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Life After Death

                   
Life After Death
Studio album by The Notorious B.I.G.
Released March 25, 1997
Recorded September 1995 – January 1997
Genre Hip hop
Length 109:12
Label Bad Boy
Producer Sean "Puffy" Combs (exec.), The Hitmen, Buckwild, Clark Kent, Easy Mo Bee, Havoc, Daron Jones, Kay Gee, DJ Premier, RZA
The Notorious B.I.G. chronology
Ready to Die
(1994)
Life After Death
(1997)
Born Again
(1999)
Singles from Life After Death
  1. "Hypnotize"
    Released: December 13, 1996
  2. "Mo Money Mo Problems"
    Released: July 21, 1997
  3. "Sky's the Limit"
    Released: November 25, 1997

Life After Death is the second and final studio album by American rapper The Notorious B.I.G., released March 25, 1997 on Bad Boy Records. A double album, it was released posthumously following his death on March 9, 1997 and serves as his final studio album. The album is the follow-up to The Notorious B.I.G.'s debut album, Ready to Die (1994), and it features collaborations with guest artists such as 112, Jay-Z, Lil Kim, Mase, Bone Thugs-N-Harmony, Too Short, Roger Troutman, Angela Winbush, Carl Thomas, Run-DMC, Total, R. Kelly, The LOX, Faith Evans, Kelly Price, and Puff Daddy. Life After Death exhibits The Notorious B.I.G. further delving into the mafioso rap subgenre.

Life After Death was released to a significant amount of critical praise and commercial success. In 2000, the album was certified diamond in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), and it has been credited as one of the best-selling rap albums of all time. It also made the largest jump to number one on the Billboard 200 chart in history, jumping from number 176 to number one in one week. Also, it spent four weeks at number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart and topped the Billboard Year-End chart as an R&B/Hip-Hop Album for 1997.[1]

The album was nominated for three Grammy Awards in 1998, including Best Rap Album, Best Rap Solo Performance for its first single "Hypnotize", and Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group for its second single "Mo Money Mo Problems". Along with Raekwon's Only Built 4 Cuban Linx… (1995), AZ's Doe Or Die (1995), Jay-Z's Reasonable Doubt (1996), and Nas' It Was Written (1996) Life After Death has been considered by music writers as one of the seminal mafioso rap albums, as well as a milestone in hip hop music.

Contents

  Conception

  Background

Two and a half years prior to the album's release, The Notorious B.I.G. had married Faith Evans, became East Coast's icon in the East Coast vs. West Coast rivalry and made guest appearances on albums by Jay-Z and Luke amongst others. The album was originally supposed to be released on Halloween of 1996, but was pushed back to 1997. Two weeks prior to the album's release, The Notorious B.I.G. was shot four times in a drive-by shooting and pronounced dead at Cedars Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles. The album sold 690,000 copies in its first week and was certified Diamond three years later.

  Feud references and subliminal disses

Conflict with other rappers is a major theme shown throughout the album. Many songs on both discs contain subtle references to B.I.G.'s rivals.

  "Kick In The Door"

The track "Kick In The Door" is directed at Nas, Jeru the Damaja, Raekwon, Ghostface Killah and even the track's producer DJ Premier. The subliminal messages had been speculated by listeners and confirmed by artists on several occasions, including XXL Magazine's April 2003 edition "The Making of: Life After Death".

In "The Making of: Life After Death" Nashiem Myrick reveals that the second verse has lines directed at Jeru the Damaja & DJ Premier:[2] "Nas said that record was for him, but when Big said, “Son, I’m surprised you run with them/I think they got cum in them, ’cause they nothin’ but dicks,” he was talking about Jeru the Damaja to Premo ’cause Jeru was going at Big and Puff and all them [with the Premier-produced “One Day” in Jeru's album Wrath of the Math]."

