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Mercedes-Benz G-Class

                   
Mercedes-Benz G-Class
Mercedes-Benz G320 (US)
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Production 1979–present
Assembly Graz, Austria
Class Mid-size sport utility vehicle
  Puch G

The Mercedes-Benz G-Class or G-Wagen, short for Geländewagen (or cross-country vehicle), is a four-wheel drive vehicle / sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by Steyr-Puch in Austria in order for German automaker Mercedes-Benz. The G-wagen is characterized by its boxy styling and body-on-frame construction. It utilizes three fully locking differentials, one of the few vehicles to have such a feature.

The G-class was developed as a military vehicle from a suggestion by the Shah of Iran(at the time a great shareholder) to Mercedes [1] and offered as a civilian version in 1979. The G-class replaced the cheaper Volkswagen Iltis in 1990. In this role it is sometimes referred to as the "Wolf" and LAPV Enok. The G-Class has been sold under the Puch name in certain markets, and the Peugeot P4 is a variant made under license, with a Peugeot engine and different parts.

Despite the introduction of an intended replacement, the unibody crossover SUV Mercedes-Benz GL-Class in 2006, the G-Class is still produced and is expected to continue in production. An interior face lift is possibly in the works for the G-Class, so there is no set date for when this car will cease production.

Contents

  History

The G-Wagen was developed by Steyr-Daimler-Puch and first offered for sale in 1979 and redesigned in 1990/1991. A new version was expected for 2007, but the new GL-Class will not replace the G-Wagen, and it will continue to be hand-built in Graz, Austria at an annual production of 4,000 to 6,000 units. In February 2009, Magna Steyr, an operating unit of Magna International, announced that it signed an agreement with Daimler AG to extend the production of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class at Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria until 2015. Besides the production, the further development of the G-Class by Mercedes-Benz is also located in Graz since 1992.[2] The G-Wagen is the longest produced Mercedes-Benz in Daimler's history, with a span of 32 years.

1972 Development starts, focusing on off road abilities and maximum safety and comfort; with a cooperative agreement between Daimler-Benz and Steyr-Daimler-Puch in Graz, Austria. Mercedes-Benz engineers in Stuttgart are in charge of design and testing, while the team in Graz develops the production plans.

1973 The first wooden model is presented to Daimler-Benz management.

1974 The first driveable prototype vehicle begins various testing including German coalfields, the Sahara Desert, and the Arctic Circle.

1975 Construction commences on a new production facility in Graz, where the new cross-country vehicle will be assembled nearly entirely by hand.

1979 Production of the “G Model” begins in Graz.

1980 The Vatican takes delivery of a specially made G Model outfitted with a clear thermoplastic top. The “Papa G” or “Popemobile” later took up permanent residence at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

1981 The first major refinements include an automatic transmission, air conditioning, an auxiliary fuel tank, protective headlamp grilles and a cable winch.

1982 Fuel injection becomes available when the 230 GE is introduced in Turin,[3] along with more comfortable and supportive front seats, auxiliary heating, wider tires and fender flares.

1983 A specially modified 280 GE wins the Paris–Dakar Rally.

1985 Differential locks, central door locking and a tachometer become standard.

1986 The 50,000th G Model is produced at the Graz facility.

1987 Power windows, a power antenna and a combined partition net and luggage cover become production options.

1989 At the 10th anniversary of the G Model, a new model variant with permanent 4 wheel drive, a wood-trimmed interior and optional Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) debuts at the Frankfurt International Motor Show. Production begins the following April.

1992 A new sub-series for professional users — from landscapers and foresters to fire and rescue operations — begins production. The civilian model offers cruise control, a stainless-steel spare-tire cover, running boards and Burl Walnut wood interior trim. And the 100,000th G Model is built in Graz.

1994 The model line is officially renamed the G-Class. Ventilated front disc brakes and a driver’s air bag become standard.

1996 The automatic transmission is now an electronically controlled 5-speed unit. Headlamp washers, cruise control and a front passenger’s air bag are added.

1998 The range-topping G 500 with a 296 hp V 8 is introduced for series production.

1999 A limited run of V 8 powered “G 500 Classic” special editions marks the 20th anniversary. A multifunction steering wheel is added to all models. Later in the year, the new G 55 AMG debuts as the most powerful G-Class yet, with 354 hp.

2001 U.S. market launch of the G-Class. New alloy wheels, a chrome grille and body-color bumpers plus a more luxurious cabin are introduced. New dynamic control systems include the Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Brake Assist and the 4 wheel Electronic Traction System (4 ETS).

