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definition - Willowbrook,_California

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Willowbrook, California

                   
Willowbrook
—  census-designated place  —
Location of Willowbrook in Los Angeles County, California.
Coordinates: 33°55′3″N 118°15′10″W / 33.9175°N 118.25278°W / 33.9175; -118.25278Coordinates: 33°55′3″N 118°15′10″W / 33.9175°N 118.25278°W / 33.9175; -118.25278
Country  United States
State  California
County Los Angeles
Area[1]
 • Total 3.770 sq mi (9.765 km2)
 • Land 3.762 sq mi (9.744 km2)
 • Water 0.008 sq mi (0.021 km2)  0.21%
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 35,983
 • Density 9,500/sq mi (3,700/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 90022-90059
Area code(s) 310/424, 323
FIPS code 06-85614
GNIS feature ID 1867074

Willowbrook is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California. The population was 35,983 at the 2010 census, up from 34,138 at the 2000 census. The community is located near the southeast edge of, and is often considered part of, South Los Angeles. Willowbrook is often mistaken to be the city of Compton because they share the zipcode 90222, and the majority of residents use Compton as their mailing address. The north side of Willowbrook is often confused with Watts and Los Angeles City because of the zipcode 90059.

Willowbrook is the home of the troubled[2] Martin Luther King Jr.-Harbor Hospital, which had been cited multiple times for failures in hospital accreditation. Also located in Willowbrook is the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, which oversees residency training programs, allied health programs, a medical education program (jointly with the University of California, Los Angeles), a medical magnet high school, the area Head Start program, and various centers for health disparities research. Due to severe deficiencies, the former King/Drew Medical Center lost accreditation of several key residency training programs.

Contents

  History

Willows and a slow, shallow brook distinguished this portion of the Los Angeles plain long before it was given the name "Willowbrook." A lone-standing streamside willow tree near the present intersection of 125th Street and Mona Boulevard was an original rancho boundary marker in the 1840s.

Willowbrook was rich in springs in the early days and winter rains would bring up fine stands of rye grass between gravelly ridges left by long-ago floods of the Los Angeles River. As early as 1820, Anastacio Avila was grazing cattle on the land and by 1843, the Mexican governor had granted him 3,599 acres (14.56 km2). This grant was named the Rancho La Tajauta and it extended from the marshes along present Alameda Street westward to approximately the present line of the Harbor Freeway. All of present-day Willowbrook is within the area covered by Rancho La Tajauta.

The first subdivisions in the Willowbrook area were filed in 1894 and 1895 on land along what is now Rosecrans Avenue. The first official use of the name Willowbrook came in 1903, when the Willowbrook Tract was recorded with the County Recorder. The tract straddled the newly opened Pacific Electric railway line to Long Beach. There is no evidence that a townsite was envisioned and street patterns were not coordinated with adjacent tracts. The name Willowbrook came into use for the whole area, because the Big Red Cars of the Pacific Electric Railroad Company stopped at 126th Street in Willowbrook.

Lot buyers in Willowbrook expected to live a definitely suburban life. The deep lots (in many cases as deep as 300 feet, or 91 meters) attracted working-class families, especially newcomers to Southern California. The Big Red Cars provided fast, reasonable transportation to department stores in downtown Los Angeles and to jobs in the Long Beach and San Pedro harbor areas. During the Depression years, residents used the land behind their homes to grow fruits and vegetables, run hogs, and raise chickens. These land uses, together with the vacant lots covered with mustard plants, intensified the area's rural appearance. After the end of the Depression and World War II, increasing suburban development occurred in Willowbrook, but not to the extent that it substantially altered the area's rural character. Even the 1965 Watts Riots did not change that, although Willowbrook suffered damage to a number of its buildings, including Willowbrook's community library.

The mixture of suburban and rural land uses continued in Willowbrook into the early 1980s, when the area began to lose its rural character due to a redevelopment plan drafted by the Watts Labor Community Action Committee (WLCAC) under the leadership of Ted Watkins and supported by Los Angeles County. Under this plan, 365 acres (1.48 km2) of Willowbrook land was redeveloped to provide new commercial and residential facilities. As a result, present-day Willowbrook appears similar to other communities in the South Central section of Los Angeles.

  Geography

Willowbrook is located at 33°55′3″N 118°15′10″W / 33.9175°N 118.25278°W / 33.9175; -118.25278 (33.917515, -118.252705).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), over 99% of it land.

  Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1970 28,705
1980 30,845 7.5%
1990 32,772 6.2%
2000 34,138 4.2%
2010 35,983 5.4%
[4]

  2010

The 2010 United States Census[5] reported that Willowbrook had a population of 35,983. The population density was 9,544.1 people per square mile (3,685.0/km²). The racial makeup of Willowbrook was 8,245 (22.9%) White, 12,387 (34.4%) African American, 273 (0.8%) Native American, 119 (0.3%) Asian, 49 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 13,858 (38.5%) from other races, and 1,052 (2.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22,979 persons (63.9%).

The Census reported that 35,577 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 116 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 290 (0.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,721 households, out of which 4,920 (56.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,626 (41.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,635 (30.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 859 (9.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 640 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,336 households (15.3%) were made up of individuals and 585 (6.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.08. There were 7,120 families (81.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.38.