The line "Fuck that, why try, throw bleach in your eye" is a reference to Raekwon's jab on the track "Ice Water" from Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... where Raekwon raps

That's life, to top it all off, beef for white
pullin bleach out tryin to throw it in my eyesight

The lines on the final verse are directed at Nas as a reference to Nas challenging The Notorious B.I.G. for the title of King of N.Y.[3] in the song "The Message" from the album It Was Written in which Nas raps:

Yo let me let y'all niggaz know one thing
There's one life, one love, so there can only be one King

Biggie struck back with the lines:

Ain't no other kings in this rap thing
They siblings, nothing but my chil'ren
One shot, they disappearin'
It's ill when, MC's used to be on cruddy shit
Took home, Ready to Die, listened, studied shit
Now they on some money shit, successful out the blue

In "The Making of: Life After Death" article Lil’ Cease explains: "Big talked about Nas a little bit in that shit. It was the King of New York part, the last verse: “This goes out for those that chose to use disrespectful views on the King of NY.” That’s when Nas had that freestyle out, where he was like, “I’ll take the crown off the so-called King and lock it down.” That’s when Big had the cover of The Source, and it said, “The King of New York.”[2]

Nas has touched on the track on his album God's Son. Here Nas states:

Y'all don't know about my Biggie wars
Who you thought 'Kick In The Door' was for?

And finally commenting on the whole situation with Ghostface and Raekwon:

BIG was ahead of his time, him and Raekwon my niggaz
But dig it, they couldn't get along
That's when Ghostface said it on the Purple Tape
Bad Boy biting Nas album cover, wait??
BIG told me Rae was stealing my slang
And Rae told me out in Shaolin BIG would do the same thing

  "Long Kiss Goodnight"

It was also speculated by many listeners that the song "Long Kiss Goodnight" contains subtle insults towards 2Pac and Death Row Records C.E.O. Suge Knight although at the time it was denied due to the sensitive nature of both rapper's recent deaths.

However, Lil' Cease, Biggie's cousin and a member of Junior M.A.F.I.A. claimed the following in XXL Magazine's April 2003 issue about Long Kiss Goodnight: "That was about ’Pac. He had some shit at the beginning of that though, nobody heard it, on the reel. We had to change it. It was a little too much. I can’t remember what Big said about him, but it was terrible. It couldn’t make it. He didn’t want to do it. He had some fire. But he didn’t want to make it too much. He just wanted to address it and to let nigga know, “I know what’s going on, and I could get wreck if I want to.” Like, “If I really wanted to get on ya niggas, I could.”

Sean Combs, however, denies these claims stating: "Naw, it was just some emcee lyrics. I know people wanna have their imagination, but it was just lyrics. You're hearing it from the horse's mouth. I would tell the truth."[2]

In the first verse, the lyric "Laugh Now, Cry Later" is allegedly a reference to two tattoos on 2Pac’s back (one of which says “Laugh Now” and the other says “Cry Later”).[4] A line in the first verse is supposedly aimed at Shakur:

When my men bust you just move with such stamina
Slugs missed ya, I Ain't Mad at Cha (We Ain't Mad at Cha)

The last 2 verses in particular seem to be directed towards Tupac:

I'm flaming gats, aimin at, these fuckin
maniacs, put my name in raps, what part the
game is that? Like they hustle backwards
I smoke Backwoods and Dutchies, ya can't touch me
Try to rush me, slugs go, touchy-touchy
You're bleeding lovely, with your, spirit above me
or beneath me, your whole life you live sneaky
Now you rest eternally, sleepy, you burn when you creep me
Rest where the worms and the weak be

Slugs hit your chest tap your spine, flat line
Heard through the grapevine, you got fucked fo' times
Damn that three to nine, fucked you up for real doe
Sling steal slow, as for remorse, we feel no

The lines seem to be making reference to Tupac frequently mentioning Biggie by name in his raps (a practice that was not common at the time), and allegations spread by Wendy Williams that he had been raped during his prison term at Rikers Island.[4] Although some fans have interpreted these lines as references to Shakur's murder, XXL Magazine has stated that the song was most likely recorded before 2Pac's death.[5]

  Other references

In "Going Back to Cali" the second verse opens up with Biggie's thoughts on the inter-coastal war and his relationship with the West Coast:

If I got to choose a coast I got to choose the East
I live out there, so don't go there
But that don't mean a nigga can't rest in the West
See some nice breasts in the West
Smoke some nice sess in the West, y'all niggaz is a mess
Thinkin I'm gon stop, givin L.A. props
All I got is beef with those that violate me
I shall annihilate thee
Case Closed.

In the song "Notorious Thugs" B.I.G. refers to long time nemesis 2Pac in the line "so called beef with you-know-who.", calling the feud between him and Shakur 'bullshit', While Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (who featured 2Pac on one of their songs the same year) throw jabs towards Three 6 Mafia, Twista, Crucial Conflict and Do or Die.