2004 The G 55 AMG is upgraded with a supercharged V 8 engine developing 476 hp.

2006 In Siberia, a documentary filmmaker is the first foreigner to reach the world’s coldest region with a passenger vehicle in winter, driving a stock G 500 nearly 19,000 km without a single breakdown, in temperatures as frigid as –63˚F.

2007 The output of the G 55 AMG is raised to an even 500 hp. Bi Xenon headlamps, corner-illuminating front foglamps and new scratch-resistant nano-particle paint finishes are offered for the first time.

2008 More-refined instrumentation and controls are included in the G-Class cabin, along with the COMAND system with hard-drive-based navigation, a rear view camera, voice control, Bluetooth and a Tire Pressure Monitoring System. The Vatican receives a new white “Popemobile” based on a G 500.

2009 Model-year 2010 and 30th anniversary of the vehicle, with over 200,000 units having been handcrafted in Graz since the start of production.


  460

460
MHV MB W460 230G Pope 1980 01.jpg
The "Popemobile", a Mercedes-Benz 230 G built for Pope John Paul II in 1980.
Production 1979–1991 (460)
1979–present (461)
Body style 2-door SWB convertible
2-door SWB SUV/Van
2-door LWB Van
4-door LWB SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Platform Mercedes-Benz 460
Engine 2.0L I4
2.3L I4
2.8L I6 Petrol
2.4L I4 diesel
2.5L I5 diesel
3.0L I5 diesel
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm) or 112.2 in (2,850 mm)

The original 460-series Geländewagen went on sale for civilian buyers in 1979, after having debuted in February of that year. It was offered with two wheelbases, a short wheelbase (SWB) of 2,400 mm and a long one (LWB) of 2,850 mm. One could choose between three body styles: A two-door short wheelbase convertible, a two-door SWB wagon and a long wheelbase four-door wagon. The two wagon versions were also available as windowless two-door Vans (or Kastenwagen in German). While always assembled in Graz, the car was sold as the Puch G only in the Austrian, Swiss, and Eastern European markets.[3]

Mercedes g h sst.jpg
Utilitarian style of original two-door wagon

During the G-wagen's life span many a different body style was made for army and public-service clients, like the Popemobile, the pickup or the chassis/cab with a wheelbase of 2,850, 3,120 or 3,400 mm, the chassis/cab being the base vehicle for army-ambulances or communication vehicles. Because of the sheer variety of military versions, this article focuses on the more standardized civilian G-Wagen.

The 460 was popular with military and off-road enthusiasts, with more than 50,000 built in the first decade. Mercedes-Benz initially did not sell the model in the United States, but by means of "casual importation" grey-market in the mid-1980s, importers sold a number of G-Wagens which had been modified to meet the specifications by the US DOT, at about $135,000.

  461

  Mercedes G-Classe Edition Pur

The 461 is the military models, i.e. the non-public marked, custom built model, delivered from Austria from 1979. All special ordered and military models use the 461 designation, i.e. vehicles special built for firecorps, police, army, aid corps, etc. Also the later special built, but public available, Worker model got this designation. These have also been marketed as the Professional and Greenline series. Through the years the 461 models have had their engines, gearbox and driveline upgraded as with the 460 and 463 models. The 462 designation was used in models built on licence in other countries. The Peugeot P4 had its own designations.

The G280 CDI "Edition Pur" is a special version of the 461, available to civilian buyers. This version is essentially a civilian version of the professional use 461 (incorporating many of the improvements seen on the 463) and comes equipped with a 24V starter motor and a walk-on bonnet.

  463

463
Mercedes-Benz G500 (US)
Production 1990–present
Body style 2-door SWB convertible
2-door SWB SUV
4-door LWB SUV
Layout Front engine / Four-wheel drive
Platform Mercedes-Benz 463
Engine 5.0L V8
5.4L supercharged V8
5.5L twin-turbo V8
6.0L twin-turbo V12
2.9L V6 Diesel
4.0L V8 Diesel
Transmission 5-speed/7-speed automatic
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm) or 112.2 in (2,850 mm)
Length Pre-2003: 183.5 in (4,661 mm)
2004–09: 185.6 in (4,714 mm) (LWB)
2010-: 184.5 in (4,686 mm)
Width Pre-2003: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
2004–09: 71.3 in (1,811 mm)
2004-09 AMG: 73.4 in (1,864 mm)
2010-: 71.8 in (1,824 mm)
2010- AMG: 73.1 in (1,857 mm)
Height 2004–09: 77.8 in (1,976 mm)
Pre-2003: 72.3 in (1,836 mm)
2010-: 76.0 in (1,930 mm)
Related KSU Gazal-1

The chassis was revised for 1990 as the 463 with anti-lock brakes, full-time 4WD and a full trio of electronically locking differentials. The interior was totally upgraded, finished with wooden accents and optional leather upholstery.

