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definitions - illustration

illustration (n.)

1.a visual representation (a picture or diagram) that is used make some subject more pleasing or easier to understand

2.an item of information that is typical of a class or group"this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome" "there is an example on page 10"

3.showing by example

4.artwork that helps make something clear or attractive

5.a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines"drawings of abstract forms" "he did complicated pen-and-ink drawings like medieval miniatures"

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Merriam Webster

IllustrationIl`lus*tra"tion (?), n. [L. illustratio: cf. F. illustration.]
1. The act of illustrating; the act of making clear and distinct; education; also, the state of being illustrated, or of being made clear and distinct.

2. That which illustrates; a comparison or example intended to make clear or apprehensible, or to remove obscurity.

3. A picture designed to decorate a volume or elucidate a literary work.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - illustration

see also - illustration

illustration (n.)



-Archaeological illustration • Biennial of Illustration Bratislava • Botanical illustration • Business process illustration • Chesley Award for Best Cover Illustration – Hardcover • Crichton Award for Children's Book Illustration • Defense and Illustration of the French Language • Digital illustration • Fashion illustration • Governor General's Award for English language children's illustration • Governor General's Award for French language children's illustration • Illustration Magazine • Illustration of the central limit theorem • Illustration of the shooting method • Illustration program • Isometric illustration • L'Illustration • La Petite Illustration • Masking (illustration) • Musée Tomi Ungerer/Centre international de l’illustration • National Museum of American Illustration • Royal Gallery of Illustration • Society of Architectural Illustration • Society of architectural illustration • Stock illustration • Technical illustration

analogical dictionary



  Illustration by Jessie Willcox Smith.

An illustration is a rendition (that could be presented as a drawing, painting, photograph or other work of art) that is created to elucidate or dictate sensual information (such as a story, poem or newspaper article).



  Early history

The earliest illustrations were prehistoric cave paintings. Before the invention of the printing press, books, such as Medieval illuminated manuscripts, were hand-illustrated. Illustration has been used in China and Japan since the 8th century, traditionally by creating woodcuts to accompany writing.[citation needed]

  15th century through 18th century

During the 15th century, books illustrated with woodcut illustrations became available. The main processes used for reproduction of illustrations during the 16th and 17th centuries were engraving and etching. At the end of the 18th century, lithography allowed even better illustrations to be reproduced. The most notable illustrator of this epoch was William Blake who rendered his illustrations in the medium of relief etching.

  Illustration by Santiago Martinez Delgado.

  Early to mid 19th century

Notable figures of the early century were John Leech, George Cruikshank, Dickens' illustrator Hablot Knight Browne and, in France, Honoré Daumier. The same illustrators contributed to satirical and straight-fiction magazines, but in both cases the demand was for character-drawing that encapsulated or caricatured social types and classes.

The British humorous magazine Punch, which was founded in 1841 riding on the earlier success of Cruikshank's Comic Almanac (1827–1840), employed an uninterrupted run of high-quality comic illustrators, including Sir John Tenniel, the Dalziel Brothers and Georges du Maurier, into the 20th century. It chronicles the gradual shift in popular illustration from reliance on caricature to sophisticated topical observations. These artists all trained as conventional fine-artists, but achieved their reputations primarily as illustrators. Punch and similar magazines such as the Parisian Le Voleur realised that good illustrations sold as many copies as written content.

  Walter Ratterman, oil on Canvas, ca1927, Woman at a piano in elegant interior. Illustration for Good Housekeeping magazine.

  Golden age of illustration

The American "golden age of illustration" lasted from the 1880s until shortly after World War I (although the active career of several later "golden age" illustrators went on for another few decades). As in Europe a few decades earlier, newspapers, mass market magazines, and illustrated books had become the dominant media of public consumption. Improvements in printing technology freed illustrators to experiment with color and new rendering techniques. A small group of illustrators in this time became rich and famous. The imagery they created was a portrait of American aspirations of the time.[citation needed]

  Technical illustration

Technical illustration is the use of illustration to visually communicate information of a technical nature. Technical illustrations can be component technical drawings or diagrams. Technical illustration in general aim "to generate expressive images that effectively convey certain information via the visual channel to the human observer".[1] Nowadays, many illustration programs are used to create technical illustrations due the need for detailed imaging and repeated updating. Besides the commonplace 2-D Adobe Illustrator, there are many 3-D computer graphics software that are often utilized to create illustration for textbooks, especially scientific ones.

  Illustration of a drum set

Technical illustrations generally describe and explain the subjects to a nontechnical audience. Therefore the visual image should be accurate in terms of dimensions and proportions, and should provide "an overall impression of what an object is or does, to enhance the viewer's interest and understanding".[2]

  Illustration art

Today, there is a growing interest in collecting and admiring original artwork that was used as illustrations in books, magazines, posters, blogs, etc. Various museum exhibitions, magazines and art galleries have devoted space to the illustrators of the past.

In the visual art world, illustrators have sometimes been considered less important in comparison with fine artists and graphic designers, the term "illustrative" sometimes being used as a negative critique. But, possibly in part due to the growth of video game and graphic novel industries, as well as a recent swing in value towards illustration in magazines and other publications over photography, illustration is becoming a valued, popular and profitable art form that can acquire a wider market than the other two, such as in Korea, Japan, Hong Kong and USA. Original illustration art from the best-known magazine illustrators is known to bring prices into the hundreds of thousands of US Dollars at auction. Norman Rockwell's work transcends even these high standards, with his painting "Breaking Home Ties" selling in a 2006 Sotheby's auction for USD15.4 million.[3] The best-known pinup artists such as Gil Elvgren and Alberto Vargas also bring tremendous prices at auction, with a number of Elvgren's works having sold for over USD100,000 in Heritage Auctions.[4]

  Types of illustration

Digolo and Mazrui subcategorize illustration into the techniques, which are being applied, such as: drawing, painting, printing and pasting.[5] These technices affect the art in various ways, being chosen for the different impact the chosen medium produces. The choice can be based on the requirements of the illustration, constraints of the artist, cost, or other factors.

Various illustration techniques have been available to the artist over the centuries. The invention of paper pushed its boundaries even further. Traditional illustration focuses on reproducible ways of creating illustration and can be classified into different types:

Pen-and-ink illustration has been around in various forms. The Chinese Sumi-E can be attributed to this technique, incorporating the use of paints and dyes. Navigational maps have been produced using this technique in the 14-15th century.[6] The technique has not fallen out of disuse and is still popular with artists and illustrators, due to its simplicity of use, drying time and visual impact. Modern artists use a brush, pen or quill to achieve the desired effects, samples see references.[7]

  See also


  1. ^ Ivan Viola and Meister E. Gröller (2005). "Smart Visibility in Visualization". In: Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization and Imaging. L. Neumann et al. (Ed.)
  2. ^ Industriegrafik.com website, Last modified: June 15, 2002. Accessed february 15, 2009.
  3. ^ Norman Rockwell's Rising Value Prices Out His Museum Zac Bissonnette, AOL Daily Finance, 2-22-10
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Digolo & O. Mazrui (2005): Art & Design Forms 1 and 2, Page 51.
  6. ^ Matthew Adam McLean (2007). The Cosmographia of Sebastian Münster, describing the world in the Reformation, Page 164.
  7. ^ Pen-and-ink illustration, Art of M. Neschetna website, Last modified: January 15, 2011. Accessed: May 20, 2011.


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