"My Downfall", "What's Beef" (both of which are about the subject of feuding), and "You're Nobody (Till Somebody Kills You)" are also said to contain lyrics aimed towards 2Pac (and other rivals), according to speculative listeners. Biggie, however, stated in a Spin Magazine interview that "You're Nobody (Till Somebody Kills You)" was not about Shakur.[6]

To this day, Bad Boy denies that Biggie ever dissed 2Pac on record in fear of heightening East Coast-West Coast tensions.

Yet, on the track Brooklyn's Finest off of Jay-Z's 1996 album Reasonable Doubt, B.I.G. raps:

The two for five dollar hits, the blue tops
Gotta go, Coolio mean it's gettin "Too Hot"
If Faith had twins, she'd probably have two-Pac's
Get it? .. Tu-pac's

The song "Can I Get Witcha", which was featured on Biggie's first posthumous album Born Again, also mentions 2Pac by name,[7] although it was recorded before the feud (the track was originally included on his demo tape).[8]

  Reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[9]
Robert Christgau (A)[10]
Entertainment Weekly (C+)[11]
Los Angeles Times 4/4 stars[12]
The New York Times (favorable)[13]
Rolling Stone 3.5/5 stars 1997[14]
Rolling Stone 5/5 stars 2004[15]
The Source 5/5 stars[16]
Stylus Magazine (favorable)[17]
USA Today 3.5/4 stars[18]

Since the album's release, it has been considered one of the greatest rap albums in hip hop history, and has also been a major influence on many rap artists. It is The Notorious B.I.G.'s best selling album.[citation needed] Michael A. Gonzales of The Source gave the album a maximum five-"mic" rating and stated, "despite inspired raw hip-hop diatribes [...] Life After Death's finest moments are the instantly catchy, future-radio-favorites."[16]

  Accolades

  • The information regarding accolades is adapted from AcclaimedMusic.net[19] except for lists that are sourced otherwise.
  • (*) signifies unordered lists
Publication Country Accolade Year Rank
About.com United States 100 Greatest Hip Hop Albums [20] 2008 40
Addicted to Noise United States Albums of the Year 1997 7
Blender United States The 100 Greatest American Albums of All time 2002 25
ego trip United States Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year 1980-98 1999 1
Face United Kingdom Albums of the Year 1997 20
Hip Hop Connection United Kingdom The 100 Greatest Rap Albums 1995-2005 2005 14
The New Nation United Kingdom Top 100 Albums by Black Artists 60
OOR Moordlijst Netherlands Albums of the Year 1997 87
Pure Pop Mexico Albums of the Year 1997 18
Q United Kingdom Albums of the Year 1997 *
Rolling Stone United States The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time 2003 483
Rolling Stone United States The Essential Recordings of the 90s 1999 *
The Source United states The 100 Best Rap Albums of All Time[21] 2005 8
The Source United States The Critics Top 100 Black Music Albums of All Time [22] 2005 60
Spex Germany Albums of the Year 1997 19
Spin United States Albums of the Year 1997 7
Various Writers United States 50 Years of Great Recordings 2005 *
Vibe United States 51 Albums representing a Generation, a Sound and a Movement 2004 4
Village Voice United States Albums of the Year 1997 12

  Legacy and influence

Though released in the wake of B.I.G.'s fatal shooting, Life After Death signaled a stylistic change in gangsta rap as it crossed over to the commercial mainstream. After the release of Life After Death, Puff Daddy’s Bad Boy Records continued to bring pop and gangsta rap closer together: the references to violence and drug dealing remained, as did the entire "gangsta" rhetoric, but the overall production style changed from the previously darker sound to a cleaner, sample-heavy, more upbeat sound that was directly fashioned for the mainstream pop charts, as seen in the single "Mo Money Mo Problems". The Notorious B.I.G. is often credited with initiating this transition, as he was among the first mainstream rappers to produce albums with a calculated attempt to include both gritty and realistic gangsta narratives as well as more radio-friendly productions. Much of the album is produced by Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie, Carlos "July Six" Broady, Nigga Squintz, Ron "Amen-Ra" Lawrence, and Nashiem Myrick. However, other notable hip-hop producers such as Easy Mo Bee, Havoc from Mobb Deep, DJ Premier and RZA from Wu-Tang Clan contributed beats to the album as well.

