West New Guinea
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West New Guinea or Irian Barat (West Irian) is a Southeast Asian state existing between 1962 and 1970, when it was given to the Indonesian province of Papua.
From 1948 to 1962 the area was a Dutch colony called Dutch New Guinea. The Indonesian president Sukarno, however, wanted the area became part of the Republic of Indonesia, and tried to achieve this through the United Nations. He also threatened in the area to unleash a war, and sent military infiltrators.
In 1962 the government temporarily transferred to the United Nations (UNTEA), and in 1963 Indonesia had controlled the area, calling it Irian Barat. Following the resignation of Sukarno, Suharto took office as president of Indonesia, and the area was renamed Irian Jaya. In 2000 President Abdurrahman Wahid decided the province to give the name Papua.
The name West Irian or Irian Barat should not be confused with the name of the western province of the region. This province was part until 2007 West Irian Jaya (Irian Jaya Barat) called, and since 2007 West Papua (Papua Barat).[clarification needed]