1.(MeSH)A genus in the family Monascaceae, order EUROTIALES. One species, Monascus purpureus, has multiple uses in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).;Species in the family Monascaceae. M. purpureus is grown on cooked non-glutinous rice, producing a fermentation by-product known as red yeast rice. Red yeast rice contains a compound related to the statins that has been shown to reduce cholesterol levels.
definition of Wikipedia
Monascus purpureus (syn. M. albidus, M. anka, M. araneosus, M. major, M. rubiginosus, and M. vini; simplified Chinese: 红曲菌; traditional Chinese: 紅麴菌; pinyin: hóng qū jùn, lit. "red yeast") is a species of mold that is purplish-red in color. It is also known by the names ang-khak rice mold, corn silage mold, maize silage mold, and rice kernel discoloration.
This fungus is most important because of its use, in the form of red yeast rice, in the production of certain fermented foods in China. However, discoveries of cholesterol-lowering statins produced by the mold has prompted research into its possible medical uses. It produces a number of statins. The naturally occurring lovastatins and analogs are called monacolins K, L, J, and also occur in their hydroxyl acid forms along with dehydroxymonacolin and compactin (mevastatin). The prescription drug lovastatin, identical to monacolin K, is the principal statin produced by Monascus purpureus. Only the open-ring (hyroxyl acid) form is pharmacologically active.
Reference: 01]Bibhu Prasad Panda, Saleem Javed , Mohd. Ali (2010) Optimization of fermentation parameters for higher lovastatin production in red mold rice through co-culture of Monascus purpureus and Monascus ruber. Food and Bioprocess Technology,Vol. 3, no.3, 373-378
02]Bibhu Prasad Panda, Saleem Javed, Mohd. Ali (2010) Production of angkak through co-culture of Monascus purpureus and Monascus rubber. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology vol.41, no.3, 757-764
Bibhu Prasad Panda, Saleem Javed , Mohd. Ali (2010) Optimization of fermentation parameters for higher lovastatin production in red mold rice through co-culture of Monascus purpureus and Monascus ruber. Food and Bioprocess Technology,Vol. 3, no.3, 373-378 
Bibhu Prasad Panda, Saleem Javed, Mohd. Ali (2010) Production of angkak through co-culture of Monascus purpureus and Monascus rubber. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology vol.41, no.3, 757-764 
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