The 463 client had a larger choice of engines, the preliminary apex being the V8-powered 500 GE in 1993. They catered more of a luxury than off-road crowd with front/center/rear differential locks and an even more luxurious cabin. The 500 GE was produced in limited numbers for just two years. All 463 G-Wagens began using Mercedes-Benz's new letter-first naming scheme in 1994.

1997

The range was refreshed again in 1997, including the introduction of a power-topped convertible and two new engines, the 2.9 L Turbo Diesel and the V6-powered (M112 motor) G320 — previous years' G320s were outfitted with the M104 I6. The V8 G-wagen returned with a new engine in 1998 as the G500, with official sales beginning in the United States in 2002 at $75,000. The 349 hp (260 kW) G55 AMG cemented the vehicle in the American market, becoming a vehicle of choice for many celebrities.

2005

Mercedes-Benz considered that 2005 would be the last year they would export the Geländewagen to the USA market; however, with an order placed by the U.S. Marine Corps for 157 Mercedes-Benz units to replace their archaic Desert Patrol Vehicle with a more modern and militarized Interim Fast Attack Vehicle, the manufacturer continued to offer the vehicle in the US market. To celebrate the supposed end of US market Geländewagens, 300 examples of the "Grand Edition" model were made available. Also new for the 2005 model year was the first G55 AMG model, boasting a 469 hp (350 kW) V8 engine. So equipped, an original G55 AMG is able to achieve 60 mph (97 km/h) in 5.4 seconds.

The new G550 has a 32-valve 382-horsepower 5.5-liter V8 engine, while the current G55 AMG has a 500-horsepower supercharged 5.4-liter V8 engine. The G550 goes from 0 to 60 mph in 7.2 seconds, while it takes the G55 AMG 5.2 seconds.

  Brabus G V12 Biturbo

Various automobile tuners such as AMG, Brabus, Lorinser, Carlsson, A.R.T., and RENNtech have all modified the engine, interior, and exterior.

It was rumored that, with military contracts for the G-Class completed, production of the old G-wagen in Graz, Austria would cease in 2006. However, reports state that production of the current G-wagen will continue for the foreseable future, alongside its once-intended replacement, the GL-Class (X164). An outcry among enthusiasts who admired the G-Class for its tremendous off-road potential showed that a market still existed for such a vehicle. Although the average G-wagen rarely sees anything but asphalt, Mercedes-Benz elected to continue G-Class production for the hardcore off-road market, while the larger 3-row GL-Class would be marketed as a competitor for the likes of the Cadillac Escalade and Lincoln Navigator.

2006

In July 2006, Mercedes-Benz announced a late-availability 2006 model year G-Class on its website.[4]

  G 55 AMG
2007

The company showed a facelifted 2007 model at the Paris Auto Show in September 2006[5] and increased the power of the G55 AMG version from 476 to 500 hp (370 kW). Mercedes-Benz at the same time also announced that it will continue to manufacture the G-Class through 2015 on the continuing demand worldwide for the model by military and civilian buyers.

2008

Minor upgrades.

  Mercedes G 55 extralong version
2009

The 2009 G500 and G55 AMG are offered for sale at the 30-year anniversary of the G-Class. Both models with cosmetic upgrades most noticeable with the new grill, rims and telematics. The G-Class available with two different engines: a new-for 2009 382-hp (an increase of 90-hp) 5.5-liter V8 with a seven-speed automatic transmission in the G500, and a 500-hp (an increase of 7-hp) 5.5-liter supercharged V8 with five-speed automatic transmission in the AMG-tuned G55. Loaded with standard luxury features such as a leather interior, premium wood trim, rear parking assistance with camera, rapid HDD navigation system with aerial view, bi-xenon headlights, rain-sensing wipers, dual zone climate control, heated/cooled power driver and passenger seats with memory, to name a few. Standard safety equipment includes Mercedes' Tele Aid system, anti-lock brakes, brake assist, electronic stability control and side-curtain airbags. In addition to engine upgrades, the Mercedes-Benz G-Class has been given a fresh look incorporating a new front grille design and grille guards. The new COMAND infotainment system includes a 40-gigabyte hard drive, in-dash 6-disc CD/DVD player, GPS navigation, Bluetooth wireless connectivity, harmon/kardon surround-sound system, in-dash memory card reader, high-definition digital radio, and satellite radio with real-time traffic service. The G55 features new 19-inch AMG light-alloy wheels, a new Alcantara headliner and a redesigned wood/leather selector lever.

