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definitions - arrest

arrest (n.)

1.the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal)"the policeman on the beat got credit for the collar"

2.the state of inactivity following an interruption"the negotiations were in arrest" "held them in check" "during the halt he got some lunch" "the momentary stay enabled him to escape the blow" "he spent the entire stop in his seat"

arrest (v. trans.)

1.hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of"Arrest the downward trend" "Check the growth of communism in South East Asia" "Contain the rebel movement" "Turn back the tide of communism"

2.take into custody"the police nabbed the suspected criminals"

3.attract and fix"His look caught her" "She caught his eye" "Catch the attention of the waiter"

4.cause to stop"Halt the engines" "Arrest the progress" "halt the presses"

arrest (v.)

1.stop from happening or developing"Block his election" "Halt the process"

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Merriam Webster

ArrestAr*rest" (�), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Arrested; p. pr. & vb. n. Arresting.] [OE. aresten, OF. arester, F. arrêter, fr. LL. arrestare; L. ad + restare to remain, stop; re + stare to stand. See Rest remainder.]
1. To stop; to check or hinder the motion or action of; as, to arrest the current of a river; to arrest the senses.

Nor could her virtues the relentless hand
Of Death arrest.
Philips.

2. (Law) To take, seize, or apprehend by authority of law; as, to arrest one for debt, or for a crime.

☞ After this word Shakespeare uses of (“I arrest thee of high treason”) or on; the modern usage is for.

3. To seize on and fix; to hold; to catch; as, to arrest the eyes or attention. Buckminster.

4. To rest or fasten; to fix; to concentrate. [Obs.]

We may arrest our thoughts upon the divine mercies. Jer. Taylor.

Syn. -- To obstruct; delay; detain; check; hinder; stop; apprehend; seize; lay hold of.

ArrestAr*rest", v. i. To tarry; to rest. [Obs.] Spenser.

ArrestAr*rest", n. [OE. arest, arrest, OF. arest, F. arrêt, fr. arester. See Arrest, v. t., Arr�t.]
1. The act of stopping, or restraining from further motion, etc.; stoppage; hindrance; restraint; as, an arrest of development.

As the arrest of the air showeth. Bacon.

2. (Law) The taking or apprehending of a person by authority of law; legal restraint; custody. Also, a decree, mandate, or warrant.

William . . . ordered him to be put under arrest. Macaulay.

[Our brother Norway] sends out arrests
On Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys.
Shak.

☞ An arrest may be made by seizing or touching the body; but it is sufficient in the party be within the power of the officer and submit to the arrest. In Admiralty law, and in old English practice, the term is applied to the seizure of property.

3. Any seizure by power, physical or moral.

The sad stories of fire from heaven, the burning of his sheep, etc., . . . were sad arrests to his troubled spirit. Jer. Taylor.

4. (Far.) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse; -- also named rat-tails. White.

Arrest of judgment (Law), the staying or stopping of a judgment, after verdict, for legal cause. The motion for this purpose is called a motion in arrest of judgment.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - arrest

see also - arrest

phrases

-Cardiac Arrest • Cardiac Arrest, Induced • Cardiac Arrest, Sudden • Cardiac Sinus Arrest • Cardiac arrest • Cardiac arrest due to anaesthesia during labour and delivery • Cardiac arrest due to anaesthesia during pregnancy • Cardiac arrest due to anaesthesia during the puerperium • Cardiac arrest following caesarean or other obstetric surgery or procedures, including delivery NOS • Cardiac arrest following conditions classifiable to O00░O07 • Cardiac arrest with successful resuscitation • Cardiac arrest, unspecified • Cardiopulmonary Arrest • Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced • Deep transverse arrest • Epiphyseal arrest • Epiphyseal arrest | ankle and foot • Epiphyseal arrest | forearm • Epiphyseal arrest | hand • Epiphyseal arrest | lower leg • Epiphyseal arrest | multiple sites • Epiphyseal arrest | other • Epiphyseal arrest | pelvic region and thigh • Epiphyseal arrest | shoulder region • Epiphyseal arrest | site unspecified • Epiphyseal arrest | upper arm • European arrest warrant • Growth Arrest And DNA Damage-Inducible Protein 153 • Heart Arrest • Heart Arrest, Induced • Induced Cardiac Arrest • Induced Heart Arrest • REM Sleep-Related Sinus Arrest • Respiratory arrest • Sinus Arrest, Cardiac • Sinus Arrest, REM Sleep-Related • Sudden Cardiac Arrest • arrest warrant • cardiac arrest • cardiopulmonary arrest • house arrest • place under arrest • resisting arrest • respiratory arrest • under arrest