Various artists were specifically influenced by several songs on Life After Death. Evidence's "Down in New York City" is essentially "Going Back to Cali" from the perspective of a West Coast artist. Jay-Z borrows four bars from "The World Is Filled..." in his song "I Just Wanna Love U (Give It 2 Me)", as well as the chorus from his song "Squeeze 1st" from "Hypnotize", a line in "The Ruler's Back" from "Kick in the Door" and "You're Nobody ('Til Somebody Kills You)" on "D.O.A." Ice Cube borrows the chorus from "Kick in the Door" for his song "Child Support". Monica uses "I Love the Dough" beat and a verse from B.I.G. as featured, on her 2010's "Everything to Me" official remix. On their RCA album, Release Some Tension, R&B trio SWV sampled the song on as the opening track, "Someone" which features B.I.G's friend and protege Combs which was released five months later.

  Track listing

  Disc one

# Title Time Songwriters Producers Featured Artists Samples[23]
1 "Life After Death (Intro)"* 1:39 C. Wallace, S. Jordan, Sean Combs Sean "Puffy" Combs & Steven "Stevie J" Jordan for The Hitmen, co-produced by The Notorious B.I.G.
2 "Somebody's Gotta Die"* 4:26 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, A. Hester, Nasheim Myrick, Carlos Broady Nashiem Myrick, Carlos "6 July" Broady & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen
3 "Hypnotize" 3:50 C. Wallace, R. Alpert, D. Angelettie, Andy Armer, Sean Combs, Ron Lawrence Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie, Ron "Amen-Ra" Lawrence & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen Pamela Long
4 "Kick in the Door"* 4:47 C. Wallace, J. Hawkins, Chris E. Martin DJ Premier for Works of Mart Productions,Inc.
5 "Fuck You Tonight" 5:45 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, D. Jones, R. Kelly Daron Jones & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen R. Kelly
6 "Last Day"* 4:19 C. Wallace, Kejuan Muchita, J. Phillips, David Styles Havoc, co-produced by Sean "Puffy" Combs & Stevie J for The Hitmen The LOX
7 "I Love the Dough" 5:11 C. Wallace, S. Carter, O. Harvey, R. Moore, Angela Winbush Easy Mo Bee for Bee Mo Easy Productions,Inc. Jay-Z & Angela Winbush
  • Contains a sample of *"I Love You More" by Rene & Angela
  • Synth lead based on "Da Ya Think I'm Sexy?" by Rod Stewart
8 "What's Beef?"* 5:15 C. Wallace, Carlos Broady,
Nasheim Myrick
Nashiem Myrick & Carlos "6 July" Broady for the Hitmen, co-produced by Paragon
9 "B.I.G. Interlude" 0:48 C. Wallace, D. Angelettie The Notorious B.I.G. & Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie for The Hitmen
  • Contains a sample of *"P.S.K. What Does It Mean?" by Schooly D
10 "Mo Money Mo Problems" 4:17 C. Wallace, M. Betha, Sean Combs, B.H. Edwards, S. Jordan, Nile Rodgers Steven "Stevie J" Jordan & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen Puff Daddy, Mase & Kelly Price
11 "Niggas Bleed"* 4:51 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, S. Jordan, Nasheim Myrick Nashiem Myrick, Carlos "6 July" Broady & Steven "Stevie J" Jordan for The Hitmen
  • Contains a sample of "Hey Who Really Cares" by The Whispers
12 "I Got a Story to Tell"* 4:42 C. Wallace, A. Best Buckwild for Kurrup Money Entertainment, co-produced by Chucky Thompson & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen
  • Contains a sample of *"I'm Glad You're Mine" by Al Green

