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definitions - liniment

liniment (n.)

1.semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation

2.a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain

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Merriam Webster

LinimentLin"i*ment (lĭn"ĭ*m�nt), n. [L. linimentum, fr. linire, linere, to besmear, anoint : cf. F. liniment. Cf. Letter, Lime a viscous substance.] A liquid or semiliquid preparation of a consistence thinner than an ointment, applied to the skin by friction, esp. one used as a sedative or a stimulant.

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liniment [MeSH]





Wikipedia

Liniment

                   
  Sloan's Liniment (at right) was once a popular over-the-counter drug store item.

Liniment (or embrocation), from the Latin linere, to anoint, is a medicated topical preparation for application to the skin. Preparations of this type are also called balm. Liniments are of a similar viscosity to lotions (being significantly less viscous than an ointment or cream) but unlike a lotion a liniment is applied with friction; that is, a liniment is always rubbed in.[citation needed]

Liniments are typically sold to relieve pain and stiffness, such as from sore muscles or from arthritis. These liniments typically are formulated from alcohol, acetone, or similar quickly evaporating solvents and contain counterirritant aromatic chemical compounds such as methyl salicilate, benzoin resin, or capsaicin. Opodeldoc is a sort of liniment invented by the physician Paracelsus.

Contents

  Uses on horses

Liniments are a common substance used by trainers and owners of horses. They may be applied diluted or full-strength, usually added into a bucket of water when sponged on the body. Liniments are especially useful in hot weather to help a hot horse cool down: the alcohols help the product to quickly evaporate, and the oils they contain cause the capillaries in the skin to dilate, also increasing the cooling process.

Liniments should always be applied according to the manufacturer's directions, and diluted as necessary. Many horse owners apply liniments to the legs as a brace, and then wrap over it. In this case, they should be sure that the liniment is not too strong, or it may cause blistering of the skin.

Liniments may be used on the legs and body, but should not be applied to more sensitive areas such as the head, genitals or groin of the horse. The body may also be too sensitive to apply liniments if the horse was recently body-clipped.

  Topical medication forms

(Source: [1])

  • Cream - Emulsion of oil and water in approximately equal proportions. Penetrates stratum corneum outer layer of skin well.
  • Ointment - Combines oil (80%) and water (20%). Effective barrier against moisture loss.
  • Gel - Liquefies upon contact with the skin.
  • Paste - Combines three agents - oil, water, and powder; an ointment in which a powder is suspended.
  • Powder

  References in Literature

In John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men, the Negro stable buck, Crooks, rubs it on his crooked spine, to ease the pain. In Terry Pratchett's The Wee Free Men, local witch Granny Aching is known, among other things, for the liberal application of her home brewed Special Sheep Liniment. In Lucy Maud Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables Anne accidentally bakes a cake with liniment as an ingredient.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Doctor, why are you prescribing an ointment?; American Academy of Dermatology; http://www.skincarephysicians.com/eczemanet/doctor.html


   
               

 

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Absorbine Liniment 12 Oz Gel (13.99 USD)

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MUAY THAI BOXING OIL LINIMENT MUSCULAR PAIN RELIEF120CC (14.99 USD)

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NAMMAN MUAY Thai Liniment oil original muscle pain relief massage 15, 30, 60 cc (5.99 USD)

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ORIGINAL NAMMAN MUAY THAI BOXING OIL Sport LINIMENT MUSCLE PAIN Relief 450 cc (25.0 USD)

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Bigeloil Topical Pain Relief Liniment Quart (16.49 USD)

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MUAY THAI BOXING OIL LINIMENT MUSCULAR PAIN RELIEF Massaging Oil 120 cc (9.78 USD)

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J.R. Watkins White Cream Liniment 11 fl oz (325 ml) (11.99 USD)

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Sore No More Liniment 16 oz (18.95 USD)

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6x60 cc NAMMAN MUAY Thai Liniment oil Boxing muscle pain relief massage,thai (15.0 USD)

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Sore No More Liniment Gallon (89.95 USD)

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JR Watkin Pain Relief Liniment Natural Arthritis Muscle Spruce Oil Apothecary (13.45 USD)

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Absorbine Veterinary Liniment gel 12oz Gel muscle joint relief stimulates (17.49 USD)

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J.R. Watkins™ White Cream Liniment - 11 Fl. Oz. by EasyComforts (14.99 USD)

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3 pcs.x30 cc. Namman Muay Thai Boxing Liniment Oil Pains Relief (Portable) (15.0 USD)

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Vintage CRYSTALIN LINIMENT Bottle - Nice Empty 3-Oz. Size, Great for Display (4.19 USD)

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Sloan’s Liniment 70ml Relief Muscle pain (12.0 USD)

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Namman Muay Thai Boxing Liniment Oil Muscular Pains Relief 60cc. (5 Bottles) (28.75 USD)

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ABSORBINE JR LINIMENT fast absorbing pain reliever 4 oz (7.49 USD)

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JR Watkin White Cream Liniment Natural Arthritis Muscle Sprain Apothecary 11 OZ (14.75 USD)

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