-6P/d'Arrest • 9133 d'Arrest • Alberto Fujimori's arrest and trial • Arbitrary arrest and detention • Arrest (disambiguation) • Arrest and Trial • Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem • Arrest of Christ • Arrest of Jesus • Arrest of Maria Lourdes Afiuni • Arrest power • Arrest warrant • Arrest warrants • Arrest, Somme • Augusto Pinochet's arrest and trial • Cardiac Arrest (TV series) • Cardiac Arrest (album) • Cardiac Arrest (film) • Cardiac Arrest (song) • Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival • Cardiac arrest • Cardiac arrest (disambiguation) • Case Concerning the Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium) • Citizen's arrest • Citizens Arrest • Citizens arrest • D'Arrest (crater) • Drug arrest • European Arrest Warrant • Faeq al-Mir arrest controversy • Fall arrest • False arrest • Heinrich Louis d'Arrest • Heinrich d'Arrest • Henry Louis Gates arrest controversy • Hood Arrest • House Arrest (M*A*S*H) • House Arrest (The Sopranos) • House Arrest (album) • House Arrest (film) • House Arrest (song) • House arrest • House arrest (disambiguation) • House-arrest • Investigation and the arrest of Alfred Dreyfus • Karunanidhi midnight arrest • List of You're Under Arrest characters • List of You're Under Arrest episodes • List of You're Under Arrest media • Maternal effect dominant embryonic arrest • One Arrest • Police stop, search, detention and arrest powers in the United Kingdom • Power of arrest • Resisting arrest • Resisting unlawful arrest • Respiratory arrest • Searches incident to a lawful arrest • Self-arrest • Sinoatrial arrest • Smile...You're Under Arrest! • Spermatogenesis arrest • Stanley Miller arrest controversy • Taney Arrest Warrant • The Arrest • The Arrest of Lieutenant Golightly • Traumatic arrest • Vic Reeves' House Arrest • You're Under Arrest (TV Drama) • You're Under Arrest (album) • You're Under Arrest!

analogical dictionary


 

MESH root[Thème]

arrest [MeSH]







arrest (v. tr.)


arrest (v. tr.)






Wikipedia

Arrest

                   
  Lucy Parsons after her arrest for rioting during an unemployment protest at Hull House in Chicago, Illinois. 1915
  Arrested men in Rio de Janeiro.

An arrest is the act of depriving a person of his or her liberty usually in relation to the purported investigation or prevention of crime and presenting (the arrestee) to a procedure as part of the criminal justice system. The term is Anglo-Norman in origin and is related to the French word arrêt, meaning "stop".

The word 'arrest' when used in its ordinary and natural sense, means the apprehension of a person or the deprivation of a person's liberty. The question whether the person is under arrest or not depends not on the legality of the arrest, but on whether the person has been deprived of personal liberty of movement. When used in the legal sense in the procedure connected with criminal offences, an arrest consists in the taking into custody of another person under authority empowered by law, to be held or detained to answer a criminal charge or to prevent the commission of a criminal or further offence. The essential elements to constitute an arrest in the above sense are that there must be an intent to arrest under the authority, accompanied by a seizure or detention of the person in the manner known to law, which is so understood by the person arrested

Directorate of Enforcement v Deepak Mahajan, (1994) 3 SCC 440 at ¶46 (SC of India)).

Police and various other bodies have powers of arrest. In some places, the power is more general; for example in England and Wales—with the notable exception of the Monarch, the head of state—any person can arrest "anyone whom he has reasonable grounds for suspecting to be committing, have committed or be guilty of committing an indictable offence", although certain conditions must be met before taking such action.[1]

Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that, "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile."

Contents

  Etymology

The word "Arrest" is Anglo-Norman in origin, derived from the French word arrêt meaning 'to stop or stay' and signifies a restraint of a person. Lexicologically, the meaning of the word arrest is given in various dictionaries depending upon the circumstances in which word is used. There are numerous slang terms for being arrested throughout the world. In British slang terminology, the term "nicked" is often synonymous with being arrested, and "nick" can also refer to a police station, and the term "pinched" is also common.[2] In the United States and France the term "collared" is sometimes used.[3] The term "lifted" is also heard on occasion.[4]

  Procedure

  United States

When there exists probable cause to believe that a person has committed a serious crime, the police typically handcuff an arrested person, who will be held in a police station or jail pending a judicial bail determination or an arraignment.

