Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definition - fach

definition of Wikipedia

   Advertizing ▼


Wikipedia - see also

   Advertizing ▼




The German Fach (pl. Fächer, literally "compartment" or also "subject (of study)", here in the sense of "(vocal) specialization") (German pronunciation: [ˈfax, ˈfɛçɐ]) system is a method of classifying singers, primarily opera singers, according to the range, weight, and color of their voices. It is used world wide, but primarily in Europe, especially in German-speaking countries and by repertory opera houses.

The Fach system is a convenience for singers and opera houses. It prevents a singer from being asked to sing roles which he or she is incapable of performing. Opera companies keep lists of available singers by Fach so that when they are casting roles for an upcoming production, they do not inadvertently contact performers who would be inappropriate for the part.

Below is a list of Fächer, their ranges as written on sheet music, and roles generally considered to appropriate to each. When two names for the Fach are given, the first is in more common use today. Where possible, an English and/or Italian equivalent of each Fach is listed; however, not all Fächer have ready English or Italian equivalents. Note that some roles can be sung by more than one Fach and that many singers do not easily fit into a Fach: for instance some sopranos may sing both Koloratursopran and Dramatischer Koloratursopran roles. In addition, roles traditionally more difficult to cast may be given to a voice other than the traditional Fach. For instance, the "Queen of the Night" is more traditionally a dramatic coloratura role, but it is difficult to find a dramatic coloratura to sing it (particularly given the extreme range). Therefore, the role is often sung by a lyric coloratura.


  Soprano Fächer

  Lyrischer Koloratursopran / Koloratursoubrette

Soprano C to F.svg

  Dramatischer Koloratursopran

Soprano C to F.svg

One must not mistake the Mozartian dramatic coloratura soprano with the Italian dramatic coloratura soprano. A singer that sings Konstanze, Donna Anna or Fiordiligi can not necessarily sing the Italian dramatic coloratura parts, due to other vocal demands. Imogene, Leonora and Violetta requires a dramatic soprano voice and are most often sung by dramatic sopranos with an agile voice that can easily produce coloratura and high notes. Roles like Norma, Lady Macbeth, Odabella or Abigaille are good examples of Italian roles that are not necessarily a coloratura soprano (even though the score calls for coloratura singing), but a full bodied dramatic soprano with a voice that can handle extreme dramatic singing and that is flexible enough to sing coloratura. Giuseppe Verdi wrote many parts like this in his early years. The dramatic soprano Ghena Dimitrova are the perfect example of such a voice. She sang all these parts as well as the very heavy Italian dramatic repertoire. Maria Callas is yet another famous example, but hers was a voice of such flexibility that she could sing almost anything she wanted.

  Deutsche Soubrette / Charaktersopran

Soprano C to C.svg

  Lyrischer Sopran

Soprano B to C.svg

  Jugendlich Dramatischer Sopran

Soprano A to C.svg

  Dramatischer Sopran

Soprano A to C.svg
  • English equivalent: Full dramatic soprano
  • Range: From about the A below middle C to the C two octaves above middle C
  • Description: Characterized by their rich, full sounding voices, dramatic sopranos are expected to project across large orchestras, a feat that requires a powerful sound. Dramatic sopranos are not expected to have the vocal flexibility of the lighter Fachs. Although most dramatic sopranos have a darker, more robust quality to the voice, there are some that possess a lighter lyrical tone. In these instances, however, the substantial amount of volume and endurance normally associated with the dramatic soprano voice is still present. The darker voiced dramatic soprano may even make a foray into the dramatic mezzo-soprano territory with great success.

The last two roles mentioned, Salome and Die Kaiserin, are respectively high dramatic sopranos and require that the soprano can endure long stretches of very high tessitura. Richard Strauss himself said that Salome should be sung by someone with the flexibility of a dramatic coloratura due to the high tessitura.

  Hochdramatischer Sopran

  • English equivalent: Wagnerian soprano
  • Range: From about the G below middle C to the C two octaves above middle C
  • Description: A voice capable of answering the demands of operas of Wagner's maturity. Basically, a full dramatic soprano voice taken to the next dimension. The voice is substantial, very powerful, and even throughout the registers. It is immense, stentorian and even larger than the voice of the "normal" dramatic soprano. Although the two voices are comparable and are sometimes hard to distinguish between, this voice has even greater stamina, endurance and volume than the former. Successful hochdramatische are rare: only one or two appear in a generation.[citation needed]

  Mezzo-soprano and Contralto Fächer


Soprano G to B.svg

  Lyrischer Mezzosopran / Spielalt

Soprano G to B.svg

  Dramatischer Mezzosopran

Soprano G to B.svg

  Dramatischer Alt

  Tiefer Alt

  Tenor Fächer

  Spieltenor / Tenor Buffo

Tenor C to B.svg


Tenor B to C.svg

  Lyrischer Tenor

Tenor C to C.svg

  Jugendlicher Heldentenor

Tenor C to C.svg


Tenor B to C.svg

  Baritone Fächer

  Lyrischer Bariton / Spielbariton

Baritone B to G.svg


Baritone A to G Sharp.svg


Baritone A to G Sharp.svg


Bass G to F Sharp.svg
  • Examples:

  Lyric Bassbariton/Low Lyric Baritone

  • English equivalent: Lyric Bass-baritone.
Bass G to F Sharp.svg

  Dramatic Bassbariton/Low DramaticBaritone

  • English equivalent: Dramatic Bass-baritone.
Bass G to F Sharp.svg

  Bass Fächer

  Basso Cantante/Lyric Bassbariton/High Lyric Bass

Bass E to F.svg

  Hoherbass/Dramatic Bassbariton/High Dramatic Bass

Bass E to F.svg

  Jugendlicher Bass

Bass E to F.svg

  Spielbass/Bassbuffo/Lyric Buffo

Bass E to F.svg

  Schwerer Spielbass/Dramatic Buffo

Bass C to F.svg

  Lyric Seriöser Bass

Bass C to F.svg

  Dramatic Seriöser Bass

Bass C to F.svg


  1. ^ John Warrack; Ewan West (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Opera. USA: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-869164-8. 
  2. ^ Bass Guide, BBC Wales


All translations of fach

sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution


A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code


With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.

Please, email us to describe your idea.


The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.


Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.


Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).


The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.


Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

3622 online visitors

computed in 0.156s

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
please precise:



Company informations

My account



   Advertising ▼