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definitions - chemist

chemist (n.)

1.a scientist who specializes in chemistry

2.a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold

3.(British)a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs

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Merriam Webster

ChemistChem"ist, n. [Shortened from alchemist; cf. F. chimiste.] A person versed in chemistry or given to chemical investigation; an analyst; a maker or seller of chemicals or drugs.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - chemist

chemist (MeSH)

pharmacist  (MeSH)

chemist (n.)

apothecary, apothecary's shop, dispensing chemist, druggist, grocery, pharmacist, pharmacy, chemist's  (ellipsis, British), chemist's shop  (British), drugstore  (American)

chemist (n.) (British)

pharmacist, pill pusher, pill roller, apothecary  (old), dispensing chemist  (British), druggist  (American)

see also - chemist

phrases

-Abdul Hafeez (Chemist) • Albert Niemann (chemist) • Alexander Smith (chemist) • Angelo Mariani (chemist) • Anthony Nicholls (chemist) • Arthur Birch (organic chemist) • Boots (chemist) • Boots Chemist • Boots The Chemist • Bruno Tesch (chemist) • Carl Schmidt (chemist) • Cement chemist notation • Charles Baskerville (chemist) • Chartered Chemist • Chemist (album) • Chemist (disambiguation) • Chemist + Druggist • Chemist in Training • Cherry Logan Emerson (chemist) • Christopher Packe (chemist) • Cut Chemist • David Chandler (chemist) • David Hodgson (chemist) • Dispensing chemist • Dorb the Chemist, Inc. • Edward Harrison (chemist) • Edward Weston (chemist) • Environmental chemist • European Chemist • Friedrich Knauer (chemist) • George Finch (chemist) • George Wilson (chemist) • Gerd Becker (chemist) • Guy Bertrand (chemist) • Gábor Fodor (chemist) • Henry Brunner (chemist) • Hisashi Yamamoto (chemist) • Ian Fleming (chemist) • Irving Kaplan (chemist) • Jack Baldwin (chemist) • Jack Halpern (chemist) • James Hargreaves (chemist) • James Irvine (chemist) • James Marsh (chemist) • James Walker (chemist) • James Young (Scottish chemist) • James Young (chemist) • Jane Richardson (chemist) • Johannes Thiele (chemist) • John Davy (chemist) • John Kidd (chemist) • John McClellan (chemist) • John Robert Anderson (chemist) • John Rose (chemist) • John Ross (chemist) • John Ulric Nef (chemist) • John Yates (chemist) • Józef Zawadzki (chemist) • Karl Clark (chemist) • Karl Fischer (chemist) • Kurt Peters (chemist) • Malcolm Green (chemist) • Marine chemist • Michael L. Gross (chemist) • Michael Smith (chemist) • Moshe Levy (chemist) • Paul Friedländer (chemist) • Paul Pfeiffer (chemist) • Paul Sabatier (chemist) • Peter Day (chemist) • Peter Moore (chemist) • Physico-chemist • Professional Chemist • Richard Chenevix (chemist) • Richard Müller (chemist) • Richard Phillips (chemist) • Richard Wolffenstein (chemist) • Robert Banks (chemist) • Robert Boyer (chemist) • Robert Brownlee (chemist) • Robert Gilbert (chemist) • Robert Hare (chemist) • Robert Kane (chemist) • Robert Robertson (chemist) • Robert Shapiro (chemist) • Robert Williams (chemist) • Robot Chemist • Rudolf Leuckart (chemist) • Samuel Parkes (chemist) • Samuel Smith (chemist) • Stephen Kent (chemist) • Stephen Lee (chemist) • Sébastien Fournier (Chemist) • Tadeusz Baranowski (chemist) • The Chemist • The Sun Chemist • Thomas Anderson (chemist) • Thomas Beecham (chemist) • Thomas Clark (chemist) • Thomas Graham (chemist) • Tony Knowles (chemist) • Victor Gold (chemist) • Victor Gustav Bloede (chemist) • Walter Thiel (chemist) • Willard Gibbs (chemist) • William Barrow (chemist) • William Cruickshank (chemist) • William Gregory (chemist) • William Henry (chemist) • William Higgins (chemist) • William Hooper (chemist) • William Lewis (chemist) • William Nicholson (chemist) • William R. Simpson (chemist) • Émile Henriot (chemist)

analogical dictionary

 