  India

According to Indian law, no formality is needed during the procedure of arrest.[5] The arrest can be made by a citizen, a police officer or a Magistrate. The police officer needs to inform the person being arrested the full particulars of the person's offence and that he is entitled to be released on bail if the offence fits the criteria for being bailable.[6]

  Powers of arrest

  United Kingdom

  England and Wales

Arrests under English law fall into two general categories - with and without a warrant - and then into more specific subcategories. Regardless of what power a person is arrested under, they must be informed:[7]

  • that they are under arrest (as soon as is practicable after the arrest), and
  • of the ground for the arrest (at the time of, or as soon as is practicable after, the arrest),

otherwise, the arrest is unlawful.[7] An arrest is still lawful even if the subject escapes custody before the fact he/she is under arrest and the grounds can be explained to him.

  Northern Ireland

  Scotland

  Arrest with a warrant

A justice of the peace can issue warrants to arrest suspects and witnesses.

  Arrest without a warrant

There are four subcategories of arrest without warrant:

  Various individuals with powers of arrest within England/Wales

  United States

United States law recognizes the common law arrest under various jurisdictions.[8]

  Warnings on arrest

  United States

A Miranda warning is required only when a person has been taken into custody (i.e. is not free to leave) and is being interrogated. This warning tells the detainee that they have the right to be silent, the right to have counsel present during questioning, and warns them that whatever they say can be used against them. Based on Miranda v. Arizona, police now must inform the detainee of his Miranda Rights.

  United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom a person must be told that he is under arrest,[9] and "told in simple, non-technical language that he could understand, the essential legal and factual grounds for his arrest".[10] A person must be 'cautioned' when being arrested or subject to a criminal prosecution procedure unless this is impractical due to the behaviour of the arrestee i.e. violence or drunkenness. The caution required in England and Wales states,

You do not have to say anything, but it may harm your defence if you do not mention when questioned something which you later rely on in court. Anything you do say may be given in evidence.[11]

Deviation from this accepted form is permitted provided that the same information is conveyed.

  Search on arrest

  United Kingdom

  England and Wales

  Non-criminal arrests

  United States

Breach of a court order can be civil contempt of court, and a warrant for the person's arrest may be issued. Some court orders contain authority for a police officer to make an arrest without further order.

If a legislature lacks a quorum, many jurisdictions allow the members present the power to order a call of the house, which orders the arrest of the members who are not present. A member arrested is brought to the body's chamber to achieve a quorum. The member arrested does not face prosecution, but may be required to pay a fine to the legislative body.

  Following arrest

While an arrest will not necessarily lead to a criminal conviction, it may nonetheless in some jurisdictions have serious ramifications such as absence from work, social stigma, and in some cases, the legal obligation to disclose an arrest when a person applies for a job, a loan or a professional license. In the United States, a person who was not found guilty after an arrest can remove his arrest record through an expungement or (in California) a finding of factual innocence. A legal action is sometimes filed against the government for wrongful arrest.

These collateral consequences are more severe in the United States than in the UK, where arrests without conviction do not appear in standard criminal record checks and need not be disclosed. However, 'Enhanced' CRB disclosures permit a Chief Constable to disclose this data if they believe it relevant to the post for which the CRB disclosure was applied for.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ section 24a, Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
  2. ^ Partridge, Eric and Paul BealeA dictionary of slang and unconventional English, p. 790, 886.
  3. ^ Hérail, René James and Edwin A. Lovatt, Dictionary of Modern Colloquial French, p. 194.
  4. ^ Partridge, Eric and Paul BealeA dictionary of slang and unconventional English, p. 681.
  5. ^ "Indian Kanoon - Shri D.K. Basu,Ashok K. Johri vs State Of West Bengal,State Of U.P". IndianKanoon.org. http://indiankanoon.org/doc/501198/. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Chapter V, Code of Criminal Procedure
  7. ^ a b section 28, Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
  8. ^ Katz, Jason M. (2003). "Atwater v. Lago Vista: Buckle-Up or Get Locked-Up: Warrantless Arrests for Fine-Only Misdemeanors Under the Fourth Amendment". Akron Law Review (University of Akron School of Law) 36 (3): 496–498. http://www.uakron.edu/law/lawreview/v36/docs/katz36.3.pdf. 
  9. ^ Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, section 28.
  10. ^ Taylor v Thames Valley Police [2004] EWCA Civ 858, [2004] 1 WLR 3155, [2004] 3 All ER 503 (6 July 2004), Court of Appeal
  11. ^ Code C to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, para. 10.5.

  External links

  • Directgov Being stopped, questioned or arrested by the police (Directgov, England and Wales)
   
               

 

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