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definition - Winn-Dixie

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Winn-Dixie Stores, Inc.
Type Public (NASDAQWINN)
Industry Supermarket/Retail
Founded 1925
Headquarters Jacksonville, Florida, USA
Key people Randall Onstead, CEO and President
Products Grocery, Bakery, Dairy, Deli, Floral, Frozen Food, General Merchandise, Meat, Pharmacy, Produce, Seafood, Liquor
Revenue $7.2 billion (2010)[1]
Website www.winndixie.com

Winn-Dixie Stores, Inc. (NASDAQWINN) is an American supermarket chain based in Jacksonville, Florida.[2] Winn-Dixie has ranked number 24 in the 2010 "Top 75 North American Food Retailers" based on 2009 fiscal year estimated sales of $7.3 billion by Supermarket News.[3] and was ranked the 43rd largest retailer in the United States based on 2006 revenues by Stores magazine.[4] Winn-Dixie currently operates 485 stores in Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, and Mississippi. The company has existed under its present name since 1955 and can date its roots back to 1925.

Prior to filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2005, Winn-Dixie was listed in the S&P 500 and had been traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol "WIN" since February 18, 1952. The company was traded under the symbol "WINN" on the NASDAQ before its purchase. The bankruptcy also left the chain with fewer stores than it had in the late 1960s.

They are known for their private label Chek brand soft drinks, which are produced in over 20 different flavors plus diet and caffeine-free varieties—one of the widest assortments. They have also been known as "The Beef People". In its advertising and print media Winn-Dixie now uses the brand promises of "Fresh Checked Every Day" in its Jacksonville DMA, "Getting Better All The Time" in its locations in Central Florida, "El Sabor De Tu Pais", or "The Flavor Of Your Country", in its Miami area stores, and "Local Flavor Since 1956" in its Louisiana area stores.

On December 19, 2011, BI-LO, another Southeastern supermarket chain, announced plans to purchase Winn-Dixie. On March 9, 2012, Winn-Dixie became a wholly owned subsidiary of Bi-Lo Holding and Winn-Dixie's ticker symbol was removed from the NASDAQ.[5] Bi-Lo Holdings announced at the time of acquisition that the combined headquarters would be located in Jacksonville. Bi-Lo previously was headquartered in Greenville, SC.



  The Winn-Dixie logo prior to 2006.
  Recently remodeled Winn-Dixie #166 in Kingsland, Georgia
  Typical Winn-Dixie truck at store #736 in Port Charlotte, Florida


Winn-Dixie was founded and built up by William Milton Davis and his sons Artemus Darius Davis, James Elsworth Davis, Milton Austin Davis and Tine Wayne Davis. William Davis started in business in Burley, Idaho, where he bought a general store in 1914 that he later renamed Davis Mercantile. As was common then, he sold most goods on credit. The advent of cash-only grocery stores in the 1920s hurt Davis's business, as the new stores offered lower prices and larger selections.[6]

In 1925, William Davis borrowed $10,000 from his father and moved to Miami, Florida, where he purchased the Rockmoor Grocery. In 1927, the company was renamed Table Supply, and four more stores were opened. In 1931, the Davis family bought the Lively Stores chain for $10,000, to create a chain of 33 Table Supply stores across Florida from Miami to Tampa. William Milton Davis died in 1934, leaving his four sons in charge of the company.[7]

In 1939, the Davis brothers bought 51 percent of Winn-Lovett, a chain of 73 stores. In 1944, the brothers adopted Winn-Lovett as the company name and moved the company headquarters to Jacksonville. Winn-Lovett purchased the Steiden Stores chain of 31 stores in Kentucky in 1945, and Margaret Ann Stores, with 46 stores in Florida, in 1949. In 1952, Winn-Lovett became the first industrial corporation based in Florida to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[7]


