» 
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definitions - gnome

gnome (n.)

1.a short pithy saying expressing a general truth

2.a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man; lives in the depths of the earth and guards buried treasure

   Advertizing ▼

Merriam Webster

GnomeGnome (?), n. [F. gnome, prob. fr. Gr. gnw`mon one that knows, a guardian, i. e., of the treasures in the inner parts of the earth, or fr. � intelligence, both fr. gnw^nai, gignw^skein, to know. See Know.]
1. An imaginary being, supposed by the Rosicrucians to inhabit the inner parts of the earth, and to be the guardian of mines, quarries, etc.

2. A dwarf; a goblin; a person of small stature or misshapen features, or of strange appearance.

3. (Zoöl.) A small owl (Glaucidium gnoma) of the Western United States.

4. [Gr. �.] A brief reflection or maxim. Peacham.

   Advertizing ▼

definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - gnome

gnome (n.)

dwarf, epigram, imp, midget, pygmy

see also - gnome

gnome (n.)

gnomic

phrases

-Applications included in GNOME • Astro-Gnome • Bristol-Siddeley Gnome • Castle Gnome • De Havilland Gnome • Dropline GNOME • Empire Gnome • Eye of GNOME • GIO (GNOME) • GNOME Commander • GNOME Display Manager • GNOME Do • GNOME Foundation • GNOME Games • GNOME Hispano • GNOME Keyring • GNOME Office • GNOME Shell • GNOME Storage • GNOME System Tools • GNOME Terminal • GNOME Users And Developers European Conference • GNOME Zeitgeist • GNOME-DB • Garden Gnome Liberationists • Garden gnome • Gnome (Dragonlance) • Gnome (disambiguation) • Gnome (rhetoric) • Gnome Basic • Gnome BitTorrent • Gnome Chomsky • Gnome Fruit-eating Bat • Gnome King Kyrië • Gnome Monosoupape • Gnome Press • Gnome Ranger • Gnome Rhone Jupiter • Gnome Rotary • Gnome Speech • Gnome Subtitles • Gnome Wave Cleaner • Gnome Zeitgeist • Gnome deities • Gnome et Rhone • Gnome et Rhône • Gnome king • Gnome of Girona • Gnome of Zurich • Gnome of zurich • Gnome sort • Gnome zeitgeist • Gnome-Rhone • Gnome-Rhone 14K • Gnome-Rhone 14N • Gnome-Rhone Titan • Gnome-Rhône 14K • Gnome-Rhône 14M • Gnome-Rhône 14N • Gnome-Rhône 18L • Gnome-Rhône 7K • Gnome-Rhône 9K • Gnome-Rhône Mistral Major • Gnome-apt • Gnome-dictionary • Gnome-do • Gnome-panel • Gnome-ppp • Gnome-screensaver • Gnome-screenshot • Gordon the Garden Gnome • Java-gnome • Lawn Gnome Beach Party of Terror • List of GNOME applications • List of The World of David the Gnome episodes • Project GNOME • Roaming Gnome • Roaming gnome • Rock gnome lichen • Rolls-Royce Gnome • ST Empire Gnome • Sad Gnome Records • Sir Harold and the Gnome King • Sky Gnome • The Gnome • The Gnome King of Oz • The Gnome-Mobile • The Laughing Gnome • The Travelling Gnome Prank • The World of David the Gnome • The travelling gnome prank • Tinker Gnome • Travelling gnome prank • Where is my Gnome?

analogical dictionary

Wikipedia

Gnome

                   

A gnome /ˈnm/[1] is a diminutive spirit in Renaissance magic and alchemy, first introduced by Paracelsus and later adopted by more recent authors including those of modern fantasy literature. Its characteristics have been reinterpreted to suit the needs of various story-tellers, but it is typically said to be a small, humanoid creature that lives underground.[2]

Contents

  History

  Origins

The word comes from Renaissance Latin gnomus, which first appears in the works of 16th Century Swiss alchemist Paracelsus. He is perhaps deriving the term from Latin gēnomos (itself representing a Greek γη-νομος, literally "earth-dweller"). In this case, the omission of the ē is, as the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) calls it, a blunder. Alternatively, the term may be an original invention of Paracelsus.