2010

Minor updates, added newly developed front seats and a new rear bench, and a choice of black or gray fabric upholstery or leather seats in either black, gray or chestnut as well as new ‘climatised’ multicontour seats. Other interior changes include the addition of an Aux-in socket in the glove compartment and a new ignition key and outside the new G-Class gets a modified spare wheel cover and two new paint options: “palladium silver metallic” and the “designo platinum magno” matte finish. In the US, the 2010 G-Class is offered with either a 224 hp V6 diesel (G 350 CDI) or two gasoline V8 engines producing 388 hp in the G500 and 507 hp in the G55 AMG model. Manufacturing contracts with Daimler AG have been renewed for the continued production of Mercedes-Benz's G-Class at Magna Steyr's facilities in Graz, Austria, until 2015.

  2013 Update

Mercedes-Benz will update its G-class SUV for 2013, but there are virtually no changes outside. The significant changes outside are that the updated G-class gets LED running lights; second, there are turn indicators in its side mirrors; and third, the AMG gets a new bumper and grille. Mercedes-Benz’s brochure for the 2012 G550 describes the truck as “crafted by hand, untouched by time.” The majority of the G-class’s upgrades reside under its hood and behind its doors: A new interior, more modern amenities, and a new engine for the AMG model. Last year Mercedes sold only the standard G550 model, but for 2012, the powerful AMG version of the G-class is back after a yearlong vacation. Along with the new engine, the AMG’s badge changes from G55 to G63. Interior changes include a re-sculpted dashboard and center console to bring its appearance into its "corporate interior design," and an added a color multifunction screen to the gauge cluster. The 2012 G-class had a central COMAND infotainment screen buried low on the center stack; that screen moves up to the top of the stack in the new G, and there’s now a COMAND controller just behind the shifter on the center console. The latest mbrace2 telematics system also is on board. Kept unchanged from the 2013 update are the passenger grab handle and the pinched-leather door-panel coverings. The steering wheel and gauges, however, are new. Both the 2013 G550 and G63 retain a full complement of off-road gear including those locking differentials as well as a low-range transfer case. The 2013 Gs now come standard with Distronic adaptive cruise control, blind-spot monitoring, and updated Parktronic backup sensors and rearview camera. Finally, Mercedes revised the stability control to enable trailer stabilizing functionality.

Engine

The G550’s naturally aspirated 382-hp, 5.5-liter V-8 and seven-speed automatic carry over for 2013. As for the AMG model, the old G55’s supercharged 5.4-liter V-8 is replaced by a twin-turbocharged 5.5-liter V-8 for 2013. Power is up by 44 hp to 544, and torque is an equal 44 units, to 560 lb-ft. Like other AMG Mercedes-Benz models with the new downsized V-8, the G63’s “63” nomenclature bears no connection to its actual engine displacement. The G63 also gets a new “Eco” engine stop-start system. Mercedes also fitted a seven-speed automatic transmission in place of the G55’s five-speed.

For markets other than the united States, Mercedes-Benz is introducing a new G65 AMG powered by a twin-turbocharged 6.0-liter V-12. The big engine puts out 604 hp and gives a huge 738 lb-ft of torque. The G65 will not come to the United States because the expected limited sales volumes are not worth the effort of certifying the SUV for US market. Car magazines have been told the V-12 was forced into the comparatively small engine bay, which would make it difficult to certify to the United States' federal crash standards.

  Production Update - Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria has contract to produce the G-Class up to 2020.

According to reports obtained from circles close to the company, Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria, has contracted to produce the G-Class up to 2020. Since 1979 the G-Class has been built at Magna. Now the company is nearing an agreement with Daimler AG to build the classic off-roader for four years longer than previously planned (2016). With the new contract, an increase in production of 8,500 units should be made, allowing production of up to 10,000 units per year. Positive signals for fans of the angular SUV, which this year will undergo a comprehensive but careful makeover. As sales director Dr. Joachim Schmidt announced, at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit in early January 2012, the modified G-Class is almost a completely new model!