  Disc two

# Title Time Songwriter(s) Producer(s) Featured Artists Sample(s)
1 "Notorious Thugs" 6:07 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, A. Henderson, S. Howse, S. Jordan, Bryon McCane Steven "Stevie J" Jordan & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
2 "Miss U" 4:58 C. Wallace, Kaygee Gist, Lionel Richie Kay Gee 112
  • Contains a sample of "Missing You" by Diana Ross
3 "Another" 4:15 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, N. Ingram, K. Jones, S. Jordan Steven "Stevie J" Jordan & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen Lil' Kim
  • Contains a sample and interpolation of "Another Man" by Barbara Mason
4 "Going Back to Cali" 5:07 C. Wallace, O. Harvey, Roger Troutman Easy Mo Bee for Bee Mo Easy Productions,Inc. Roger Troutman
  • Contains a sample of "More Bounce To The Ounce" by Zapp
5 "Ten Crack Commandments" 3:24 C. Wallace, Chris E. Martin DJ Premier for Works of Mart Productions,Inc.
6 "Playa Hater" 3:57 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, W. Hart, S. Jordan Sean "Puffy" Combs & Steven "Stevie J" Jordan for The Hitmen
7 "Nasty Boy" 5:26 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, S. Jordan Sean "Puffy" Combs & Steven "Stevie J" Jordan for The Hitmen Kelly Price
8 "Sky's the Limit" 5:29 C. Wallace, Bobby Caldwell, Hubert Eaves, Clark Kent, J. Williams Clark Kent 112
9 "The World Is Filled..."* 4:54 C. Wallace, D. Angelette, Sean Combs, T. Shaw, K. Walker Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen Carl Thomas, Puff Daddy & Too Short
10 "My Downfall"* 5:26 C. Wallace, Carlos Broady, Sean Combs, Darryl McDaniels, Nasheim Myrick Carlos "6 July" Broady, Nashiem Myrick & Sean "Puffy" Combs for The Hitmen DMC
11 "Long Kiss Goodnight"* 5:18 C. Wallace, Robert Diggs RZA for Wu-Tang Productions
12 "You're Nobody (Til Somebody Kills You)" 4:52 C. Wallace, Sean Combs, Gary Johnson, S. Jordan, E. Lopez, B. Preston Sean "Puffy" Combs & Steven "Stevie J" Jordan for The Hitmen, co-produced by DJ Enuff & Jiv Poss Faith Evans

Songwriter(s) information taken from CD case.

( * ) song is not present on edited version of CD.

  Charts and certifications

  Weekly charts

Chart (1997) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[24] 59
Canadian Albums chart 3
UK Albums chart 20
US Billboard 200 1
US Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums 1

  Decade-end charts

Chart (1990–1999) Position
US Billboard 200[25] 96

  Certifications

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Canada (CRIA) 2× Platinum 200,000^
United States (RIAA)[26] Diamond 10,000,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[27] Silver 60,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

  Chart procession and succession

Preceded by
Nine Lives by Aerosmith
Billboard 200 number-one album
April 12 - May 9, 1997
Succeeded by
Share My World by Mary J. Blige

  Personnel

  • Barry White - Hair Stylist
  • Kit Walker - Sampled Keyboards
  • The Notorious B.I.G. - Performer, Songwriter, Producer, Liner Notes
  • Karen Anderson - Vocals (background)
  • Too Short - Vocals
  • Easy Mo Bee - Producer
  • Michael Ciro - Guitar
  • Sean "Puffy" Combs - Producer, Mixing
  • DJ Premier - Producer
  • Ben Garrison - Engineer
  • Rich July - Engineer
  • Marvin Scandrick - Vocals, Vocals (background) (112)
  • Quinnes Parker - Vocals, Vocals (background) (112)
  • Daron Jones - Producer, Vocals, Vocals (background) (112)
  • Michael Keith - Vocals, Vocals (background) (112)
  • Clark Kent - Producer
  • Paul Logus - Mixing
  • Manny Marroquin - Engineer
  • Tony Maserati - Mixing
  • Axel Niehaus - Engineer
  • Michael Patterson - Engineer, Mixing
  • Herb Powers - Mastering
  • RZA - Producer
  • Eddie Sancho - Mixing
  • Richard Travali - Mixing
  • Doug Wilson - Engineer
  • DJ Enuf - Producer
  • Faith Evans - Vocals (background)
  • Carl Thomas - Vocals
  • Pierre Retrayt - Producer
  • Rasheed Goodlowe - Engineer
  • Nasheim Myrick - Producer
  • Michael Lavine - Photography
  • Camilo Argumedes - Engineer
  • Deric Angelettie - Producer
  • Stevie J. - Producer
  • Prince Charles Alexander - Engineer, Mixing
  • Carlos Broady - Organ (Hammond), Producer
  • Lane Craven - Engineer, Mixing
  • Krayzie Bone - Vocals
  • Deborah "Portia" Neeley Rolle - Vocals (background)
  • Jiv Pos - Producer
  • Jleon6 - Executive Producer
  • Stephen Dent - Engineer
  • Lynn Montrose - Engineer
  • Steve Jones - Engineer
  • Bizzy Bone - Vocals
  • John Meredith - Engineer
  • Layzie Bone - Vocals
  • Diana Pedraza - Engineer
  • Mike Pitts - Assistant Producer
  • Kay Gee - Producer
  • Groovey Lew - Stylist
  • Ron Grant - Guest Appearance
  • Keanna Henson - Vocals (background)
  • Justin Cortinas- Producer