MESH root[Thème]

chemist [MeSH]



 

trader; dealer; tradesman; tradeswoman; trafficker; bargainer; monger; merchant[Classe]

métier : santé (fr)[Classe]

métier : catégorie socio-professionnelle (fr)[Classe...]

gros et petit commerçant : santé (fr)[Classe]

science du médicament (fr)[Classe]

édifice de vente (fr)[Classe]

industry[ClasseParExt.]

horse; heroin; diacetylmorphine; narcotic; stupefacient; dope[Classe]

plante narcotique (fr)[ClasseParExt.]

paregoric; analgesic; anodyne; painkiller; pain pill[Classe]

chemistry; chemical science[ClasseHyper.]

relatif à (fr)[Classe...]

(chemist's; drugstore; pharmacy; dispensary)[Thème]

(consulting room; practice; practise)[Thème]

(chemist's; drugstore; pharmacy; dispensary)[termes liés]

(chemistry; chemical science), (chemist), (chemotherapy)[termes liés]

(hygiene)[termes liés]

medicine[Domaine]

Position[Domaine]

FieldOfStudy[Domaine]

commerce[Domaine]

Corporation[Domaine]

pharmacy[Domaine]

BiologicallyActiveSubstance[Domaine]

chemistry[Domaine]

Chemistry[Domaine]

health care profession, health-care profession, health profession[membre]

professional, professional person - medical science, medical specialty, medicine - business, shop, store - agent - artefact, artifact - natural science[Hyper.]

apothecary, chemist, dispensing chemist, druggist, pharmacist, pill pusher, pill roller - pharmaceutic, pharmaceutical - dose, drug - do drugs, drug - droguerie (fr) - chemist - chemic, chemical - chemical - pharmaceutics, pharmacy[Dérivé]

apothecary's shop, chemist, chemist's, chemist's shop, drugstore, grocery, pharmacy - first-aid box, first-aid kit[Rel.App.]

pharmacopoeia[Desc]

chemist (n.) [British]



Wikipedia

Chemist

                   
  The Apothecary or The Chemist by Gabriël Metsu (c. 1651–67)

A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry. Chemists study the composition of matter and its properties such as density and acidity. Chemists carefully describe the properties they study in terms of quantities, with detail on the level of molecules and their component atoms. Chemists carefully measure substance proportions, reaction rates, and other chemical properties.

Chemists use this knowledge to learn the composition, and properties of unfamiliar substances, as well as to reproduce and synthesize large quantities of useful naturally occurring substances and create new artificial substances and useful processes. Chemists may specialize in any number of subdisciplines of chemistry. Materials scientists and metallurgists share much of the same education and skills with chemists. The work of chemists is often related to the work of chemical engineers, which are primarily concerned with the proper design, construction and evaluation of the most cost-effective large-scale chemical plants and work closely with industrial chemists on the development of new processes and methods for the commercial-scale manufacture of chemicals and related products.

Contents

  History

  Antoine Lavoisier (1743–94) is considered the "Father of Modern Chemistry".

