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definitions - marbles

marble (n.)

1.a small ball of glass that is used in various games

2.a sculpture carved from marble

3.a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material

marble (v.)

1.paint or stain like marble"marble paper"

Marble (n.)

1.(MeSH)Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.

marbles (n.)

1.a children's game played with little balls made of a hard substance (as glass)

2.the basic human power of intelligent thought and perception"he used his wits to get ahead" "I was scared out of my wits" "he still had all his marbles and was in full possession of a lively mind"

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Merriam Webster

MarbleMar"ble (mär"b'l), n. [OE. marbel, marbre, F. marbre, L. marmor, fr. Gr. ma`rmaros, fr. marmai`rein to sparkle, flash. Cf. Marmoreal.]
1. A massive, compact limestone; a variety of calcite, capable of being polished and used for architectural and ornamental purposes. The color varies from white to black, being sometimes yellow, red, and green, and frequently beautifully veined or clouded. The name is also given to other rocks of like use and appearance, as serpentine or verd antique marble, and less properly to polished porphyry, granite, etc.

Breccia marble consists of limestone fragments cemented together. -- Ruin marble, when polished, shows forms resembling ruins, due to disseminated iron oxide. -- Shell marble contains fossil shells. -- Statuary marble is a pure, white, fine-grained kind, including Parian (from Paros) and Carrara marble. If coarsely granular it is called saccharoidal.

2. A thing made of, or resembling, marble, as a work of art, or record, in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as, the Arundel or Arundelian marbles; the Elgin marbles.

3. A little ball of glass, marble, porcelain, or of some other hard substance, used as a plaything by children; or, in the plural, a child's game played with marbles.

Marble is also much used in self-explaining compounds; when used figuratively in compounds it commonly means, hard, cold, destitute of compassion or feeling; as, marble-breasted, marble-faced, marble-hearted.

MarbleMar"ble, a.
1. Made of, or resembling, marble; as, a marble mantel; marble paper.

2. Cold; hard; unfeeling; as, a marble breast or heart.

MarbleMar"ble, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Marbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Marbling (?).] [Cf. F. marbrer. See Marble, n.] To stain or vein like marble; to variegate in color; as, to marble the edges of a book, or the surface of paper.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - marbles

see also - marbles

phrases

-Alice Marble • Art marble • Belgian marble • Ben Marble, M. D. • Big Blue Marble • Blue Marble Energy • Blue Marble Game • Blue marble • Chapter01/Marble-iro no Hi • Cultured marble • Forest Marble • Franklin Marble • Freegrace Marble Farm Historic District • Georgia Marble Company • Gray Marble • Harmon Marble • Harmon P. Marble • Harmon Percy Marble • House at 114 Marble Street • House at 6 S. Marble Street • I Dreamt I Dwelt in Marble Halls • Island Marble • Jerome Marble House • John H. Marble • Kilkenny Marble • Lake Marble Falls • Large Marble • MARBLE (Casiopea album) • Man of Marble • Manton Marble • Marble (KDE) • Marble (band) • Marble (disambiguation) • Marble (software) • Marble (the town) • Marble (toy) • Marble Arch • Marble Arch (Libya) • Marble Arch Caves • Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark • Marble Arch tube station • Marble Bar • Marble Bar Railway • Marble Bar, Western Australia • Marble Blast Gold • Marble Blast Ultra • Marble Bluff, Ontario • Marble Boat • Marble Brewery • Marble Bridge • Marble Canyon • Marble Canyon (British Columbia) • Marble Canyon (Canadian Rockies) • Marble Canyon Indian Reserve No. 3 • Marble Canyon Provincial Park • Marble Church • Marble Church, Bodelwyddan • Marble City Community, Oklahoma • Marble City, Oklahoma • Marble Cliff Quarry Co. • Marble Cliff, Ohio • Marble Collegiate Church • Marble Drop • Marble Elementary School • Marble Falls Independent School District • Marble Falls, AR • Marble Falls, Arkansas • Marble Falls, Texas • Marble Festival • Marble Hall • Marble Halls • Marble Head • Marble Head Trail • Marble Hill • Marble Hill (Metro-North station) • Marble Hill (disambiguation) • Marble Hill House • Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant • Marble Hill Park • Marble Hill train station • Marble Hill – 225th Street (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) • Marble Hill, Manhattan • Marble Hill, Missouri • Marble Hill, South Australia • Marble House • Marble House (song) • Marble Island • Marble Kiosk • Marble Madness • Marble Marine Electronics • Marble Mountain • Marble Mountain (Newfoundland) • Marble Mountain Ski Resort • Marble Mountain, California • Marble Mountain, Nova Scotia • Marble Mountain-Trout Creek Hill • Marble Mountains (San Bernardino County) • Marble Mountains (Siskiyou County) • Marble Mountains (Vietnam) • Marble Palace • Marble Palace (Kolkata) • Marble Palace Zoo • Marble Peak • Marble Peak (Antarctica) • Marble Peak (British Columbia) • Marble Place, California • Marble Point • Marble Range • Marble Range Provincial Park • Marble River Provincial Park • Marble Rock, Iowa • Marble Rocks • Marble Slab Creamery • Marble Springs • Marble Towers • Marble Township, Lincoln County, Minnesota • Marble Township, Saunders County, Nebraska • Marble Valley • Marble Valley Regional Transit District • Marble Works • Marble Works, Georgia • Marble Wrasse • Marble cake • Marble cave • Marble cheese • Marble sculpture • Marble statue • Marble, Colorado • Marble, Minnesota • Marble-Cone Fire • Marble-Swift • Marble-faced Bristle-tyrant • Master of the Marble Madonnas • Names in Marble • Names in Marble (film) • New Preston Marble Dale, Connecticut • New York City Marble Cemetery • New York Marble Cemetery • Odeon Marble Arch • Olympia Marble • On the Marble Cliffs • Parian Marble • Parian marble • Purbeck Marble • Red Marble Games • Roy Marble • Ruin marble • Samuel Davey Marble • Scott Marble • Seaboard World Airlines landing at Marble Mountain • Sebastian Marble • Sebastian Streeter Marble • Severan Marble Plan of Rome • Sonoran Marble • Sussex Marble • The Black Marble • The Blue Marble • The Blue Marble (album) • The Clay Marble • The Magnificent Marble Machine • The Marble Faun • The Marble Index • The Marble Index (album) • The Marble Index (band) • Tokyo Marble Chocolate • Tommy Trouble and the Magic Marble • Vermont Marble Museum • Western Marble Arch Synagogue • Young Marble Giants • Yule Marble