Paracelsus uses Gnomi as a synonym of Pygmæi,[3] and classifies them as earth elementals. He describes them as two spans high, very reluctant to interact with humans, and able to move through solid earth as easily as humans move through air.[4][5]

The chthonic spirit has precedents in numerous ancient and medieval mythologies, often guarding mines and precious underground treasures, notably in the Germanic dwarves and the Greek Chalybes, Telchines or Dactyls.[2]

  In Romanticism and modern fairy tales

The English word is attested from the early 18th century. Gnomes are used in Alexander Pope's "The Rape of the Lock". The creatures from this mock-epic are small, celestial creatures which were prudish women in their past-lives, and now spend all of eternity looking out for prudish women (in parallel to the guardian angels in Catholic belief). Other uses of the term gnome remain obscure until the early 19th century, when it is taken up by authors of Romanticist collections of fairy tales and becomes mostly synonymous with the older word goblin.

In 19th century fiction, the chthonic gnome became a sort of antithesis to the more airy or luminous fairy. Nathaniel Hawthorne in Twice-Told Tales (1837) contrasts the two in "Small enough to be king of the fairies, and ugly enough to be king of the gnomes" (cited after OED). Similarly, gnomes are contrasted to elves, as in William Cullen Bryant's Little People of the Snow (1877), which has "let us have a tale of elves that ride by night, with jingling reins, or gnomes of the mine" (cited after OED).

One of the first movements in Mussorgsky's 1874 work Pictures at an Exhibition, named "Gnomus" (Latin for "The Gnome"), is written to sound as if a gnome is moving about, his movements constantly changing in speed.

Franz Hartmann in 1895 satirized materialism in an allegorical tale entitled Unter den Gnomen im Untersberg. The English translation appeared in 1896 as Among the Gnomes: An Occult Tale of Adventure in the Untersberg. In this story, the Gnomes are still clearly subterranean creatures, guarding treasures of gold within the Untersberg mountain.

As a figure of 19th century fairy tales, the term gnome by the 20th century became largely synonymous with other terms for the "little people", such as goblin, brownie, kobold, leprechaun, Heinzelmännchen and other instances of the "domestic spirit" type, losing its strict association with earth or the underground world.

  In modern fantasy literature

  The TSA gnome at Nome Airport

The name gnome has been used in the Fantasy genre, typically in a cunning role, e.g. as an inventor.[6]

In L. Frank Baum's Oz series, the Nomes (so spelled), especially their king, are the chief adversaries of the Oz people. Ruth Plumly Thompson, who continued the series after Baum's death, reverted to the traditional spelling.

In C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia, gnomes, or "Earthmen" as they are sometimes called, live in the Underland, a series of subterranean caverns. Unlike the traditional, more humanlike gnomes, they can have a wide variety of physical features and skin colours. They are used as slaves by the Lady of the Green Kirtle.

J. R. R. Tolkien, in the legendarium surrounding his Elves, uses "Gnomes" as a name of the Noldor, the most gifted and technologically minded of his elvish races, in conscious exploitation of the similarity with gnomic; Gnomes is thus Tolkien's English loan-translation of Quenya Noldor, "those with knowledge". In The Father Christmas Letters, which Tolkien wrote for his children, Red Gnomes are helpful creatures who come from Norway to the North Pole to assist Father Christmas and his Elves in fighting the wicked Goblins.

The Dutch books Gnomes and The Secret Book of Gnomes, written by Wil Huygen, deal with gnomes living together in harmony. These same books are the basis for a made-for-TV animated film and the Spanish-animated series The World of David the Gnome (as well as the spin-off Wisdom of the Gnomes).

In J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter series, gnomes are pests that inhabit the gardens of witches and wizards. They are small creatures with heads that look like potatoes on small stubby bodies. Gnomes are considered harmless but mischievous. They are quite durable. They are often thrown great distances by witches and wizards but return to the gardens, completely unharmed.

In Terry Brooks' Shannara Series gnomes are an offshoot race created after the Great Wars. There are several distinctive classes of gnomes. Gnomes are the smallest race. In The Sword of Shannara they are considered to be tribal and warlike, the one race that can be the most easily subverted to an evil cause. This is evidenced by their allegiance to the Warlock Lord in The Sword of Shannara and to the Mord Wraiths in The Wishsong of Shannara.

BB's The Little Grey Men (1942) is a story of the last gnomes in England, little wild men who live by hunting and fishing.

  Derivative uses

  Garden gnomes

After World War II (with early references, in ironical use, from the late 1930s) the diminutive figurines introduced as lawn ornaments during the 19th century came to be known as garden gnomes. The image of the gnome changed further during the 1960s to 1970s, when the first plastic garden gnomes were manufactured. These gnomes followed the style of the 1937 depiction of the seven dwarves in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs by Disney. This "Disneyfied" image of the gnome was built upon by the illustrated children's book classic The Secret Book of Gnomes (1976), in the original Dutch Leven en werken van de Kabouter. Garden gnomes share a resemblance to the Scandinavian tomte and nisse, and the Swedish term "tomte" can be translated to "gnome" in English.