  Military operators

 Argentina
Since the 1980s, the Argentine Army has used the MB-230G (short and long chassis) for different purposes. 900 remain in service.[6]
  A Puch G of the Austrian Army.
  Bulgarian army G-class with HELBROC insignia
  Canadian Army G-Wagens
 Australia
In 2007, Mercedes-Benz won a contract to provide 1,200 G-Class vehicles to the Australian Defence Force.[7] The vehicles will include 4×4 and 6×6 models, with Australia being the first military customer to receive 6×6 vehicles.
 Austria
The Austrian Army has been a long time user of various Puch G models.
 Bulgaria
The Bulgarian Army operates 600+ vehicles in various configurations, most of them armed.
 Canada
A total of 1,159 vehicles have been ordered by the Canadian Army beginning in late 2003.[8] An armoured kit can be fitted (or removed) in 8 hours by three soldiers. Their light armour has been criticised for leading to loss of life in Afghanistan, however it is considerably better than the Iltis predecessor.[9]
Delivery of these vehicles to Reserve units has also begun. They will be deployed in armoured reconnaissance units. It is in the final stages of fully replacing the Iltis in most units as the armoured reconnaissance vehicle in use LFCA. Other units will replace the Iltis with a militarized Chevrolet Silverado known as the MILCOTS (or colloquially as the "Milverado".) For the most exposed missions in Afghanistan 75 RG-31 Nyala built by BAE Land Systems OMC, South Africa, will be used.[10]
 Croatia
Croatia bought 300 to 320 vehicles for needs of Croatian army and for operations in Afghanistan additional 30 RG-31 vehicles were delivered. Croatia uses mix of 4×4 vehicles in peacekeepings operations and the G-Class is a very popular choice within the Croatian Army. G-Class is supplemented by Land Rover Wolf and Iveco LMV.
 Denmark
The Danish military bought the 240 GD (/24, /28 and /34 variants) to supersede the M151A1, the Volkswagen 181 ("Jagdwagen") and the Land Rover 88.[11] First deliveries of the 240 GD were in 1985 and later the 290 GD (/24 and /28 variants) where also introduced. More than 1.300 have been put in service. A few 300 GE's have also been used — mainly by the Danish army EOD-services.[12] Currently the Danes are taking delivery of over 2.000 270CDIs in several variants, starting in 2003.[13]
 Egypt
The Egyptian Army uses the G 320 (4 × 4) armoured personnel carrier has been designed as a private venture by the Kader Factory for Developed Industries and is based on the chassis of the commercial German Mercedes-Benz MB 320G (4 × 4) light vehicle. This vehicle is based on the long-wheelbase version of the German Mercedes-Benz G 320 4 × 4 with the chassis frame being modified by a heavy-duty suspension which has been designed to withstand the additional weight imposed by the armour package.[14]
 Estonia
The Estonian Defence Forces have a small number of various G-Class vehicles, which were recently purchased to replace the outdated UAZ and Volkswagen Iltis vehicles.
 Finland
The Finnish Army uses the Geländewagen mostly as armored vehicles and ambulances, but other versions are also in service.
 France
The French Army has the Peugeot P4 which is a derivative from the G-Class equipped with Peugeot engine and equipment.
  A LAPV Enok, the latest armored model of the German Army
  A Wolf of the German Army
 Germany
The German Armed Forces uses the G-Class under the name "Wolf". Over 12,000 vehicles have been delivered in over 50 versions, ranging from ambulance vehicles to armored vehicles used by the German special forces. In the 1970s the cheaper Volkswagen Iltis was preferred; now the Iltis is replaced by the "Wolf" and the armoured variant LAPV Enok.
  A Greek Army vehicle in Military Police colours
 Greece
The Greek Army as well as Air Force, Navy and Police have several versions of the Geländewagen, manufactured by ELBO the Hellenic Vehicles Industry.[15]
 Hungary
The Hungarian Ground Forces have 233 of G-270 CDI BA 10, which is mounted with UMF light-machine gun platform, and 5 of G-280 CDI BA6 C+R SSA FB6. More will be purchased between 2010 and 2013.
 Indonesia
Paspampres (Indonesian Presidential Security forces) are using G-270 CDI for their fleet with SIRINA lights, Gunner Roof Mount, Bullbar, Black Grill, Roof and Rear View Mirror Handles. New model of G300 CDI in 2010 acquired not less than 30 units for presidential and vice-presidential escort purposes. The Paspampres uses black G300 CDI with the Military Police in white and ensigns with Indonesian MP insignia.
 Luxembourg
The Military of Luxembourg uses the 300D variant of the Geländewagen.
  Norwegian military MB240GD
 Malaysia
Locally build by DEFTECH as G-Wagon, acquired in 2001 in the Malaysian military with an initial batch of 32 G-Wagons mounted with Browning M2 machine guns for a total of 10.8 million Malaysian ringgit with another batch of 34 G-Wagons mounted with AGL weapons for 11.5 million Malaysian ringgit and 18 G-Wagons with ATGM weapons for 6.1 million Malaysian ringgit,[16] and used along with Land Rover Defender as light transport of Malaysian Army.
 Mexico
The Mexican naval defense secretary (SEMAR) announced in 2008, a contract to purchase large numbers of Mercedes-Benz military vehicles for the Mexican Marine corps. As of May 16, 2009 The SEMAR has received 20 of the 84 G-Class vehicles in order.[17][18]
 Netherlands
The Royal Netherlands Army uses various versions of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class, mostly 461 290GD and 290GD TD models with manual gearbox. The Dutch police and Koninklijke Marechaussee also use the G-Class. Most of the police versions are armored 463 models.
 North Korea
The Korean People's Army appears to have acquired G-class vehicles, some of which were seen on the Korean Worker's Party 65th anniversary military parade.[19] At the funeral of Kim Jong-il his hearse was flanked by G-Class vehicles.[20]
 Norway
The Norwegian Army bought 240 GD to replace Volvo and Land Rover 4×4 vehicles in the mid-1980s, and 300 GD to use as ambulances. The 300GD is also used to transport the launch control station and optical sensors for the NASAMS Air-defense system. During the 90's 290 GD's where bought, and in the first half of the 00's a small number of armoured 270 CDI's were put into service. Today the Defence Forces operates a total of 3000 vehicles.