analogical dictionary


 

marble[ClasseHyper.]

matière du sculpteur (fr)[DomainDescrip.]

marble[QuiEstFaitDe]

marble (adj.)



chose en verre (fr)[ClasseParExt.]

marble; taw; ball[ClasseHyper.]

chose en pierre (fr)[ClasseParExt.]

petite chose (fr)[ClasseParExt.]

(clay)[termes liés]

marble (n.)


 

game equipment[Hyper.]

ball[Hyper.]

marble (n.)





 

game[Hyper.]

child's game[Hyper.]

marbles (n.)



Wikipedia - see also

Wikipedia

Marble

                   
An irregularly shaped rock, milky-white in color. The rock glistens or sparkles from the overhead lights.
  Marble.
  Folded and weathered marble at General Carrera Lake, Chile.
  The Taj Mahal is entirely clad in marble.
  Natural patterns on the polished surface of Breccia or "landscape marble" can resemble a city skyline or even trees, and were used as inlays for furniture etc.

Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.

Geologists use the term "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone.[1]

Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material.

Contents

  Etymology

The word "marble" derives from the Greek "μάρμαρον" (mármaron),[2] from "μάρμαρος" (mármaros), "crystalline rock", "shining stone",[3][4] perhaps from the verb "μαρμαίρω" (marmaírō), "to flash, sparkle, gleam".[5] This stem is also the basis for the English word marmoreal, meaning "marble-like."

Whilst the English term resembles the French marbre, most other European languages (e.g. Spanish mármol, Italian marmo, Portuguese mármore, German, Norwegian, Danish and Swedish marmor, Armenian marmar, Dutch marmer, Polish marmur, Turkish mermer, Czech mramor and Russian мрáмор ) follow the original Greek.

  Physical origins

Marble is a rock resulting from metamorphism of sedimentary carbonate rocks, most commonly limestone or dolomite rock. Metamorphism causes variable recrystallization of the original carbonate mineral grains.

The resulting marble rock is typically composed of an interlocking mosaic of carbonate crystals. Primary sedimentary textures and structures of the original carbonate rock (protolith) have typically been modified or destroyed.

Pure white marble is the result of metamorphism of a very pure (silicate-poor) limestone or dolomite protolith. The characteristic swirls and veins of many colored marble varieties are usually due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers in the limestone.

Green coloration is often due to serpentine resulting from originally high magnesium limestone or dolostone with silica impurities. These various impurities have been mobilized and recrystallized by the intense pressure and heat of the metamorphism.