Winn-Lovett continued to grow by acquiring other chains, including Penney Stores in Mississippi, and Ballentine Stores and Eden Stores, both in South Carolina, all in 1955. Also in 1955, Winn-Lovett bought the 117-store Dixie Home chain, and changed its name to Winn-Dixie. In 1956, Winn-Dixie bought Ketner-Milner Stores in North Carolina, Hill Stores in Louisiana and Mississippi, and King Stores in Georgia. In 1967, Winn-Dixie bought the City Markets chain in The Bahamas.[7] The last purchase of a chain was in 1995, with the purchase of the Cincinnati-based Thriftway Food Drug.[8]


Although Winn-Dixie Stores has been a publicly owned corporation since 1952, the Davis family has always maintained control of the corporation. As of February 2005, when the company entered bankruptcy, the heirs of William Milton Davis still held about 35 percent of Winn-Dixie stock.[9]

The Davis brothers also became involved in Florida state politics, supporting conservative causes. It is reported that their financial support helped George Smathers beat incumbent U.S. Senator Claude Pepper in 1950. Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Donald Regan is reported to have said of his financial guru, James E. Davis: "When J.E. calls, I listen."[6] It is reported that after reading Booker T. Washington's Up From Slavery, James E. Davis began a program of Winn-Dixie supporting historically Black colleges and universities.[7]

In the 90's Winn Dixie gave a generous contribution to the Boy Scouts of America of the Central Florida Council, resulting in the renaming of Camp La-No Che as the "Winn-Dixie Scout Reservation".

Winn-Dixie is involved in their hometown of Jacksonville, Fla., including being considered the official supermarket of the NFL Jacksonville Jaguars.[10] Some Jacksonville-area stores give away Jaguars tickets during the NFL season.[citation needed]

  Financial difficulties

  A Winn-Dixie store closing in Sarasota, Florida

In 2003, when the chain had over 1000 stores, the company's stock was the worst-performing of the S&P 500. In April 2004, Winn-Dixie announced the closure of 156 stores, including all 111 stores located in the Midwest. Included were over 20 stores that had operated under the Thriftway name in and around Cincinnati, Ohio; they had been purchased by Winn-Dixie in 1995. The company had been hit hard by competition, especially from Publix and Wal-Mart. Another 40 stores in the Atlanta area were converted to their Save Rite Grocery Warehouse brand, as an alternative to store closure. Also, the stores in North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia closed.


On February 22, 2005, Winn-Dixie filed for bankruptcy. On June 21, it announced the sale or closure of 326 stores, resulting in the loss of over 22,000 jobs.[11] Winn-Dixie closed all its stores in North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. Once the restructuring had completed, Winn-Dixie was to operate in the Bahamas, and in five of the Deep South states, operating throughout Florida, the southeastern half of Louisiana, the southeast corner of Mississippi, most of Alabama, and the southwest and coastal corners of Georgia.

On February 28, 2006, it was announced that 35 more stores were to be sold or closed within the coming months, with the Central and South Florida areas being the most affected. On March 31, 2006, it was announced that the chain would sell its 12 Bahamian locations, which had been operated by a wholly owned subsidiary, W-D, Limited, under the names City Market and Winn-Dixie.[12]

  Emergence from bankruptcy and acquisition by Bi-Lo

  The Winn-Dixie logo in 2010.
  A pallet of Chek branded sodas in the backroom of Winn-Dixie store #0736

On June 29, 2006, Winn-Dixie announced that it had filed a plan of reorganization with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Florida. The company emerged from Chapter 11 protection on November 21, 2006 in a much stronger financial position.[13] Their bankruptcy case is being handled in the Jacksonville area by Steve Busey and Cyndi Jackson of the law firm, Smith, Hulsey, & Busey, and by the New York firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom. Upon emerging from bankruptcy in 2006 Winn-Dixie made great strides toward success, which included a steadfast effort to modernize its existing store base while focusing on new locations for the future.

On December 19, 2011, Winn-Dixie agreed to be sold to BI-LO for US$530 million[14] or US$560 million.[15] With the proposed deal, Winn-Dixie will become a subsidiary of BI-LO and its stores will be operated under the Winn-Dixie name.