  Gnome parades

Gnome parades are held annually at Atlanta's Inman Park Festival.[7] Numerous one-off gnome parades have been held, including in Savannah, Georgia (April 2012)[8] and Cleveland, Ohio (May 2011).[9]

  Metaphorical uses

  • The expression of the "Gnomes of Zürich", Swiss bankers pictured as diminutive creatures hoarding gold in subterranean vaults, was coined in 1956 by Harold Wilson and gained currency in the 1960s (OED notes the New Statesman issue of 27 November 1964 as earliest attestation).
  • Architect Earl Young built a number of stone houses in Charlevoix, Michigan, that have been referred to as gnome homes.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ "Gnome". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 3rd ed. 2001.
  2. ^ a b "Gnome". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9037122/gnome. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  3. ^ Paracelsus (1566). Liber de nymphis, sylphis, pygmaeis et salamandris et de caeteris spiritibus. Nissae Silesiorum. OCLC 312549721. 
  4. ^ Lewis, C S (1964). The Discarded Image - An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-521-47735-2. 
  5. ^ http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Gnome/id/1895221
  6. ^ Clute, John; Grant, John. "Elemental". The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 313–314. ISBN 0-312-19869-8. 
  7. ^ Paul, Péralte (16 April 2012). "Creating A World Record, One Gnome At A Time". East Atlanta Patch. http://eastatlanta.patch.com/articles/creating-a-world-record-one-gnome-at-a-time. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Best Dressed Gnome Parade & Contest (adults & kids), Savannah". Southern Mamas. 2012. http://www.southernmamas.com/2012/best-dressed-gnome-contest-adults-kids-savannah/. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  9. ^ Neff, Martha Mueller (18 May 2011). "5 ways for families to get close to birds". Cleveland.com. http://www.cleveland.com/parents/index.ssf/2011/05/5_ways_for_families_to_get_clo.html. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
   
               

 

All translations of gnome


sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution

Alexandria

A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code

SensagentBox

With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.


Please, email us to describe your idea.

WordGame

The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.

boggle

Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyrights

The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.

Translation

Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

2187 online visitors

computed in 0.062s

   Advertising ▼

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
other
please precise:

Advertize

Partnership

Company informations

My account

login

registration

   Advertising ▼

Fairy House with Light for Miniature Fairy Garden Gnome HouseTop Collection NEW (16.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Tree GNOME Figurine GARDEN outdoor STATUE plaque Lawn yard art decor (24.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Garden Lawn Patio Tree Gnome Figurine Outdoor Statue Plaque Yard Art Decor (18.64 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Tree Gnome Figurine Garden Outdoor Statue Plaque Lawn Yard Art Decor New (20.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Slumbering Gnome Garden Statue Yard Art Outdoor Patio (22.29 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Creepy Halloween Zombie Gnome Garden Statue Sculpture, Free Shipping, New (20.98 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Miniature Hanging Gnome for Planters, FAIRY GARDENS, Indoor Outdoor Garden NEW (3.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Squatting Garden Gnome Statue Funny Art Sculpture Outdoor Lawn Decor Patio Yard (17.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Garden Gnome Bench Welcome Greeting Sign Statue Figurine Outdoor Decor Polyresin (39.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Garden Gnome Figurine Ganz Fairy Outdoor Fantasy Mini Nature Plant Mushroom Xmas (9.5 USD)

Commercial use of this term

VINTAGE Art Line ARTLINE gnome / elf holding lantern ( electric ) 14.5" tall (74.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

FIRE FIGHTER 11" Garden Gnome New - RARE (17.09 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Hazel the Good Witch for Dollhouse Miniature Garden, Fairy/Faerie,Hobbit Gnome (9.75 USD)

Commercial use of this term

GNOME DECORATIVE GARDEN GNOME WITH STICK & BASKET IN/OUTDOOR 9" TALL BRAND NEW (19.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Garden Gnome Statue 9 1/2" tall Resin Holding Book Glasses Red Jacket Hat NEW (9.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Garden Gnome Pervert - Scarface Statue Yard office Outdoor Sculpture-Figurine (19.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Toys Happy Couple Garden Gnomes Lawn Funny Gift Idea Decoration (29.95 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Happy Gone Fishing Solar Garden Gnome Lawn Statue Yard Decor Art (34.2 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Bob the Goblin for Dollhouse Miniature Fairy Garden /Faerie,Hobbit Gnome (8.75 USD)

Commercial use of this term