  See also

  References

  1. ^ "Information Not Found". Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Top+R%26B/Hip-Hop+Albums&g=Year-end+Albums&year=1997. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  2. ^ a b c "The Making of Life After Death: Many Men". Xxlmag.Com. http://www.xxlmag.com/online/?p=405. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  3. ^ "» KING Legacy: Nasir Jones, Part Two". KING-mag.com. 2008-05-01. http://www.king-mag.com/online/?p=5357. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  4. ^ a b "The Notorious B.I.G. – Long Kiss Goodnight Lyrics". Rap Genius. http://rapgenius.com/lyrics/The-notorious-b-i-g/Long-kiss-goodnight. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  5. ^ "8 Subliminal Diss Records That No One Claims". Xxlmag.Com. http://www.xxlmag.com/homepage-highlight/2010/11/8-subliminal-diss-records-that-no-one-claims/4/. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  6. ^ "SPIN - Google Books". Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=I4irI6O3Ko8C&pg=RA1-PA68&lpg=RA1-PA68&dq=biggie+spin+magazine&source=bl&ots=5UDdjWWca3&sig=-cWps0osw7sI-4QU9JkAWCobYLQ&hl=en&ei=FuNYTYuFCYT78AaJiKiEBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&sqi=2&ved=0CE4Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=biggie%20spin%20magazine&f=false. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  7. ^ "Can I Get Witcha Lyrics - Notorious B.i.g". Lyricsfreak.com. http://www.lyricsfreak.com/n/notorious+big/can+i+get+witcha_20101833.html. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  8. ^ "Biggie Smalls Demo Tape From 92-93". MixtapeTorrent.com. 2007-06-28. http://mixtapetorrent.com/biggie-demo-tape. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  9. ^ Birchmeier, Jason. Review: Life After Death. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-11-08.
  10. ^ Christgau, Robert. Consumer Guide: Life After Death. The Village Voice: July 22, 1997. Archived from the original on 2009-11-08. Note: Christgau revised the original rating of (A-) to (A).
  11. ^ Browne, David. Review: Life After Death. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2009-11-08.
  12. ^ Coker, Cheo Hodari. Review: Life After Death. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2009-11-08.
  13. ^ Pareles, Jon. Review: Life After Death. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2009-11-08.
  14. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony. Review: Life After Death. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2010-07-27.
  15. ^ Hoard, Christian. Review: Life After Death. Rolling Stone: November 2, 2004.
  16. ^ a b Gonzales, Michael A (May 1997). "Notorious B.I.G., Life After Death...Till Death Do Us Part (Bad Boy/Arista)". The Source (The Source Enterprises) (92): 79. http://thimk.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/life-after-death-5-mics.jpg. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  17. ^ McGarvey, Evan. Review: Life After Death. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2009-11-08.
  18. ^ Jones, Steve. Review: Life After Death. USA Today: 01.D. March 26, 1997. (Transcription of original review at talk page)
  19. ^ "Life After Death". Acclaimed Music. http://www.acclaimedmusic.net/Current/A1008.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  20. ^ "The Greatest Hip-Hop Albums of all Time - Top 100 Rap/Hip-Hop Albums". Rap.about.com. 2012-01-26. http://rap.about.com/od/toppicks/ss/Top100RapAlbums_7.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  21. ^ "Rocklist.net...The Source 100 Best Rap Albums & Singles". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. http://www.rocklistmusic.co.uk/source.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  22. ^ "TOP 100". Trevornelson.Com. http://www.trevornelson.com/nonflash/top100.asp. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  23. ^ The Notorious B.I.G. Search the-breaks.com.
  24. ^ "The Notorious B.I.G. – Life After Death". Australiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  25. ^ Geoff Mayfield (December 25, 1999). 1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade - The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s. Billboard. http://books.google.com/?id=9w0EAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=RA1-PA4#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  26. ^ "American album certifications – Notorious B.I.G. – Life After Death". Recording Industry Association of America. January 6, 2000. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?artist=%22Life+After+Death%22. Retrieved July 2, 2011.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  27. ^ "British album certifications – Notorious B.I.G. – Life After Death". British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/certifiedawards/search.aspx. Retrieved July 2, 2011.  Enter Life After Death in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go

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Alexandria

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WordGame

The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.

boggle

Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyrights

The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.

Translation

Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

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