As of March 9, 2012, Winn-Dixie became part of Bi-Lo Holdings, which is the parent company of both Bi-Lo and Winn-Dixie. Altogether, the combined company operates 690 stores in eight southeastern states, employing approximately 63,000 team members. Jacksonville will be the corporate headquarters for both Bi-Lo and Winn Dixie. Bi-Lo was previously headquartered in Greenville, SC.


Winn-Dixie has run over 60 private label brands over the years. In 2003 the company cut the number down to a three-tier system of brands: the "Prestige" brand for upscale private label products, "Winn-Dixie" for its mainstream items, and "Thrifty Maid" for its value items.[16] In 2007, all three brands received redesigned packaging with plans to replace the "Prestige" brand with "Winn & Lovett".[dead link][17] In 2010, Winn-Dixie replaced its value-centered brand Thrifty Maid with "ValuTime".[18] The brands of "ValuTime", for the budget-minded shopper, "Winn-Dixie", which is designed to be as good as or better than national brands, and "Winn and Lovett", the premium, top-tier label, are the current private labels the organization uses store-wide. Winn-Dixie carries a store-brand line of organic and natural foods.[19] These brands are on numerous products in almost all departments. Other category-specific brands include "Chek" for the store-brand sodas and "Kuddles" for the store-brand baby-related items.

The manufacturer code portion of the UPC remains 21140 for the "Winn-Dixie" and "Winn and Lovett" labels. It is currently unknown how their private label products will be affected by the BI-LO acquisition.

  In popular culture


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Contact Us." Winn-Dixie. Retrieved on November 22, 2011. "Winn-Dixie Stores, Inc., 5050 Edgewood Court, Jacksonville, FL 32254"[dead link]
  3. ^ SN's Top 75 Retailers for 2010, Supermarket News, Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  4. ^ Top 100 Retailers: The Nation's Retail Power Players (PDF), Stores, July 2007.[dead link]
  5. ^ http://www.orlandosentinel.com/business/sns-bc-us--bi-lo-winn-dixie,0,7013774.story[dead link]
  6. ^ a b Most Important Floridians of the 20th Century - Davis Brothers, The Ledger, Archived URL retrieved January 25, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d Winn-Dixie: A Brief History, Winn-Dixie, Archived URL retrieved January 25, 2012.
  8. ^ [2], FundingUniverse.com, Retrieved December 5, 2010
  9. ^ Hoover's report on Winn-Dixie Stores, Inc., Hoover's, Retrieved June 26, 2006.
  10. ^ Winning record helps Jaguars meet sponsorship goals, Jacksonville Business Journal, September 22, 2006.
  11. ^ Winn-Dixie cutting 22,000 jobs, CNN/Money, June 21, 2005.
  12. ^ Winn-Dixie to Sell 12 Stores in Bahamas, The Associated Press, March 30, 2006.[dead link]
  13. ^ Winn-Dixie Emerges from Chapter 11, Winn-Dixie Press Release, November 21, 2006.[dead link]
  14. ^ Egan, Matt (December 19, 2011). "BI-LO Buys Winn-Dixie for $530 Million; Deal Translates to 75% Premium". Fox Business. http://www.foxbusiness.com/industries/2011/12/19/bi-lo-buys-winn-dixie-for-530-million-deal-translates-to-75-premium/. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  15. ^ Walker, Elaine (December 19, 2011). "Winn-Dixie sold to BI-LO". Miami Herald. http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/12/19/2553472/winn-dixie-sold-to-bi-lo.html. Retrieved 5 January 2012. [dead link]
  16. ^ Winn-Dixie Updates Brand, Orlando Business Journal, July 1, 2003.
  17. ^ Winn-Dixie Stores, Inc. Investor Day, Winn-Dixie Official Website, October 9, 2007.
  18. ^ Winn-Dixie Store Brands, Winn-Dixie Official Website, December 16, 2010.[dead link]
  19. ^ Winn-Dixie Store Brands - Organics and Naturals, Winn-Dixie Official Website, December 16, 2010.[dead link]

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