Should Norway get invaded the Norwegian army has a right to requisition all civilian G-class vehicles for use in national defense.

The escort company of the Norwegian Royal Guard employs a black G500 AMG with police lights on the roof.
 Poland
96 GD 290 and 25 MB290GD WD in service with Polish Army. 13 GD 290 in service with the Military Police[21]
 Portugal
The Portuguese Military uses the G-class for light transport along with Toyota Landcruiser, UMM Alter and Land Rover Defender 90.[22]
 Russia
Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
 Serbia
The Serbian Military currently uses Puch 300GD model. They also uses the following models in 300GD33, 300GD6 and 300GD10 variants, for transport of VIP persons in 300GD3-LUX and 300GD6-LUX and Special Forces Brigade is use modified version designed for access to combat zone.
 Singapore
The Singapore Army bought the 270 and 290 versions as secondary military transport. It is used in soft-top truck configuration and is known as a 1.5-tonner or simply "MB" to its users. And also some were used also for patrolling in a "jeep" form. The Army also deploys the extremely short-wheelbase, soft-top version for its Colonels, Battalion COs, Brigade and Division Commanders as personal field transports.
 Slovenia
The Military of Slovenia uses Mercedes-Benz G-Class vehicles mainly for transport.
 Slovakia
The Armed Forces of Slovak republic uses Mercedes Benz G-280 CDI in 5th Special Forces Regiment.
 Sweden
The Swedish Army uses MB 290/T (1994)MB 290GD (2000)MB 270 CDI(2005) Geländewagen primarily on international deployments.[23][24]
 Switzerland
The Swiss Army uses the 230 with soft top as the primary general purpose carrier, and a hardtop version as mobile radio access point. It is in service since 1985 and gradually replaced Willys Jeeps, Haflinger light transports and Pinzgauer medium transports in the liaison and transport role. All versions in Swiss Army use are unarmed.
 United Kingdom
The British Army used a number of these vehicles in Iraq during operation Telic, particularly around the Baghdad and Rustamiyah areas.The British Commanders'-in-Chief Mission to the Soviet Forces in Germany (BRIXMIS) also used a small number.
 Ukraine
Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
 United States
  USMC IFAV
The USMC Interim Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV) is a modified version of the Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen 290. It replaces the modified M-151A2¼ ton truck (MUTT jeep) used by the Marines as an FAV in the 1990s. The U.S. Marine Corps acquired 157 of the IFAVs distributed as follows:
  • (I) Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) Camp Pendleton, CA (33);
  • (II) MEF Camp Lejeune, NC (25);
  • (III) MEF on Okinawa, Japan (27);
  • (IV) 17 Force Recon, Afghanistan (22);
  • (V) 3 Force Recon Bn, Iraq (23);
  • (VI) 1st Provisional DMZ Police Company, Korea (15); and
  • (VII) various miscellaneous (12)
 Vatican City
The government of the Vatican City owned two converted Mercedes-Benz G-Class, which are known as the "Popemobile". One is on display at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

  Models

  460

  Very early, carburetted 230 G Cabriolet
  Brabus G V12 Biturbo
  • 200 GE — M102E20 2.0 L I4, 109 PS (80 kW) at 5,200 rpm, (only sold in Italy and a few other markets)[25]
  • 230 G — M115 2.3 L I4, 102 hp (75 kW), 127 ft·lbf (172 N·m/3,000 rpm)
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 PS (92 kW) at 5,000 rpm, 141 ft·lbf (192 N·m/4,000 rpm)
  • 280 GE — M110E 2.8 L I6, 156 hp (115 kW), 166 ft·lbf (226 N·m/4,250 rpm)
  • 240 GDOM616 2.4 L Diesel I4, 72 PS (53 kW) at 4,400 rpm, 101 ft·lbf (137 N·m/2,400 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 84 hp (62 kW), 113 ft·lbf (154 N·m/2,800 rpm)
  • 300 GDOM617 3.0 L Diesel I5, 88 PS (65 kW) at 4,400 rpm, 126 ft·lbf (172 N·m/2,400 rpm)

