to uphold the laws of our state." Part of the compromise was the name of the organization: "West Virginia Department of Public Safety" was the official name until 1995 when the name was changed to "West Virginia State Police" during the legislative session.
Like other state law enforcement agencies, West Virginia troopers enforce traffic laws statewide, investigate crimes and protect the governor and his immediate family. The superintendent of the West Virginia State Police is Colonel C.R. "Jay" Smithers who replaced Colonel Timothy Pack.
West Virginia State Police troopers wear a forest-green uniform and campaign hat. They receive their training at the West Virginia State Police Academy located in Institute, a suburb of Charleston, and near the agency's headquarters in South Charleston. Upon appointment, cadets undergo an intense training program at the academy.
The West Virginia State Police also runs its own forensic laboratory and provide scientific investigation services to law enforcement agencies across the state. Services offered to criminal justice agencies include biochemistry, drug, firearm investigations, latent prints, questioned documents, toxicology and trace evidence. The crime lab is accredited by the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB).
The West Virginia Division of Criminal Justice Services is responsible for setting minimum physical ability standards for police officers working in the state. In 2007, following a national trend, it relaxed the physical ability standards for aspiring police officers. Right now, any police applicant must do at least 18 push-ups/minute, 27 sit-ups/minute and be able to run 1.5 miles (2.4 km) in a maximum time limit of 15 minutes 20 seconds. The State Police, however, chose not to follow those standards unlike most local police agencies in West Virginia. The agency's recruiters still require applicants to perform at least 27 push-ups/minute, 29 sit-ups/minute and those same applicants have to run 1.5 miles (2.4 km) in no more than 14 minutes 52 seconds, which were all the initial minimum requirements for all police departments in West Virginia.
Training at the paramilitary academy lasts about 24 weeks compared to about 16 weeks for officers from other departments (trained at the same academy). When cadets graduate, they are promoted to the rank of "Trooper." They can be stationned anywhere in the 55 West Virginia counties working from detachments (barracks). They serve an eighteen-month probationary period that starts at the time they enter the academy. After completing successfully that probationary period, they are eligible to receive an associate degree in police sciences through the Marshall Technical and Community College program.
Like many police agencies nationwide, the shortage of sworn personnel in some counties has raised debates about the need for more funding to recruit more cadets. As of June 2010, the agency employed 659 sworn officers and 359 civilian staff members, making it de facto the largest law enforcement agency in West Virginia. Short in man power or not, the State Police is heavily relied upon to assist in some rural counties.
The State Police is and has been the only agency to operate a law enforcement academy in West Virginia. It trains its own troopers but also all other law enforcement officers from the state: sheriff deputies, city and college police officers, and motor carrier enforcement officers who are not part of the State Police like in some states, but have their own separate agency.
|Superintendent - Colonel|
|Trooper First Class|
Most of the State Police vehicles are Ford Crown Victorias with blue and gold colors accompanied by the agency's logo on the side front doors. In recent years, the agency has phased in Chevrolet Impalas, Chevrolet Trailblazers and Ford Explorers into its fleet. The agency also uses unmarked vehicles (usually assigned to command staff members statewide), Dodge Durangos and Chargers. Typical emergency lighting on a fully marked cruiser are the overheads (bar lights) and front wig wags.
Troop 0 Command - South Charleston
Troop 1 Command - Shinnston
Troop 2 Command - Charles Town
Troop 3 Command - Elkins
Troop 4 Command - South Charleston
Troop 5 Command - Logan
Troop 6 Command - Beckley
Troop 7 Command - Parkway Authority
Troop 8 Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI)
Since the establishment of the West Virginia State Police, 38 officers have died in the line of duty.
|Officer||Date of Death||Details|
|Private Ernest Ripley||
|Private Charles M. Kackley||
|Private William L. McMillion||
|Private George A. Duling||
|Private Howard A. Deem||
|Private James Shrewsbury||
|Private Ulric C. Crawford||
|Private Theodore R. Meadows||
|Private James L. Lowe||
|Private Blake A. Michael||
|Private Arza A. Allen||
|Sergeant William Hall||
|Trooper Farley K. Litton||
|Trooper Allen Henry Bennett Jeffreys||
|Trooper Franklin D. Patrick||
|Sergeant Newton Tressel Sites||
|Trooper Burr White Harrison||
|Sergeant Joseph Pierce Horne||
|Corporal Arthur M. Hurst||
|Trooper Robert F. Rulong||
|Corporal Harry E. Robinson||
|Corporal William Joseph Shrewsbury||
|Trooper Robert Ball Noechel||
|Trooper Hugh Donald Swartz||
|Trooper First Class Thomas Dean Hercules||
|Trooper Charles Henry Johnson||
|Trooper Bruce Thompson Brown||
|Corporal Dewey C. Shrewsbury||
|Trooper Philip S. Kesner||
|Corporal Carlen Bill Stone||
|Trooper Harry G. Lucas Jr.||
|Trooper Jonathan David Harris||
|Trooper William Howard Phillips||
|Trooper First Class James Thomas Brammer||
|Senior Trooper Larry Gene Hacker||
|Lieutenant Charles Matthew Turner||
|Senior Trooper Douglas Wayne Bland||
|Trooper Brian W. Linn||
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