  Types

Examples of historically notable marble varieties and locations:

Marble name Color Location Country
Coral red marble red, white lines Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Emperador dark marble dark nets Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Orange marble orange, white lines Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Imperial wood vein marble yellow,wood vein Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Tiger skin marble tiger skin Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Black marquina marble black, white lines Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Lotus green marble green and white color, lotus shape Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Gold jade marble dark, golden lines Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Brown marble gray, white lines Tongshan County, Hubei, China China
Bucova marble white, gray Băuţar, Caraş-Severin County (applied in Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa) Romania
Carrara marble white or blue-gray Carrara Italy
Connemara marble green Connemara Ireland
Creole marble white and blue/black Pickens County, Georgia United States
Ziarat white marble Pure white Ziarat Region Pakistan
Badal marble Grey, grayish white Balochistan Pakistan
Boticena marble Various colors and textures Balochistan Pakistan
Etowah marble pink, salmon, rose Pickens County, Georgia United States
Macael marble white Macael, Almeria Spain
Makrana marble white Makrana India
Murphy marble white Pickens and Gilmer Counties, Georgia United States
Parian marble pure-white, fine-grained Island of Paros Greece
Pentelic marble[6] pure-white, fine-grained semitranslucent Penteliko Mountain, Athens Greece
Phrygian marble purple Phrygia Turkey
Purbeck marble Grey/brown Isle of Purbeck United Kingdom
Ruskeala marble white near Ruskeala, Karelia Russia
Sienna marble yellow with violet, red, blue or white veins[7] near Siena, Tuscany Italy
Bianco Sivec white near Prilep Republic of Macedonia
Swedish green marble green near Kolmården, Södermanland Sweden
Sylacauga marble white Talladega County, Alabama United States
Tennessee marble pale pink to cedar-red Knox, Blount and Hawkins Counties, Tennessee United States
Vermont marble white Proctor, Vermont United States
Yule marble uniform pure white near Marble, Colorado United States
Wunsiedel marble white Wunsiedel, Bavaria Germany
Skye marble white Isle of Skye Scotland

  Uses

  Ritual amphora of veined marble from Zakros. New palace period (1500-1450 BC), Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete.
  Marble Products in Romblon, Philippines.

  Sculpture

White marble has been prized for its use in sculptures since classical times. This preference has to do with its softness, relative isotropy and homogeneity, and a relative resistance to shattering. Also, the low index of refraction of calcite allows light to penetrate several millimeters into the stone before being scattered out, resulting in the characteristic waxy look which gives "life" to marble sculptures of the human body.

  Construction marble

Construction marble is a stone which is composed of calcite, dolomite or serpentine which is capable of taking a polish.[8] More generally in construction, specifically the dimension stone trade, the term "marble" is used for any crystalline calcitic rock (and some non-calcitic rocks) useful as building stone. For example, Tennessee marble is really a dense granular fossiliferous gray to pink to maroon Ordovician limestone that geologists call the Holston Formation.

  Production

According to the United States Geological Survey, U.S. dimension marble production in 2006 was 46,400 tons valued at $18.1 million, compared to 72,300 tons valued at $18.9 million in 2005. Crushed marble production (for aggregate and industrial uses) in 2006 was 11.8 million tons valued at $116 million, of which 6.5 million tons was finely ground calcium carbonate and the rest was construction aggregate. For comparison, 2005 crushed marble production was 7.76 million tons valued at $58.7 million, of which 4.8 million tons was finely ground calcium carbonate and the rest was construction aggregate. U.S. dimension marble demand is about 1.3 million tons. The DSAN World Demand for (finished) Marble Index has shown a growth of 12% annually for the 2000–2006 period, compared to 10.5% annually for the 2000–2005 period. The largest dimension marble application is tile.

Pakistan is one of the largest marble exporters of the world [9] with exports totaling to around a 100,000 tonnes per annum. China is the chief importer of marble, specifically Pakistani marble, with imports amounting to more than 70,000 tonnes in a single calendar year.

  Artificial marble

Marble dust is combined with cement or synthetic resins to make reconstituted or cultured marble. The appearance of marble can be simulated with faux marbling, a painting technique that imitates the stone's color patterns.

  Cultural associations

  Marble from Italy.
  Ancient marble columns in the prayer hall of the Mosque of Uqba, in Kairouan, Tunisia

As the favorite medium for Greek and Roman sculptors and architects (see classical sculpture), marble has become a cultural symbol of tradition and refined taste. Its extremely varied and colorful patterns make it a favorite decorative material, and it is often imitated in background patterns for computer displays, etc.

Places named after the stone include Marblehead, Ohio; Marblehead, Massachusetts; Marble Arch, London; the Sea of Marmara; India's Marble Rocks; and the towns of Marble, Minnesota; Marble, Colorado; Marble Falls, Texas, and Marble Hill, Manhattan, New York. The Elgin Marbles are marble sculptures from the Parthenon that are on display in the British Museum. They were brought to Britain by the Earl of Elgin.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Kearey, Philip (2001). Dictionary of Geology, Penguin Group, London and New York, p. 163. ISBN 978-0-14-051494-0
  2. ^ μάρμαρον, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  3. ^ μάρμαρος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  4. ^ Marble, Compact Oxford English Dictionary. Askoxford.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.
  5. ^ μαρμαίρω, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  6. ^ Pentelic marble – Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.
  7. ^ Paint and Decorate: Sienna marble Retrieved 2012-04-30
  8. ^ Marble Institute of America pp. 223 Glossary
  9. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/251020/export-earnings-china-largest-importer-of-marble/

  External links

   
               

 

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