  461

  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 hp (92 kW), 140 ft·lbf (192 N·m/4000 rpm)
  • 290 GD — OM602D29 2.9 L Diesel I5, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 290 GD TD — OM602DLA29 2.9 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 92 kW (123 hp)

  Worker/Professional/Greenline

  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm)
  • G 280 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm) (manufactured in both 4×4 and 6×6)
  • G 300 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm)

  463

  • 200 GE — M102E20 1,997 cc I4, 109 PS (80 kW) (only sold in Italy) - later rebadged G 200
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2,299 cc I4, 125 PS (92 kW), 140 ft·lbf (192 N·m/4000 rpm)- later rebadged G 230
  • 300 GE — M103 3.0 L I6 - later rebadged G 300, 168 hp (125 kW) at 5,000 rpm, 173 ft·lbf (235 N·m/4500 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 94 hp (69 kW), 116 ft·lbf (158 N·m/2600 rpm)
  • 300 GD — OM603 3.0 L Diesel I6 - later rebadged G 300 Diesel, 111 hp (83 kW/4600 rpm), 141 ft·lbf (191 N·m/2700–2900 rpm)
  • 350 GD Turbodiesel — OM603D35A 3.5 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 136 hp (100 kW), 244 ft·lbf (330 N·m)- later rebadged G 350 Turbodiesel
  • 500 GE — M117 5.0 L V8, 236 hp (174 kW)
  • 500 GE 6.0 AMG — M117E60 6.0 L V8, 331 hp (243 kW)
  • G 320 — M104 3.2 L I6, 217 hp (161 kW), 229 ft·lbf (310 N·m)
  • G 36 AMG — M104E36 3.6 L I6, 272 hp (200 kW)
  • G 300 Turbodiesel — OM606D30LA 3.0 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 177 hp (130 kW/4400rpm), 244 ft·lbf (330 N·m/1600-3600rpm)
  • G 320 — M112 3.2 L V6, 215 hp (158 kW), 221 ft·lbf (300 N·m/2800-4800rpm)
  • G 500 — M113E50 5.0 L V8, 296 hp (218 kW), 336 ft·lbf (456 Nm)
  • G 55 AMG 1998–2004 — 32V 5.5 L V8, 382 hp (285 kW)
  • G 63 AMGV12 N/A, 444 hp (326 kW), (620 N·m/4400 rpm) (only 12 ever built)
  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm)
  • G 400 CDI — OM628 4.0 L Diesel V8 (turbocharged), 250 hp (184 kW), 411 ft·lbf (560 N·m)
  • G 320 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 224 hp (165 kW), 397 ft·lbf (540 Nm)
  • G 55 Kompressor AMG 2005–2010 — M113E55 5.5 L V8 supercharged, 507 hp (373 kW), 514 ft·lbf (700 N·m)
  • G 550 2009–present — M273E55 5.5 L V8, 382 hp (284 kW), 391 ft·lbf (530 N·m)
  • G 63 AMG 2012–present — M157 5.5 L V8 twin-turbo, 544 hp (400 kW)
  • G 65 AMG 2012–present — M275 6.0 L V12 twin-turbo, 603 hp (450 kW)

  Body Styles

Code Bodywork Wheelbase Note
1 Convertible with fixed windshield 2400 Only civilian types: 460 & 463
2 Van 2400 Only 460/461 and military types
3 Station Wagon 2400 All types except Professional and Greenline military types
4 Van 2850 Only 460/461/Professional/Worker and military types
5 Pick-up 2850 Only 460/461 types
6 Station Wagon 2850 All types
7 Convertible with folding windshield 2400 Only military types
8 Code unused N/A N/A
9 Chassis Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
9,1 Chassis Cab 3400 Only 460/461/Professional and military types
10 Convertible with folding windshield 2850 Only military types
11 Chassis Double Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
11,1 Chassis Double Cab 3400 Only 460/461 and military types
11,2 Chassis Double Cab 6×6 3400 Only Greenline military types

Mercedes-AMG Chairman Volker Mornhinweg claims that one third of all G-Class vehicles sold to civilians are the G55 AMG model. The largest markets for G 55s are California, USA (in black and silver color mostly), and the United Arab Emirates with Dubai (in white color mostly) [26]