The population was spread out with 11,790 people (32.8%) under the age of 18, 4,500 people (12.5%) aged 18 to 24, 9,595 people (26.7%) aged 25 to 44, 7,200 people (20.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,898 people (8.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.2 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

There were 9,600 housing units at an average density of 2,546.3 per square mile (983.1/km²), of which 4,525 (51.9%) were owner-occupied, and 4,196 (48.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 19,021 people (52.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 16,556 people (46.0%) lived in rental housing units.

  2000

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 34,138 people, 8,476 households, and 6,823 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 9,121.6 inhabitants per square mile (3,524.3/km²). There were 9,042 housing units at an average density of 2,416.0 per square mile (933.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 16.06% White, 44.91% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 34.98% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 53.60% of the population.

There were 8,476 households out of which 47.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 29.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.97 and the average family size was 4.35.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 37.3% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $27,811, and the median income for a family was $30,107. Males had a median income of $22,250 versus $23,615 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,865. About 26.8% of families and 30.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.5% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.

  Government and infrastructure

In the state legislature Willowbrook is located in the 25th and 26th Senate Districts, represented by Democrats Edward Vincent and Curren D. Price, Jr. respectively, and in the 51st and 52nd Assembly Districts, represented by Democrats Steven Bradford and Isadore Hall, III respectively. Federally, Willowbrook is located in California's 37th and 39th congressional districts, which have Cook PVIs of D +27 and D +13 respectively[7] and are represented by Democrats Laura Richardson and Linda Sánchez respectively.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Century Station in Lynwood, serving Willowbrook.[8]

The United States Postal Service Willowbrook Post Office is located at 2241 East El Segundo Boulevard in the CDP.[9][10]

Martin Luther King Jr.-Harbor Hospital is in Willowbrook.[9]

  Transportation

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) provides bus services to the Willowbrook area.

The Los Angeles County Department of Public Works also operates two shuttle services that serve the Willowbrook area: the Hahn's Trolley and Shuttle Service, and the Rosewood Smart Shuttle.[2]

  Education

  Colleges and universities

Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science is located in Willowbrook.[9]

  Primary and secondary schools

Most residents are zoned to schools in the Compton Unified School District. Zoned elementary schools within the CDP include Anderson, Carver, Jefferson, King, and Lincoln.[9] Bunche Middle School, Willowbrook Middle School and Centennial High School are located outside of the CDP in Compton.[9][11] Cesar Chavez Continuation High School is in Willowbrook.[9]

Avalon Gardens Elementary School, in Willowbrook, serves the LAUSD areas.[9] Residents of the LAUSD areas continue to Locke High School in Watts.[12] Banneker Special Education Center, a special LAUSD school, and King Drew Magnet High School of Medicine and Science, an LAUSD magnet school, are in Willowbrook.[9][13]

  Public libraries

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Willowbrook Library at 11838 South Wilmington Avenue, inside the CDP.[9][14]

  Parks and recreation

Los Angeles County operates area parks.

The 7.22-acre (29,200 m2) George Washington Carver Park (previously Willowbrook Neighborhood Park) has a lighted baseball field, an arts and crafts room, a "Nike GO" outdoor basketball court, a community room, a lighted softball field, a multipurpose field, a multipurpose room, picnic areas with barbecue pits, a swimming pool[9][15]

The 94-acre (380,000 m2) Earvin "Magic" Johnson County Recreation Area, mostly in Willowbrook and partially in Los Angeles, has play areas for children, picnic areas with barbecue pits, two fishing lakes, soccer fields, toilet facilities, and walking paths.[9][16]

Enterprise County Park, a 10-acre (40,000 m2) park located in the Rosewood neighborhood in Willowbrook, has an athletic field, a lighted baseball/softball diamond, a community recreation room, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, picnic areas with barbecue pits, and a swimming pool.[9][17]

The 20-acre (81,000 m2) Athens County Park, within the Athens Village area and in Willowbrook, has two lighted baseball/softball diamonds, a basketball court, children's play areas, a community recreation multipurpose room, a computer lab, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, picnic areas with barbecue pits, a swimming pool, tennis courts, and toilet facilities.[9][18] Mona County Park, an 8.4-acre (34,000 m2) park, has a lighted baseball/softball diamond, an outdoor basketball court, a children's play area, a community room, a gymnasium, a shaded picnic shelter, a swimming pool, and the Tiny Tot Learning Center.[9][19]

  See also

  References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "Troubles at King-Harbor". L.A. Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-kingdrew-gallery,0,5651209.storygallery. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  8. ^ "Century Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Willowbrook CDP, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  10. ^ "Post Office Location - WILLOWBROOK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  11. ^ "Compton city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  12. ^ "School Finder." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  13. ^ "Welcome Back!" King Drew Magnet High School of Medicine and Science. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  14. ^ "Willowbrook Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  15. ^ "George Washington Carver Park." Los Angeles County Parks. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  16. ^ "Earvin "Magic" Johnson Recreation Area." Los Angeles County Parks. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  17. ^ "Enterprise Park." Los Angeles County Parks. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  18. ^ "Athens Park." Los Angeles County Parks. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.
  19. ^ "Mona Park." Los Angeles County Parks. Retrieved on September 27, 2009.

  External links

   
               

 

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