The roots of chemistry can be traced to the phenomenon of burning. Fire was a mystical force that transformed one substance into another and thus was of primary interest to mankind. It was fire that led to the discovery of iron and glass. After gold was discovered and became a precious metal, many people were interested to find a method that could convert other substances into gold. This led to the protoscience called Alchemy. The word chemist is derived from the New Latin noun chimista, an abbreviation of alchimista (alchemist). Alchemists discovered many chemical processes that led to the development of modern chemistry. Chemistry as we know it today, was invented by Antoine Lavoisier with his law of Conservation of mass in 1783. The discoveries of the chemical elements has a long history culminating in the creation of the periodic table by Dmitri Mendeleev. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry created in 1901 gives an excellent overview of chemical discovery since the start of the 20th century.

  Education

Jobs for chemists usually require at least a bachelor's degree, but many positions, especially those in research, require a Ph.D. Most undergraduate programs emphasize mathematics and physics as well as chemistry, partly because chemistry is also known as "the central science", thus chemists ought to have a well-rounded knowledge about science. At the Master's level and higher, students tend to specialize in a particular field. Fields of specialization include biochemistry, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, theoretical chemistry, quantum chemistry, environmental chemistry, and physical chemistry. Postdoctoral experience may be required for certain positions.

Workers whose work involves chemistry, but not at a complexity requiring an education with a chemistry degree, are commonly referred to as chemical technicians. Such technicians commonly do such work as simpler, repetitive analyses for quality control or in clinical laboratories.

  Employment

The three major employers of chemists are academic institutions, industry, especially the chemical industry and the pharmaceutical industry, and government laboratories.

Chemistry typically is divided into several major sub-disciplines. There are also several main cross-disciplinary and more specialized fields of chemistry. There is a great deal of overlap between different branches of chemistry, as well as with other scientific fields such as biology, medicine, physics, radiology, and several engineering disciplines.

  • Analytical chemistry is the analysis of material samples to gain an understanding of their chemical composition and structure. Analytical chemistry incorporates standardized experimental methods in chemistry. These methods may be used in all subdisciplines of chemistry, excluding purely theoretical chemistry.
A chemist prepares a new fuel cell for testing.
A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask.
  • Inorganic chemistry is the study of the properties and reactions of inorganic compounds. The distinction between organic and inorganic disciplines is not absolute and there is much overlap, most importantly in the sub-discipline of organometallic chemistry. Inorganic chemistry is also the study of atomic and molecular structure and bonding.
  • Medicinal chemistry is the science involved with designing, synthesizing and developing pharmaceutical drugs. Medicinal chemistry involves the identification, synthesis and development of new chemical entities suitable for therapeutic use. It also includes the study of existing drugs, their biological properties, and their quantitative structure-activity relationships.
  • Organic chemistry is the study of the structure, properties, composition, mechanisms, and chemical reaction of organic compounds.
  • Physical chemistry is the study of the physical fundamental basis of chemical systems and processes. In particular, the energetics and dynamics of such systems and processes are of interest to physical chemists. Important areas of study include chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, electrochemistry, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, and spectroscopy. Physical chemistry has large overlap with theoretical chemistry and molecular physics. Physical chemistry involves the use of calculus in deriving equations.

All the above major areas of chemistry employ chemists. Other fields where chemical degrees are useful include Astrochemistry (and Cosmochemistry), Atmospheric chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Chemo-informatics, Electrochemistry, Environmental science, Forensic science, Geochemistry, Green chemistry, History of chemistry, Materials science, Medical science, Molecular Biology, Molecular genetics, Nanotechnology, Nuclear chemistry, Oenology, Organometallic chemistry, Petrochemistry, Pharmacology, Photochemistry, Phytochemistry, Polymer chemistry, Supramolecular chemistry and Surface chemistry.

It has been suggested that chemists going into employment in scientific research should honor a Hippocratic Oath for Scientists which is required as a Professional Chemist.

  Professional societies

Chemists may belong to professional societies that specialize in chemist members, such as the Royal Society of Chemistry in the United Kingdom, or the American Chemical Society (ACS) in the United States.

  Honors and awards

The highest honor awarded to chemists is the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, awarded since 1901, by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

  See also

  References

   
               

 

All translations of chemist


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