  Notable owners

  References

  1. ^ "Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen, Austria". http://www.army-technology.com/projects/mercedesgwagon/. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  2. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Consult Graz - Services - Success story". Mercedes-benz-consult-graz.at. http://www.mercedes-benz-consult-graz.at/mbcg/0-1108-1211438-1-1213272-1-0-0-0-0-1-16209-1211430-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 5, 1987) (in German/French). Automobil Revue 1987. 82. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 382. ISBN 3-444-00458-3. 
  4. ^ The 2006 G-Class[dead link]
  5. ^ "Mercedes to show face-lifted G-Class ute at upcoming Paris auto show (''AutoWeek Magazine'')". Autoweek.com. http://www.autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060502/FREE/60501010&SearchID=73250322941160. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  6. ^ "ORBAT del Ejército Argentino". Saorbats.com.ar. http://www.saorbats.com.ar/EA_orbat.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Armoured Vehicles – Mercedes G-Wagon – Blast Resistant Vehicles – Nyala APV – IED – MND Gordon O'Connor – Afghan Mission – Procurement Priorities – CASR – Canadian American Strategic Review[dead link]
  9. ^ Mercedes G-Wagon – Kandahar – Afghanistan – Gumbad IED – Media Response – Canadian Forces – CASR – Canadian American Strategic Review[dead link]
  10. ^ The Canadian Army — Equipment[dead link]
  11. ^ "Danish army Mercedes 240 GD/24". Armyvehicles.dk. http://www.armyvehicles.dk/merc240gd.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  12. ^ "Danish army Mercedes 300 GE/28". Armyvehicles.dk. http://www.armyvehicles.dk/merc300ge.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  13. ^ "Danish army Mercedes G270CDI/28". Armyvehicles.dk. http://www.armyvehicles.dk/merc270cdi.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  14. ^ "Kader G 320 armoured personnel carrier (Egypt) - Jane's Armour and Artillery". Articles.janes.com. 2007-10-04. http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Armour-and-Artillery/Kader-G-320-armoured-personnel-carrier-Egypt.html. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  15. ^ "Cross country 1/4 ton military jeeps". ELBO. http://www.elbo.gr/en/jeeps1_4tons.html. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  16. ^ "Ahmad Zahid: 84 G-WAGON Masih Beroperasi" (in Bahasa Malaysia). KL Security Review. http://www.klsreview.com/HTML/2009Jul_Dec/20091023_01.html. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  17. ^ "Secretaria de Marina - Armada de México". Semar.gob.mx. http://www.semar.gob.mx/boletin/2009/bol_136_09.html. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  18. ^ "Recibe Semar vehículos para incrementar capacidad operativa :: El Informador". Informador.com.mx. http://www.informador.com.mx/mexico/2009/103816/6/recibe-semar-vehiculos-para-incrementar-capacidad-operativa.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  19. ^ [2][dead link]
  20. ^ "Kim Jong-il's Funeral Held in N. Korea (PHOTOS)". Ibtimes.com. 2011-12-28. http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/273501/20111228/kim-jong-il-funeral-photos.htm. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  21. ^ "Zestawienie pojazdów użytkowych Wojska Polskiego - Militarypedia (note: it does provide its own sources)" (in (Polish)). Militarypedia.corran.pl. http://militarypedia.corran.pl/wiki/Zestawienie_pojazd%C3%B3w_u%C5%BCytkowych_Wojska_Polskiego. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  22. ^ http://i720.photobucket.com/albums/ww202/report-air_2009/Dia%20de%20Portugal_Santarem_10JUN09/IMG_9725.jpg
  23. ^ Henrik Svensk. "Personterrängbil 5 -MB 290/T Geländewagen". SoldF.com. http://www.soldf.com/ptgb5_gw.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  24. ^ Henrik Svensk. "Personterrängbil 5 Geländewagen". Soldf.com. http://www.soldf.com/ptgb5_gwt.html. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  25. ^ Automobil Revue 1987, p. 384
  26. ^ "AMG's new chief has big plans for 2006 (''AutoWeek Magazine'')". Autoweek.com. 2005-09-01. http://autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060120/FREE/60116017/1024/LATESTNEWS. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  27. ^ "Two Years in Iraq and Honored as a General". Prweb.com. http://www.prweb.com/releases/2008/4/prweb855714.htm. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  28. ^ "Vietnamese-American Army Captain Builds Military Base in Iraq". Prweb.com. http://www.prweb.com/releases/2010/05/prweb3923274.htm. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  29. ^ By  Chris Tutor RSS feed. "The Pope gets a new Mercedes G500 Popemobile". Autoblog.com. http://www.autoblog.com/2007/12/05/the-pope-gets-a-new-mercedes-g500-popemobile/. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  30. ^ http://www.autoevolution.com/news/gwen-stefani-gets-pinned-inside-her-g-class-mercedes-45519.html

  External links

   
               

 

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